December 3, 2020

Download Ebook Free A Librarian’s Guide To Graphs, Data And The Semantic Web

A Librarian's Guide to Graphs, Data and the Semantic Web

A Librarian's Guide to Graphs, Data and the Semantic Web
Author : James Powell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-07-09
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :268
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Graphs are about connections, and are an important part of our connected and data-driven world. A Librarian's Guide to Graphs, Data and the Semantic Web is geared toward library and information science professionals, including librarians, software developers and information systems architects who want to understand the fundamentals of graph theory, how it is used to represent and explore data, and how it relates to the semantic web. This title provides a firm grounding in the field at a level suitable for a broad audience, with an emphasis on open source solutions and what problems these tools solve at a conceptual level, with minimal emphasis on algorithms or mathematics. The text will also be of special interest to data science librarians and data professionals, since it introduces many graph theory concepts by exploring data-driven networks from various scientific disciplines. The first two chapters consider graphs in theory and the science of networks, before the following chapters cover networks in various disciplines. Remaining chapters move on to library networks, graph tools, graph analysis libraries, information problems and network solutions, and semantic graphs and the semantic web. Provides an accessible introduction to network science that is suitable for a broad audience Devotes several chapters to a survey of how graph theory has been used in a number of scientific data-driven disciplines Explores how graph theory could aid library and information scientists

Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management

Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management
Author : Cédric Grueau,Robert Laurini,Jorge Gustavo Rocha
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-07-08
Category : Computers
Total pages :181
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This book constitutes extended, revised and selected contributions from the Second International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management, GISTAM 2016, held in Rome, Italy, in April 2016. The 10 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 33 submissions. They contribute to the understanding of relevant trends of current research on the topic, including urban and regional planning; water information systems; geospatial information and technologies; spatio-temporal database management; decision support systems; energy information systems; GPS, and location detection.

Digital Libraries: Supporting Open Science

Digital Libraries: Supporting Open Science
Author : Paolo Manghi,Leonardo Candela,Gianmaria Silvello
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-01-14
Category : Computers
Total pages :352
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 15th Italian Research Conference on Digital Libraries, IRCDL 2019, held in Pisa, Italy, in January/February 2019. The 22 full papers and 5 short papers presented were carefully selected from 42 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on information retrieval, digital libraries and archives, information integration, open science, and data mining.

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision
Author : Robby Caspeele,Luc Taerwe,Dan M. Frangopol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :564
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This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2018, the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2018), held in Ghent, Belgium, October 28-31, 2018. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB device with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 8 keynote lectures, and 390 technical papers from all over the world. Contributions relate to design, inspection, assessment, maintenance or optimization in the framework of life-cycle analysis of civil engineering structures and infrastructure systems. Life-cycle aspects that are developed and discussed range from structural safety and durability to sustainability, serviceability, robustness and resilience. Applications relate to buildings, bridges and viaducts, highways and runways, tunnels and underground structures, off-shore and marine structures, dams and hydraulic structures, prefabricated design, infrastructure systems, etc. During the IALCCE2018 conference a particular focus is put on the cross-fertilization between different sub-areas of expertise and the development of an overall vision for life-cycle analysis in civil engineering. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of cutting edge information for anyone interested in life-cycle analysis and assessment in civil engineering, including researchers, practising engineers, consultants, contractors, decision makers and representatives from local authorities.

Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums

Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums
Author : Seth van Hooland,Ruben Verborgh
Publisher : Facet Publishing
Release Date : 2014-06-18
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :224
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This highly practical handbook teaches you how to unlock the value of your existing metadata through cleaning, reconciliation, enrichment and linking and how to streamline the process of new metadata creation. Libraries, archives and museums are facing up to the challenge of providing access to fast growing collections whilst managing cuts to budgets. Key to this is the creation, linking and publishing of good quality metadata as Linked Data that will allow their collections to be discovered, accessed and disseminated in a sustainable manner. This highly practical handbook teaches you how to unlock the value of your existing metadata through cleaning, reconciliation, enrichment and linking and how to streamline the process of new metadata creation. Metadata experts Seth van Hooland and Ruben Verborgh introduce the key concepts of metadata standards and Linked Data and how they can be practically applied to existing metadata, giving readers the tools and understanding to achieve maximum results with limited resources. Readers will learn how to critically assess and use (semi-)automated methods of managing metadata through hands-on exercises within the book and on the accompanying website. Each chapter is built around a case study from institutions around the world, demonstrating how freely available tools are being successfully used in different metadata contexts. This handbook delivers the necessary conceptual and practical understanding to empower practitioners to make the right decisions when making their organisations resources accessible on the Web. Key topics include: - The value of metadata Metadata creation – architecture, data models and standards - Metadata cleaning - Metadata reconciliation - Metadata enrichment through Linked Data and named-entity recognition - Importing and exporting metadata - Ensuring a sustainable publishing model. Readership: This will be an invaluable guide for metadata practitioners and researchers within all cultural heritage contexts, from library cataloguers and archivists to museum curatorial staff. It will also be of interest to students and academics within information science and digital humanities fields. IT managers with responsibility for information systems, as well as strategy heads and budget holders, at cultural heritage organisations, will find this a valuable decision-making aid.

Data Information Literacy

Data Information Literacy
Author : Jake Carlson,Lisa R. Johnston
Publisher : Purdue University Press
Release Date : 2015-01-15
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :272
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Given the increasing attention to managing, publishing, and preserving research datasets as scholarly assets, what competencies in working with research data will graduate students in STEM disciplines need to be successful in their fields? And what role can librarians play in helping students attain these competencies? In addressing these questions, this book articulates a new area of opportunity for librarians and other information professionals, developing educational programs that introduce graduate students to the knowledge and skills needed to work with research data. The term "data information literacy" has been adopted with the deliberate intent of tying two emerging roles for librarians together. By viewing information literacy and data services as complementary rather than separate activities, the contributors seek to leverage the progress made and the lessons learned in each service area. The intent of the publication is to help librarians cultivate strategies and approaches for developing data information literacy programs of their own using the work done in the multiyear, IMLS-supported Data Information Literacy (DIL) project as real-world case studies. The initial chapters introduce the concepts and ideas behind data information literacy, such as the twelve data competencies. The middle chapters describe five case studies in data information literacy conducted at different institutions (Cornell, Purdue, Minnesota, Oregon), each focused on a different disciplinary area in science and engineering. They detail the approaches taken, how the programs were implemented, and the assessment metrics used to evaluate their impact. The later chapters include the "DIL Toolkit," a distillation of the lessons learned, which is presented as a handbook for librarians interested in developing their own DIL programs. The book concludes with recommendations for future directions and growth of data information literacy. More information about the DIL project can be found on the project's website: datainfolit.org.

Concepts and Methods for a Librarian of the Web

Concepts and Methods for a Librarian of the Web
Author : Mario Kubek
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-20
Category : Computers
Total pages :173
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The World Wide Web can be considered a huge library that in consequence needs a capable librarian responsible for the classification and retrieval of documents as well as the mediation between library resources and users. Based on this idea, the concept of the “Librarian of the Web” is introduced which comprises novel, librarian-inspired methods and technical solutions to decentrally search for text documents in the web using peer-to-peer technology. The concept’s implementation in the form of an interactive peer-to-peer client, called “WebEngine”, is elaborated on in detail. This software extends and interconnects common web servers creating a fully integrated, decentralised and self-organising web search system on top of the existing web structure. Thus, the web is turned into its own powerful search engine without the need for any central authority. This book is intended for researchers and practitioners having a solid background in the fields of Information Retrieval and Web Mining.

Making Institutional Repositories Work

Making Institutional Repositories Work
Author : Burton B. Callicott,David Scherer,Andrew Wesolek
Publisher : Purdue University Press
Release Date : 2015-11-15
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :386
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Quickly following what many expected to be a wholesale revolution in library practices, institutional repositories encountered unforeseen problems and a surprising lack of impact. Clunky or cumbersome interfaces, lack of perceived value and use by scholars, fear of copyright infringement, and the like tended to dampen excitement and adoption.This collection of essays, arranged in five thematic sections, is intended to take the pulse of institutional repositories-to see how they have matured and what can be expected from them, as well as introduce what may be the future role of the institutional repository.Making Institutional Repositories Work takes novices as well as seasoned practitioners through the practical and conceptual steps necessary to develop a functioning institutional repository, customized to the needs and culture of the home institution. The first section covers all aspects of system platforms, including hosted and open-source options, big data capabilities and integration, and issues related to discoverability. The second section addresses policy issues, from the basics to open-source and deposit mandates. The third section focuses on recruiting and even creating content. Authors in this section will address the ways that different disciplines tend to have different motivations for deposit, as well as the various ways that institutional repositories can serve as publishing platforms. The fourth section covers assessment and success measures for all involved-librarians, deans, and administrators. The theory and practice of traditional metrics, alt metrics, and peer review receive chapter-length treatment. The fifth section provides case studies that include a boots-on-the-ground perspective of issues raised in the first four sections. By noting trends and potentialities, this final section, authored by Executive Director of SPARC Heather Joseph, makes future predictions and helps managers position institutional repositories to be responsive change and even shape the evolution of scholarly communication.

Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications

Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications
Author : Karin Breitman,Marco Antonio Casanova,Walt Truszkowski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-01-24
Category : Computers
Total pages :327
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The Web is growing at an astounding pace surpassing the 8 billion page mark. However, most pages are still designed for human consumption and cannot be processed by machines. This book provides a well-paced introduction to the Semantic Web. It covers a wide range of topics, from new trends (ontologies, rules) to existing technologies (Web Services and software agents) to more formal aspects (logic and inference). It includes: real-world (and complete) examples of the application of Semantic Web concepts; how the technology presented and discussed throughout the book can be extended to other application areas.

OER

OER
Author : Jonathan Lashley,Andrew Wesolek,Anne Langley
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category : Librarianship and information studies
Total pages :471
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The roll of librarianship in the creation, promotion, and use of open educational resources as a means of scholarly publishing, pedagogy, and student engagement. The openly licensed content of this book is organized into four sections: (1) an introduction to OER, (2) discussions of how OER transforms teaching and learning, (3) examples of how librarians advocate for OER across campus, and (4) models of library-supported adoption and creation of OER.

Grey Literature in Library and Information Studies

Grey Literature in Library and Information Studies
Author : Dominic Farace,Joachim Schöpfel
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2010-09-27
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :288
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The further rise of electronic publishing has come to change the scale and diversity of grey literature facing librarians and other information practitioners. This compiled work brings together research and authorship over the past decade dealing with both the supply and demand sides of grey literature. While this book is written with students and instructors of Colleges and Schools of Library and Information Science in mind, it likewise serves as a reader for information professionals working in any and all like knowledge-based communities.

International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science

International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science
Author : John Feather,Paul Sturges
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2003-09-02
Category : Reference
Total pages :736
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The International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science was published to widespread acclaim in 1996, and has become the major reference work in the field. This eagerly awaited new edition has been fully revised and updated to take full account of the many and radical changes which have taken place since the Encyclopedia was originally conceived. With nearly 600 entries, written by a global team of over 150 contributors, the subject matter ranges from mobile library services provided by camel and donkey transport to search engines, portals and the World Wide Web. The new edition retains the successful structure of the first with an alphabetical organization providing the basic framework of a coherent collection of connected entries. Conceptual entries explore and explicate all the major issues, theories and activities in information and library science, such as the economics of information and information management. A wholly new entry on information systems, and enhanced entries on the information professions and the information society, are key features of this new edition. Topical entries deal with more specific subjects, such as collections management and information services for ethnic minorities. New or completely revised entries include a group of entries on information law, and a collection of entries on the Internet and the World Wide Web.

The Library Marketing Toolkit

The Library Marketing Toolkit
Author : Ned Potter
Publisher : Facet Publishing
Release Date : 2012-06-23
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :240
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This Toolkit provides you with everything you need to successfully market any library. As libraries continue to fight for their survival amid growing expectations, competition from online sources and wavering public perceptions, effective marketing is increasingly becoming a critical tool to ensure the continued support of users, stakeholders and society as a whole. This unique practical guide offers expert coverage of every element of library marketing and branding for all sectors including archives and academic, public and special libraries, providing innovative and easy-to-implement techniques and ideas. The book is packed with case studies highlighting best practice and offering expert advice from thought-leaders including David Lee King and Alison Circle (US), Terry Kendrick and Rosemary Stamp (UK), Alison Wallbutton (New Zealand) and Rebecca Jones (Canada), plus institutions at the cutting-edge of library marketing including the British Library, New York Public Library, the National Archive, Cambridge University, JISC, the National Library of Singapore and the State Library of New South Wales. The key topics covered in the text are: • Seven key concepts for marketing libraries • Strategic marketing • The library brand • Marketing and the library building • An introduction to marketing online • Marketing with social media • Marketing with new technologies • Marketing and people • Internal marketing • Library advocacy as marketing • Marketing Special Collections and archives. Readership: The book is supplemented by a companion website and is essential reading for anyone involved in promoting their library or information service, whether at an academic, public or special library or in archives or records management. It’s also a useful guide for LIS students internationally who need to understand the practice of library marketing.

Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval

Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval
Author : Gerard Salton,Michael J. McGill
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Information storage and retrieval systems
Total pages :448
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The Theory and Practice of Online Learning

The Theory and Practice of Online Learning
Author : Terry Anderson
Publisher : Athabasca University Press
Release Date : 2008
Category : Computers
Total pages :472
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Neither an academic tome nor a prescriptive 'how to' guide, The Theory and Practice of Online Learning is an illuminating collection of essays by practitioners and scholars active in the complex field of distance education. Distance education has evolved significantly in its 150 years of existence. For most of this time, it was an individual pursuit defined by infrequent postal communication. But recently, three more developmental generations have emerged, supported by television and radio, teleconferencing, and computer conferencing. The early 21st century has produced a fifth generation, based on autonomous agents and intelligent, database-assisted learning, that has been referred to as Web 2.0. The second edition of "The Theory and Practice of Online Learning" features updates in each chapter, plus four new chapters on current distance education issues such as connectivism and social software innovations.