November 29, 2020

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Chemistry and Safety of Acrylamide in Food

Chemistry and Safety of Acrylamide in Food
Author : Mendel Friedman,Don Mottram
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-07-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :466
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Interest in the chemistry, biochemistry, and safety of acrylamide is running high. These proceedings contain presentations by experts from eight countries on the chemistry, analysis, metabolism, pharmacology, and toxicology of the compound.

Acrylamide In Food

Acrylamide In Food
Author : Halford Nigel G,Curtis Tanya
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2019-02-20
Category : Science
Total pages :172
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Acrylamide, a chemical described as 'extremely hazardous' and 'probably carcinogenic to humans', was discovered in food in 2002. Its presence in a range of popular foods has become one of the most difficult issues facing not only the food industry but all stakeholders in the food supply chain and its oversight. Acrylamide is not present in raw food but forms from natural precursors during high-temperature (> 120°C) cooking and food processing. Fried, baked, roasted and toasted potato and cereal products, as well as coffee, are the major contributors to dietary exposure.This book comprehensively describes what is known about the toxicology of acrylamide, how it forms in food, the positions taken by food safety authorities and concurrent regulatory issues. It also covers the food industry's response, the mitigation measures adopted and how successful these have been in reducing our exposure to acrylamide. It then describes the genetic and agronomic approaches that have been taken to reduce the acrylamide-forming potential of major crops.Written by internationally-renowned experts in the field, Acrylamide in Food is detailed and informative, while being accessible to specialists and a general readership.

Acrylamide in Food

Acrylamide in Food
Author : Vural Gökmen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :532
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Acrylamide in Food: Analysis, Content and Potential Health Effects provides the recent analytical methodologies for acrylamide detection, up-to-date information about its occurrence in various foods (such as bakery products, fried potato products, coffee, battered products, water, table olives etc.), and its interaction mechanisms and health effects. The book is designed for food scientists, technologists, toxicologists, and food industry workers, providing an invaluable industrial reference book that is also ideal for academic libraries that cover the domains of food production or food science. As the World Health Organization has declared that acrylamide represents a potential health risk, there has been, in recent years, an increase in material on the formation and presence of acrylamide in different foods. This book compiles and synthesizes that information in a single source, thus enabling those in one discipline to become familiar with the concepts and applications in other disciplines of food science. Provides latest information on acrylamide in various foods (bakery products, fried potato products, coffee, battered products, water, table olives, etc.) Explores acrylamide in the food chain in the context of harm, such as acrylamide and cancer, neuropathology of acrylamide, maternal acrylamide and effects on offspring and its toxic effects in tissues Touches on a variety of subjects, including acrylamide, high heated foods, dietary acrylamide, acrylamide formation, N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoylethyl)-cysteine (AAMA), acrylamide removal, L-asparaginase, and acrylamide determination Presents recent analytical methodologies for acrylamide determination, including liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Acrylamide in Food: Is it A Real Threat to Public Health?

Acrylamide in Food: Is it A Real Threat to Public Health?
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Am Cncl on Science, Health
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Acrylamide in Food: Analysis, Content and Potential Health Effects

Acrylamide in Food: Analysis, Content and Potential Health Effects
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Acrylamide and Other Hazardous Compounds in Heat-Treated Foods

Acrylamide and Other Hazardous Compounds in Heat-Treated Foods
Author : K Skog,J Alexander
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2006-10-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :536
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Although the aim of cooking foods is to make them more appetizing and microbiologically safe, it is now known that cooking and food processing at high temperatures generate various kinds of toxic substances, such as heterocyclic amines and acrylamide, via the Maillard reaction. Summarising the latest research in this field, this important collection discusses both the formation of health-hazardous compounds during heat treatment of foods and practical methods to minimise their formation. Part one analyses the formation of hazardous compounds in heat-treated foods such as meat, potatoes, cereal and coffee. Part two discusses the health risks posed by heat-induced toxicants. It includes chapters on bio-monitoring, exposure assessment and risk assessment, as well as chapters on the risks of specific compounds. The final part of the book is concerned with the key area of minimising the formation of harmful compounds in food products. This can be achieved by controlling processing conditions and modifying ingredients, among other methods. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors with unrivalled academic and industry experience, Acrylamide and other hazardous compounds in heat-treated foods, is invaluable for all those concerned with this crucial safety issue throughout the food industry. Analyses the formation of health hazardous compounds during heat treatment of foods Discusses practical methods to minimise formation Distinguished editors and international team of contributors

Health Implications of Acrylamide in Food

Health Implications of Acrylamide in Food
Author : FAO.,FAO/WHO Consultation on Health Implications of Acrylamide in Food,World Health Organisation Staff,World Health Organization,WHO,WHO CONSULTATION ON HEALTH IMP,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2002-12-28
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :35
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The FAO/WHO Consultation on Health Implications of Acrylamide in Food has undertaken a preliminary evaluation of new and existing data and research on acrylamide. The Consultation provided a range of recommendations for further information and new studies to better understand the risk to human health posed by acrylamide in food. The Consultation also provided some advice to minimize whatever risk exists including avoiding excessive cooking of food choosing healthy eating investigating possibilities for reducing levels of acrylamide in food and establishing an international network on acrylamide in food. The Consultation reviewed the methods of analysis available to test for acrylamide in foodstuffs and food ingredients and for acrylamide and its metabolites as haemoglobin adducts in blood. Of the limited range and number of foods analysed to date acrylamide levels are highest in potato and cereal-based products subjected to heat processing such as frying grilling or baking. However only a limited range of food types have been tested to date and these belong to the Western diet. The range of foods investigated needs to be extended to include staple foods from different regions and diets. Considered collectively data on the absorption metabolism distribution and excretion of acrylamide suggest that toxicological findings in animals should be assumed to be relevant for extrapolation to humans. The Consultation would encourage transparent and open risk assessment and risk management processes and recognises the importance of involving interested parties (consumer industry retail etc.) in this process.

Acrylamide in Food and Cancer Risk

Acrylamide in Food and Cancer Risk
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Acrylamide
Total pages :6
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Acrylamide in Food Products

Acrylamide in Food Products
Author : Sune Eriksson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :83
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Food Hygiene and Toxicology in Ready-to-Eat Foods

Food Hygiene and Toxicology in Ready-to-Eat Foods
Author : Parthena Kotzekidou
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-07-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :474
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Food Hygiene and Toxicology in Ready-to-Eat Foods is a solid reference for anyone in the food industry needing to understand the complex issues and mechanisms of biological control and chemical hazards to ensure food safety. infectious and non-infectious contaminants in raw, minimally processed, and prepared foods are covered in detail, as well as effective measures to avoid foodborne infections and intoxications. The book is written by an international team of experts presenting the most up-to-date research in the field, and provides current applications and guidance to enhance food safety in the food industry. Strategies and recommendations for each food category include, among others, how to avoid cross-contamination of pathogens, the proper uses of antimicrobial coatings and spray cleanings of fresh produce, and acrylamide reduction during processing. leafy vegetables, fruit juices, nuts, meat and dairy products are some of the ready-to-eat foods covered. Provides the latest on research and development in the field of food safety incorporating practical real life examples for microbiological risk assessment and reduction in the food industry Includes specific aspects of potential contamination and the importance of various risks associated with ready-to-eat foods Describes potential harmful agents that may arise in foods during processing and packaging Presents information on psychrotropic pathogens and food poisoning strains, effect of temperature, Salmonella, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Norovirus, parasites, fungal microbiota, enterotoxins, and more

Acrylic Polymers in Healthcare

Acrylic Polymers in Healthcare
Author : Boreddy Reddy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :208
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This book on Acrylic Polymers for Healthcare presents eight chapters organised into three parts by providing new ideas in design, synthesis and a detailed study of new acrylate materials in healthcare applications. Part I represents Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 4 focussing on toning up of technologies for making dental dentures with better properties. Part II comprises Chapters 5 and 6 dealing with synthetic polymer-based nanoparticles as intelligent drug delivery systems and bismuth nanoparticles for improved green light emission. Part III represents Chapters 7 and 8 describing the aspects of mitigation of acrylamide in foods in the context of an African perspective and the importance of acrylic-based polymeric adsorbents so that the reader can get an idea about the various types and forms of polymeric materials used for the removal of heavy metals from water.

Mitigation of Acrylamide in Foods: An African Perspective

Mitigation of Acrylamide in Foods: An African Perspective
Author : Oluwafemi Ayodeji Adebo
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Acrylamide (ACR) is a possible human carcinogen, with neurotoxic properties. It is a heat-generated food toxicant particularly found in carbohydrate-rich foods. Its occurrence is of global concern and constitutes a major challenge to food safety, due to its presence in several thermally processed foods worldwide. Since its discovery, ACR has been recognized as one of the most widely investigated heat-induced food contaminant, and several reports on its formation and occurrence since its discovery have been reported. However, information on the extent of ACR occurrence in foods consumed in different parts of Africa is rather too limited. This is particularly a concern considering that most carbohydrate-based foods, subjected to varying degrees of thermal processing, are consumed as staple diets almost on daily basis in the continent. As such, African populations may be exposed to high levels of ACR daily. Thus, this chapter covers the formation, occurrence and health impact of ACR in foods. It further summarizes previous studies looking at ACR reduction and mitigation strategies, especially those that may be applicable in the continent. Adequate sensitization of the populace about the prevention of ACR as a food contaminant is essential to ensure the safety of heat-processed carbohydrate-rich foods in the continent.

The World's Healthiest Foods

The World's Healthiest Foods
Author : George Mateljan
Publisher : Gmf Pub
Release Date : 2007
Category : Cooking
Total pages :880
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Presents nutritional analysis, selection, storage, and cooking advice, and recipes for vegetables, fruits, fish, shellfish, nuts, legumes, dairy foods, and grains, along with information on how to incorporate these foods into a healthy eating plan.

Scientific Opinion on Acrylamide in Food

Scientific Opinion on Acrylamide in Food
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract : EFSA was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on acrylamide (AA) in food. AA has widespread uses as an industrial chemical. It is also formed when certain foods are prepared at temperatures above 120°C and low moisture, especially in foods containing asparagine and reducing sugars. The CONTAM Panel evaluated 43419analytical results from food commodities. AA was found at the highest levels in solid coffee substitutes and coffee, and in potato fried products. Mean and 95th percentile dietary AA exposures across surveys and age groups were estimated at 0.4 to 1.9 μg/kg body weight (b.w.) per day and 0.6 to 3.4 μg/kg b.w. per day, respectively. The main contributor to total dietary exposure was generally the category 'Potato fried products (except potato crisps and snacks)'. Preferences in home‐cooking can have a substantial impact on human dietary AA exposure. Upon oral intake, AA is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed to all organs. AA is extensively metabolised, mostly by conjugation with glutathione but also by epoxidation to glycidamide (GA). Formation of GA is considered to represent the route underlying the genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of AA. Neurotoxicity, adverse effects on male reproduction, developmental toxicity and carcinogenicity were identified as possible critical endpoints for AA toxicity from experimental animal studies. The data from human studies were inadequate for dose‐response assessment. The CONTAM Panel selected BMDL10 values of 0.43mg/kg b.w. per day for peripheral neuropathy in rats and of 0.17 mg/kg b.w. per day for neoplastic effects in mice. The Panel concluded that the current levels of dietary exposure to AA are not of concern with respect to non‐neoplastic effects. However, although the epidemiological associations have not demonstrated AA to be a human carcinogen, the margins of exposure (MOEs) indicate a concern for neoplastic effects based on animal evidence.

Process-Induced Food Toxicants

Process-Induced Food Toxicants
Author : Richard H. Stadler,David R. Lineback
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-12-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :744
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Process-Induced Food Toxicants combines the analytical, health, and risk management issues relating to all of the currently known processing-induced toxins that may be present in common foods. It considers the different processing methods used in the manufacture of foods, including thermal treatment, drying, fermentation, preservation, fat processing, and high hydrostatic pressure processing, and the potential contaminants for each method. The book discusses the analysis, formation, mitigation, health risks, and risk management of each hazardous compound. Also discussed are new technologies and the impact of processing on nutrients and allergens.