December 2, 2020

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Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : James Shen
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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The growth of implant and fixed prosthodontics practices in dentistry has created a rapidly increasing demand for advanced ceramics and ceramic processes. Innovations in ceramics and ceramic processes are vital to ensure reliable and affordable dental-restoration solutions with aesthetically pleasing outcomes. The work aims to engage the bioceramics and engineering communities to meet the challenges of modern dental restoration using advanced ceramics. Incorporating fundamental science, advanced engineering concepts, and clinical outcomes, the work is suitable for bioceramicists, ceramics manufacturers, dental clinicians and biologists. State-of-the-art-coverage encompasses bioresorbable ceramics for bone regeneration and bioactivating surfaces of inert, high-strength ceramics for implantation, keeping research knowledge appropriately updated Discusses transition from the baseline stable and physically stiff ceramics research into engineering of highly coherent laminate composites for prosthetic crowns and bridges Showcases current feasible techniques for producing, in cost-effective and materials-saving ways, long-lasting individualized ceramic components with biocompatibility, complexity and high precision

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : Corrado Piconi,Saverio Giovanni Condo,Tomaž Kosmač
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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This chapter reviews the structure, mechanical properties, and biocompatibility of load-bearing ceramics used in dentistry. The development of this class of ceramic biomaterials is traced from the late sixties when alumina was introduced in dentistry. The literature on both polycrystalline and single crystal alumina dental implants is reviewed. The use of alumina declined when zirconia-toughened ceramics were introduced in orthopedics in the eighties. The use of yttria partially-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP) in dentistry allowed the production not only of dental implants and abutments, but also a broad range of load-bearing fixed partial dentures, such as multi-unit bridges and crowns, thanks to the development of CAD/CAM technology. Today, the trend is to use alumina and zirconia ceramics for making more aesthetic parts by improving their optical translucency.

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : Tanja Lube,Robert Danzer
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Ceramic materials are frequently and increasingly used in dentistry. However, they are very brittle, the tensile strength has a large scatter, and their total fracture strain is very low. The strength depends on the loaded volume and on time under load. These properties cause special needs with respect to design, manufacturing tolerances, and handling, in production as well as in application. In ceramics, strength is limited by small flaws that are either caused by the processing of the material or by the machining of surfaces of specimens and components. This chapter introduces the principles of linear elastic fracture mechanics as the basis for understanding brittle fracture, and then presents fracture statistics. These topics are followed by an example for designing with ceramics. In subsequent sections, several other damage mechanisms and their relevance in dental applications will be discussed. The chapter closes with sections that deal with mechanical testing of ceramics and fractography.

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : James Zhijian Shen,Tomaž Kosmač
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Ceramic materials are currently applied to two categories of restorative dentistry, as all-ceramic fixed-partial dentures and as implantable components. While the former demands mainly integrated and balanced properties of mechanical and aesthetic origins, the latter also relies strongly on the material’s bio-oriented properties. This chapter discusses the material demands for solving the problems encountered in current practice that indicate the direction for future developments. This is done by bearing in mind both process restrictions and compatibilities. Focus is placed on developing materials that have the potential for improving aesthetics, for preserving a healthy situation to secure a prolonged treatment survival, and for improving the durability and reliability of the restorations while also simplifying the procedures of materials manufacture and clinical operation. Biomimetic materials and processes related to them are topics of general importance from a long perspective.

Dental Ceramics

Dental Ceramics
Author : Carlos Bergmann,Aisha Stumpf
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :84
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This book gives an introduction to the mechanical behavior and degradation of dental ceramics and guides the reader through their performance under effect of oral environments. It addresses the different kinds of dental ceramics, their properties, degradation and mechanical aspects with less emphasys on the physics and chemistry involved, which makes the reading interesting for beginners in the field. In each chapter, the reader will learn about the mechanical behavior of dental ceramics and each phenomenon involved in their application, besides finding some practical examples of their use in dental clinics, their manufacturing procedures and types of degradation. The clear language and the application-oriented perspective of the book makes it suitable for both professionals and students who want to learn about dental ceramics.

Customized All-Ceramic Dental Prostheses

Customized All-Ceramic Dental Prostheses
Author : Zhijian Shen,Yihong Liu,Hailan Feng
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2018-01-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Customized All-Ceramic Dental Prostheses: A Graphic Introduction to Advanced Materials and Procedures presents a full, cross-disciplinary map to customized, all-ceramic, dental prostheses commonly used in dentistry nowadays. Their application for repairing damaged teeth or restoring the lost teeth of patients comprises many steps of a cross-disciplinary nature. The book explores materials processes and clinical procedures, and integrates fundamental understanding with real practices. A unique approach to photographic illustration makes the book easy to understand, even for non-specialists. This valuable reference is suitable for dentists, dental technicians, dental students, materials developers and students, and dental patients alike. Presents a cross-disciplinary map to customized all-ceramic dental prostheses, containing both the materials processes and clinical procedure Employs a unique form of photographic illustration Discusses the transition from baseline stable and physically stiff ceramics research into engineering of highly coherent laminate composites for prosthetic crowns and bridges Showcases current techniques for producing cost-effective, long-lasting, individualized ceramic components with biocompatibility, complexity, and high precision Encompasses state-of-the-art bioresorbable ceramics for bone regeneration and bioactivating surfaces of inert, high-strength ceramics for implantation

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : David Salamon
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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This chapter gives an introduction to advanced ceramics from the perspective of restorative dentistry. Fundamentals of composition and functionality are used for defining and classifying advanced ceramics. A historical overview helps differentiate advanced ceramics from traditional ceramics. The focus of the chapter is on linking ceramic properties to their compositions and structures described hierarchically from the atomic level onward.

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : Yihong Liu,James Zhijian Shen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Fractographic analysis is a useful tool for finding fracture origins that is necessary for improving the reliability of ceramic restorations. The general analysis begins with the determination of fracture patterns and origins. The crack propagation markings found by examination of fracture surfaces allow one to follow crack paths and to trace back to an origin, including fracture mirror, hackle, Wallner line, arrest line, and compression curl. This method is introduced and applied to define the origins of common clinical failures of ceramic dental prostheses. They are classified as several major types, namely, cracking initiated at the margin or at occlusal contacts, and porcelain chipping or delamination. The fracture origin is always found near the spot where the highest tensile stress concentration accumulates, and/or microscopic defects or flaws are located nearby. The fracture of ceramic dental restorations may initiate at micro-defects in the porcelain or ceramic body that are introduced during the materials fabrication process or after clinical adjustment.

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Author : Erik Adolfsson,James Zhijian Shen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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The mechanical reliability and aesthetic appearance of ceramic dental prostheses are strongly influenced by the presence of defects. When several processes are used during fabrication of ceramic dental prostheses, additional defects are unavoidably introduced in each process step; these are in addition to the ones that already exist in raw materials. To avoid the degeneration of material performance by the accumulated defect population, process optimization is needed to minimize the defects introduced. Standardized mechanical evaluations are usually performed on samples with carefully prepared surfaces in order to minimize the influence from the defects usually induced by fabrication processes. The results from such mechanical evaluation indicate the strength level that is achievable by the material with the given population of bulk defects. In order to avoid a reduction in the performance of the ceramic material by the additional defects normally induced by the fabrication process, it must be understood how these defects are introduced, and solutions must be found to reduce their size and frequency through modifications of the material and processes. The aim of this chapter is to elucidate the sources of defects that are common for ceramic dental prostheses and to determine how to minimize them.

Classic and Advanced Ceramics

Classic and Advanced Ceramics
Author : Robert B. Heimann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-04-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :573
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Based on the author's lectures to graduate students of geosciences, physics, chemistry and materials science, this didactic handbook covers basic aspects of ceramics such as composition and structure as well as such advanced topics as achieving specific functionalities by choosing the right materials. The focus lies on the thermal transformation processes of natural raw materials to arrive at traditional structural ceramics and on the general physical principles of advanced functional ceramics. The book thus provides practice-oriented information to readers in research, development and engineering on how to understand, make and improve ceramics and derived products, while also serving as a rapid reference for the practitioner. The choice of topics and style of presentation make it equally useful for chemists, materials scientists, engineers and mineralogists.

Advanced Dental Biomaterials

Advanced Dental Biomaterials
Author : Zohaib Khurshid,Shariq Najeeb,Muhammad Sohail Zafar,Farshid Sefat
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-05-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :758
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Advanced Dental Biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. The book can be used by both an experienced researcher/clinician learning about other biomaterials or applications that may be applicable to their current research or as a guide for a new entrant into the field who needs to gain an understanding of the primary challenges, opportunities, most relevant biomaterials, and key applications in dentistry. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in dental biomaterials Reviews the fundamentals of dental biomaterials and examines advanced materials’ applications for tissues regeneration and clinical dentistry Written by an international collaborative team of materials scientists, biomedical engineers, oral biologists and dental clinicians in order to provide a balanced perspective on the field

Ceramics in Dentistry

Ceramics in Dentistry
Author : J. Robert Kelly
Publisher : Quintessence Publishing (IL)
Release Date : 2016-02-01
Category : Dental ceramics
Total pages :117
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Dental Ceramics

Dental Ceramics
Author : Christoph Hämmerle,Irena Sailer
Publisher : Quintessence Publishing Company
Release Date : 2008
Category : Medical
Total pages :127
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1. Scientific Aspects of Dental Ceramic Materials. -- 2. Processing Methods. -- 3. Veneers. -- 4. All-ceramic Single Crowns. -- 5. Non-vital Abutment Teeth. -- 6. External Bleaching. -- 7. All-ceramic Fixed Partial Dentures. -- 8. Bonding of Ceramic Restorations. -- 9. All-ceramic Implant Supported Restoration.

Advances in Ceramic Biomaterials

Advances in Ceramic Biomaterials
Author : Paola Palmero,Eamonn De Barra,Francis Cambier
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-09-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :500
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Bioceramics are an important class of biomaterials. Due to their desirable attributes such as biocompatibility and osseointegration, as well as their similarity in structure to bone and teeth, ceramic biomaterials have been successfully used in hard tissue applications. In this book, a team of materials research scientists, engineers, and clinicians bridge the gap between materials science and clinical commercialization providing integrated coverage of bioceramics, their applications and challenges. The book is divided into three parts. The first part is a review of classes of medical-grade ceramic materials, their synthesis and processing as well as methods of property assessment. The second part contains a review of ceramic medical products and devices developed, their evolution, their clinical applications and some of the lessons learned from decades of clinical use. The third part outlines the challenges to improve performance and the directions that novel approaches and advanced technologies are taking, to meet these challenges. With a focus on the dialogue between surgeons, engineers, material scientists, and biologists, this book is a valuable resource for researchers and engineers working toward long-lasting, reliable, customized biomedical ceramic and composites devices. Edited by a team of experts with expertise in industry and academia Compiles the most relevant aspects on regulatory issues, standards and engineering of bioceramic medical devices as inspired by commercial and clinical needs Introduces bioceramics, their evolution and applications in hard tissue engineering and medical devices

Alumina Ceramics

Alumina Ceramics
Author : Andrew J. Ruys
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-10-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :580
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Alumina Ceramics: Biomedical and Clinical Applications examines the extraordinary material, Alumina, and its use in biomedicine and industry. Sections discuss the fundamentals of Alumina Ceramics, look at the various industrial applications, and examine a variety of medical applications. Readers will find this to be an invaluable and unique resource for researchers, clinical professionals, engineers, and advanced level students. Alumina ceramics are a leading biomaterial used for specialist medical applications, such as bionic implants and tissue engineering, and the only biomaterial commercially viable for use as bearings for orthopedic hip replacements. As such, this book is a timely resource on the topics discussed. Provides a unique and thorough review of Alumina ceramics Written by one of the world’s leading experts in bioceramics and advanced industrial ceramics, especially alumina Targeted to researchers in the materials, clinical and dental fields Enables the non-expert with an overview of the underlying alumina technology, major challenges, major successes and future directions