June 15, 2021

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Advances in Animal Genomics

Advances in Animal Genomics
Author : Sukanta Mondal,Ram Lakhan Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :328
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Advances in Animal Genomics provides an outstanding collection of integrated strategies involving traditional and modern - omics (structural, functional, comparative and epigenomics) approaches and genomics-assisted breeding methods which animal biotechnologists can utilize to dissect and decode the molecular and gene regulatory networks involved in the complex quantitative yield and stress tolerance traits in livestock. Written by international experts on animal genomics, this book explores the recent advances in high-throughput, next-generation whole genome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based genotyping, and modern bioinformatics approaches which have enabled to produce huge genomic and transcriptomic resources globally on a genome-wide scale. This book is an important resource for researchers, students, educators and professionals in agriculture, veterinary and biotechnology sciences that enables them to solve problems regarding sustainable development with the help of current innovative biotechnologies. Integrates basic and advanced concepts of animal biotechnology and presents future developments Describes current high-throughput next-generation whole genome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based genotyping, and modern bioinformatics approaches for sustainable livestock production Illustrates integrated strategies to dissect and decode the molecular and gene regulatory networks involved in complex quantitative yield and stress tolerance traits in livestock Ensures readers will gain a strong grasp of biotechnology for sustainable livestock production with its well-illustrated discussion

Animal Genomics

Animal Genomics
Author : Bhanu P. Chowdhary
Publisher : S Karger Ag
Release Date : 2003
Category : Science
Total pages :366
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This publication provides an update on the current status of gene maps in different livestock and pet/companion animal species. The findings summarized in species specific commentaries and original articles testify the rapid advances made in the field of animal genomics. Of significant interest is the fact that current investigations are providing headways for two important and exciting research fronts: targeted high-resolution mapping leading to the application of genomic information in addressing questions of economic and biological significance in animals, and the initiation of whole genome sequencing projects for some of the animal species. Like in humans and mice, this will set the stage for a new level of research and real time complex analysis of the genomes of these species. Animal Genomics signifies the beginning of a new era in this field and celebrates the achievements of the past 20 years of genomics research. It will be of special interest to researchers involved in genome analysis - both gross chromosomal as well as molecular - in various animal species, and to comparative and evolutionary geneticists.

Animal Genetics and Diseases: Advances in Farming and Livestock Systems

Animal Genetics and Diseases: Advances in Farming and Livestock Systems
Author : Mark S. Fife,John A. Hammond,Andrea B. Doeschl-Wilson
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-02-14
Category :
Total pages :129
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The new Animal Genetics and Disease 2017 conference committee organized a Research Topic for the proceedings of this inaugural conference. The meeting brought together specialists working on the interface between genomics, genetic engineering, and infectious disease, with the aims of improving animal and human health and welfare. This conference was funded by Advanced Courses and Scientific Conference at the Wellcome Genome Campus, Hinxton, UK. The conference will highlight breakthroughs in genomic technologies that are rapidly increasing our understanding of the fundamental role that host and pathogen genetics play in infections and epidemics. This Research Topic focuses on how infections spread and how they further affect the productivity of livestock systems and food supply chains. Thanks to technological advances, we now have the tools for real-time surveillance of zoonoses affecting wildlife, farm animals and animal-to-human disease transmission.

Advances in Animal Biotechnology

Advances in Animal Biotechnology
Author : Birbal Singh,Gorakh Mal,Sanjeev K. Gautam,Manishi Mukesh
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-07-09
Category : Science
Total pages :562
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This book entitled, “Advances in Animal Biotechnology,” is a compilation of state-of-the-art in the field of Animal Biotechnology including fishery, that are not sheltered in depth in earlier publications. It offers an update on avant-garde technologies and advances in key aspects of genetic engineering, metagenomics, assisted reproduction, animal genomics, biotechnology in veterinary health, as well as the role of gut and marine microbial ecosystems in livestock and industrial development. The book is divided broadly into five different sections, viz., Gut Microbiome and Nutritional Biotechnology, Assisted Reproduction Biotechnology, Livestock Genomics, Health Biotechnology, and Animal Biotechnology in Global Perspective. The book covers the syllabi of Animal Biotechnology courses in various universities, academia and competitive examinations at various levels. Researchers, Continuing Graduates, and Academicians, Research Institutions, and Biotech Companies will be benefited from this valuable compilation of research. Its broad spectrum makes this work a valuable resource for professionals, researchers, academics and students in the field of veterinary and animal production as well as the biotechnology industry.

Advances in Animal Biotechnology

Advances in Animal Biotechnology
Author : Birbal Singh,Gorakh Mal,Sanjeev K. Gautam,Manishi Mukesh
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Animal biotechnology
Total pages :129
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This book presents significant innovations in animal biotechnology and their relevance to humans. It offers an update on cutting-edge technologies and advances in key aspects of genetic engineering, metagenomics, assisted reproduction, biotechnology in veterinary health, as well as the role of gut and marine microbial ecosystems in industrial development. It also includes chapters on camelids, fishery, designer milk and nutraceuticals from bioengineered organisms and reviews scientific advances such as genomics and transcriptomics with reference to their applications in the animal industry. The chapters from expert authors are organised in five themed parts; Part I "Gut microbiome and nutritional biotechnology", Part II "Assisted reproduction biotechnology", Part III "Livestock genomics", Part IV "Health biotechnology" and Part V "Animal biotechnology in global perspective". Its broad spectrum makes this work a valuable resource for professionals, researchers, academics and students in the field of veterinary and animal production as well as the biotechnological industry.

Advances in Pig Welfare

Advances in Pig Welfare
Author : Marek Špinka
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-20
Category : Nature
Total pages :506
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Advances in Pig Welfare analyzes current topical issues in the key areas of pig welfare assessment and improvement. With coverage of both recent developments and reviews of historical welfare issues, the volume provides a comprehensive survey of the field. The book is divided into two sections. Part One opens with an overview of main welfare challenges in commercial pig production systems and then reviews pig welfare hot spots from birth to slaughter. Part Two highlights emerging topics in pig welfare, such as pain and health assessment, early socialization and environmental enrichment, pig-human interactions, breeding for welfare, positive pig welfare and pigs as laboratory animals. This book is an essential part of the wider ranging series Advances in Farm Animal Welfare, with coverage of cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry. With its expert editor and international team of contributors, Advances in Pig Welfare is a key reference tool for welfare research scientists and students, veterinarians involved in welfare assessment, and indeed anyone with a professional interest in the welfare of pig. Provides in-depth reviews of emerging topics, research, and applications in pig welfare Analyzes on-farm assessment of pig welfare, an extremely important marker for the monitoring of real welfare impacts of any changes in husbandry systems Edited by a leader in the field of pig welfare, with contributing experts from veterinary science, welfare academia, and practitioners in industry

Genetics and Breeding

Genetics and Breeding
Author : Hartmann Pfenning
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017-10
Category :
Total pages :412
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Animal breeding and genetics is concerned with maximizing desirable genetic traits, such as producing animals that have leaner meat. Animal geneticists have identified elements within genes that can enhance animal growth, health, and ability to utilize nutrients. These genetic advances can increase production while reducing environmental impacts. Animals and livestock contribute 40 percent of the global value of agricultural output and contribute to the livelihoods and food security of almost a billion people worldwide. Advances in animal breeding, genetics, and genomics are facilitating a more efficient industry. For example, the number of cattle has decreased over the past decade, yet the total production of beef and milk has increased. This was largely possible because genetic advancements led better animal feed efficiency, which is critical to improving livestock production and lowering costs for producers. Reproduction and early development in domestic animals are biological processes in which complex genetic events like formation of the germ cells, meiosis, syngamy, zygote formation, cleavage, midblastula transition, dose compensation of sex chromosomes, genetic imprinting, and multiple cell differentiation take place. Many of these processes have great impact in veterinary reproductive medicine and are influenced by the assisted reproductive techniques applied. Transformed environmental and metabolic conditions caused by intensive livestock farming influence reproductive success by altered gene expression via epigenetic changes. In this concept molecular markers give valuable information. This volume `Genetics and Breeding¿ discusses ways and means to improve productivity through breeding are discussed and some basic issues requiring further research pointed out. It aims to provide a glimpse into the dynamic process of genetic disparity in animals by presenting the thoughts of scientists who are engaged in the generation of new idea and techniques used for the assessment of genetic variety, often from very different perspectives. This book is a comprehensive source of knowledge on the latest advances in the field of animal genetics and breeding. The book should prove useful to students, researchers, and experts in the area of genetics and breeding, and molecular biology.

Advances in Statistical Methods for Genetic Improvement of Livestock

Advances in Statistical Methods for Genetic Improvement of Livestock
Author : Daniel Gianola,Keith Hammond
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :534
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Developments in statistics and computing as well as their application to genetic improvement of livestock gained momentum over the last 20 years. This text reviews and consolidates the statistical foundations of animal breeding. This text will prove useful as a reference source to animal breeders, quantitative geneticists and statisticians working in these areas. It will also serve as a text in graduate courses in animal breeding methodology with prerequisite courses in linear models, statistical inference and quantitative genetics.

Textbook of Animal Genetics and Breeding

Textbook of Animal Genetics and Breeding
Author : Dominic Fasso
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016-05-25
Category : Science
Total pages :207
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The study of animal genetics and breeding are essential for practices like animal husbandry, etc. This book contains some path-breaking studies in the field of animal genetics which will enable the reader to gain a comprehensive insight into this discipline. Also included in this book are detailed discussions on genomics, DNA structure and modeling, chromosomes, etc. These topics are of utmost significance, especially for students and research scholars of zoology, veterinary sciences and related fields. This book is a complete source of knowledge on the latest advances in the field of animal genetics and breeding.

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources
Author : Stéphane Joost,Michael W. Bruford,Ino Curik,Juha Kantanen,Johannes A. Lenstra,Johann Sölkner,Göran Andersson,Philippe V. Baret,Nadine Buys,Jutta Roosen,Michèle Tixier-Boichard,Paolo Ajmone Marsan
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2016-01-28
Category :
Total pages :129
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The history of livestock started with the domestication of their wild ancestors: a restricted number of species allowed to be tamed and entered a symbiotic relationship with humans. In exchange for food, shelter and protection, they provided us with meat, eggs, hides, wool and draught power, thus contributing considerably to our economic and cultural development. Depending on the species, domestication took place in different areas and periods. After domestication, livestock spread over all inhabited regions of the earth, accompanying human migrations and becoming also trade objects. This required an adaptation to different climates and varying styles of husbandry and resulted in an enormous phenotypic diversity. Approximately 200 years ago, the situation started to change with the rise of the concept of breed. Animals were selected for the same visible characteristics, and crossing with different phenotypes was reduced. This resulted in the formation of different breeds, mostly genetically isolated from other populations. A few decades ago, selection pressure was increased again with intensive production focusing on a limited range of types and a subsequent loss of genetic diversity. For short-term economic reasons, farmers have abandoned traditional breeds. As a consequence, during the 20th century, at least 28% of farm animal breeds became extinct, rare or endangered. The situation is alarming in developing countries, where native breeds adapted to local environments and diseases are being replaced by industrial breeds. In the most marginal areas, farm animals are considered to be essential for viable land use and, in the developing world, a major pathway out of poverty. Historic documentation from the period before the breed formation is scarce. Thus, reconstruction of the history of livestock populations depends on archaeological, archeo-zoological and DNA analysis of extant populations. Scientific research into genetic diversity takes advantage of the rapid advances in molecular genetics. Studies of mitochondrial DNA, microsatellite DNA profiling and Y-chromosomes have revealed details on the process of domestication, on the diversity retained by breeds and on relationships between breeds. However, we only see a small part of the genetic information and the advent of new technologies is most timely in order to answer many essential questions. High-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping is about to be available for all major farm animal species. The recent development of sequencing techniques calls for new methods of data management and analysis and for new ideas for the extraction of information. To make sense of this information in practical conditions, integration of geo-environmental and socio-economic data are key elements. The study and management of farm animal genomic resources (FAnGR) is indeed a major multidisciplinary issue. The goal of the present Research Topic was to collect contributions of high scientific quality relevant to biodiversity management, and applying new methods to either new genomic and bioinformatics approaches for characterization of FAnGR, to the development of FAnGR conservation methods applied ex-situ and in-situ, to socio-economic aspects of FAnGR conservation, to transfer of lessons between wildlife and livestock biodiversity conservation, and to the contribution of FAnGR to a transition in agriculture (FAnGR and agro-ecology).

Advances in Animal Breeding

Advances in Animal Breeding
Author : S. Korver
Publisher : Center Agricultural Pub & Document
Release Date : 1988
Category : Animal breeding
Total pages :197
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Advances in Animal Biotechnology and its Applications

Advances in Animal Biotechnology and its Applications
Author : Suresh Kumar Gahlawat,Joginder Singh Duhan,Raj Kumar Salar,Priyanka Siwach,Suresh Kumar,Pawan Kaur
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-05-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :401
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This book explores the recent advancements in cutting-edge techniques and applications of Biotechnology. It provides an overview of prospects and applications while emphasizing modern, and emerging areas of Biotechnology. The chapters are dedicated to various field of Biotechnology including, genome editing, probiotics, in-silico drug designing, nanoparticles and its applications, molecular diagnostics, tissue engineering, cryopreservation, and antioxidants. It is useful for both academicians and researchers in the various disciplines of life sciences, agricultural sciences, medicine, and Biotechnology in Universities, Research Institutions, and Biotech companies. This book provides the readers with a comprehensive knowledge of topics in Genomics, Bionanotechnology, Drug Designing, Diagnostics, Therapeutics, Food and Environmental Biotechnology. The chapters have been written with special reference to the latest developments in the frontier areas of Biotechnology that impacts the Biotech industries.

Bovine Genomics

Bovine Genomics
Author : James Womack
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-03-16
Category : Science
Total pages :284
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The genetic information being unlocked by advances in genomic and high throughput technologies is rapidly revolutionizing our understanding of developmental processes in bovine species. This information is allowing researchers unprecedented insight into the genetic basis of key traits. Bovine Genomics is the first book to bring together and synthesize the information learned through the bovine genome sequencing project and look at its practical application to cattle and dairy production. Bovine Genomics opens with foundational chapters on the domestication of cattle and traditional Mendelian genetics. Building on these chapters, coverage rapidly moves to quantitative genetics and the advances of whole genome technologies. Significant coverage is given to such topics as epigenetics, mapping quantitative trail loci, genome-wide association studies and genomic selection in cattle breeding. The book is a valuable synthesis of the field written by a global team of leading researchers. Providing wide-ranging coverage of the topic, Bovine Genomic, is an essential guide to the field. The basic and applied science will be of use to researchers, breeders, and advanced students.

Animal Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology
Author : Gebhard Ohme
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017-10
Category :
Total pages :408
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Animal biotechnology is the use of science and engineering to modify living organisms. The goal is to make products, to improve animals and to develop microorganisms for specific agricultural uses. Animals are used in many ways in biotechnology. Biotechnology provides new tools for improving human health and animal health and welfare and increasing livestock productivity. Biotechnology improves the food we eat - meat, milk and eggs. Biotechnology can improve an animal¿s impact on the environment. The animal biotechnology in use today is built on a long history. Some of the first biotechnology in use includes traditional breeding techniques that date back to 5000 B.C.E. Such techniques include crossing diverse strains of animals to produce greater genetic variety. The offspring from these crosses then are bred selectively to produce the greatest number of desirable traits. For example, female horses have been bred with male donkeys to produce mules, and male horses have been bred with female donkeys to produce hinnies, for use as work animals, for the past 3,000 years. This method continues to be used today. Animal biotechnology in use today is based on the science of genetic engineering. Under the umbrella of genetic engineering exist other technologies, such as transgenic and cloning, that also are used in animal biotechnology. Transgenic is the transferal of a specific gene from one organism to another. Gene splicing is used to introduce one or more genes of an organism into a second organism. This Volume `Animal Biotechnology¿ encompasses all aspects of animal science and biotechnology, including animal genetics and breeding, animal reproduction and physiology, animal nutrition and biochemistry, feed processing and testing, and animal biotechnology. It is designed to introduce research achievements in animal science and technology to the international community, and to strengthen academic field. The topics including advances in animal assisted reproduction, conservation of animal genetic diversity, biotechnology of gut microbiome, nutrigenomics, fodder and feed biotechnology, immunogenetic, genomics and its applications in animals. We hope that a wide variety of scientists, researchers, and others may benefit from this book.

Introduction to Veterinary Genetics

Introduction to Veterinary Genetics
Author : Frank W. Nicholas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-11-09
Category : Medical
Total pages :328
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