December 1, 2020

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Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology

Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology
Author : Geoff Allan,Gavin Burnell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food production sector in the world. With demand for seafood increasing at astonishing rates, the optimization of production methods is vital. One of the primary restrictions to continued growth is the supply of juveniles from hatcheries. Addressing these constraints, Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology provides a comprehensive, systematic guide to the use of current and emerging technologies in enhancing hatchery production. Part one reviews reproduction and larval rearing. Aquaculture hatchery water supply and treatment systems, principles of finfish broodstock management, genome preservation, and varied aspects of nutrition and feeding are discussed in addition to larval health management and microbial management for bacterial pathogen control. Closing the life-cycle and overcoming challenges in hatchery production for selected invertebrate species are the focus of part two, and advances in hatchery technology for spiny lobsters, shrimp, blue mussel, sea cucumbers and cephalopods are all discussed. Part three concentrates on challenges and successes in closing the life-cycle and hatchery production for selected fish species, including tuna, striped catfish, meagre, and yellowtail kingfish. Finally, part four explores aquaculture hatcheries for conservation and education. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology is an authoritative review of the field for hatchery operators, scientists, marine conservators and educators. Provides a comprehensive guide to the use of technologies in enhancing hatchery production Examines reproduction and larval rearing, including genetic improvement and microdiets Discusses challenges in hatchery production of specific species

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : T.J. Bowden,I.R. Bricknell
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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This chapter looks at the issues surrounding health of finfish and shellfish larvae in the aquaculture environment. The chapter will examine issues such as biosecurity to see how it forms the cornerstone of effective hatchery management and how problems can arise when biosecurity fails. Then the chapter looks at how the health of the larvae can be manipulated and how the larvae can be protected from potential pathogens by good management.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : M.R. Brown,S.I. Blackburn
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Microalgae remain an indispensible hatchery food for many aquaculture species, despite some on-going progress in the development of formulated larval feeds. The majority of the microalgae feed production occurs as living cultures on-site within hatcheries. In this review, general characteristics of microalgae are discussed, including chemical profiles, nutritional qualities and methods of mass culture. Key microalgal species are identified that are used as feeds leading to the hatchery production of bivalves, abalone, shrimp and fish. Global demand for microalgae production as hatchery feeds is likely to increase, requiring not only the expansion of existing infrastructure, but technical innovation to develop new production systems that are more intensive and have greater production capacity.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : G.J. Partridge
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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The reliance on wild-caught juvenile tuna is seen as the Achilles heel of tuna ranching industries worldwide and it is widely recognised that closed-cycle hatchery production is essential to sustain the demand for tuna and reduce pressure on wild stocks. The many features that make tuna such a unique group of fish also give rise to the many challenges associated with their culture and despite some forty years of effort, commercial scale hatchery production has yet to be fully realised. This chapter summarises the history of closed-cycle tuna production and discusses the recent and significant achievements that have been made towards the achievement of this elusive goal.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : J. Iglesias,L. Fuentes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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This chapter deals with the different methods used in the world to produce hatchery-reared juveniles of Octopus vulgaris, including capture and transport methods, broodstock conditioning and paralarval rearing technology. First, a review is made of the different systems used for hatchery production of the various Cephalopod species in which there is the greatest commercial interest. Then, specifically for Octopus vulgaris, conclusions and standardized methods related to the spawning process, the control of embryonic development and, finally, a protocol for paralarval rearing are also given. The main bottlenecks and future research trends are pointed out, and important sources of further information and advice are referenced. A brief review of the state-of-the-art on larvae and juvenile rearing of other cephalopods species is also included in this chapter.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : J.E. Purcell,E.J. Baxter,V.L. Fuentes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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This chapter begins by reviewing the fisheries and culture of jellyfish for human food, multi-million-dollar industries with markets currently centered in Asia. Second, we present guidelines for culture conditions and tank construction for display or study of 27 jellyfish species. Most types of jellyfish (scyphomedusae, hydromedusae, siphonophores and ctenophores) also damage the aquaculture industry by causing fish gill disorders and by fouling net pens. We review the lifecycles of these groups and the damage they cause. Finally, we offer recommendations on how to minimize this damage. Ironically, aquaculture may be inadvertently exacerbating the problems with jellyfish blooms.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : J. Wyban
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Global shrimp farming more than tripled production over the last decade. The major driver of that expansion was the introduction, adoption and expansion of farming P. vannamei as the shrimp species of choice. A key element determining farmers’ preference for P. vannamei was widespread availability of High Health post-larvae (PL) produced from specific pathogen free (SPF) broodstock that outperformed other shrimp species in reliability and profitability. Production of High Health PL requires use of SPF broodstock in hatcheries using biosecurity. This chapter reviews key management practices of securing SPF broodstock and biosecurity in P. vannamei shrimp hatchery systems.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : C. Labbé,V. Robles,M.P. Herraez
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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In this chapter the benefits of short- to long-term storage of genetic material from aquatic species in liquid nitrogen are introduced. The biophysical and chemical challenges that arise during freeze-thawing are presented from the perspective of the large degree of structural and biological diversity found in fish, mollusc and crustacean gametes. Sperm cryopreservation procedures and the challenges raised by cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos or larvae are then discussed with a special focus on the importance of the genetic integrity of the thawed cells. Alternatives to the cryobanking of gametes and embryos rely on the cryopreservation of cells of somatic, embryonic and germinal origin. The challenges posed by the use of such cells to reconstruct fish are then described.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : S. Kolkovski
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Marine fish larvae fed microdiets have not, at this stage, matched the growth and survival performances demonstrated by larvae fed live feeds such as rotifers and Artemia. This chapter discusses the issues related to the use of microdiets as a sole or partial feed for marine fish larvae. The techniques and methods of manufacturing microdiet particles, chemical and physical properties of microdiet particles are described. The use of feeding systems and advantages and disadvantage of the current feeding systems is reviewed. The chapter also looks at advances in feeding regimes such as co-feeding and feeding systems.

Advances in Tuna Aquaculture

Advances in Tuna Aquaculture
Author : Daniel Benetti,Gavin Partridge,Alejandro Buentello
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-11-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :376
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Advances in Tuna Aquaculture: From Hatchery to Market provides detailed overviews on the current status of tuna fisheries, fattening, and farming practices, as well as advances in closed-cycle tuna aquaculture. Contributors are renowned scientists, internationally recognized as authorities in their fields. This book addresses all basic and applied aspects of tuna aquaculture, presenting and discussing the global status of tuna fisheries, reproduction, broodstock management, spawning, larval rearing and early developmental stages including nursery and grow out methods. It presents incorporates the most comprehensive and updated data, statistics, and trends in tuna fisheries and aquaculture, covering and addresses a variety of topics ranging fromfrom endocrinology, nutrition, diseases, and genetics to economics and markets. It covers describes recent up-to-date progress on tuna aquaculture and hatchery development. It also provides a synopsisn overview of the challenges presently confronted by tuna aquaculturists,facing tuna aquaculture and and offers innovative views on the challengesbottle-neck issues faced by the industry with the current shift from fisheries to fattening to closed-cycle aquaculture. This is the first book to encompass all aspects related to the tuna aquaculture industry, and merges them into a state-of-the-art compendium that will serve as seminal reference for students, researchers, and professionals working with tuna biology, fisheries, and aquaculture worldwide. Incorporates and reviews the most recent information on tuna fisheries and aquaculture Presents the most innovative production technologies in tuna aquaculture, from hatchery to market Includes important information on tuna, derived from industry experience and academic research on larval rearing technology and grow out operations Encompasses and discusses key topics such as genetics, diseases, nutrition, endocrinology, and reproduction, as well as developments, challenges, and future opportunities in tuna aquaculture Provides the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies and production Presents the independent and collective assessments, viewpoints, and visions of various scientists, all internationally recognized as authorities in the field

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : P.T. Nguyen,T.M. Bui,T.A. Nguyen,S. De Silva
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) farming in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, is considered as a major, aquaculture development both in Vietnam and globally. One of the main drivers responsible for the explosive growth of the sector is considered to be the development and commercialisation of techniques for artificial propagation of the species. This chapter looks first at the life-cycle of the striped catfish and historical developments in hatchery technology before going on to discuss induced breeding of catfish in hatcheries together with larval and fry nursing. Finally, harvesting and transportation are described and possible future directions in the sector.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : A. Mercier,J.-F. Hamel
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Sea cucumber fisheries have existed for centuries, driven primarily by the Chinese markets. In recent decades, overfishing has severely depleted commercial sea cucumber populations worldwide. Consequently, a growing number of countries are becoming interested in developing aquaculture programs. Every year billions of larvae and millions of juveniles are successfully grown in aquaculture facilities and new initiatives are booming. Here we introduce briefly the main species that have so far been successfully cultivated: Apostichopus japonicus, Holothuria scabra and Isostichopus fuscus. We describe common techniques for the culture of larvae and juveniles and outline some of the main challenges of this industry.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : O.-I. Lekang
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Good water quality is of major importance to production results in a hatchery, particularly in those which work more intensively. A low cost water transfer system is also important economically, affecting both investment and running costs. The low cost, however, should not be allowed to compromise the efficacy of the system, leading to operating problems or a lower water quality, for example. This chapter will take a brief look at some important factors in the location of hatcheries, before progressing to assess different water supply systems, encompassing both fresh water and sea water. Before the water entersthe production unit, it hasto be treated to fulfill the requirement of the aquatic organism as closely as possible. A description of different water treatment equipment/methods is also included in the chapter.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
Author : N.J. Duncan,A. Estévez,H. Fernández-Palacios,I. Gairin,C.M. Hernández-Cruz,J. Roo,D. Schuchardt,R. Vallés
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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Meagre (Argyrosomus regius) have good potential for aquaculture. Culture characteristics include controlled spawning in captivity, relatively easy larval rearing, fast growth, good feed conversion ratios and no maturation during ongrowing. Whilst characteristics of the final product include good processing yield, low fat content, good taste and firm texture. This chapter details the present knowledge on the biology of the species, the culture protocols being used through the entire production cycle (broodstock management, larval rearing, pre-ongrowing and ongrowing), product quality, market and economics of production. Finally future prospects and challenges to achieve mass production are examined.

New Technologies in Aquaculture

New Technologies in Aquaculture
Author : Gavin Burnell,Geoff Allan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-07-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1224
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With wild stocks declining due to over-fishing, aquaculture will have a more significant role to play in meeting future demand for fresh fish. Developments in research continue to lead to improvements in aquaculture production systems, resulting in increased production efficiency, higher product quality for consumers and a more sustainable industry. New technologies in aquaculture reviews essential advances in these areas. Part one focuses on the genetic improvement of farmed species and control of reproduction, with chapters on genome-based technologies in aquaculture research, selective breeding and the production of single sex and sterile populations, among other topics. Parts two and three review key issues in health, diet and husbandry, such as the control of viral and parasitic diseases, diet and husbandry techniques to improve disease resistance, advances in diets for particular fish species and the impact of harmful algal bloom on shellfisheries aquaculture. Chapters in Parts three and four then examine the design of different aquaculture production systems, including offshore technologies, tank-based recirculating systems and ponds, and key environmental issues, such as the prediction and assessment of the impact of aquaculture. Concluding chapters focus on farming new species. With its well-known editors and distinguished international team of contributors, New technologies in aquaculture is an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in the aquaculture industry. Reviews recent advances in improvements in aquaculture production Focuses on the genetic improvement and reproduction of farmed species, including genome-based technologies Discusses key health issues, including advances in disease diagnosis, vaccine development and other emerging methods to control pathogens in aquaculture