January 17, 2021

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Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology
Author : V Nierstrasz,A Cavaco-Paulo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-09-01
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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Biotechnology has impacted the textiles industry through the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes, as well as enabling the design of improved textile materials. This book will provide a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fibre and textile industry. Part one of the book opens with a review of technologies involved in textile biotechnology. Chapters explore the design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications and developments in processes and equipment for enzymatic textile treatments. Part two investigates the modification of particular fibres through the use of biotechnology. Key topics include the treatment of wool and silk fibres and the enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton. With expert contributions from leaders in their fields, Advances in textile biotechnology is a comprehensive guide for those in the textile and fibre industry, as well as experts in the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fibre and textile industry Explores production of enzymes, searching for efficient production systems and also documents the advantages and limitations associated with the process Reviews the debate surrounding enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton along with engineering of plants for improved fibre qualities

Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology
Author : Artur Cavaco-Paulo,Vincent A. Nierstrasz,Qiang Wang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-07-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :314
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Advances in Textile Biotechnology, Second Edition examines the latest in biotechnology for the fiber and textile industry. This new edition has been fully revised to include the current essential areas of development in the field, covering both natural and synthetic fibers. Chapters cover the latest technology in bioprocessing for bast fiber, PVA, polyester, wool and silk before exploring issues of enzyme stability. Essential areas of application and development are then considered, including biomedical textiles, silk materials for biotechnological applications, bacterial cellulose, the ink jetting of enzymes, and the role of enzymes, wool and silk fibers. Containing groundbreaking research, this book will be essential reading for manufacturers, designers and engineers in the textiles industry, textile and fiber scientists, and academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the area of textile technology. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fiber and textile industry Presents fully revised content, with a new focus on biosynthesis and bioprocessing for novel textile fibers, both synthetic and natural Enables readers to understand and utilize the benefits of biotechnology for the manufacture and production of textiles

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles
Author : Mohammad Shahid,Ravindra Adivarekar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-06-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :388
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of functional finishing of textiles, describing the state-of-the-art research and well-established techniques applied in the textile industry, and covering all areas of textile dyeing and finishing. It is intended for academic researchers and professionals in related scientific and engineering fields, including textile engineering, chemistry, nanotechnology, material science, biotechnology and environmental science. The book also provides reference material for stakeholders looking for innovative technologies and insights into the environmental and sustainability issues in the development of functional textiles and related products.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
Author : R. Paul,E. Genescà
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :448
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In this chapter, the use of enzymatic techniques for the finishing of technical textiles is discussed. The chapter begins by discussing the various types of enzymes used in textile finishing. It then reviews the enzymatic processing of textiles like cotton, wool, silk and synthetics, followed by their application methods. Recent developments in assessment techniques and future trends are also briefly discussed.

Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi

Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Shashank Mishra,Sangram Singh,Arti Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-03-08
Category : Science
Total pages :571
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White biotechnology, or industrial biotechnology as it is also known, refers to the use of living cells and/or their enzymes to create industrial products that are more easily degradable, require less energy, create less waste during production and sometimes perform better than products created using traditional chemical processes. Over the last decade considerable progress has been made in white biotechnology research, and further major scientific and technological breakthroughs are expected in the future. Fungi are ubiquitous in nature and have been sorted out from different habitats, including extreme environments (high temperature, low temperature, salinity and pH), and may be associated with plants (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric). The fungal strains are beneficial as well as harmful for human beings. The beneficial fungal strains may play important roles in the agricultural, industrial, and medical sectors. The fungal strains and their products (enzymes, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites) are very useful for industry (e.g., the discovery of penicillin from Penicillium chrysogenum). This discovery was a milestone in the development of white biotechnology as the industrial production of penicillin and antibiotics using fungi moved industrial biotechnology into the modern era, transforming it into a global industrial technology. Since then, white biotechnology has steadily developed and now plays a key role in several industrial sectors, providing both high value nutraceutical and pharmaceutical products. The fungal strains and bioactive compounds also play an important role in environmental cleaning. This volume covers the latest developments and research in white biotechnology with a focus on diversity and enzymes.

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles
Author : Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-06-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :678
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Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book’s international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Recent Advances in Decolorization and Degradation of Dyes in Textile Effluent by Biological Approaches

Recent Advances in Decolorization and Degradation of Dyes in Textile Effluent by Biological Approaches
Author : Ram Lakhan Singh,Pradeep Kumar Singh,Rajat Pratap Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-09-20
Category : Science
Total pages :72
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Recent Advances in Decolorization and Degradation of Dyes in Textile Effluent by Biological Approaches outlines various eco-friendly, cost effective methods for removal of toxic textile dyes. Large amounts of dye are unbound and released into the environment due to inefficient dyeing processes. The release of wastewater containing dye into the environment has several adverse effects as it is toxic, mutagenic and has other undesirable effects on living organisms. Hence, it is necessary to remove these dyes from industrial effluents to have a sustainable environment. This book deals with conventional as well as advanced effective treatment methods for the removal of dyes in order to increase the domain knowledge of readers. Salient features: Describes physico-chemical characteristics of textile effluent, dye classes and toxicity of dyes commonly used in the textile industry Assembles effective approaches which are used to remove dyes from textile effluent prior to their release into the environment Presents several advanced approaches such as genetic engineering, nanotechnology, immobilized cells or enzymes, biofilms and microbial fuel cells, etc. for the removal of dyes.

Sustainable Textiles

Sustainable Textiles
Author : Richard Blackburn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-10-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Environmental issues are playing an increasingly important role in the textile industry, both from the point of view of government regulation and consumer expectations. Sustainable textiles reviews ways of achieving more sustainable materials and technologies as well as improving recycling in the industry. The first part of the book discusses ways of improving sustainability at various points in the supply chain. Chapters discuss how sustainability can be integrated into textile design, ensuring more sustainable production of both natural and synthetic fibres, improving sustainability in processes such as dyeing as well as more environmentally-friendly technologies including enzyme and plasma technologies. The second part of the book reviews consumer perceptions of recycled textiles, eco-labelling, organic textiles and the use of recycled materials in textile products. With a distinguished editor and an impressive range of international contributors, Sustainable textiles is an important reference for the textile industry and those researching this important topic. Reviews government regulations and consumer expectations about environmental impact on the textiles industry Discusses ways of achieving more sustainable materials and technologies as well as textiles recycling Examines how sustainability can be integrated into textile design, production and processes

Biotechnology in Textile Processing

Biotechnology in Textile Processing
Author : Ryszard Kozlowski,Georg M. Guebitz,Artur Cavaco-Paulo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-10-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :254
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Find out how enzymes can be the answer to your concerns about textile processing safety Biotechnology in Textile Processing examines recent trends, techniques, and developments in the finishing and processing of natural fibers. The industry’s foremost experts present current research findings on textile biotechnology, bio-treatment, and waste water management, with an emphasis on developing environmentally friendly production technologies that use enzymatic processes. This vital book examines bio-technical methods that save chemicals, energy, and improve the quality of the final product, using enzyme applications that act on both cellulose- and protein-based textiles. Biotechnology in Textile Processing is a comprehensive guide to basic and applied research for scientists, researchers, consultants, and academics working with research and development institutes, and agriculture and textile universities. The book explores methods of developing quality standards for assessing flax fiber through the use of physical, chemical, and instrumental techniques, evaluates the potential of enzyme activities on the properties of textile fibers, and provides an in-depth understanding of the structure-function relationships of textile fibers. Biotechnology in Textile Processing examines: enzyme-retted flax enzymatic scouring for better textile properties of knitted fabrics combined bioscouring and bleaching of cotton fibers important factors for successful enzymatic scouring designing wood fiber morphology and mechanical properties of fiberboards laccase catalyzed indigo carmine transformation integrated enzymatic pre-treatment of cotton fabrics production of cellulase free pectinases for bioscouring enzymatic finishes of wool fabrics analytical methods for chitosan the influence of enzymatic pre-treatment on color of bleached and dyed flax fibers the effects of ultrasound on the performance of industrial enzymes used in cotton bio-preparation and bio-finishing applications Biotechnology in Textile Processing is an essential resource for scientists and consultants working at R&D institutes and universities, practitioners working in textile engineering, enzymology, biotechnology, and environmental protection, producers and processors of textiles, and for students.

Advances in Textile Engineering and Materials IV

Advances in Textile Engineering and Materials IV
Author : Hua Wu Liu,Shin-ichi Kuroda,Lai Jiu Zheng
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2014-10-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :626
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 4th International Conference on Textile Engineering and Materials (ICTEM 2014), August 23-24, 2014, Shenzhen, China. The 121 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Textile Materials, Processing and Application, Chapter 2: Textile Industry Development, Management and Innovation, Chapter 3: Apparel Design, Manufacturing and Research, Chapter 4: Aesthetics and Textile Science, Chapter 5: Advanced Materials Science and Processing Technologies, Chapter 6: Industrial Engineering and Information Technology.

Advances in Hemp Research

Advances in Hemp Research
Author : Paoli Ranalli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-01-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :272
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Offering up-to-date information on the uses and composition of the plant, Advances in Hemp Research provides growers, researchers, manufacturers, and suppliers with methods and data for the processing and cultivation of hemp for textile and paper products. You will learn how recent advances in germplasm resources, breeding methods, and the improvement of physiological, morphological, and biochemical characteristics of the plant can strengthen hemp fiber, making it a profitable and important crop to study and to grow for uses in the textile and paper industries. Providing you with a complete update on the advances in research in several different areas, this text covers the entire spectrum of recent international hemp research and technological developments. Advances in Hemp Research discusses many factors essential to the improvement of the crop and its uses, including: breeding techniques, agronomical practices, increased stress tolerance, and processing techniques that will enable the plant to produce high-quality fibers new cultivars to distinguish licit from illicit field cultivation the recent advances in crop physiology, such as radiation use efficiency, harvest index, and dry matter yields cultivation practices such as soil structure, manuring, harvesting, and crop rotation and how they contribute to optimal growing conditions for the plant current disease and control measures that lessen parasitic damage and loss of crops storing, processing, and marketing hemp as a component of paper, pulp, fiber, and oil Furthering the advancement of cannabis as an environmentally friendly and useful crop, this text supplies you with the information you need to successfully grow healthier and more resilient plants. Advances in Hemp Research will benefit your breeding studies or your business ventures by providing you with information and laboratory results that will help you successfully grow the cannabis plant for commercial use.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Author : Vijai G. Gupta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-11-15
Category : Science
Total pages :300
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Cellulase System Properties and Applications covers the biochemistry of cellulase system, its mechanisms of action, and its industrial applications. Research has shed new light on the mechanisms of microbial cellulase production and has led to the development of technologies for production and applications of cellulose degrading enzymes. The biological aspects of processing of cellulosic biomass have become the crux of future research involving cellulases and cellulolytic microorganisms, as they are being commercially produced by several industries globally and are widely being used in food, animal feed, fermentation, agriculture, pulp and paper, and textile applications. The book discusses modern biotechnology tools, especially in the area of microbial genetics, novel enzymes, and new enzyme and the applications in various industries. As a professional reference, this new book is useful to all researchers working with microbial cellulase system, both academic institutions and industry-based research bodies, as well as to teachers, graduate, and postgraduate students with information on continuous developments in microbial cellulase system. The book provides an indispensable reference source for chemists, biochemical engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its future applications. Compiles the latest developments made and currently undergoing in the area of microbial cellulase system Chapters are contributed from top researchers on this area around the globe Includes information related to almost all areas of microbial cellulase system Extensive cover of current industrial applications and discusses potential future applications

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology: Fundamentals, Advances, and Practices for a Greener Future

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology: Fundamentals, Advances, and Practices for a Greener Future
Author : Anjali Priyadarshini,Prerna Pandey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-03
Category : Science
Total pages :348
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This new volume, Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology: Fundamentals, Advances, and Practices for a Greener Future, looks at the application of a variety of technologies, both fundamental and advanced, that are being used for crop improvement, metabolic engineering, and the development of transgenic plants. The science of agriculture is among the oldest and most intensely studied by mankind. Human intervention has led to manipulation of plant gene structure for the use of plants for the production of bioenergy, food, textiles, among other industrial uses. A sound knowledge of enzymology as well as the various biosynthetic pathways is required to further utilize microbes as sources to provide the desired products for industrial utility. This volume provides an overview of all these aspects along with an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development, and crop plant improvement. Also discussed are the use of "white biotechnology" and "metabolic engineering" as prerequisites for a sustainable development. The importance of patenting of plant products, world food safety, and the role of several imminent organizations is also discussed. The volume provides an holistic view that makes it a valuable source of information for researchers of agriculture and biotechnology as well as agricultural engineers, environmental biologists, environmental engineers, and environmentalists. Short exercises at the end of the chapters help to make the book suitable for course work in agriculture biotechnology, genetics, biology, biotechnology, and plant science.

Advances in Microbial Biotechnology

Advances in Microbial Biotechnology
Author : Pradeep Kumar, PhD.,Jayanta Kumar Patra,Pranjal Chandra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :574
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Over the last few decades, the rapid and vast development of advanced microbial bioresources and metagenomics techniques has completely transformed the field of microbial biotechnology. Our understanding of microbial diversity, evolutionary biology, and microbial interaction with their animal and plant hosts at molecular level has been revolutionized with an abundance of new research. This new volume, Advances in Microbial Biotechnology: Current Trends and Future Prospect, focuses on the application of microorganisms for several purposes: for plant protection and improvement, for environmental remediation purposes, and for the improvement of human health. Various applications of microorganisms are covered broadly and have been appropriately reflected in depth in different chapters. The book is divided into four major sections: applied microbiology in agriculture microbes in the environment microbes in human health microbes in nanotechnology The book provides insight into the diverse microorganisms that have been explored and exploited in the development of various applications for agricultural improvements. The book also looks at the application of microbes for the removal of pollutants and the recovery of metals and oils. Also discussed is the detection and exploitation of microorganisms in the diagnosis of human diseases, providing possible holistic approaches to health. This new volume will provide a wealth of information on new research on the application of microbial biotechnology today.

Textiles

Textiles
Author : Boris Mahltig
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017-12
Category : Research, Industrial
Total pages :404
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Textile materials or materials made from textiles are probably among the most important materials in the world. Textile materials are not only present everywhere in modern daily life, but have been for thousands of years. Besides obvious textile applications such as clothes or hometextile there are also many more hidden applications. For example, textile filters, textiles in production processes or composite materials are just a few ways that they can be applied. Altogether, it is implied that modern civilization without textiles is not possible. This book is dedicated to the advances in textile research and application. Here, readers must keep in mind that the final textile in the final application is the product of many different production steps, which is known as the textile chain. Many different disciplines contribute to this textile chain, such as chemistry and machine engineering but also less obvious influences like agricultural science in terms of cotton or wool fiber production. The life of a textile material starts with fiber production; this can be a natural process for plant fibers, animal fibers or regenerated fibers from natural resources. In contrast, chemical fibers see their origin via chemical synthesis. After fiber production, yarn production follows, which is in the field of spinning technology. From the yarn comes the textile materials as fabrics or non-wovens are produced using processes such as weaving, knitting, braiding, etc. These textile products are further modified by dyeing and printing processes. Finishing is often also used to realize special functional properties on a textile product. Finally, the textile product is realized as either cloth, home textile or technical application. Besides technical aspects, design and marketing also play an important role. After following this summary, it is obvious that this book cannot cover every single aspect of textile and textile products. Therefore, this book headlines with every chapter a topic in the area of textile research and application, which is a topic in actual scientific research but also in industrial development. The main topics include: microwave based processes, plasma technology, photoactive textiles, electrospinning, braiding processes, wool materials, coatings, textile functionalization, and UV-protective and light responsive materials This book is dedicated to readers from universities and industries that engage in some form of textile production. For the industry, it can help to promote ideas for new innovative processes and products. For university students especially graduates s it can help to broaden their expertise in very different fields of the textile world. Also, established scientists could benefit from this text to use as a tool to generate new ideas for further research.