April 13, 2021

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Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts

Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts
Author : Yury Kissin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-03-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :495
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During the past 30 years, the field of alkene polymerization over transition metal catalysts underwent several major changes: 1. The list of commercial heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylene and stereoregular polyolefins was completely renewed affording an unprecedented degree of control over the polymer structure. 2. Research devoted to metallocene and other soluble transition-metal catalysis has vastly expanded and has shifted toward complexes of transition metals with multidentate ligands. 3. Recent developments in gel permeation chromatography, temperature-rising fractionation, and crystallization fractionation provided the first reliable information about differences between various active centers in transition-metal catalysts. 4. A rapid development of high-resolution 13C NMR spectroscopy resulted in greatly expanded understanding of the chemical and steric features of polyolefins and alkene copolymers. These developments require a new review of all aspects of alkene polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts. The first chapter in the book is an introductory text for researchers who are entering the field. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts, the types of catalysts, and commercially manufactured polyolefins. The next chapter addresses the principal issue of alkene polymerization catalysis: the existence of catalyst systems with single and multiple types of active centers. The subsequent chapters are devoted to chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental reaction steps, structures of catalyst precursors and reactions leading to the formation of active centers, kinetics of polymerization reactions, and their mechanisms. The book describes the latest commercial polymerization catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylenes and polypropylene The book provides a detailed description of the multi-center nature of commercial Ziegler-Natta catalysts. The book devotes specialized chapters to the most important aspects of transition metal polymerization catalysts: the reactions leading to the formation of active centers, the chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental polymerization steps, reaction kinetics, and the polymerization mechanism. The book contains an introductory chapter for researchers who are entering the field of polymerization catalysis. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts and the types of commercially manufactured polyolefins and copolymers The book contains over 2000 references, the most recent up to end of 2006.

Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts

Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts
Author : Ray Hoff,Robert T. Mathers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-09-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :640
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A one-stop resource for understanding and applying polymerization catalysts An edited volume featuring contributions from leading researchers, the Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts covers the design and synthesis of catalysts, and their applications in synthesis of polymers. Dealing with those polymerization catalysts that afford commercially acceptable yields of polymer with respect to catalyst mass and promising newer catalysts, this practical reference provides polymer and organic chemists with a comprehensive overview of the known methods for developing and applying these important catalysts. With both recent advances and historically important catalysts, the subjects covered in this text include: Metal alkyls and other compounds that function as co-catalysts with a large number of catalysts The varieties of porous silica either necessary or valuable in certain catalyst formulations Catalyst scale-up and commercialization Copper catalysts for olefin polymerization Morphology control Along with the above topics, the Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts provides tables of valuable data to assist in reproducing a synthesis or applying the knowledge to a new problem. Polymerization reactivities, polymer properties, monomer and solvent purity requirements, molecular weights, distribution, and reactivity ratios are also covered. The Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts offers an excellent one-stop resource for understanding and applying polymerization catalysts.

Late Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysis

Late Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysis
Author : Bernhard Rieger,Lisa Saunders Baugh,Smita Kacker,Susanne Striegler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-03-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :345
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At the start of the 1950s, Ziegler and Natta discovered that simple metallorganic catalysts are capable of transforming olefins into linear polymers with highly ordered structures. This pioneering discovery was recognized with a Nobel Prize in 1963. In the 80s and 90s, the development of molecular defined metallocenes led to a renaissance for non-polar polyolefin materials. Designer catalysts allowed a greater precision in defining properties of the material. The past 10 years have seen the discovery of new catalysts based on late transition metals, which allow the combination of polar monomers with non-polar olefins and thus lead to innovative materials. Here, the world's leading authors from industry and academia describe the latest developments in this fascinating field for the first time in such comprehensive detail. In so doing, they introduce readers systematically to the basic principles and show how these new catalysts can effectively be used for polymerization reactions. This makes the book an ideal and indispensable reference for specialists, advanced students, and scientists of various disciplines dealing with research into catalysts and materials science.

Early Main Group Metal Catalysis

Early Main Group Metal Catalysis
Author : Sjoerd Harder
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-02-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Early Main Group Metal Catalysis gives a comprehensive overview of catalytic reactions in the presence of group 1 and group 2 metals. Chapters are ordered to reaction type, contain educational elements and deal with concepts illustrated by examples that cover the main developments. After a short introduction on polar organometallic chemistry and synthesis of early main group metal complexes, a variety of catalytic reactions are described, e.g. polymerization of alkenes, hydroamination and phosphination reactions, hydrosilylation, hydroboration and hydrogenation catalysis, as well as enantioselective and Lewis-acid catalysis. The book addresses organic chemists and researchers in industry interested in the state-of-the-art and new possibilities of early main group metal catalysis as well as newcomers to the field. Written by a team of leaders in the field, it is a very welcome addition to the area of main group metal chemistry, and to the field of catalysis.

Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry III

Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry III
Author : Robert Crabtree
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :9000
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Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry, (COMC-III), Third Edition, 13 Volume Set is aimed at the specialist and non-specialist alike. It covers the major developments in the field in a carefully presented way with extensive cross-references. COMC-III provides a clear and comprehensive overview of developments since 1993 and attempts to predict trends in the field over the next ten years. Applications of organometallic chemistry continue to expand and this has been reflected by the significant increase in the number of volumes devoted to applications in COMC-III. Organic chemists have edited the volumes on organometallic chemistry towards organic synthesis - this is now organized by reaction type so as to be readily accessible to the organic community. Like its predecessors, COMC (1982) and COMC-II (1995), this new work is the essential reference text for any chemist or technologist who needs to use or apply organometallic compounds. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. Presents a comprehensive overview of the major developments in the field since 1993 providing general and significant insights Highlights the expansion of applications in organometallic chemistry with a strong organic synthesis focus Provides a structured first point of entry to the key literature and background material for those planning research, teaching and writing about the area

Transition Metal Catalyzed Polymerizations

Transition Metal Catalyzed Polymerizations
Author : Roderic P. Quirk
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 1983
Category : Science
Total pages :886
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Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition
Author : Charles E. Carraher Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Science
Total pages :818
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Most of the advancements in communication, computers, medicine, and air and water purity are linked to macromolecules and a fundamental understanding of the principles that govern their behavior. These fundamentals are explored in Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition. Continuing the tradition of previous volumes, the latest edition provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, this book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition includes updated techniques, new sections on a number of copolymers, expanded emphasis on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, and increased coverage of topics including carbon nanotubes, tapes and glues, photochemistry, and more. With topics presented so students can understand polymer science even if certain parts of the text are skipped, this book is suitable as an undergraduate as well as an introductory graduate-level text. The author begins most chapters with theory followed by application, and generally addresses the most critical topics first. He provides all of the elements of an introductory text, covering synthesis, properties, applications, and characterization. This user-friendly book also contains definitions, learning objectives, questions, and additional reading in each chapter.

Activation Of Alkenes And Alkynes

Activation Of Alkenes And Alkynes
Author : M.M. Taqui Khan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
Total pages :208
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Homogeneous Catalysis by Metal Complexes, Volume II: Activation of Alkenes and Alkynes reviews and systematizes the chemistry of metal ion activation of alkenes and alkynes. The book presents the migration of ? bonds; the oxo reaction; and the hydrosilation of alkenes and alkynes. The text also covers topics on the oxidation of alkenes and alkynes, as well as the multiple insertion reactions of alkenes and alkynes.

Polymer Reactions

Polymer Reactions
Author : Geoffrey Allen,J. C. Bevington,Geoffrey C. Eastmond
Publisher : Pergamon
Release Date : 1989
Category : Polymerization
Total pages :664
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Hardbound. Volume 6 reviews polymer reactions with 23 chapters discussing various aspects of the subject.

Mechanistic Studies of Catalytic Alkene Polymerization and the Development of Stopped-flow NMR Kinetics

Mechanistic Studies of Catalytic Alkene Polymerization and the Development of Stopped-flow NMR Kinetics
Author : Matthew D. Christianson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category :
Total pages :241
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Direct Observation of Zirconocene-catalyzed Alkene Polymerization Via NMR and the Role of an Aluminum Alkyl During Ploymerization

Direct Observation of Zirconocene-catalyzed Alkene Polymerization Via NMR and the Role of an Aluminum Alkyl During Ploymerization
Author : Janice Hall Tomasik
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category :
Total pages :248
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Transition Metal Catalysis in Macromolecular Design

Transition Metal Catalysis in Macromolecular Design
Author : Lisa Saunders Boffa,Howard J Schaeffer Distinguished Professor and Head Department of Chemistry Bruce M Novak
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release Date : 2000
Category : Science
Total pages :299
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Metal-mediated polymerization is fast becoming an essential tool for the fine control of macromolecular architecture. Advanced Catalysis demonstrates how the field of transition metal-catalyzed polymer syntheses has moved beyond the simple use of single-site catalysts to new applications and "advanced" techniques of architectural control. This book defines and presents "next generation" techniques and trends for polymer architecture control for an immediate grasp on the future of this exciting field.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Author : National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Organometallic Chemistry

Organometallic Chemistry
Author : M. Green
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2005
Category : Reference
Total pages :504
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This Specialist Periodical Report aims to reflect the growing interest in the potential of organometallic chemistry.

Solution Structures of Two Homogeneous, Early Transition-metal, Olefin Polymerization Catalysts

Solution Structures of Two Homogeneous, Early Transition-metal, Olefin Polymerization Catalysts
Author : John Monteval Wright
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category :
Total pages :398
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