November 27, 2020

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An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves

An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves
Author : Carmen J. Nappo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-09-12
Category : Science
Total pages :279
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Gravity waves exist in all types of geophysical fluids, such as lakes, oceans, and atmospheres. They play an important role in redistributing energy at disturbances, such as mountains or seamounts and they are routinely studied in meteorology and oceanography, particularly simulation models, atmospheric weather models, turbulence, air pollution, and climate research. An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves provides readers with a working background of the fundamental physics and mathematics of gravity waves, and introduces a wide variety of applications and numerous recent advances. Nappo provides a concise volume on gravity waves with a lucid discussion of current observational techniques and instrumentation. Foreword is written by Prof. George Chimonas, a renowned expert on the interactions of gravity waves with turbulence. CD containing real data, computer codes for data analysis and linear gravity wave models included with the text

An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves

An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves
Author : C. J. Nappo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013
Category : Science
Total pages :359
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Gravity waves exist in all types of geophysical fluids, such as lakes, oceans, and atmospheres. They play an important role in redistributing energy at disturbances, such as mountains or seamounts and they are routinely studied in meteorology and oceanography, particularly simulation models, atmospheric weather models, turbulence, air pollution, and climate research. An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves provides readers with a working background of the fundamental physics and mathematics of gravity waves, and introduces a wide variety of applications and numerous recent advances. Nappo provides a concise volume on gravity waves with a lucid discussion of current observational techniques and instrumentation.An accompanying website contains real data, computer codes for data analysis, and linear gravity wave models to further enhance the reader's understanding of the book's material. Companion web site features animations and streaming video Foreword by George Chimonas, a renowned expert on the interactions of gravity waves with turbulence Includes a new application-based component for use in climate and weather predictions

Waves in the Atmosphere

Waves in the Atmosphere
Author : Earl E. Gossard,Gossard Earl E,William H. Hooke,William H.. Hooke
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release Date : 1975
Category : Atmospheric waves
Total pages :456
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Waves in the Ocean and Atmosphere

Waves in the Ocean and Atmosphere
Author : Joseph Pedlosky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-06-25
Category : Science
Total pages :260
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A study of the fundamental theory of waves appropriate for first year graduate students in oceanography, meteorology and associated sciences. Starting with an elementary overview of the basic wave concept, specific wave phenomena are then examined, including: surface gravity waves, internal gravity waves, lee waves, waves in the presence of rotation, and geostrophic adjustment. Each wave topic is used to introduce either a new technique or concept in general wave theory. Emphasis is placed on connectivity between the various subjects and on the physical interpretation of the mathematical results. The book contains numerous exercises at the end of the respective chapters.

Introduction to Atmospheric Modelling

Introduction to Atmospheric Modelling
Author : Douw G. Steyn
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2015-04-02
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :116
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A compact, yet comprehensive, self-study guide that explores the power of mathematics to help us understand complex atmospheric phenomena.

Dynamics of Internal Gravity Waves in the Ocean

Dynamics of Internal Gravity Waves in the Ocean
Author : Yu.Z. Miropol'sky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-09
Category : Science
Total pages :406
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This monograph creates a systematic interpretation of the theoretical and the most actual experimental aspects of the internal wave dynamics in the ocean. Firstly, it draws attention to the important physical effects from an oceanographical point of view which are presented in mathematical descriptions. Secondly, the book serves as an introduction to the range of modern ideas and the methods in the study of wave processes in dispersive media. The book is meant for specialists in physics of the ocean, oceanography, geophysics, hydroacoustics.

Hydrodynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres

Hydrodynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres
Author : Carl Eckart
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :302
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Hydrodynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres is a systematic account of the hydrodynamics of oceans and atmospheres. Topics covered range from the thermodynamic functions of an ideal gas and the thermodynamic coefficients for water to steady motions, the isothermal atmosphere, the thermocline, and the thermosphere. Perturbation equations, field equations, residual equations, and a general theory of rays are also presented. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and begins with an introduction to the basic equations and their solutions, with the aim of illustrating the laws of dynamics. The nonlinear equations of thermodynamics and hydrodynamics are analyzed using the methods of perturbation theory, with emphasis on the zero-order solution; zero-order states of an ideal gas; the first-order equations; the additive barotropic terms; and boundary conditions. The following chapters focus on the steady component of atmospheric pressure; free steady motion with or without rotation; field equations and general theorems relating to such equations; and the stratification of the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and lakes. The next two chapters present calculations concerning the isothermal atmosphere, with particular reference to plane level surfaces with or without rotation. The final chapter looks at spherical level surfaces with rotation. This monograph will be of interest to physicists, oceanographers, atmospheric scientists, and meteorologists.

Geochronology

Geochronology
Author : Nils-Axel Morner
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-07-25
Category : Science
Total pages :206
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Chronology is the backbone of history, and there is a wise saying stating there is no history without a chronology. Earths evolutionary history is built up by geochronology, i.e. time benchmarks upon which the geological history is built up step by step over its total time period of about 4.5 billion years. The first marker in this history is the Jack Hills zircon from Australia dated at about 4.4 GA. The most detailed records come from seasonal changes within annual varves. Stratigraphy provides the basic chronological ordering of layers by layers, units by units, fossil assemblage by assemblage, varves by varves, growth zone by growth zone, etc. The radiometric techniques implied the introduction of absolute age determinations. This book includes a combination of methodological presentations and related case studies, from where we learn about practical problems and achievements. Therefore, the book should be of basic interest both for scientists in their practical in field and laboratory, as well as for general educational purpose.

Essentials of Atmospheric and Oceanic Dynamics

Essentials of Atmospheric and Oceanic Dynamics
Author : Geoffrey K. Vallis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-01-24
Category : Science
Total pages :366
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A concise introduction to atmosphere-ocean dynamics at the intermediate-advanced undergraduate level, taking the reader from basic dynamics to cutting-edge topics.

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics
Author : Geoffrey K. Vallis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2006-11-06
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Fluid dynamics is fundamental to our understanding of the atmosphere and oceans. Although many of the same principles of fluid dynamics apply to both the atmosphere and oceans, textbooks tend to concentrate on the atmosphere, the ocean, or the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD). This textbook provides a comprehensive unified treatment of atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics. The book introduces the fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, including rotation and stratification, vorticity and potential vorticity, and scaling and approximations. It discusses baroclinic and barotropic instabilities, wave-mean flow interactions and turbulence, and the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. Student problems and exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-Scale Circulation will be an invaluable graduate textbook on advanced courses in GFD, meteorology, atmospheric science and oceanography, and an excellent review volume for researchers. Additional resources are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521849692.

Infrasound Monitoring for Atmospheric Studies

Infrasound Monitoring for Atmospheric Studies
Author : Alexis Le Pichon,Elisabeth Blanc,Alain Hauchecorne
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-01-19
Category : Science
Total pages :735
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The use of infrasound to monitor the atmosphere has, like infrasound itself, gone largely unheard of through the years. But it has many applications, and it is about time that a book is being devoted to this fascinating subject. Our own involvement with infrasound occurred as graduate students of Prof. William Donn, who had established an infrasound array at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (now the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory) of Columbia University. It was a natural outgrowth of another major activity at Lamont, using seismic waves to explore the Earth’s interior. Both the atmosphere and the solid Earth feature velocity (seismic or acoustic) gradients in the vertical which act to refract the respective waves. The refraction in turn allows one to calculate the respective background structure in these mediums, indirectly exploring locations that are hard to observe otherwise. Monitoring these signals also allows one to discover various phenomena, both natural and man-made (some of which have military applications).

Models of Gravity Wave Perturbations of the Neutral Upper Atmosphere of the Earth

Models of Gravity Wave Perturbations of the Neutral Upper Atmosphere of the Earth
Author : Ganti L. Rao
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1972
Category : Atmosphere, Upper
Total pages :63
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Waves and Mean Flows

Waves and Mean Flows
Author : Oliver Bühler
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2009-08-20
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :341
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A modern account of the nonlinear interactions between waves and mean flows such as shear flows and vortices. It can be used as a fundamental reference, a course text, or by geophysicists and physicists needing an introduction to this important area in fundamental fluid dynamics and atmosphere-ocean science.

Stratosphere Troposphere Interactions

Stratosphere Troposphere Interactions
Author : K. Mohanakumar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-07-03
Category : Science
Total pages :416
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Stratospheric processes play a signi?cant role in regulating the weather and c- mate of the Earth system. Solar radiation, which is the primary source of energy for the tropospheric weather systems, is absorbed by ozone when it passes through the stratosphere, thereby modulating the solar-forcing energy reaching into the t- posphere. The concentrations of the radiatively sensitive greenhouse gases present in the lower atmosphere, such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, and ozone, control the radiation balance of the atmosphere by the two-way interaction between the stratosphere and troposphere. The stratosphere is the transition region which interacts with the weather s- tems in the lower atmosphere and the richly ionized upper atmosphere. Therefore, this part of the atmosphere provides a long list of challenging scienti?c problems of basic nature involving its thermal structure, energetics, composition, dynamics, chemistry, and modeling. The lower stratosphere is very much linked dynamically, radiatively,and chemically with the upper troposphere,even though the temperature characteristics of these regions are different. The stratosphere is a region of high stability, rich in ozone and poor in water - por and temperature increases with altitude. The lower stratospheric ozone absorbs the harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and protects life on the Earth. On the other hand, the troposphere has high concentrations of water vapor, is low in ozone, and temperature decreases with altitude. The convective activity is more in the troposphere than in the stratosphere.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics
Author : David G. Andrews
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2010-04-29
Category : Science
Total pages :237
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This work offers a broad coverage of atmospheric physics, including atmospheric thermodynamics, radiative transfer, atmospheric fluid dynamics and elementary atmospheric chemistry.