April 17, 2021

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Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author : Pavel Povinec
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-07-28
Category : Science
Total pages :538
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The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Development of Ion Exchange Resin Methods for Direct Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Development of Ion Exchange Resin Methods for Direct Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author : Paul Allan Blakeslee
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1964
Category : Ion exchange
Total pages :154
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Statistical Design and Analysis in the Cleanup of Environmental Radionuclide Contamination

Statistical Design and Analysis in the Cleanup of Environmental Radionuclide Contamination
Author : Madaline Grace Barnes
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1978
Category : Enewetak Atoll (Marshall Islands)
Total pages :52
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Environmental Radiochemical Analysis III

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis III
Author : Peter Warwick (Prof.)
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :220
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The analysis of radionuclides in the environment became extremely important after the accident at Chernobyl in1986. The accident made scientists aware that accurate methods of radionuclide analyses are essential in order to estimate the risk to the public from released radioactivity. Methods are still being developed today because of the ongoing requirement to monitor environmental radioactivity and, to assess the radionuclide waste inventory for the recently proposed intermediate radioactive waste repository. This book brings together current developments in radioactive analyses. Environmental Radiochemical Analysis III is an authoritative, up to date review of research contributions presented at the 10th International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis. Representing the work of leading scientists across the globe this edition provides information on: * new methods of radioanalyses * waste steams during decommissioning * radioactivity measurements in the environment * hazard assessment in decommissioning * improvements in measurement instrumentation * application of software to measurements * current IAEA activities for the ALMERA network * proficiency testing and research and development in the NDA. This exceptional work offers an insight into topical areas of research and is a key point of reference for graduates and professionals alike who work across fields involving analytical chemistry, environmental science and technology, and hazards and waste research and disposal.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV
Author : Peter Warwick
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2011
Category : Science
Total pages :206
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Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV is a collection of original papers presented at the Eleventh International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis. Representing the work of leading scientists across the globe this new edition provides information on: "new methods of radionuclide analyses "developments and improvements in existing methods "mass spectrometry in radionuclide measurements "results of an intercomparison study "gamma detector performance "emergency radiological foodchain monitoring. The book is essential reading for practising radioanalysts and students who are specialising in radiochemical analysis.

Radionuclide Analysis of Large Numbers of Food and Water Samples

Radionuclide Analysis of Large Numbers of Food and Water Samples
Author : Esther Ferri,Paul J. Magno,Lloyd R. Setter
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1965
Category : Food
Total pages :28
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Environmental Radiochemical Analysis II

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis II
Author : Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2003
Category : Science
Total pages :417
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Development of an In-Vitro Procedure to Measure the Availability of Soil-Associated Radionuclides for Uptake After Inadvertent Ingestion by Humans; Separation of Iron-55/59 From Fisson and Activation Products Using Di Isobutylketone-Based Extraction Chromatographic Materials; Synthesis of a Novel Ion Exchanger, Zirconium Vanadate, For Immobilising 134,137 Cs Radionuclides; Investigation of a Method for Measuring Radon in Irish Domestic Groundwater Supplies; A comparison of Three Methodologies for the Determination of Gross Alpha Activity in Water Samples; Efficiency and Resolution of Germanium Detectors as a Function of Energy and Incident Geometry; New Method for Determination of Translutonium Isotopes by Using a PM-143 Tracer; Ultra Low-Background Gamma Spectrometry for the Monitoring of Environmental Neutrons; Estimation of Uncertainty in Radiochemical Analysis from Sub-Sampling Solid Matrices; A Rapid Determination of RA-226 and RA-224 Using Extraction Chromatograph; Construction of an Uncertainty Budget for Alpha Spectrometry: A Case Study (The Determination of Uranium Isotopic Activity Levels in Vegetation Samples Using Extraction Chromatography); Spatial and Temporal Variation of Tritium Activities in Coastal Marine Sediments of the Severn Estuary (UK); High Precision PU Isotope Ratio Measurements Using Multi-Collector ICP-MS; Measurement of Gross Alpha and Gross Beta Activity in Sediment: An Analysts' Intercomparison; The Radiological Significance of Foods Collected from the Wild; Natural Radionuclides Measurements in Drinking Water by Liquid Scintillation Counting. Methods and Results; Po Concentrations in UK Seafood; A Study of Colloids in the Near-Field Waters at the Low-Level Waste Repository Site at Drigg; Low Level Liquid Scintillation Counting in a Deep Underground Laboratory: Background Reduction Aspects; Complete Dissolution of Soil Samples by Fusion; LSC: From the Routine Counter to the Real Spectrometer; Simultaneous Determination of Long-Lived Radionuclides in Environmental Samples; Analysis of Am, Pu and Th in Large Volume Water Samples in the Presence of High Concentrations of Iron; In-Situ Radionuclide Retardation in Groundwater Conducting Systems - Overview of the Research Carried out at Nagra's Grimsel Test Site, Central Switzerland; Elution Behaviour of Technetium and Rehenium Through a Tc-Selective Chromatographic Resin Column; The Use of Fucus Vesiculosus to Monitor the Transport of 1291 in The English Channel; Determination of 237 Np by Neutron Activation Analysis and Alpha Sepctrometry; Man-Made Radionuclides in Age-Dated Sediment Cores from the Black Sea; Determination of Plutonium in the Air by Isotopic Dilution ICP-MS After TNOA Extraction Chromatographic Separation; Simple Method for C-14 Analysis in Organic Material and its Distribution in Forest and Cultivated Field; F-Labelling of Humic Substances; Chemicals and Radiological Characterisation of Santos Estuary Sediments; Thermochromatographic Studies on the Separation of Plutonium from Soil Samples; Partitioning of Plutonium Isotopes in Lake Bottom Sediments; Radioanalytical Method for the Determination of Sr In Soil Samples by Yttrium Solvent Extraction and Cerenkov Counting; Investigation of Inorganic Contaminants in Packaging Made From Recycled Paper and Board; Equilibrium Factor F and Effective Dose Equivalent with Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors; Biological Monitoring of Radioactivity and Metal Pollution in Edible Eggs of Liometopum apiculatum (Ants) From a Radioactive Waste Site in Central Mexico; Preparation of Environmental Samples for Radioanalytical Assay: An Overview; Comparative Investigations on Hydrophilicity and Mobility of Humic Substances Using Radiolabelling Techniques; Determination of Gross Alpha in Drinking Water and Nuclear Waste Water Using Actinide Resinâ⢠and LSC; Chromium Speciation in Acidic Solutions Using Radiochromtographic Methods; Influence of Geochemical Paramete

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1974
Category : Nuclear energy
Total pages :129
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Inventory of Federal Energy-related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1979

Inventory of Federal Energy-related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1979
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category : Environmental engineering
Total pages :129
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Ratio Estimation Techniques in the Analysis of Environmental Radionuclide Data

Ratio Estimation Techniques in the Analysis of Environmental Radionuclide Data
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1977
Category :
Total pages :129
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Ratios play a prominent role in the analysis of environmental transuranic data. The mathematical assumptions underlying the use of ratios are presented. The properties of seven different estimators of an average ratio and their standard errors are discussed with respect to their applicability to transuranic field studies. The behavior of these estimators, their standard errors, and confidence intervals are compared for three representative sets of data from safety-shot sites at the Nevada Test Site and Tonapah Test Range. Guidelines are given for deciding if an average ratio is appropriate. Recommendations for avoiding an inappropriate estimator are discussed.

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis
Author : John E. Till,Helen A. Grogan
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2008-07-10
Category : Science
Total pages :728
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Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis comprehensively explains methods used for estimating risk to people exposed to radioactive materials released to the environment by nuclear facilities or in an emergency such as a nuclear terrorist event. This is the first book that merges the diverse disciplines necessary for estimating where radioactive materials go in the environment and the risk they present to people. It is not only essential to managers and scientists, but is also a teaching text. The chapters are arranged to guide the reader through the risk assessment process, beginning with the source term (where the radioactive material comes from) and ending with the conversion to risk. In addition to presenting mathematical models used in risk assessment, data is included so the reader can perform the calculations. Each chapter also provides examples and working problems. The book will be a critical component of the rebirth of nuclear energy now taking place, as well as an essential resource to prepare for and respond to a nuclear emergency.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI
Author : Nicholas Evans
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2019-09-18
Category : Science
Total pages :208
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Anthropogenic radionuclides have been introduced into the environment by incidents such as nuclear weapon tests, accidents in nuclear power plants, transport accidents and accidental or authorised discharges from nuclear facilities. Scientists need accurate analysis of these radionuclides in order to estimate the risk to the public from released radioactivity. This book is a snapshot of the work of leading scientists from across the globe on environmental radiochemistry and radioecology, nuclear forensics and radiation detection, radioanalytical techniques and nuclear industry applications. The research contributions were first presented at the 13th International Symposium on Nuclear and Environmental Radiochemical Analysis in September 2018. This essential work provides a key reference for graduates and professionals who work across fields involving analytical chemistry, radiochemistry, environmental science and technology, and waste disposal.

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment
Author : Michael Poschl,Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-08-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :458
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As radiological residue, both naturally occurring and technologically driven, works its way through the ecosystem, we see its negative effects on the human population. Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment addresses the key issues concerning the relationship between natural and manmade sources of environmental radioactivity

Environmental Pollution & Control

Environmental Pollution & Control
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1978
Category : Pollution
Total pages :129
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Environmental Radionuclides

Environmental Radionuclides
Author : Klaus Froehlich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-09-23
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers