May 6, 2021

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Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth

Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth
Author : Lauri J Pesonen,Johanna Salminen,Sten-Ake Elming,David A.D. Evans,Toni Veikkolainen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-10-15
Category : Science
Total pages :470
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Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of the Earth offers a systematic examination of the cratons of the Precambrian and the supercontinent cycle. Through detailed maps of drift histories and paleogeography of each continent, the book addresses questions about Earth's evolution, such as whether continental drift took place before Pangea, what was the drift velocity of the ancient continents, whether the continents collided, and whether Earth had supercontinents before Pangea. Additionally, the book will cover the methodologies used, and will apply those methodologies to testing the dipole hypothesis. Structured clearly with consistent coverage for all cratons, Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of the Earth combines state-of-the-art paleomagnetic and radiometric data to reconstruct the paleogeography of the Precambrian Earth in the context of major ancient events, such as global glaciations, and summarize apparent polar wander paths (APWPs) of the continents. It is an ideal, up-to-date reference for geoscientists and geographers looking for answers to questions surrounding the continental evolution of Earth. Provides robust paleogeographies of Precambrian cratons based on high-quality paleomagnetic and radiometric data and critically tested by global geological datasets Includes links to updated databases for the Precambrian such as PALEOMAGIA and other geological databases Presents full-color maps of the drift histories of each continent as well as their paleogeographies Discusses key questions regarding continental drift, the supercontinent cycle, and the dipole hypothesis and analyze palaeography in the context of Earth's past events

Earth History and Palaeogeography

Earth History and Palaeogeography
Author : Trond H. Torsvik,L. Robin M. Cocks
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2017
Category : Science
Total pages :317
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This book provides a complete Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography, using new and detailed full-colour maps, to link surface and deep-Earth processes.

Supercontinent

Supercontinent
Author : Ted Nield
Publisher : Granta Books
Release Date : 2012-02-09
Category : Science
Total pages :352
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The shifting continents of the Earth are heading for inevitable collision: 250 million years from now, all the land masses on this planet will come together in a single, gigantic supercontinent which no human is ever likely to see. That future supercontinent will not be the first to form on Earth, nor will it be the last. Each cycle lasts half a billion years, making it the grandest of all the patterns in nature. It is scarcely a century since science first understood how Pangaea, the supercontinent which gave birth to dinosaurs, split apart, but scientists can now look back three-quarters of a billion years into the Earth's almost indecipherable past to reconstruct Pangaea's predecessor, and computer-model the shape of the Earth's far-distant future. Ted Nield's book tells the astounding story of how that science emerged (often in the face of fierce opposition), and how scientists today are using the most modern techniques to draw information out of the oldest rocks on Earth. It also reveals the remarkable human story of the Altantis-seeking visionaries and madmen who have been imagining lost or undiscovered continents for centuries. Ultimately all supercontinents exist only in the human imagination, but understanding the 'Supercontinent Cycle' represents nothing less than finally knowing how our planet works.

Continents and Supercontinents

Continents and Supercontinents
Author : John J. W. Rogers,M. Santosh
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date : 2004-09-16
Category : Science
Total pages :289
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Surveys the origin of continents, and the accretion and breakup of supercontinents through earth history. This book also shows how these processes affected the composition of seawater, climate, and the evolution of life.

Our Wandering Continents

Our Wandering Continents
Author : Alexander Logie Du Toit
Publisher : Greenwood
Release Date : 1972
Category : Continental drift
Total pages :366
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The face of the earth

The face of the earth
Author : E. Suess
Publisher : Рипол Классик
Release Date : 1904
Category : History
Total pages :129
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Antarctica

Antarctica
Author : U.S. Geological Survey,National Research Council,Polar Research Board
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2008-05-18
Category : Science
Total pages :162
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Antarctica is the center from which all surrounding continental bodies separated millions of years ago. Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World, reinforces the importance of continual changes in the country's history and the impact of these changes on global systems. The book also places emphasis on deciphering the climate records in ice cores, geologic cores, rock outcrops and those inferred from climate models. New technologies for the coming decades of geoscience data collection are also highlighted. Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World is a collection of papers that were presented by keynote speakers at the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences. It is of interest to policy makers, researchers and scientific institutions.

Understanding Earth's Deep Past

Understanding Earth's Deep Past
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Importance of Deep-Time Geologic Records for Understanding Climate Change Impacts
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2011-08-02
Category : Science
Total pages :208
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There is little dispute within the scientific community that humans are changing Earth's climate on a decadal to century time-scale. By the end of this century, without a reduction in emissions, atmospheric CO2 is projected to increase to levels that Earth has not experienced for more than 30 million years. As greenhouse gas emissions propel Earth toward a warmer climate state, an improved understanding of climate dynamics in warm environments is needed to inform public policy decisions. In Understanding Earth's Deep Past, the National Research Council reports that rocks and sediments that are millions of years old hold clues to how the Earth's future climate would respond in an environment with high levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases. Understanding Earth's Deep Past provides an assessment of both the demonstrated and underdeveloped potential of the deep-time geologic record to inform us about the dynamics of the global climate system. The report describes past climate changes, and discusses potential impacts of high levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases on regional climates, water resources, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and the cycling of life-sustaining elements. While revealing gaps in scientific knowledge of past climate states, the report highlights a range of high priority research issues with potential for major advances in the scientific understanding of climate processes. This proposed integrated, deep-time climate research program would study how climate responded over Earth's different climate states, examine how climate responds to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and clarify the processes that lead to anomalously warm polar and tropical regions and the impact on marine and terrestrial life. In addition to outlining a research agenda, Understanding Earth's Deep Past proposes an implementation strategy that will be an invaluable resource to decision-makers in the field, as well as the research community, advocacy organizations, government agencies, and college professors and students.

Antarctica and Supercontinent Evolution

Antarctica and Supercontinent Evolution
Author : S.L. Harley,I.C.W. Fitzsimons,Y. Zhao
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2014-01-24
Category : Science
Total pages :237
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Antarctica preserves a rock record that spans three and a half billion years of history and has a remarkable story to tell about the evolution of our Earth, from the hottest crustal rocks yet found in an orogenic system, to the assembly and breakup of Gondwana in the Phanerozoic. This volume highlights our improved understanding of the tectonic events that have shaped Antarctica and how these potentially relate to supercontinent assembly and fragmentation. The internal constitution of the East Antarctic Shield is assessed using information available from the basement geology and from detritus preserved as Mesozoic sediments in the Trans Antarctic Mountains. Accretionary orogenesis along the proto-Pacific margin of Antarctica is examined and the volumes of intracrustal melting compared with juvenile magma additions in these complex orogenic systems assessed. This special volume demonstrates the diversity of approaches required to elucidate and understand crustal evolution and evaluate the supercontinent concept.

The Origin of Continents and Oceans

The Origin of Continents and Oceans
Author : Alfred Wegener
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release Date : 1966-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :246
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In 1915 Alfred Wegener's seminal work describing the continental drift was first published in German. Wegener explained various phenomena of historical geology, geomorphy, paleontology, paleoclimatology, and similar areas in terms of continental drift. This edition includes new data to support his theories, helping to refute the opponents of his controversial views. 64 illustrations.

Supercontinent Cycles Through Earth History

Supercontinent Cycles Through Earth History
Author : Z.X. Li,D.A.D. Evans,J.B. Murphy
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2016-05-20
Category : Science
Total pages :297
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The supercontinent-cycle hypothesis attributes planetary-scale episodic tectonic events to an intrinsic self-organizing mode of mantle convection, governed by the buoyancy of continental lithosphere that resists subduction during the closure of old ocean basins, and the consequent reorganization of mantle convection cells leading to the opening of new ocean basins. Characteristic timescales of the cycle are typically 500 to 700 million years. Proposed spatial patterns of cyclicity range from hemispheric (introversion) to antipodal (extroversion), to precisely between those end members (orthoversion). Advances in our understanding can arise from theoretical or numerical modelling, primary data acquisition relevant to continental reconstructions, and spatiotemporal correlations between plate kinematics, geodynamic events and palaeoenvironmental history. The palaeogeographic record of supercontinental tectonics on Earth is still under development. The contributions in this Special Publication provide snapshots in time of these investigations and indicate that Earth’s palaeogeographic record incorporates elements of all three end-member spatial patterns.

Remagnetization and Chemical Alteration of Sedimentary Rocks

Remagnetization and Chemical Alteration of Sedimentary Rocks
Author : Richard Douglas Elmore,Adrian Richard Muxworthy,Milagrosa M. Aldana,Mabel Mena
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2012
Category : Science
Total pages :290
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Global Tectonics

Global Tectonics
Author : Philip Kearey,Keith A. Klepeis,Frederick J. Vine
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-05-28
Category : Science
Total pages :496
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The third edition of this widely acclaimed textbook provides acomprehensive introduction to all aspects of global tectonics, andincludes major revisions to reflect the most significant recentadvances in the field. A fully revised third edition of this highly acclaimed textwritten by eminent authors including one of the pioneers of platetectonic theory Major revisions to this new edition reflect the mostsignificant recent advances in the field, including new andexpanded chapters on Precambrian tectonics and the supercontinentcycle and the implications of plate tectonics for environmentalchange Combines a historical approach with process science to providea careful balance between geological and geophysical material inboth continental and oceanic regimes Dedicated website available at ahref="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/kearey/"www.blackwellpublishing.com/kearey//a

Grand Challenges in the Field of Earth Science

Grand Challenges in the Field of Earth Science
Author : Collaborative
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2015-11-23
Category :
Total pages :129
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Frontiers in Earth Science is an open-access journal that aims to bring together and publish on a single platform the best research dedicated to our planet. This platform hosts all the rapidly growing and continuously expanding domains in Earth Science, involving the lithosphere (including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, and geography), the hydrosphere (including hydrology and cryospheric, marine and ocean sciences, complementing the existing Frontiers journal on Marine Science) and the atmosphere (including meteorology and climatology). As such, Frontiers in Earth Science focuses on the countless processes operating within and among the major spheres constituting our planet. In turn, the understanding of these processes provides the theoretical background to better use the available resources and to face the major environmental challenges (including earthquakes, tsunamis, eruptions, floods, landslides, climate changes, sea level rise, extreme meteorological events): this is where interdependent processes meet, requiring a holistic view to better live on and with our planet. Within this volume are included the Grand Challenge papers for the Earth Science field, authored by the Field Chief Editor, and several of the 16 online specialty sections, authored by the respective Chief Editors. These articles identify and describe the crucial challenges for Earth Science at the dawn of the 21st century.

Geodynamics of the Indian Plate

Geodynamics of the Indian Plate
Author : Neal Gupta,Sampat K. Tandon
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-28
Category : Science
Total pages :574
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This book provides insights on new geological, tectonic, and climatic developments in India through a time progression from the Archean to the Anthropocene that are captured via authoritative entries from experts in earth sciences. This volume aims to bring graduate students and researchers up to date on the geodynamic evolution of the Indian Plate; concepts that have so far resulted in a rather uneven treatment of the subject at different institutions. The book is divided into 4 sections and includes perspectives such as the formation and evolution of the Indian crust in comparison to its neighbors such as Antarctica, Africa and Australia; the evolution of Precambrian cratons and sedimentary basins of India; and a summary account of early life reported in the Indian stratigraphic record. Readers will also discover the key recent research into the neotectonics, tectonic geomorphology, and paleoseismology of the Himalayan Front. Researchers and students in geology, earth sciences, sedimentology, paleobiology and geography will find this book appealing.