June 20, 2021

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Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery

Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery
Author : Asfar Azmi,Ramzi M. Mohammad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-04-16
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :470
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Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery brings forward the most cutting-edge developments in tumor model systems for translational cancer research. The reader can find under this one volume virtually all types of existing and emerging tumor models in use by the research community. This book provides a deeper insight on how these newer models could de-risk modern drug discovery. Areas covered include up to date information on latest organoid derived models and newer genetic models. Additionally, the book discusses humanized animal tumor models for cancer immunotherapy and how they leverage personalized therapies. The chapter on larger animal, canine models and their use in and their use in pre-investigational new drug (pre-IND) development makes the volume unique. Unlike before, the incorporation of several simplified protocols, breeding methodologies, handling and assessment procedures to study drug intervention makes this book a must read. Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery is a valuable resource for basic and translational cancer researchers, drug discovery researchers, contract research organizations, and knowledge seekers at all levels in the biomedical field. Encompasses discussions on innovative animal models, xenograft, genetic models, primary models, organoid systems, humanized and other models in modern biology paradigms that are enhancing research in the field of drug discover Covers the use of these models in personalized medicine, immunotherapy, toxicology, pre-IND assessments and related drug development arenas Presents protocols, procedures, and a comprehensive glossary to help new readers understand technical terms and specialized nomenclature

Tumor Models in Cancer Research

Tumor Models in Cancer Research
Author : Beverly A. Teicher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-12-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :693
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The past 6 years since the first edition of this book have seen great progress in the development of genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models of cancer. These models are finding an important role in furthering our understanding of the biology of malignant disease. A comfortable position for GEM models in the routine conduct of screening for potential new therapeutics is coming more slowly but is coming. Increasing numbers of genetically engineered mice are available, some with conditional activation of oncogenes, some with multiple genetic changes providing mouse models that are moving closer to the human disease.

Translational Animal Models in Drug Discovery and Development

Translational Animal Models in Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Xinkang Wang
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release Date : 2012-10-03
Category : Science
Total pages :287
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Animal models of diseases play a pivotal role in drug discovery and development, not only for proof of the concept studies of efficacy, PK/PD relationship but also for drug safety assessment. Since considerable differences in variables exist between animal models and human models (such as genetics, physiology, anatomy, gene expression, heterogeneity of disease conditions, etc.), not all the preclinical models are able to represent the pathophysiological conditions in human diseases. Therefore, partly due to the lack of congruency between animal and human disease models, several proposed therapeutic agents in the past decades have been demonstrated to be effective in preclinical models but failed in clinical studies. This e-book focuses on animal models of diseases from a translational perspective and highlights the key advantages and limitations of each model described to facilitate drug discovery and development. A unique feature of the volume is that it contains a selection of details disease models in various therapeutic niches with significant unmet medical needs, including inflammation, neurological diseases, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, and oncology. This e-book is, therefore, of considerable value to researchers and clinicians involved in drug discovery and development as well as pathology.

Animal Models for Human Cancer

Animal Models for Human Cancer
Author : Marianne I. Martic-Kehl,Pius August Schubiger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-05-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :272
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Based on results from the past ten years, this ready reference systematically describes how to prepare, carry out, and evaluate animal studies for cancer therapies, addressing the widely recognized lack of reliable and reproducible results. Following a short historical introduction and a discussion of the ethics surrounding animal experiments, the book describes correct study design as well as the handling and housing of animals. It then goes on to describe the animal models available for different cancer types, from natural cancer models in mice and dogs to humanized animals. An evaluation of previously unpublished long-term data from the Swiss canine and feline cancer registry is also included. The final part of the book reviews the lessons learned over the last decade on how to interpret data from animal studies for improving human therapy and gives recommendations for future drug development.

Drug Discovery in Pancreatic Cancer

Drug Discovery in Pancreatic Cancer
Author : Haiyong Han,Paul Grippo
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2010
Category :
Total pages :129
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Over the past two decades, tremendous advances have been made in the field of cancer drug discovery, particularly in the area of molecular and genetic models and technologies, many of which have been or are beginning to be applied to the drug discovery process for pancreatic cancer. Drug Discovery in Pancreatic Cancer: Models and Techniques offers the latest development in the application of those models and technologies in pancreatic cancer. The authors include experts in their perspective field of research including basic scientists as well as clinicians who work on the frontline in the war against pancreatic cancer and have first-hand experience employing these cutting-edge tools and techniques. The book progresses logically from modeling systems to genomic profiling, proteomic analysis, and pharmacodynamic assays. It features: • Up-to-date survey of many cell lines and animal models of pancreatic cancer and their applications in drug discovery. • Application of fluorescent mouse models in pancreatic cancer drug discovery. • Utility of cutting-edge genomics, proteomics, epigenomics, and glycomics methodologies for molecular target identification and validation. • Discussion of microRNA profiling and high throughput RNAi screening for pancreatic cancer drug discovery. • Broad screening technologies for proteins and nucleic acids using tissue microarrays and CGH arrays. • Development of pharmacodynamic endpoint assays for targeted therapeutics. Comprehensive and practical Drug Discovery in Pancreatic Cancer: Models and Techniques offers both basic and clinical scientists who are interested in pancreatic cancer an up-to-date review and assessment of models and technologies being applied in drug discovery for pancreatic cancer. The true premise of this book is to provide a guide for drug discovery and evaluation, with consideration of various modeling systems and the methods for screening/profiling responses to these compounds. It is the Editors intent to stimulate new thought in this area of research as a means of generating much improved drug efficacy for greater survival and quality of life for patients battling pancreatic cancer.

Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Author : George C. Prendergast
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2004-04-02
Category : Science
Total pages :351
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Molecular Cancer Therapeutics covers state-of-the-art strategies to identify and develop cancer drug target molecules and lead inhibitors for clinical testing. It provides a thorough treatment of drug target discovery, validation, and development. The introductory chapters provide an overview of pathways to discovery and development of molecular cancer therapeutics. Subsequent chapters progress from initial stages of drug target discovery to drug discovery, development, and testing in preclinical and clinical models. Topics include drug lead screening, drug-to-lead development, proof-of-concept studies, medicinal chemistry issues, intellectual property concerns, and clinical development. This invaluable reference promotes understanding of steps involved in developing drug leads for industrial partnering and development. It provides an overview of the strategies for discovery and validation of drug target molecules, and discusses cell- and molecule-based drug screening strategies, as well as mouse models for cancer. Coverage also includes how to refine drug leads for suitability in clinical testing, the special issues of clinical testing of molecular-targeted drugs, and intellectual property concerns.

Tumor Models in Cancer Research

Tumor Models in Cancer Research
Author : Beverly A. Teicher
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2001-11-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :690
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Beverly A. Teicher and a panel of leading experts comprehensively describe for the first time in many years the state-of-the-art in animal tumor model research. The wide array of models detailed form the basis for the selection of compounds and treatments that go into clinical testing of patients, and include syngeneic models, human tumor xenograft models, orthotopic models, metastatic models, transgenic models, and gene knockout models. Synthesizing many years experience with all the major in vivo models currently available for the study of malignant disease, Tumor Models in Cancer Research provides preclinical and clinical cancer researchers alike with a comprehensive guide to the selection of these models, their effective use, and the optimal interpretation of their results.

Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer

Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer
Author : David E. Fisher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2000-10-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :386
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David Fisher, MD, PhD, and an authoritative panel of academic, cutting-edge researchers review and summarize the current state of the field. Describing the broad roles of tumor suppressors from a perspective based in molecular biology and genetics, the authors detail the major suppressors and the pathways they regulate, including cell cycle progression, stress responses, apoptosis, and responses to DNA damage. Leading-edge and forward-looking, Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer illuminates what is currently known of tumor suppressor genes and their regulation, work that is already beginning to revolutionize cancer target elucidation, drug discovery, and treatment design.

Camptothecins in Cancer Therapy

Camptothecins in Cancer Therapy
Author : Val R. Adams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :460
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A critical review our current understanding of camptothecins, their shortcomings, and of the possibilities for improving their clinical performance. The authors discuss new camptothecin analog development, drug delivery issues for optimizing their anticancer activity, and their potential use in a variety of different cancers. Additional chapters describe what is known about the biochemistry, the pharmacology, and the chemistry of the camptothecins, including the mechanism of topoisomerase and how camptothecins poison this enzyme, the use of animal models in defining the anticancer potential of camptothecins, and the question of camptothecin resistance.

Cytokines in the Genesis and Treatment of Cancer

Cytokines in the Genesis and Treatment of Cancer
Author : Michael A. Caligiuri,Michael T. Lotze
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-09-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :482
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Cytokines in the Genesis and Treatment of Cancer provides a comprehensive picture of the dual role of host responses in promoting and inhibiting tumor progression. This volume represents an important investigation into the emerging intersection of cancer biology and cancer immunology. The book brings together an impressive array of internationally distinguished investigators who are devoted to the study of cytokines and cancer.

In vivo Models for Drug Discovery

In vivo Models for Drug Discovery
Author : José Miguel Vela,Rafael Maldonado,Michel Hamon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-08-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :594
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This one-stop reference is the first to present the complete picture -- covering all relevant organisms, from single cells to mammals, as well as all major disease areas, including neurological disorders, cancer and infectious diseases. Addressing the needs of the pharmaceutical industry, this unique handbook adopts a broad perspective on the use of animals in the early part of the drug development process, including regulatory rules and limitations, as well as numerous examples from real-life drug development projects. After a general introduction to the topic, the expert contributors from research-driven pharmaceutical companies discuss the basic considerations of using animal models, including ethical issues. The main part of the book systematically surveys the most important disease areas for current drug development, from cardiovascular to endocrine disorders, and from infectious to neurological diseases. For each area, the availability of animal models for target validation, hit finding and lead profiling is reviewed, backed by numerous examples of both successes and failures among the use of animal models. The whole is rounded off with a discussion of perspectives and challenges. Key knowledge for drug researchers in industry as well as academia.

Mouse Models for Drug Discovery

Mouse Models for Drug Discovery
Author : Gabriele Proetzel,Michael V. Wiles
Publisher : Humana
Release Date : 2016-08-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :421
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As the drug discovery process shifts more and more toward specifically targeting pathways and molecules, model systems continue to increase in importance, and the mouse, with its versatility, ease of use, and remarkable similarity to the human genome, has clearly risen to the forefront of animal model studies. In Mouse Models for Drug Discovery: Methods and Protocols, experts in the field present some background for those less familiar with mice as experimental model platforms as well as a collection of techniques involving general methods as well as specific disease topics such as type 1 and 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, arthritis, skin disorders, cancer, the use of behavioral models for depression and anxiety, neurodegenerative diseases, neuromuscular diseases, and infectious diseases. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easy-to-use, Mouse Models for Drug Discovery: Methods and Protocols will stimulate those not familiar with the power of the mouse and its potential for the drug discovery process, and it will encourage the development of new models and new ways to utilize existing models in order to further the use of this dynamic animal in this vital field.

Drug Discovery in Pancreatic Cancer

Drug Discovery in Pancreatic Cancer
Author : Haiyong Han,Paul Grippo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2010-03-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :297
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Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Every year, about 33,700 people in the United States will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and over 32,000 patients will die from the disease. The median survival of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer is about 6-months. This dismal picture of pancreatic cancer is mainly due to the lack of early diagnosis and effective treatment for patients with advanced disease. To increase the survival rate of pancreatic cancer patients, better tumor markers for diagnosis and new molecular targets for drug development are desperately needed. A lot of effort has been made in searching for pancreatic cancer-causing genes or genes associated with progression of malignant behavior in pancreatic cancer. As a result, alterations in the expression of several cancer-related genes have been identified in pancreatic tumors. The identification and characterization of these cancer-related genes have significantly increased our understanding of pancreatic cancer development, but unfortunately the treatment of pancreatic cancer has not advanced as much in the past 20 years. Over the past decade, tremendous advances have been made in the field of cancer drug discovery, particularly, in the area of molecular and genetic models and technologies. Many of those advanced models and technologies have been applied to the drug discovery processes for pancreatic cancer. In this book, a team of experts will describe the latest development in the application of these models and technologies in pancreatic cancer. The authors include basic researchers as well as clinicians who work in the front-line of the war against pancreatic cancer and have the first-hand experience on these cutting-edge tools and techniques. The book can be divided into two general areas: 1) model systems and 2) genomics and proteomics tools. In recent years there have been a lot of advances in the model systems for pancreatic cancer, including the further characterization of normal and cancerous pancreatic cell lines, the establishment of transgenic mouse models that recapitulate the initiation and progression of human pancreatic cancer, the development of a new xenograft model system for the evaluation of novel agents, and the establishment of a zebrafish pancreatic cancer model. The first four chapters of the book will be devoted to these models. The advances in genomics and proteomics research have made a major impact in cancer drug discovery. A number of these –omics-based tools and techniques have been applied in the pancreatic cancer drug discovery. Chapters 5-9 of the book will discuss techniques for genome-wide examination of gene expression, copy number, methylation, function and regulation. Chapters 10-11 will discuss in situ techniques for studying chromosomal and gene copy number abnormalities as well protein expression changes in cancer samples. Chapters 12-14 will focus on techniques for global examination of protein expression levels in biospecimens obtained from pancreatic cancer patients. Cancer drug discovery has become more and more target-centric.

Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer. Cancer Drug Discovery and Development

Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer. Cancer Drug Discovery and Development
Author : David E. Fisher
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category :
Total pages :129
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While the war against cancer has seen great advances in our understanding of cell proliferation and its regulation at the molecular level, the translation of this knowledge into effective therapies has lagged well behind. In Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer, David Fisher, MD, PhD, and an authoritative panel of academic, cutting-edge researchers review and summarize the current state of the field. Describing the broad roles of tumor suppressors from a perspective based in molecular biology and genetics, the authors detail the major suppressors and the pathways they regulate, including cell cycle progression, stress responses, apoptosis, and responses to DNA damage. Additional coverage is accorded animal models, viral oncoproteins as probes, and cancer metastasis. An extensive chapter on cancer drug discovery is provided to help integrate the new molecular oncology with technologies which fuel the pragmatic search for improved cancer therapeutics. Leading-edge and forward-looking, Tumor Suppressor Genes in Human Cancer illuminates what is currently known of tumor suppressor genes and their regulation, work that is already beginning to revolutionize cancer target elucidation, drug discovery, and treatment design.

COX-2 Blockade in Cancer Prevention and Therapy

COX-2 Blockade in Cancer Prevention and Therapy
Author : Randall E. Harris
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002-10-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :371
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The revelation that aspirin and aspirin-like compounds have notableantineo plastic properties has revolutionized cancer research. COX-2 Blockade in Cancer Prevention and Therapy chronicles the evidence and presents exciting new op portunities for the use of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) blockade in the prevention and treatment of cancer. The text is divided broadly into five areas. First, an historical overview documents the scientific discovery ofCOX-2 and the pharma ceutical development of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) designed for selective COX-2 inhibition. The process by which essential poly unsaturated fatty acids (PUF As) stimulate prostaglandin biosynthesis and cancer development, and its interruption by COX-2 inhibition, is elucidated. This is followed by a section on the epidemiology of NSAIDs and cancers of the colon and breast, and other anatomic sites. These chapters reflect significant cancer protection owing to the regular use of common NSAIDs such as aspirin and ibuprofen. A section on animal models of carcinogenesis presents comprehensive evidence that general NSAIDs inhibit a variety of malignant neoplasms in vivo, and highlights recent findings which show that COX-2 blocking agents produce striking chemopreventive effects against colon cancer and breast cancer as well as other malignancies. Genetic models are presented confirming the critical role of COX-2 in carcinogenesis. Section IV then discusses the molecular biology of COX -2 vis-a-vis the role of COX -2 and, to a lesser extent, COX -1, in modulating a number of important processes in molecular carcinogenesis such as mutagen esis, cell division, angiogenesis, cell differentiation, and apoptosis.