November 27, 2020

Download Ebook Free Application Of Brain Oscillations In Neuropsychiatric Diseases

Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases

Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases
Author : Erol Başar,Canan Bașar-Eroğlu,Ayșegül Özerdem,Paolo M. Rossini,Görsev G. Yener
Publisher : Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Release Date : 2013
Category : Medical
Total pages :375
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Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease
Author : Roger D. Traub,Miles A. Whittington
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2010
Category : Medical
Total pages :431
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This book first reviews the case that brain oscillations not only are important for cognition, as long suspected, but also play a part in the expression of signs and symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. The cellular mechanisms of many of the clinically relevant oscillations have been studied by the authors and their colleagues, using in vitro slice methods as well as detailed computer simulations. A surprising insight is that gap junctions between principal neurons play an absolutely critical role in so many types of oscillation in neuronal populations; oscillations are not just the result of properties of individual neurons and their synaptic connections. Furthermore, the way in which gap junctions produce oscillations in the cortex is novel, involving as it does global properties of networks, rather than just the time constants of membrane currents. This insight has implications for therapeutics as well as for our understanding of normal brain functions.

Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography

Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography
Author : Shozo Tobimatsu,Ryusuke Kakigi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-02-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :330
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This book presents an overview of the recent advances in clinical applications of magnetoencephalography (MEG). With the expansion of MEG to neuroscience, its clinical applications have also been actively pursued. Featuring contributions from prominent experts in the fields, the book focuses on the current status of the application of MEG, not only to each nervous system but also to various diseases such as epilepsy, neurological disorders, and psychiatric disorders, while also examining the feasibility of using MEG for these diseases. Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography offers an indispensable resource for neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatricians, and psychiatrists, as well as researchers in the field of neuroscience.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Author : André Brunoni,Michael Nitsche,Colleen Loo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-09-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :414
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The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in different psychiatric conditions. Here we review tDCS clinical studies employing different types of design (from single-session tDCS studies to randomized clinical trials) as well as studies evaluating the impact of tDCS in neurophysiological, behavioral and brain imaging outcomes. Although the understanding about physiological foundations and effectiveness of clinical therapies of psychiatric diseases has been considerably increased during the last decades, our knowledge is still limited, and consequently psychiatric diseases are still a major burden to the individual patient and society. Recently, interest in pathological alterations of neuroplasticity in psychiatric diseases as a critical condition for development, and amelioration of clinical symptoms increased, caused by the fact that new tools, such as functional imaging, and brain stimulation techniques do allow to monitor, and modulate these phenomena in humans. Especially non-invasive brain stimulation techniques evolved as an attractive potential new therapeutic tool. The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation has grown exponentially in the past 25 years, with the development of non-pharmacological, neuromodulatory techniques such as tDCS and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TDCS, although even newer than rTMS, has attracted considerable attention in both basic and clinical research scenarios. In the context of clinical research, tDCS is being increasingly investigated as a novel treatment tool for several psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and neurocognitive and substance abuse disorders. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Clinical Principles and Management intends to serve as a practical guide on the field, attracting the interest of psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists with little or no experience with tDCS, as well as those with a background on tDCS who want to increase their knowledge in any particular psychiatric condition.

New Insights on Basic and Clinical Aspects of EEG and MEG Connectome

New Insights on Basic and Clinical Aspects of EEG and MEG Connectome
Author : Ryouhei Ishii,Roberto D. Pascual-Marqui,Leonides Canuet,Jing Xiang,William C. Gaetz
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2018-08-31
Category :
Total pages :129
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Recent advances in the neuroimaging field areas allow us to visualize the aggregate of neural connections at the macroscopic level within the brain, the so-called “connectome”. In order to promote the development of the neurophysiological investigation of connectome of brain oscillations, this eBook aims at bringing together contributions from researchers in basic and clinical neuroscience using EEG and MEG connectome analysis. The most important focal point will be to address the functional roles of connectome of brain oscillations in contributing to understandings of higher cognitive processes in normal subjects and pathophysiology of psychiatric diseases. This Research Topic presented novel methodologies and various applications of neurophysiological connectome analysis. As a result, these papers were cited more than 120 times in these four years in total and threw light and impact on new directions for investigating the connectome of human brain.

Novel Approaches to Studying Basal Ganglia and Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Novel Approaches to Studying Basal Ganglia and Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Author : XIAO-HONG LU
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-11-06
Category : Science
Total pages :195
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Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. This volume is a collection of articles covering Novel Approaches to Studying Basal Ganglia and Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Topics covered include molecular profiling of direct and indirect striatal medium spiny neurons, the role of epigenetics in development and function of basal ganglia and transgenic animal models for Parkinson's disease.

Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits

Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits
Author : Roger D. Traub,John G. R.. Jefferys,John G. R. Jefferys,Miles A. Whittington
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 1999
Category : Medical
Total pages :324
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In Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits, the authors use a combination of electrophysiological and computer modeling techniques to analyze how large networks of neurons can produce both epileptic seizures and functionally relevant synchronized oscillations.

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-03-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :200
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Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language. In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry

Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry
Author : Thomas Lehner,Bruce L. Miller,Matthew W. State
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-07
Category : Science
Total pages :796
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This foundational work comprehensively examines the current state of the genetics, genomics and brain circuitry of psychiatric and neurological disorders. It consolidates discoveries of specific genes and genomic regions associated with these conditions, the genetic and anatomic architecture of these syndromes, and addresses how recent advances in genomics are leading to a reappraisal of the biology underlying clinical neuroscience. In doing so, it critically examines the promise and limitations of these discoveries toward treatment, and to the interdisciplinary nature of understanding brain and behavior. Coverage includes new discoveries regarding autism, epilepsy, intellectual disability, dementias, movement disorders, language impairment, disorders of attention, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry focuses on key concepts, challenges, findings, and methods in genetics, genomics, molecular pathways, brain circuitry, and related neurobiology of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Provides interdisciplinary appeal in psychiatry, neurology, neuroscience, and genetics Identifies key concepts, methods, and findings Includes coverage of multiple disorders from autism to schizophrenia Reviews specific genes associated with disorders Discusses the genetic architecture of these syndromes Explains how recent findings are influencing the understanding of biology Clarifies the promise of these findings for future treatment

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Applications

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Applications
Author : Tipu Aziz,Alex Green
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-03-23
Category : Science
Total pages :278
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Applications" that was published in Brain Sciences

Event-Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations

Event-Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations
Author : Christa Neuper,Wolfgang Klimesch
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-12-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :464
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Research on brain oscillations and event-related electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related (de-) synchronization (ERD/ERS) in particular became a rapidly growing field in the last decades. A large number of laboratories worldwide are using ERD/ERS to study cognitive and motor brain function and the importance of this tool in neurocognitive research is widely recognized. This book is a summary of the most current research, methods, and applications of the study of event-related dynamics of brain oscillations. Facing the rapid progress in this field, it brings together, on the one side, fundamental questions of the underlying events, which still remain to be clarified and, on the other side, some of the most significant novel findings, which point to the key topics for future research. In particular, the chapters of this volume cover the neurophysiological fundamentals and models (Section I), new methodological approaches (Section II), current ERD research related to cognitive (Section III) and sensorimotor brain function (Section IV), invasive approaches and clinical applications (Section V), and novel developments of EEG-based brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback (Section IV).

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases
Author : Edgar Garcia-Rill
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-06-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :276
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Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases focuses on the dysregulation of arousal found in many neurological and psychiatric disorders. Chapters describe the physiology of each process, how it presents in each disorder, and the most appropriate treatment(s). The book also imparts the understanding of the RAS as a system that not only modulates waking, but also survival mechanisms, such as fight vs. flight responses and other reflexes. This book helps neuroscientists, sleep researchers, neurologists and psychiatrists understand the basic mechanisms that modulate arousal in health and disease. In addition, it promotes therapies that can alter the severity and manifestation of multiple disorders. Provides a comprehensive overview of the basic mechanisms behind dysregulation of arousal in neurological and psychiatric disorders Describes, in detail, the function of the Reticular Activating System with respect to higher functions, motor control and the intertwining of arousal and motor disorders Covers multiple neurological disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and autism

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases
Author : Edgar Garcia-Rill
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-06-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :276
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Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases focuses on the dysregulation of arousal found in many neurological and psychiatric disorders. Chapters describe the physiology of each process, how it presents in each disorder, and the most appropriate treatment(s). The book also imparts the understanding of the RAS as a system that not only modulates waking, but also survival mechanisms, such as fight vs. flight responses and other reflexes. This book helps neuroscientists, sleep researchers, neurologists and psychiatrists understand the basic mechanisms that modulate arousal in health and disease. In addition, it promotes therapies that can alter the severity and manifestation of multiple disorders. Provides a comprehensive overview of the basic mechanisms behind dysregulation of arousal in neurological and psychiatric disorders Describes, in detail, the function of the Reticular Activating System with respect to higher functions, motor control and the intertwining of arousal and motor disorders Covers multiple neurological disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and autism

Oxidative Stress: Diagnostic Methods and Applications in Medical Science

Oxidative Stress: Diagnostic Methods and Applications in Medical Science
Author : Pawan Kumar Maurya,Pranjal Chandra
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-10-24
Category : Science
Total pages :168
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This book discusses the importance of oxidative stress, related biomarkers, and its diagnostic methods including bio-analytical and advanced detection systems. Oxidative stress is associated with diminished capacity of a biological system to overcome the overproduction of reactive oxygen species. Since oxidative stress has been suggested as a causative factor in many diseases, its prevention is vital, and there is an urgent need for oxidative stress monitoring using in vitro and in vivo models. Interdisciplinary approaches have lead to the development of various oxidative stress monitoring models for real-world clinical and biomedical applications. The development of such methods requires a broad understanding of biology, chemistry, molecular biology, immunology and microbiology. As such, the book is a valuable resource for students, researchers and clinicians interested in the fundamental as well as applied aspects of oxidative stress associated diseases.

The development of deep brain stimulation for neurological and psychiatric disorders: clinical, societal and ethical issues

The development of deep brain stimulation for neurological and psychiatric disorders: clinical, societal and ethical issues
Author : Thomas E. Schlaepfer,Chiara Saviane
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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To date more than eighty thousand patients worldwide have received deep brain stimulation (DBS), mainly in order to alleviate symptoms of treatment-resistant disorders such as tremor associated with Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, chronic pain, epilepsy, obsessive compulsive disorder, major depression and Tourette syndrome. The number of indications for neurological and psychiatric conditions using this technology is rapidly increasing, raising important societal and ethical issues that cannot be dealt with by scientists and clinicians on their own, but need discussions among all possible stakeholders on questions such as: what are the comprehensive risks and benefits of this technology? what is the real impact on patients’ life, in terms of health, quality of life and personal identity? This Research Topic provides an overview of potentials and limitations of deep brain stimulation as used to treat neurological and psychiatric conditions, bringing together Mini Reviews, Perspectives and Opinion papers from key stakeholders interested in the development and social impact of this technology. It is also a continuation of the debate that started among scientists, clinicians, patients, sociologists, journalists, philosophers and other experts during the “brains in dialogue on deep brain stimulation” workshop that was organized in September 2010 in Warsaw, Poland, by the FP7 project bid – brains in dialogue (www.neuromedia.eu) coordinated by the Interdisciplinary Laboratory of SISSA (Trieste, Italy).