November 29, 2020

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Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-01-27
Category : Science
Total pages :356
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Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants

Exam Prep for: Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Exam Prep for: Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Applied Plant Biotechnology

Applied Plant Biotechnology
Author : V. L. Chopra,Vedpal S. Malik,S. R. Bhat
Publisher : Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :384
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Reviews several recent developments that relate to improving crop productivity and product diversification. Considers the genetic manipulation of major products such as carbohydrates, fatty acids, sesquiterpenes, and floriculture crops and discusses aspects of the biosafety, environmental release, and commercial exploitation of transgenics. Other topics include developing pest-resistant transgenic plants, producing human therapeutics in plants, using molecular biology techniques in plant breeding to protect intellectual property rights, and biosystematics. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-17
Category : Science
Total pages :371
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Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2003-09-25
Category : Nature
Total pages :2000
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A multi-faceted reference work, the Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences addresses the core knowledge, theories, and techniques employed by plant scientists, while also concentrating on applications of these in research and in industry. Plants influence all our lives as sources of sustenance, fuel and building materials. The Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences is a comprehensive yet succinct publication that covers the application of current advances in the biological sciences, through which scientists can now better produce sustainable, safe food, feed and food ingredients, and renewable raw materials for industry and society. This three-volume set also covers the concerns over continuing advances in the application of knowledge in the areas of ecology and plant pathology, genetics, physiology, biochemistry and biotechnology, as well as the ethical issues involved in the use of the powerful techniques available to modern plant science. An invaluable reference, the Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences will be an indispensable addition to the library of anyone involved in the study of plant sciences. The Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences is available online on ScienceDirect. The print edition price for this reference work does not include online access. For more information on pricing for access to the online edition, please review our Licensing Options. The richness and authority of Elsevier reference works is now lent valuable functionality and accessibility through the online launch of Elsevier Reference Works on ScienceDirect. Features: Extensive browsing and searching across subject, thematic, alphabetical, author and cited author indexes - as applicable to the work Basic and advanced search functionality within volumes, parts of volumes, or across the whole work Ability to build, save and re-run searches as well as combine saved searches Internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy All articles are available as full-text HTML files, and as PDF files that can be viewed, downloaded or printed out in their original print format A dedicated Reference Works navigation tab and homepage on ScienceDirect to enable easy linking from your OPAC or library website For more information about the Elsevier Reference Works on ScienceDirect Program, please visit: http://www.info.sciencedirect.com/reference_works. Comprehensively covers both the key theoretical and practical aspects of plant sciences Edited and written by a distinguished international group of editors and contributors Well-organized format provides for concise, readable entries, easy searches, and thorough cross-references Presents complete up-to-date information on over 25 separate areas of plant science Features many tables and figures, with a color plate section in each volume New terms clearly explained in glossary sections of each article

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture
Author : Arie Altman,Paul M. Hasegawa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012
Category : Medical
Total pages :586
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As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis. This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic. Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

PlantOmics: The Omics of Plant Science

PlantOmics: The Omics of Plant Science
Author : Debmalya Barh,Muhammad Sarwar Khan,Eric Davies
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-18
Category : Science
Total pages :825
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PlantOmics: The Omics of Plant Science provides a comprehensive account of the latest trends and developments of omics technologies or approaches and their applications in plant science. Thirty chapters written by 90 experts from 15 countries are included in this state-of-the-art book. Each chapter describes one topic/omics such as: omics in model plants, spectroscopy for plants, next generation sequencing, functional genomics, cyto-metagenomics, epigenomics, miRNAomics, proteomics, metabolomics, glycomics, lipidomics, secretomics, phenomics, cytomics, physiomics, signalomics, thiolomics, organelle omics, micro morphomics, microbiomics, cryobionomics, nanotechnology, pharmacogenomics, and computational systems biology for plants. It provides up to date information, technologies, and their applications that can be adopted and applied easily for deeper understanding plant biology and therefore will be helpful in developing the strategy for generating cost-effective superior plants for various purposes. In the last chapter, the editors have proposed several new areas in plant omics that may be explored in order to develop an integrated meta-omics strategy to ensure the world and earth’s health and related issues. This book will be a valuable resource to students and researchers in the field of cutting-edge plant omics.

Applied Molecular Biotechnology

Applied Molecular Biotechnology
Author : Muhammad Sarwar Khan,Iqrar Ahmad Khan,Debmalya Barh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :627
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Applied Molecular Biotechnology: The Next Generation of Genetic Engineering explains state-of-the-art advances in the rapidly developing area of molecular biotechnology, the technology of the new millennium. Comprised of chapters authored by leading experts in their respective fields, this authoritative reference text: Highlights the latest omics-based tools and approaches used in modern biotechnology Explains how various molecular biology technologies can be used to develop transgenic plants and how those plants can meet growing food and plant-derived product demands Discusses chloroplast gene expression systems, mitochondrial omics, plant functional genomics, and whole-genome resequencing for crop improvement Explores plant–microbe and plant–insect interactions affecting plant protection and productivity Covers animal models, pharmacogenomics, human tissue banking, and the molecular diagnosis of diseases such as cervical cancer, obesity, and diabetes Examines the molecular aspects of viral diseases, production of industrial commodities using viral biotechnology, and biotechnological uses of magnetic nanoparticles Describes the use of biotechnology in the food, chemical, pharmaceutical, environmental conservation, and renewable energy sectors Applied Molecular Biotechnology: The Next Generation of Genetic Engineering serves as a springboard for new discoveries in molecular biology and its applications. Thus, this book is an invaluable resource for students and researchers of molecular biotechnology.

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding
Author : Aluízio Borém,Roberto Fritsche-Neto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-01-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :270
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Biotechnology and Plant Breeding includes critical discussions of the newest and most important applications of biotechnology in plant breeding, covering key topics such as biometry applied to molecular analysis of genetic diversity, genetically modified plants, and more. This work goes beyond recombinant DNA technology to bring together key information and references on new biotech tools for cultivar development, such as double-haploids, molecular markers, and genome-wide selection, among others. It is increasingly challenging for plant breeders and agricultural systems to supply enough food, feed, fiber and biofuel for the global population. As plant breeding evolves and becomes increasingly sophisticated, a staggering volume of genetic data is now generated. Biotechnology and Plant Breeding helps researchers and students become familiar with how the vast amounts of genetic data are generated, stored, analyzed and applied. This practical resource integrates information about plant breeding into the context of modern science, and assists with training for plant breeders including those scientists who have a good understanding of molecular biology/biotechnology and need to learn the art and practice of plant breeding. Plant biologists, breeding technicians, agronomists, seed technologists, students, and any researcher interested in biotechnologies applied to plant breeding will find this work an essential tool and reference for the field. Presents in-depth but easy-to-understand coverage of topics, so plant breeders can readily comprehend them and apply them to their breeding programs Includes chapters that address the already developed and optimized biotechnologies for cultivar development, with real-world application for users Features contributions by authors with several years of experience in their areas of expertise

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology
Author : C.B. Nirmala,G. Rajalakshmi,Chandra Karthik
Publisher : MJP Publisher
Release Date : 2019-06-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :402
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PART I PLANT GENOME ORGANIZATION NUCLEAR GENOME CHLOROPLAST AND ITS GENOME MITOCHONDRION AND ITS GENOME TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS Part II PLANT GROWTH AND REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION GROWTH HORMONES REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION DURING PLANT DEVELOPMENT PHYTOCHROMESEED STORAGE PROTEINSINDUCIBLE CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION PART III APPLIED PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY PLANT TISSUE CULTURE TRANSGENIC PLANTS MOLECULAR PHARMING Review Questions Glossary References Index

Plant Biotechnology: Progress in Genomic Era

Plant Biotechnology: Progress in Genomic Era
Author : S. M. Paul Khurana,Rajarshi Kumar Gaur
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-14
Category : Science
Total pages :670
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Refinement in sequencing technologies and potential of genomic research resulted in meteoric growth of biological information such as sequences of DNA, RNA and protein requiring databases for efficient storage, management and retrieval of the biological information. Also, computational algorithms for analysis of these colossal data became a vital aspect of biological sciences. The work aims to show the process of turning bioscience innovation into companies and products, covering the basic science, the translation of science into technology. Due to rapid developments, there seems to be no basic difference between the pharmaceutical industry and the biotechnological industry. However, approved products in the pipeline and renewed public confidence make it one of the most promising areas of economic growth in the near future. India offers a huge market for the products as well as cheap manufacturing base for export. The book is a sincere work of compilation of new and recent advances in the topic of concern through various innovative researches and scientific opinion therefrom. The book is dedicated to the readers who will definitely find it interesting and knowledgeable in carrying out their respective researches in different aspects of applied microbiology and biotechnology.

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
Author : Sameer S. Bhagyawant & Nidhi Srivastava
Publisher : Horizon Books ( A Division of Ignited Minds Edutech P Ltd)
Release Date : 2015-03-01
Category :
Total pages :170
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Plant science is one of the fundamental subjects to begin with. Biotechnology has given it a force to get modified into an applied field known as plant biotechnology. Plant tissue culture is widely used for direct commercial applications. Metabolic engineering of plants promises to create new opportunities in agriculture, environmental applications, production of chemicals and even medicine. Therefore, molecular techniques encompassing the use of plants are being focused in this era. The main aim of this book is to provide readers about the applied aspects of plant biotechnology.

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Natalija Burbulis,Corrado Fogher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-08-31
Category : Science
Total pages :274
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With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Plant Biology and Biotechnology

Plant Biology and Biotechnology
Author : Bir Bahadur,Manchikatla Venkat Rajam,Leela Sahijram,K. V. Krishnamurthy
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-06-19
Category : Science
Total pages :768
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Plant genomics and biotechnology have recently made enormous strides, and hold the potential to benefit agriculture, the environment and various other dimensions of the human endeavor. It is no exaggeration to claim that the twenty-first century belongs to biotechnology. Knowledge generation in this field is growing at a frenetic pace, and keeping abreast of the latest advances and calls on us to double our efforts. Volume II of this two-part series addresses cutting-edge aspects of plant genomics and biotechnology. It includes 37 chapters contributed by over 70 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. Biotechnology has helped to solve many conundrums of plant life that had long remained a mystery to mankind. This volume opens with an exhaustive chapter on the role played by thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, which is believed to be the Drosophila of the plant kingdom and an invaluable model plant for understanding basic concepts in plant biology. This is followed by chapters on bioremediation, biofuels and biofertilizers through microalgal manipulation, making it a commercializable prospect; discerning finer details of biotic stress with plant-fungal interactions; and the dynamics of abiotic and biotic stresses, which also figure elsewhere in the book. Breeding crop plants for desirable traits has long been an endeavor of biotechnologists. The significance of molecular markers, marker assisted selection and techniques are covered in a dedicated chapter, as are comprehensive reviews on plant molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting techniques, genomic structure and functional genomics. A chapter dedicated to organellar genomes provides extensive information on this important aspect. Elsewhere in the book, the newly emerging area of epigenetics is presented as seen through the lens of biotechnology, showcasing the pivotal role of DNA methylation in effecting permanent and transient changes to the genome. Exclusive chapters deal with bioinformatics and systems biology. Handy tools for practical applications such as somatic embryogenesis and micropropagation are included to provide frontline information to entrepreneurs, as is a chapter on somaclonal variation. Overcoming barriers to sexual incompatibility has also long been a focus of biotechnology, and is addressed in chapters on wide hybridization and hybrid embryo rescue. Another area of accomplishing triploids through endosperm culture is included as a non-conventional breeding strategy. Secondary metabolite production through tissue cultures, which is of importance to industrial scientists, is also covered. Worldwide exchange of plant genetic material is currently an essential topic, as is conserving natural resources in situ. Chapters on in vitro conservation of extant, threatened and other valuable germplasms, gene banking and related issues are included, along with an extensive account of the biotechnology of spices – the low-volume, high-value crops. Metabolic engineering is another emerging field that provides commercial opportunities. As is well known, there is widespread concern over genetically modified crops among the public. GM crops are covered, as are genetic engineering strategies for combating biotic and abiotic stresses where no other solutions are in sight. RNAi- and micro RNA- based strategies for crop improvement have proved to offer novel alternatives to the existing non-conventional techniques, and detailed information on these aspects is also included. The book’s last five chapters are devoted to presenting the various aspects of environmental, marine, desert and rural biotechnology. The state-of-the-art coverage on a wide range of plant genomics and biotechnology topics will be of great interest to post-graduate students and researchers, including the employees of seed and biotechnology companies, and to instructors in the fields of plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology.

Textbook of AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

Textbook of AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
Author : AHINDRA NAG
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date : 2008-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :276
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Agricultural biotechnology plays a significant role in developing agri-culturally important crops that provide high yield with enhanced nutritional value and show improved resistance to pathogens. This book, a collabora-tive endeavour involving contributions from renowned academics from India and abroad, discusses the techniques of plant tissue culture, the funda-mental basis for the development of innovative crop improvement strate-gies, and emerging paradigms in plant genome research. The book describes the benefits of the production and use of biofertilizers and biopesticides to overcome hazardous effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. It explains the importance of microbes in bioremediation and the methods of biomonitoring to target contaminants. Besides, coverage also includes the topics on bioinformatics in agriculture, biodiversity, bioethics, and agricultural pollution. This text is suitable for the under-graduate and postgraduate students of agriculture and biotechnology. It will also be useful to researchers and agronomists.