April 14, 2021

Download Ebook Free Aspects Of Explosives Detection

Aspects of Explosives Detection

Aspects of Explosives Detection
Author : Maurice Marshall,Jimmie C. Oxley
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release Date : 2008-12-04
Category : Science
Total pages :288
GET BOOK

"Terrorism and the threat from terrorist bombs are major problems of the modern era. The threat has driven major efforts to develop and implement new and improved explosives detectors. The contributors discuss explosives detection in detail, covering both theoretical fundamentals and practical applications. The historical background, established technologies, current developments and future prospects are all addressed."--BOOK JACKET.

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on the Review of Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2004-05-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :148
GET BOOK

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques examines the scientific techniques currently used as the basis for explosives detection and determines whether other techniques might provide promising research avenues with possible pathways to new detection protocols. This report describe the characteristics of explosives, bombs, and their components that are or might be used to provide a signature for exploitation in detection technology; considers scientific techniques for exploiting these characteristics to detect explosives and explosive devices; discusses the potential for integrating such techniques into detection systems that would have sufficient sensitivity without an unacceptable false-positive rate; and proposes areas for research that might be expected to yield significant advances in practical explosives and bomb detection technology in the near, mid, and long term.

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives
Author : Jehuda Yinon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-10-13
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :454
GET BOOK

The detection of hidden explosives has become an issue of utmost importance in recent years. While terrorism is not new to the international community, recent terrorist attacks have raised the issue of detection of explosives and have generated a great demand for rapid, sensitive and reliable methods for detecting hidden explosives. Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives covers recent advances in this area of research including vapor and trace detection techniques (chemiluminescence, mass spectrometry, ion mobility spectrometry, electrochemical methods and micromechanical sensors, such as microcantilevers) and bulk detection techniques (neutron techniques, nuclear quadrupole resonance, x-ray diffraction imaging, millimeter-wave imaging, terahertz imaging and laser techniques). This book will be of interest to any scientists involved in the design and application of security screening technologies including new sensors and detecting devices which will prevent the smuggling of bombs and explosives. * Covers latest advances in vapor and trace detection techniques and bulk detection techniques * Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development * Techniques that are described in detail, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Laser-Based Optical Detection of Explosives

Laser-Based Optical Detection of Explosives
Author : Paul M. Pellegrino,Ellen L. Holthoff,Mikella E. Farrell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-09-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :409
GET BOOK

Laser-Based Optical Detection of Explosives offers a comprehensive review of past, present, and emerging laser-based methods for the detection of a variety of explosives. This book: Considers laser propagation safety and explains standard test material preparation for standoff optical-based detection system evaluation Explores explosives detection using deep ultraviolet native fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, reflectometry, and hyperspectral imaging Examines photodissociation followed by laser-induced fluorescence, photothermal methods, cavity-enhanced absorption spectrometry, and short-pulse laser-based techniques Describes the detection and recognition of explosives using terahertz-frequency spectroscopic techniques Each chapter is authored by a leading expert on the respective technology, and is structured to supply historical perspective, address current advantages and challenges, and discuss novel research and applications. Readers are left with an in-depth understanding and appreciation of each technology’s capabilities and potential for standoff hazard detection.

Explosives Detection

Explosives Detection
Author : Lorenzo Capineri,Eyüp Kuntay Turmuş
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-01-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :331
GET BOOK

This volume presents selected contributions from the “Advanced Research Workshop on Explosives Detection” hosted by the Department of Information Engineering of the University of Florence, Italy in 2018. The main goal of the workshop was to find out how Science for Peace and Security projects in the field of Explosives Detection contribute to the development and/or refinement of scientific and technical knowledge and competencies. The findings of the workshop, presented in the last section of the book, determine future actions and direction of the SPS Programme in the field of explosives detection and management.The NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme, promotes dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO member states and partner nations based on scientific research, technological innovation and knowledge exchange. Several initiatives were launched in the field of explosive detection and clearance, as part of NATO’s enhanced role in the international fight against terrorism. Experts and scientists from NATO members and partner countries have been brought together in multi-year projects, within the framework of the SPS Programme, to cooperate in the scientific research in explosive detection field, developing new technologies and methods to be implemented in order to detect explosive substances in different contexts.

Configuration Management and Performance Verification of Explosives-Detection Systems

Configuration Management and Performance Verification of Explosives-Detection Systems
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Panel on Technical Regulation of Explosives Detection Systems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1998-10-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :88
GET BOOK

This report assesses the configuration-management and performance-verification options for the development and regulation of commercially available Explosive Detection Systems (EDS) and other systems designed for detection of explosives. In particular, the panel authoring this report (1) assessed the advantages and disadvantages of methods used for configuration management and performance verification relative to the FAA's needs for explosives-detection equipment regulation, (2) outlined a "quality management program" that the FAA can follow that includes configuration management and performance verification and that will encourage commercial development and improvement of explosives-detection equipment while ensuring that such systems are manufactured to meet FAA certification requirements, and (3) outlined a performance-verification strategy that the FAA can follow to ensure that EDSs continue to perform at certification specifications in the airport environment.

Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security

Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1999-11-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :86
GET BOOK

This report assesses the operational performance of explosives-detection equipment and hardened unit-loading devices (HULDs) in airports and compares their operational performance to their laboratory performance, with a focus on improving aviation security.

Detection of Explosives and Landmines

Detection of Explosives and Landmines
Author : Hiltmar Schubert,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :249
GET BOOK

This ARW is the third NATO-sponsored workshop on Explosives Detection and Humanitarian Demining. The previous events were • Detection and Destruction of Anti-Personnel Landmines Moscow, 1997 • Explosives Detection and Decontamination of the Environment Prague, 1997. Over the last decade applied research in Humanitarian Demining has made progress to some extend, but according to the tremendous tasks of Demining and the lack of scientific methods for practical detection of explosive devices, research activities are still of the same importance than ever before. Concerning countermeasures against terrorism the detection of explosives is one of the keyfactors, but the practical applications are not sufficient solved. An international exchange of research results are therefore urgent, to find out the most promising measures for application. The coincidence of this ARW and the terrible disaster of New York and Washington may demonstrate the importance of this task. In consequence the explosive device detection technologies can make a major contribution to collective, family and individual security. In developed countries, these technologies provide a strong deterrent and preventative measure against terrorist threats. In less developed regions, they can improve individual, institutional and state security, lessening the insecurity that motivates many terrorists acts. The elimination of landmine threats is just one of many ways of achieving this. However our attempts to meet the extremely difficult technical challenges posed by landmine and UXO contamination are inevitably leading us to new technological approaches.

Detection of Explosives for Commercial Aviation Security

Detection of Explosives for Commercial Aviation Security
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Commercial Aviation Security
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1993-02-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :108
GET BOOK

This book advises the Federal Aeronautics Administration (FAA) on the detection of small, concealed explosives that a terrorist could plant surreptitiously on a commercial airplane. The book identifies key issues for the FAA regarding explosive detection technology that can be implemented in airport terminals. Recommendations are made in the areas of systems engineering, testing, and technology development.

Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism

Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism
Author : Hiltmar Schubert,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-05-21
Category : Science
Total pages :233
GET BOOK

The organization of an Advanced Research Workshop with the title “Detection and Disposal of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism” was motivated by international findings about activities in this field of application. This ARW followed a meeting about the “Detection of Disposal Improvised Explosives” (St. Petersburg, 2005). Both items show the logistic problems as one of the lessons, terrorists have to overcome. These problems are connected with the illegal supply and transport of explosives and fuels and as counter-measure the detection of these materials. The invention of liquid explosives goes back to the middle of the 19th century and was used for special purposes in the commercial field of application. Because of the high sensitivity of liquid explosives against mechanical shock, caused by adiabatic compression of air-bobbles producing “hot spots” as origin of initiation the commercial application was not very successful. Because of this high risk, liquid explosives are not used in military or commercial application with some exceptions. In the commercial field explosives as slurries or emulsions consisting of suitable salts (Ammoniumnitrate etc.) and water are used to a large extend because of their high insensitivity. In many cases these slurries or emulsions were unfit for terrorist actions, because of their low sensitivity, large critical diameter and using in confinement. In the military field liquid explosives are used in World War I and II as bomb-fillings.

Electronic Noses

Electronic Noses
Author : Julian W. Gardner,Philip Nigel Bartlett
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :245
GET BOOK

Since the mid 1980s there has been increasing interest in the development of so-called 'electronic noses', electronic instruments capable of detecting and recognizing complex odours. In this book, the authors discuss the basic principles of an electronic nose, give practical examples of applications, review the field, and detail the major new developments. Electronic noses: principles and applications will be essential reading for anyone working, researching, or simply interested in, the field of electronic noses or machine olfaction. The interdisciplinary nature of the subject is reflected by the different disciplines of the authorsengineering and chemistry - and the book is accessible to engineers, physicists, chemists and biologists.

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives
Author : Hiltmar Schubert,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-01-02
Category : Science
Total pages :230
GET BOOK

This book collects lectures of an international NATO-Russian Advanced Research Workshop on Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives (IE) used by terrorists. The disposal of IE is especially dangerous, because they are often much more unstable and mechanically more sensitive than commercial or military explosives. This text covers detection of explosives by different analytical methods and the different shape and compositions of the explosive charge, and offers up-to-date advice on handling and disposal.

The Analysis of Explosives

The Analysis of Explosives
Author : Jehuda Yinon,Shmuel Zitrin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :322
GET BOOK

The Analysis of Explosives surveys the principles of the various analytical methods, describes how these methods are used for the analysis of explosives, and reviews the major analytical work carried out in this field. Organized into 15 chapters, this book begins with the classification of explosives. Subsequent chapters discuss the different methods for the analysis of explosives. The detection and identification of explosive residues and hidden explosives are also explained. This monograph will be useful as a reference book for chemists in analytical and forensic laboratories, as well as a textbook for graduate students in analytical chemistry and forensic sciences.

K9 Explosive Detection

K9 Explosive Detection
Author : Ron Mistafa
Publisher : Dog Training Press
Release Date : 1998-01
Category : Pets
Total pages :192
GET BOOK

Conduct efficient, effective and safe searches in any setting K9 Explosive Detection is for detector dog trainers and police departments looking for alternative training ideas or for ways to set up their own course training standards. Ron Mistafa examines some of the major training systems in use by police departments across North America, and he offers a system that combines the most effective elements of each one. This manual focuses on the how-to aspects of explosive detector dog (EDD) training. A gradual build-up of learning experiences and ongoing problem solving techniques produce more confident EDD teams. Ron also examines US and Canadian laws governing possession of explosive materials and devices, provides tips on working with other police specialty units, and explains how to involve non-police personnel at airports in EDD training.

Electronic Noses & Sensors for the Detection of Explosives

Electronic Noses & Sensors for the Detection of Explosives
Author : J. Gardner,Jehuda Yinon
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2021-02-04
Category : Science
Total pages :308
GET BOOK

This book examines both the potential application of electronic nose technology, and the current state of development of chemical sensors for the detection of vapours from explosives, such as those used in landmines. The two fields have developed, somewhat in parallel, over the past decade and so one of the purposes of this workshop, on which the book is based, was to bring together scientists from the two fields in order to challenge the two communities and, mutually, stimulate both fields. It begins with a review of the basic principles of an electronic nose and explores possible ways in which the detection limit of conventional electronic nose technology can be reduced to the level required for the trace levels observed for many explosive materials. Next are reviews of the use of several different types of solid-state chemical sensors: polymer-based sensors, i.e. chemiluminescent, fluorescent and optical, to detect explosive materials; metal oxide semiconducting resistive sensors; and then electrochemical sensors. Next, different pattern recognition techniques are presented to enhance the performance of chemical sensors. Then biological systems are considered as a possible blue-print for chemical sensing. The biology can be employed either to understand the way insects locate odorant sources, or to understand the signal processing neural pathways. Next is a discussion of some of the new types of electronic noses; namely, a fast GC column with a SAW detector and a micromechanical sensor. Finally, the important issues of sampling technologies and the design of the microfluidic systems are considered. In particular, the use of pre-concentrators and solid phase micro extractors to boost the vapour concentration before it is introduced to the chemical sensor or electronic nose.