December 3, 2020

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Basics of Interferometry

Basics of Interferometry
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :213
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This book is for those who have some knowledge of optics, but little or no previous experience in interferometry. Accordingly, the carefully designed presentation helps readers easily find and assimilate the interferometric techniques they need for precision measurements. Mathematics is held to a minimum, and the topics covered are also summarized in capsule overviews at the beginning and end of each chapter. Each chapter also contains a set of worked problems that give a feel for numbers. The first five chapters present a clear tutorial review of fundamentals. Chapters six and seven discuss the types of lasers and photodetectors used in interferometry. The next eight chapters describe key applications of interferometry: measurements of length, optical testing, studies of refractive index fields, interference microscopy, holographic and speckle interferometry, interferometric sensors, interference spectroscopy, and Fourier-transform spectroscopy. The final chapter offers suggestions on choosing and setting up an interferometer.

Basics of Interferometry, 2nd Edition

Basics of Interferometry, 2nd Edition
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category :
Total pages :248
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Optical interferometry is used in communications, medical imaging, astonomy, and structural measurement. With the use of an interferometer engineers and scientists are able to complete surface inspections of micromachined surfaces and semiconductors. Medical technicians are able to give more consise diagnoses with the employ of interferometers in microscopy, spectroscopy, and coherent tomography. Originating from a one-day course, this material was expanded to serve as an introduction to the topic for engineers and scientists that have little optical knowledge but a need for more in their daily work lives. The need for interferometry knowledge has crossed the boundaries of engineering fields and Dr. Hariharan has written a book that answers the questions that new practitioners to interferometry have and haven't even thought of yet. This new edition includes complete updates of all material with an emphasis on applications. It also has new chapters on white-light microsopy and interference with single photons. *Outstanding introduction to the world of optical interferometry with summaries at the begining and end of each chapter, several appendices with essential information, and worked numerical problems *Practical details enrich understanding for readers new to this material *New chapters on white-light microscopy for medical imaging and interference with single photons(quantum optics).

Optical Interferometry, 2e

Optical Interferometry, 2e
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-10-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :351
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When the first edition of Optical Interferometry was published, interferometry was regarded as a rather esoteric method of making measurements, largely confined to the laboratory. Today, however, besides its use in several fields of research, it has applications in fields as diverse as measurement of length and velocity, sensors for rotation, acceleration, vibration and electrical and magnetic fields, as well as in microscopy and nanotechnology. Most topics are discussed first at a level accessible to anyone with a basic knowledge of physical optics, then a more detailed treatment of the topic is undertaken, and finally each topic is supplemented by a reference list of more than 1000 selected original publications in total. Historical development of interferometry The laser as a light source Two-beam interference Techniques for frequency stabilization Coherence Electronic phase measurements Multiple-beam interference Quantum effects in optical interference Extensive coverage of the applications of interferometry, such as measurements of length, optical testing, interference microscopy, interference spectroscopy, Fourier-transform spectroscopy, interferometric sensors, nonlinear interferometers, stellar interferometry, and studies of space-time and gravitation

The Very Large Telescope Interferometer Challenges for the Future

The Very Large Telescope Interferometer Challenges for the Future
Author : Paulo J.V. Garcia,Andreas Glindemann,Thomas Henning,Fabien Malbet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-11-30
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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The last quarter of the 20th century witnessed the rebirth and maturing of optical interferometry and associated technologies. Major successes spanning from direct detection of stellar pulsations to imaging in the optical were achieved with test-bed systems, some of which have now evolved to facilities open to the astronomical community. The intense activity and rapid growth of this field are a clear sign that interferometry will be a major observational tool in this century both from ground and space. The VLTI is the largest ground-based interferometric facility combining four 8.2-m telescopes with up to eight 1.8-m telescopes. This facility is the first opened on a shared risk basis in 2002, a milestone for the astronomical community. The combination of enhanced sensitivity and common user support bring into grasp a vastly unexplored astrophysical territory. This book presents state of the art optical interferometry in astrophysics. We emphasise new VLTI users by including tutorials in optical interferometry theory and practice, and related instrumentation, as well as reviews in stellar formation and evolution, and extragalactic science.

Optical Metrology with Interferometry

Optical Metrology with Interferometry
Author : Dahi Ghareab Abdelsalam Ibrahim
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date : 2019-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :312
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The accurate measurements of surface topography are becoming important to many applications in both engineering and science. Optical interferometry is considered a preferable technique for featuring accurate 3D surface profiling since it is non-contacting, non-destructive and highly accurate. In combination with computers and other electronic devices, optical interferometry has become faster, more reliable, more convenient and more robust. There is now a wealth of new optical interferometry techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure surface topography with high precision. Each method has both its strong points and its limitations. This book explains in detail the basics of optical interferometry, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their simulation and uncertainties. Moreover, it provides an introduction to new frontiers in optical interferometry, including terahertz technology and optical frequency combs.

Processing of SAR Data

Processing of SAR Data
Author : Achim Hein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
Category : Science
Total pages :291
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Written for students, remote sensing specialists, researchers and SAR system designers, Processing of SAR Data shows how to produce quality SAR images. In particular, this practical reference presents new methods and algorithms concerning the interferometric processing of SAR data with emphasis on system and signal theory, namely how SAR imagery is formed, how interferometry SAR images are created, and a detailed mathematical description of different focussing algorithms. Starting with the processing basics and progressing to the final geo-coded SAR data product, the book describes the complete processing steps in detail. Algorithms based on the effects of side-looking geometry are developed to correct foreshortening, shadowing and layover.

Field Guide to Interferometric Optical Testing

Field Guide to Interferometric Optical Testing
Author : Eric P. Goodwin,James C. Wyant
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release Date : 2006
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :100
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A distillation of Dr. Wyant's course at University of Arizona, this Field Guide covers the key fundamentals of interferometry, types of interferometers and interferograms, concepts of phase-shifting interferometry, long-wavelength interferometry, testing of aspheric surfaces, measurement of surface microstructure, flat and curved surface testing, and absolute measurements.

Basics of Holography

Basics of Holography
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2002-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :161
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An excellent introduction to holography for students and researchers in science and engineering.

Optical Interferometry

Optical Interferometry
Author : Alexandr Banishev,Jue Wang,Mithun Bhowmick
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-02-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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Optical methods of measurements are the most sensitive techniques of noncontact investigations, and at the same time, they are fast as well as accurate which increases reproducibility of observed results. In recent years, the importance of optical interferometry methods for research has dramatically increased, and applications range from precise surface testing to finding extrasolar planets. This book covers various aspects of optical interferometry including descriptions of novel apparatuses and methods, application interferometry for studying biological objects, surface qualities, materials characterization, and optical testing. The book includes a series of chapters in which experts share recent progress in interferometry through original research and literature reviews.

Atom Interferometry

Atom Interferometry
Author : Paul R. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1997-01-08
Category : Science
Total pages :478
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The field of atom interferometry has expanded rapidly in recent years, and todays research laboratories are using atom interferometers both as inertial sensors and for precision measurements. Many researchers also use atom interferometry as a means of researching fundamental questions in quantum mechanics. Atom Interferometry contains contributions from theoretical and experimental physicists at the forefront of this rapidly developing field. Editor Paul R. Berman includes an excellent balance of background material and recent experimental results,providing a general overview of atom interferometry and demonstrating the promise that it holds for the future. Includes contributions from many of the research groups that have pioneered this emerging field Discusses and demonstrates new aspects of the wave nature of atoms Explains the many important applications of atom interferometry, from a measurement of the gravitational constant to atom lithography Examines applications of atom interferometry to fundamentally important quantum mechanics problems

An Introduction to Interferometry

An Introduction to Interferometry
Author : S. Tolansky
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1955
Category : Interference (Light)
Total pages :223
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Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine

Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine
Author : David D. Nolte
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-12-04
Category : Science
Total pages :354
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This book presents the fundamental physics of optical interferometry as applied to biophysical, biological and medical research. Interference is at the core of many types of optical detection and is a powerful probe of cellular and tissue structure in interfererence microscopy and in optical coherence tomography. It is also the root cause of speckle and other imaging artefacts that limit range and resolution. For biosensor applications, the inherent sensitivity of interferometry enables ultrasensitive detection of molecules in biological samples for medical diagnostics. In this book, emphasis is placed on the physics of light scattering, beginning with the molecular origins of refraction as light propagates through matter, and then treating the stochastic nature of random fields that ultimately dominate optical imaging in cells and tissue. The physics of partial coherence plays a central role in the text, with a focus on coherence detection techniques that allow information to be selectively detected out of incoherent and heterogeneous backgrounds. Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine is divided into four sections. The first covers fundamental principles, and the next three move up successive scales, beginning with molecular interferometry (biosensors), moving to cellular interferometry (microscopy), and ending with tissue interferometry (biomedical). An outstanding feature of the book is the clear presentation of the physics, with easy derivations of the appropriate equations, while emphasizing "rules of thumb" that can be applied by experimental researchers to give semi-quantitative predictions.

Interferometry in Radioastronomy and Radar Techniques

Interferometry in Radioastronomy and Radar Techniques
Author : R. Wohlleben,H. Mattes,Th. Krichbaum
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :210
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In recent years aperture synthesis and interferometry have become very powerful tools in radioastronomy. Investigation of distant galaxies, for example, have revealed structures with sizes of less than a kiloparsec. In general, the study of galaxies has benefited from the great power of these techniques. Radar applications have also dramatically increased their quality by using the interferometry principle. Tracking and airborne radar can now determine position and velocity of objects with a much higher accuracy. This book describes in the first six, short chapters the basics of interferometry and aperture synthesis. The following two, long chapters treat the aspects of radioastronomical interferometers and radar applications of interferometry in great detail. The text offers readers a very good opportunity to familiarize themselves with the mathematical background of these very complex techniques. For researchers and students in radioastronomy and electrical engineering.

Optical Methods of Engineering Analysis

Optical Methods of Engineering Analysis
Author : Gary Cloud
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1998-05-28
Category : Science
Total pages :503
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A lucid, up-to-date discussion of optical methods of solving mechanical measurement problems, for graduate students, researchers and practising engineers.

Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy

Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy
Author : Anthony Richard Thompson,James M. Moran,George Warner Swenson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994-01-01
Category : Radio astronomy
Total pages :534
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The theories and techniques that underlie radio interferometry as applied to astonomy and astrometry are discussed in this text. It is intended for graduate students and professionals who wish to use interferometric or synthesis-mapping techniques in astronomy, astrometry or geodesy.