January 25, 2021

Download Ebook Free Behavioral Economics For Tourism

Behavioral Economics for Tourism

Behavioral Economics for Tourism
Author : Milena S. Nikolova
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-09-24
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :278
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Behavioral Economics for Tourism applies behavioral perspectives to business and policy challenges in the tourism industry. The book enables professionals and early career researchers to succeed by focusing on market and consumer trends, technological advancements, and the modern tourist. It covers the transformation of purchasing decisions, tourism hosting dynamics, digital mediation and disintermediation of tourism organizations, service design, and planning policy considerations. The volume concludes with case studies illustrating successful and unsuccessful behavioral tactics and strategies for tourism businesses and organizations. Provides behavioral profiling of the digitally-informed, mobile, self-managed tourist Allows the tourism industry to better understand tourists, both cognitively and emotionally Supports business success, technology development and sustainability in the tourism industry Features case studies on behavioral tactics and strategies for use in tourism

Exam Prep for: Behavioral Economics for Tourism

Exam Prep for: Behavioral Economics for Tourism
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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Space Tourism Leisure Behavioral Economic Comsumption Model

Space Tourism Leisure Behavioral Economic Comsumption Model
Author : Johnny Ch Lok
Publisher : Space Tourism Psychology Consu
Release Date : 2018-08
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :96
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Chapter SixSpace tourism leisure behavioral economicconsumption model In space tourism leisure industry, due to every time space trip needs the space travelling planner to plan how much budget to consume expensive spce ticket price. So, it seems that the target customers will be rich or high income level young people or the retirement rich old people target customer group. So, it brings this question: How to persuade these rich or high income young people or rich retirement old people to prefer to spend spce tourism leisure at least one time in their life? It is one valuabe research question to every future space tourism leisure provider. I shall indicate the successful factors to analyze how to persuade them to accept this kind of potential space travelling leisure in behavioral economic personal consumption view point, in order to explain the cause and effect relationship between of these factors as below:(1) Economic environment variable factor Firstly, it is economic environment variable factor whether it can influence to space tourism leisure consumption changing. As I discuss about economic environment variable issue will influence consumption behavior changing. For space tourism leisure case, it is not now kind of essential consumption leisure product to every one. So , even the rich or high income people who will be influences to seek this kind of leisure to play, it the economic environment is improved, it will influence they have positive attitude and interest to choose this kind of leisure consumption. However, if the economic environment is worse, it will influence they have negative attitude and no interest to choose this kind of leisure consumption, due to space travel is one kind of expensive leisure consumption to every one. Hence, in this space tourism leisure industry, it does not ensure that the rich or high income people must be persuade to choose this kind of expensive space tourism entertainment in whose holiday or retirement time. They can have the common tourism entertainment to go to different countries to travel many times in our earth. Otherwise, space tourism leisure is more expensive to compare common earth tourism leisure , it means that the rich or high income people only spend one time spacecraft catching to fly to space to travel in their life, it is more difficult to every space traveler like to catch spacecraft to fly to space to travel more than one time, due to he/she had attempted to catch spacecraft to fly to space to travel to own space travel experience, he/she will feel enough satisfactory and enjoyment in common. Hence, it is possible that future many rich or high income people only like to spend one time space tourism leisure, then they won't continue to spend this kind of tourism entertainment again in their life. Thus, space tourism leisure providers need to arrange any special or attractive space tourism leisure to persuade these high income or rich target clients to consume, when the economic environment will change worse. The Europen space agency (ESA), defines this phenomenon between economic environment variable and space tourism client growth or falling number relationship as: " space tourism is an execution of sub-orbital flight by privately finded and/or privately operated vehicles and the technology development driven by space tourism market."

Economic Psychology of Travel and Tourism

Economic Psychology of Travel and Tourism
Author : John C. Crotts,W. Fred van Raaij
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 1994
Category : Travel
Total pages :133
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Here is an informative overview of economic psychology as applied to the study of travel and tourism. Economic psychology provides evidence about the behavior of consumers that is instrumental for the development of economic theory as well as for marketing, consumer policy, and research on travel and tourism. Economic Psychology of Travel and Tourism stimulates new approaches to the study of travel and tourism. Chapters contain empirical studies and explore conceptual and theoretical perspectives of the sociopsychological mechanisms that underlie travel and tourism demand and the economics of destinations. This book is a helpful resource for travel and marketing professionals and advanced students of tourism. These individuals often have a good background in psychology and in marketing, but little, if any, knowledge on how the two fields are linked. Economic Psychology of Travel and Tourism helps them see and understand the broader economic psychological issues that impact both the supply and demand sides of the travel and tourism economy. Economic Psychology of Travel and Tourism discusses such issues as corporate identity, promotion/advertising, information processing, meaning structure, and consumer behavior, research, and demand. Specific chapters in this book include: an investigation of the relationship between the way tourists think to realize their dreams and the tourist industry's potential to make those dreams come true an examination of current literature related to 4 prevalent topical areas associated with consumer behavior in recreational and touristic contexts an exploratory study to determine the extent to which friends and/or relatives influence travel decisionmaking processes beyond the role of information provider the development of a model of decisionmaking associated with long-term, complex purchase processes effects of tour brochures with experiential information a study of promotion and demand in international tourism Economic Psychology of Travel and Tourism clarifies for readers applications of psychological theories and methods to the study of travel and tourism phenomena, helping them recognize areas of economic and social psychology that can help them deal more effectively with fundamental issues underlying the travel and tourism economy.

The Economics of Recreation, Leisure and Tourism

The Economics of Recreation, Leisure and Tourism
Author : John Tribe
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2006-08-11
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :456
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Now in its third successful edition, The Economics of Leisure and Tourism has been fully revised and updated to cover all the latest issues and changes, and more. Essentially a real world text in applied economics, it explains the necessary economic theories from first principles and applies them to a range of leisure and tourism problems and issues at the consumer, business, national and international level. Key themes discussed are: * How is the provision of leisure and tourism determined and could it be provided in a different way? * What are the key opportunities and threats facing leisure and tourism & environmental impacts? * How can economics be used to manage leisure and tourism? International in its outlook, this text uses examples from Brazil, China, India and Japan, as well as Europe, North America and Australia. With an accompanying website with links and Powerpoint resources for lecturers, this new edition provides: * New chapters on regeneration, tourism as an economic development strategy, globalisation and ppolitical economy of tourism. * Introduction of dependency theory and development economics theories * Liberal use of press cuttings, journal articles and international case studies * User friendly learning features such as: visual mapping of chapter contents, chapter objectives, summaries of key points’ short answer questions.

Problems, Methods and Tools in Experimental and Behavioral Economics

Problems, Methods and Tools in Experimental and Behavioral Economics
Author : Kesra Nermend,Małgorzata Łatuszyńska
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-09-18
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :342
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These proceedings highlight research on the latest trends and methods in experimental and behavioral economics. Featuring contributions presented at the 2017 Computational Methods in Experimental Economics (CMEE) conference, which was held in Lublin, Poland, it merges findings from various domains to present deep insights into topics such as game theory, decision theory, cognitive neuroscience and artificial intelligence. The fields of experimental economics and behavioral economics are rapidly evolving. Modern applications of experimental economics require the integration of know-how from disciplines including economics, computer science, psychology and neuroscience. The use of computer technology enhances researchers’ ability to generate and analyze large amounts of data, allowing them to use non-standard methods of data logging for experiments such as cognitive neuronal methods. Experiments are currently being conducted with software that, on the one hand, provides interaction with the people involved in experiments, and on the other helps to accurately record their responses. The goal of the CMEE conference and the papers presented here is to provide the scientific community with essential research on and applications of computer methods in experimental economics. Combining theories, methods and regional case studies, the book offers a valuable resource for all researchers, scholars and policymakers in the areas of experimental and behavioral economics.

Introduction to Behavioral Economics

Introduction to Behavioral Economics
Author : David R. Just
Publisher : Wiley Global Education
Release Date : 2013-11-15
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :528
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Introduction to Behavioral Economics is focused on the broad principles of behavior, which are illustrated using real-world examples from experimental literature as well as experiential examples. Real-world examples are drawn from news items, historical accounts and the economics literature. Experimental examples are drawn from the economics literature. These examples are discussed providing explanatory figures and interpretations. With the rise of both behavioral finance and behavioral industrial organization, undergraduates now clamor for formal training and instruction in behavioral economics. Introduction to Behavioral Economics covers all the ways consumers and other economic agents behave in a nonrational manner and prepares readers to make rational economic choices. This text providesÊexperiments as a set of examples of the broader principles of behavior.

Nature-based Tourism and Conservation

Nature-based Tourism and Conservation
Author : Clement Allan Tisdell,Clevo Wilson
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date : 2012-01-01
Category : Travel
Total pages :520
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'This book tackles the two edge sword of non consumptive wildlife tourism: on net does it add to or detract from species conservation? The book does so with a treasure trove of original survey research on the supply and demand for wildlife tourism on both public and private lands from Antarctica to rainforests to marine wildlife. The economic analysis is one of the first to apply new behavioral economics to analyzing tourists' choices.' John Loomis, Colorado State University, US 'Does nature-based tourism help or hinder biodiversity conservation? The answer provided by this authoritative volume is that it depends on context and type of tourism and is no easy panacea. Indeed it can result in an under supply of nature conservation from an economic point of view. This book provides an excellent synthesis, supported by case studies, of the tourism conservation trade off problem, it will appeal to both academic and practitioner audiences.' R. Kerry Turner, CBE, University of East Anglia, UK 'This book encapsulates a lifetime's scholarly work between the authors. It sets out the platform upon which nature-based tourism may be discussed and debated, which it then enriches by a series of case examples, mostly drawn from personal experience. In doing so it performs a valuable service to all interested in this field by capturing those detailed insights into nature-based tourism that are often only acquired by experience.' Stephen Wanhill, Editor, Tourism Economics 'In today's world, even nature seems to have to pay its own way. Nature-based Tourism and Conservation provides detailed real-life examples of how this is working in various parts of the world, from rainforests to Antarctica, and how the tradeoffs can best be measured. Clem Tisdell and Clevo Wilson provide a unique economic perspective to the various issues involved, providing practical illustrations of how others can incorporate the various ways of considering costs and benefits when deciding how to define the role nature-based tourism when planning conservation measures. This book will be useful to a wide range of audiences, from national protected area agencies to private land-owners who are establishing their own nature-based tourism enterprises.' Jeffrey McNeely, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Switzerland Nature-based Tourism and Conservation unearths new or neglected principles relevant to tourism and recreational economics, environmental valuation and economic theory. Its three parts have chapters on nature-based tourism and its relationships to conservation including case studies dealing with the consequences of World Heritage listing of natural sites, Antarctic, subtropical and tropical national park-based tourism and an NGO's conservation efforts modelled on ecotourism. The final part focuses on tourism utilizing particular wildlife, including sea turtles, whales, penguins, royal albatross, glow-worms and tree kangaroos.

Handbook of Tourist Behavior

Handbook of Tourist Behavior
Author : Metin Kozak,Alain Decrop
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2009-01-13
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :286
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In today’s highly competitive and global economy, understanding tourist behavior is imperative to success. Tourist behavior has become a cornerstone of any marketing strategy and action. Choosing, buying and consuming tourism/travel products and services includes a range of psycho-social processes and a number of personal and environmental influences that researchers and managers should take into account. This book provides an overview of such processes and influences and explains the basic concepts and theories that underlie tourist decision-making and behavior. It also incorporates a number of cases studies in order to aid readers to better appraise the application of those concepts and theories. The Handbook of Tourist Behavior will be of significant interest to researchers and students in tourism, leisure, marketing and psychology, and also to practitioners in the tourism industry.

The Routledge Handbook of Consumer Behaviour in Hospitality and Tourism

The Routledge Handbook of Consumer Behaviour in Hospitality and Tourism
Author : Saurabh Kumar Dixit
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2017-04-07
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :484
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Consumer behaviour is one of the most explored topics in tourism and hospitality marketing, interchangeably denoted by the terms ‘traveller behaviour’, ‘tourist behaviour’ or ‘guest behaviour’. Consumer behaviour acts as an origin for every tourism and hospitality marketing activity. It offers an understanding of why people tend to choose certain products or services and what sort of factors influence them in making their decision. The decision process of buying tourism products or services takes time, because they are mostly intangible in nature due to which there are many risks involved in their buying process. The Routledge Handbook of Consumer Behaviour in Hospitality and Tourism aims to explore and critically examine current debates, critical reflections of contemporary ideas, controversies and pertinent queries relating to the rapidly expanding discipline of consumer behaviour in hospitality and tourism. The Handbook offers a platform for dialogue across disciplinary and national boundaries and areas of study through its diverse coverage. It is divided into six parts: Part I offers an overview of consumer behaviour; Part II focuses on the service quality perspectives of consumer behaviour; Part III deliberates on customer satisfaction and consumer behaviour linkages; Part IV explores the re-patronage behaviour of consumers; Part V addresses the vital issues concerning online consumer behaviour; and Part VI elaborates upon other emerging paradigms of consumer behaviour. Although there is no dearth of empirical studies on different viewpoints of consumer behaviour, there is a scarcity of literature providing conceptual information. The present Handbook is organised to offer a comprehensive theoretical body of knowledge narrating consumer behaviour, especially for hospitality and tourism businesses and operations. It attempts to fill this research gap by offering a 'globalised' volume comprising chapters organised using both practical and academic approaches. This Handbook is essential reading for students, researchers and academics of Hospitality as well as those of Tourism, Marketing, International Business and Consumer Behaviour.

Behavioral Economics For Dummies

Behavioral Economics For Dummies
Author : Morris Altman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-02-28
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :384
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A guide to the study of how and why you really make financial decisions While classical economics is based on the notion that people act with rational self-interest, many key money decisions—like splurging on an expensive watch—can seem far from rational. The field of behavioral economics sheds light on the many subtle and not-so-subtle factors that contribute to our financial and purchasing choices. And in Behavioral Economics For Dummies, readers will learn how social and psychological factors, such as instinctual behavior patterns, social pressure, and mental framing, can dramatically affect our day-to-day decision-making and financial choices. Based on psychology and rooted in real-world examples, Behavioral Economics For Dummies offers the sort of insights designed to help investors avoid impulsive mistakes, companies understand the mechanisms behind individual choices, and governments and nonprofits make public decisions. A friendly introduction to the study of how and why people really make financial decisions The author is a professor of behavioral and institutional economics at Victoria University An essential component to improving your financial decision-making (and even to understanding current events), Behavioral Economics For Dummies is important for just about anyone who has a bank account and is interested in why—and when—they spend money.

Food and Agricultural Tourism

Food and Agricultural Tourism
Author : Susan L. Slocum,Kynda R. Curtis
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-10-12
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :246
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This book fills a gap in the growing academic discipline of food and agricultural tourism, offering the first multidisciplinary approach to food tourism and the role it plays in economic development, destination marketing, and gastronomic exploration. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the discipline by considering food tourism in connection with both cultural values and important issues in agriculture, food consumption and safety, and rural heritage and sustainability. The book is divided into four Parts. Part I defines the elements of food tourism and explains its relationship with sustainability. Part II provides an overview of rural development and demonstrates the impact of industrialization and globalization on eating habits. Part III focuses on food tourism studies and market segmentation techniques to help students understand customer needs regarding food tourism products. Finally, Part IV looks at the financial, policy, and legal requirements relating to food tourism development, providing hands-on tools for students entering food tourism businesses or industries. Complemented by a wide range of international case studies, key definitions, and study questions, Food and Agricultural Tourism is essential reading for students of tourism, geography, and economic development studies.

Handbook of Contemporary Behavioral Economics

Handbook of Contemporary Behavioral Economics
Author : Morris Altman
Publisher : M.E. Sharpe
Release Date : 2006
Category : Economics
Total pages :762
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Tourism Economics

Tourism Economics
Author : Donald E. Lundberg,M. Krishnamoorthy,Mink H. Stavenga
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release Date : 1995-02-06
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :196
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The first and only comprehensive introduction to the economics of tourism... A knowledge of economic trends and conditions is fundamental to strategic planning and project development in any business. Yet, despite the fact that tourism has become the world's largest industry, until now, there were no textbooks devoted to the economics of tourism. A book whose time has finally come, Tourism Economics arms students and industry professionals with a solid working knowledge of economic concepts and analytical techniques as they apply to tourism. Written by three experts from the U.S. International University's prestigious Department of Hotel, Restaurant, and Tourism Management, Tourism Economics: Explains all important economic principles and concepts, defines key terminology, and clearly describes a number of analytical models and forecasting techniques Illustrates all points covered with numerous case studies from around the world and selected reading excerpts Requires no prior familiarity with economics and features a clear, easy-to-read, nonmathematical style "Tourism can be viewed as an institution with millions of interactions taking place, an institution with a history, body of knowledge, and a constituency of millions of people who feel themselves a part of the institution. For purposes of this book, tourism is an economic activity involving billions of dollars exchanged each month, a social science to be analyzed, trends to be identified, and costs/benefits to be computed."—from Tourism Economics The past two decades have been a time of fast and furious growth for world tourism, accounting for more than 6% of the world's gross national product ($3.2 trillion in 1993) and employing 127 million people worldwide, tourism is now, beyond a doubt, the world's largest industry. And with an average of 20,000 new jobs created per each additional $1 million spent on travel, tourism is also the most prolific generator of new jobs. As a consequence of tourism's growing preeminence, a new field has emerged over the past few years to help the tourism industry and public policymakers better understand the impact of tourism on other segments of the economy and to recognize and facilitate current and future economic trends in tourism—tourism economics. This groundbreaking book was written by three experts from the U.S. International University's prestigious Department of Hotel, Restaurant, and Tourism Management. With the assistance of numerous case studies from around the world and selected reading excerpts, they explain all relevant economic principles and concepts, define key terminology, and clearly describe a number of useful analytical models and forecasting techniques. Requiring no prior knowledge of economics, Tourism Economics features a clear, easy-to-read, nonmathematical style. A book whose time has finally come, Tourism Economics is indispensable reading for students of tourism and hospitality as well as industry professionals and researchers.

Co - Creation in Tourist Experiences

Co - Creation in Tourist Experiences
Author : Nina K Prebensen,Joseph S Chen,Muzaffer S Uysal
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-04-21
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :164
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The tourist experience is multi-faceted and dynamic, as tourists engage with its formation and creation. The tourists then become vital in creating value for themselves together with the service provider. Experience value cannot be pre-produced, but is co-created between host and guest(s) in the servicescape. The tourist managers can therefore only plan for and facilitate for value co-creation to take place. This book responds to the need for a critical review of how firms can facilitate and dramatize for enhanced experience value for tourists. As the roles of participants and providers are changing rapidly, new knowledge in terms of how value creation and value co-creation can transpire needs to be generated. The aim of this book is therefore to accentuate the role and importance of the core elements in value creation processes, namely, the customer(s), the setting in which co-creation would take place, and the provider. Bringing together scholars from diverse areas to address the nature of how the actors co-create values through interaction in different experience settings, the book also serves as a guide to the best practice of co-creation of tourist experiences. It will therefore appeal practically as well as theoretically to scholars and students of tourism, marketing, leisure, hospitality, and services management.