November 24, 2020

Download Ebook Free Bio-Tribocorrosion In Biomaterials And Medical Implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
Author : Y. Yan,A. Neville
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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Total joint replacement (TJR), or joint arthroplasty, is a widely used surgical procedure in which the entire joint is removed and replaced with a prosthetic joint. The most common types of TJR are total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR). The improvement and development of safer, longer lasting and better functioning implants are essential. Recent reports of potential problems caused by ion release in metal-on-metal (MoM) TJRs resulting in the formation of pseudo-tumours therefore need to be properly investigated. This chapter provides an overview of the evolution of TJR, followed by a review of the issues and the science around ion release. The potential corrosion issues and bio-tribocorrosion processes which prevail in TJRs, including orthopaedic implant materials, load-bearing joint replacement materials tribocorrosion, and protein adsorption, are also discussed.

Bio-Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants

Bio-Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants
Author : Yu Yan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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During their service life, most biomaterials and medical implants are vulnerable to tribological damage. In addition, the environments in which they are placed are often corrosive. The combination of triobology, corrosion and the biological environment has been named ‘bio-tribocorrosion’. Understanding this complex phenomenon is critical to improving the design and service life of medical implants. This important book reviews recent key research in this area. After an introduction to the topography of bio-tribocorrosion, Part one discusses different types of tribocorrosion including fatigue-corrosion, fretting-corrosion, wear-corrosion and abrasion-corrosion. The book also discusses the prediction of wear in medical devices. Part two looks at biological effects on tribocorrosion processes, including how proteins interact with material surfaces and the evolution of surface changes due to bio-tribocorrosion resulting from biofilms and passive films. Part three reviews the issue of bio-tribocorrosion in clinical practice, including dental applications and joint replacement as well the use of coatings and test methods for bio-tribocorrosion. With its international team of contributors, Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants is a standard reference for those researching and developing medical devices as well as clinicians in such areas as dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Reviews recent research in bio-tribocorrosion and its role in improving the design and service life of medical implants Discusses types of bio-tribocorrosion including fatigue and wear corrosion Examines biological effects on bio-tribocorrosion processes including interaction of proteins with metal surfaces

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
Author : J. Geringer,K. Kim,J. Pellier,D.D. Macdonald
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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Two materials (one being metal) under slight relative motion in a liquid medium are subjected to fretting corrosion. This chapter is dedicated to studying fretting corrosion of implants. After describing the most significant implants subjected to fretting, fretting corrosion is defined. Fretting corrosion is a particular degradation mechanism; it highlights the key role of passive film, crevice corrosion, etc. For demonstrating the electrochemical effect of the fretting corrosion of metal, some investigations are presented at free corrosion potential and at applied potential to measure the specific current density. Moreover, the role of proteins is investigated because they constitute the biological environment and thus play a significant role in fretting corrosion processes. Finally, results from atomic force microscopy (AFM) show the particular debris, size about 100nm. The problem of debris influence is discussed.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
Author : J.J. Ryu,P. Shrotriya
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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This chapter discusses synergistic damage mechanisms of modular implants due to mechanical stimulus and electrochemical dissolution. The influences of contact loads, plastic deformation, residual stresses, and environmental conditions are focused to illustrate mechanisms of damage and dissolution. Fretting corrosion is the most prevalent phenomenon that degrades the mechanical and chemical properties of implant materials. It has been explained as an alternating process of fracture and unstable growth of metal oxide film during fatigue contact motion in the corrosive environment. Stress-dependent electrochemical dissolution has also been identified as one of the key mechanisms governing surface degradation in fatigue contact and crevice corrosion of biomedical implants. This damage mechanism incorporates contact-induced residual stress development and stress-assisted dissolution. Understanding of the corrosion damage mechanism of metallic implants is very important in predicting the useful life of implants and optimizing the design of orthopedic implants.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
Author : L.A. Rocha,F. Oliveira,H.V. Cruz,C. Sukotjo,M.T. Mathew
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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In the oral cavity, materials (including our natural teeth) are exposed to a complex environment, which results in simultaneous mechanical, electrochemical, and microbiological solicitations. Therefore, bio-tribocorrosion is an important cause of degradation of dental materials leading to functional and/or biological detrimental effects due to an increased release of metallic ions and wear debris. This chapter describes the main bio-tribocorrosion phenomena that occur in the oral environment, and discuss the main parameters related to both the materials and the environment affecting bio-tribocorrosion in dental applications.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
Author : S. Affatato,L. Grillini
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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Wear can be defined as a process where interaction between two surfaces or bounding faces of solids within the working environment results in dimensional loss of one solid, with or without any actual decoupling and loss of material. Wear may accelerate corrosion that involves chemical or electrochemical reactions between materials. Both these phenomena fall under the broader category of tribocorrosion. The interactions of mechanical loading and chemical/electrochemical reactions that occur between the elements of a tribological system exposed to biological environments constitute bio-tribocorrosion science.

Degradation of Implant Materials

Degradation of Implant Materials
Author : Noam Eliaz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-08-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :516
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This book reviews the current understanding of the mechanical, chemical and biological processes that are responsible for the degradation of a variety of implant materials. All 18 chapters will be written by internationally renowned experts to address both fundamental and practical aspects of research into the field. Different failure mechanisms such as corrosion, fatigue, and wear will be reviewed, together with experimental techniques for monitoring them, either in vitro or in vivo. Procedures for implant retrieval and analysis will be presented. A variety of biomaterials (stainless steels, titanium and its alloys, nitinol, magnesium alloys, polyethylene, biodegradable polymers, silicone gel, hydrogels, calcium phosphates) and medical devices (orthopedic and dental implants, stents, heart valves, breast implants) will be analyzed in detail. The book will serve as a broad reference source for graduate students and researchers studying biomedicine, corrosion, surface science, and electrochemistry.

Tribocorrosion of Passive Metals and Coatings

Tribocorrosion of Passive Metals and Coatings
Author : D Landolt,S Mischler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-10-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :576
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Tribocorrosion causes the degradation or alteration of materials through the combined action of corrosion and wear. It limits the performance and life-time of installations, machines and devices with moving parts, and controls certain manufacturing processes such as chemical–mechanical polishing. The effects of tribocorrosion are most pronounced on passive metals which owe their corrosion resistance to a thin protecting oxide film. Most corrosion-resistant engineering alloys belong to this category. This book provides an introduction to the developing field of tribocorrosion and an overview of the latest research. Part one reviews basic notions of corrosion and tribology, before presenting the most recent results on the growth and structure of passive oxide films. Tribocorrosion mechanisms under fretting, sliding and erosion conditions, respectively, are then discussed. Part two focuses on methods for measuring and preventing tribocorrosion. It includes chapters on electrochemical techniques, the design of tribocorrosion test equipment, data evaluation and the optimisation of materials’ properties for tribocorrosion systems. Part three presents a selection of tribocorrosion problems in engineering and medicine. Three chapters address the tribocorrosion of medical implants including test methods and clinical implications. Other chapters examine tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power plants, marine environments, automotive cooling circuits, elevated-temperature metal working and chemical–mechanical polishing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings is an invaluable reference tool for engineers and researchers in industry and academia confronted with tribocorrosion problems. Comprehensively reviews current research on the tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings, with particular reference to the design of tribocorrosion test equipment, data evaluation and the optimisation of materials’ properties for tribocorrosion systems Chapters discuss tribocorrosion mechanisms under fretting, sliding and erosion conditions before focussing on methods for measuring and preventing tribocorrosion Includes a comprehensive selection of tribocorrosion problems in engineering and medicine, such as the tribocorrosion of medical implants, and tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power plants, marine environments, automotive cooling circuits and elevated-temperature metal working

Metals for Biomedical Devices

Metals for Biomedical Devices
Author : Mitsuo Niinomi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-03-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :432
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Despite recent advances in medical devices using other materials, metallic implants are still one of the most commercially significant sectors of the industry. Given the widespread use of metals in medical devices, it is vital that the fundamentals and behaviour of this material are understood. Metals in biomedical devices reviews the latest techniques in metal processing methods and the behaviour of this important material. Initial chapters review the current status and selection of metals for biomedical devices. Chapters in part two discuss the mechanical behaviour, degradation and testing of metals with specific chapters on corrosion, wear testing and biocompatibility of biomaterials. Part three covers the processing of metals for biomedical applications with chapters on such topics as forging metals and alloys, surface treatment, coatings and sterilisation. Chapters in the final section discuss clinical applications of metals such as cardiovascular, orthopaedic and new generation biomaterials. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Metals for biomedical devices is a standard reference for materials scientists, researchers and engineers working in the medical devices industry and academia. Reviews the latest techniques in metal processing methods including surface treatment and sterilisation Examines metal selection for biomedical devices considering biocompatibility of various metals Assesses mechanical behaviour and testing of metals featuring corrosion, fatigue and wear

Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Biomaterials and Medical Devices
Author : Ferdyansyah Mahyudin,Hendra Hermawan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-03-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :242
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This book presents an introduction to biomaterials with the focus on the current development and future direction of biomaterials and medical devices research and development in Indonesia. It is the first biomaterials book written by selected academic and clinical experts experts on biomaterials and medical devices from various institutions and industries in Indonesia. It serves as a reference source for researchers starting new projects, for companies developing and marketing products and for governments setting new policies. Chapter one covers the fundamentals of biomaterials, types of biomaterials, their structures and properties and the relationship between them. Chapter two discusses unconventional processing of biomaterials including nano-hybrid organic-inorganic biomaterials. Chapter three addresses biocompatibility issues including in vitro cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, in vitro cell models, biocompatibility data and its related failure. Chapter four describes degradable biomaterial for medical implants, which include biodegradable polymers, biodegradable metals, degradation assessment techniques and future directions. Chapter five focuses on animal models for biomaterial research, ethics, care and use, implantation study and monitoring and studies on medical implants in animals in Indonesia. Chapter six covers biomimetic bioceramics, natural-based biocomposites and the latest research on natural-based biomaterials in Indonesia. Chapter seven describes recent advances in natural biomaterial from human and animal tissue, its processing and applications. Chapter eight discusses orthopedic applications of biomaterials focusing on most common problems in Indonesia, and surgical intervention and implants. Chapter nine describes biomaterials in dentistry and their development in Indonesia.

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics
Author : Dominique G. Poitout
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-06-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :547
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With the constant evolution of implant technology, and improvement in the production of allograft and bone substitutes, the armamentarium of the orthopaedic surgeon has significantly expanded. In particular, the recent involvement of nanotechnologies opens up the possibilities of new approaches in the interactive interfaces of implants. With many important developments occurring since the first edition of this well-received book, this updated resource informs orthopaedic practitioners on a wide range of biomechanical advances in one complete reference guide. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics, 2nd edition compiles the most prominent work in the discipline to offer newly-qualified orthopedic surgeons a summary of the fundamental skills that they will need to apply in their day-to-day work, while also updating the knowledge of experienced surgeons. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.

Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials

Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials
Author : Thomas Dziubla,D Allan Butterfield
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-05-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :404
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Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials provides readers with the latest information on biomaterials and the oxidative stress that can pose an especially troubling challenge to their biocompatibility, especially given the fact that, at the cellular level, the tissue environment is a harsh landscape of precipitating proteins, infiltrating leukocytes, released oxidants, and fluctuations of pH which, even with the slightest shift in stasis, can induce a perpetual state of chronic inflammation. No material is 100% non-inflammatory, non-toxic, non-teratogenic, non-carcinogenic, non-thrombogenic, and non-immunogenic in all biological settings and situations. In this embattled terrain, the most we can hope for from the biomaterials we design is a type of “meso-compatibility, a material which can remain functional and benign for as long as required without succumbing to this cellular onslaught and inducing a local inflammatory reaction. Explores the challenges of designing and using biomaterials in order to minimize oxidative stress, reducing patterns of chronic inflammation and cell death Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and the biology of oxidative stress Provides approaches for the design of biomaterials with improved biocompatibility

Biomedical Tribology

Biomedical Tribology
Author : J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Nova Biomedical Books
Release Date : 2011-10-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :178
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Nowadays, it is common to define tribology as the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion. It includes a study that deals with the design, friction, wear and lubrication of interacting surfaces. Consequently, biomedical tribology is defined as the tribological phenomena occurring in the human body. This book provides research and review studies on biomedical tribology. Topics discussed include tribocorrosion and bio-tribocorrosion in the oral environment; friction of hip replacement bearing; development of the friction and wear of articular cartilage; and, axisymmetric contact stress analysis for artificial hip joint and the stability of hip endoprostheses.

Biomanufacturing

Biomanufacturing
Author : Chander Prakash,Sunpreet Singh,Rupinder Singh,Seeram Ramakrishna,B. S. Pabla,Sanjeev Puri,M. S. Uddin
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-03-20
Category : Science
Total pages :271
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​Current Trends in Biomanufacturing focuses on cutting-edge research regarding the design, fabrication, assembly, and measurement of bio-elements into structures, devices, and systems. The field of biomaterial and biomanufacturing is growing exponentially in order to meet the increasing demands of for artificial joints, organs and bone-fixation devices. Rapid advances in the biological sciences and engineering are leading to newer and viable resources, methods and techniques that may providing better quality of life and more affordable health care services. The book covers the broad aspects of biomanufacturing, including: synthesis of biomaterials; implant coating techniques; spark plasma sintering; microwave processing; and cladding, powder metallurgy and electrospinning. The contributors illustrate the recent trends of biomanufacturing, highlighting the important aspects of biomaterial synthesis, and their use as feedstock of fabrication technologies and their characterization, along with their clinical practices. Current Trends in Biomanufacturing updates researchers and scientists the novelties and techniques of the field, as it summarises numerous aspects of biomanufacturing, including synthesis of biomaterials, fabrication of biomedical structures, their in-vivo/ in-vitro, mechanical analysis and associated ISO standards.

New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare

New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare
Author : Elena P. Ivanova,Kateryna Bazaka,Roy J. Crawford
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2014-02-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :244
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New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials. The book begins with an overview of the use of biomaterials in contemporary healthcare and the process of developing novel biomaterials; the key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems are also highlighted. The book then reviews the main materials used in functional biomaterials, particularly their properties and applications. Individual chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics. Advances in processing technologies and our understanding of materials and their properties have made it possible for scientists and engineers to develop more sophisticated biomaterials with more targeted functionality. New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides an ideal one-volume summary of this important field that represents essential reading for scientists, engineers, and clinicians, and a useful reference text for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials Highlights key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems Chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics