November 27, 2020

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Bioceramics and their Clinical Applications

Bioceramics and their Clinical Applications
Author : T Kokubo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-03-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :784
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Bioceramics have been used very successfully within the human body for many years. They are commonly used in orthopaedic surgery and dentistry but they are potentially suitable for a wide range of important applications within the medical device industry. This important book reviews the range of bioceramics, their properties and range of clinical uses. Chapters in the first section of the book discusses issues of significance to a range of bioceramics such as their structure, mechanical properties and biological interactions. The second part reviews the fabrication, microstructure and properties of specific bioceramics and glasses, concentrating on the most promising materials. These include alumina and zirconia ceramics, bioactive glasses and bioactive glass-ceramics, calcium sulphate, tricalcium phosphate-based ceramics, hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite biphasic ceramics, si-substrated hydroxyapatite, calcium phosphate cement, calcium phosphate coating, titania-based materials, ceramic-polymer composites, dental ceramics and dental glass-ceramics. The final group of chapters reviews the clinical applications of bioceramics in joint replacement, bone grafts, tissue engineering and dentistry. Bioceramics and their clinical applications is written by leading academics from around the world and it provides an authoritative review of this highly active area of research. This book is a useful resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers, as well as for clinicians and the academic community. Provides an authoritative review of this highly active area of research Discusses issues of significance of a range of bioceramics such as their structure, mechanical properties and biological interactions Reviews the clinical applications of bioceramics in joint replacement, bone grafts, tissue engineering and dentistry

Bio-Ceramics with Clinical Applications

Bio-Ceramics with Clinical Applications
Author : Maria Vallet-Regi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-06-12
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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This publication offers a unique approach that links the materials science of bioceramics to clinical needs and applications. Providing a structured account of this highly active area of research, the book reviews the clinical applications in bone tissue engineering, bone regeneration, joint replacement, drug-delivery systems and biomimetism, this book is an ideal resource for materials scientists and engineers, as well as for clinicians. From the contents: Part I Introduction 1. Bioceramics 2. Biomimetics Part II Materials 3. Calcium Phosphate Bioceramics 4. Silica-based Ceramics: Glasses 5. Silica-based Ceramics: Mesoporous Silica 6. Alumina, Zirconia, and Other Non-oxide Inert Bioceramics 7. Carbon-based Materials in Biomedicine Part III Material Shaping 8. Cements 9. Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants 10. Scaffold Designing Part IV Research on Future Ceramics 11. Bone Biology and Regeneration 12. Ceramics for Drug Delivery 13. Ceramics for Gene Transfection 14. Ceramic Nanoparticles for Cancer Treatment

Bioceramics and Biocomposites

Bioceramics and Biocomposites
Author : Iulian Antoniac
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-04-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Provides comprehensive coverage of the research into and clinical uses of bioceramics and biocomposites Developments related to bioceramics and biocomposites appear to be one the most dynamic areas in the field of biomaterials, with multiple applications in tissue engineering and medical devices. This book covers the basic science and engineering of bioceramics and biocomposites for applications in dentistry and orthopedics, as well as the state-of-the-art aspects of biofabrication techniques, tissue engineering, remodeling, and regeneration of bone tissue. It also provides insight into the use of bionanomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, Bioceramics and Biocomposites: From Research to Use in Clinical Practice offers complete coverage of everything from extending the concept of hemopoietic and stromal niches, to the evolution of bioceramic-based scaffolds. It looks at perspectives on and trends in bioceramics in endodontics, and discusses the influence of newer biomaterials use on the structuring of the clinician’s attitude in dental practice or in orthopedic surgery. The book also covers such topics as biofabrication techniques for bioceramics and biocomposites; glass ceramics: calcium phosphate coatings; brain drug delivery bone substitutes; and much more. Presents the biggest trends in bioceramics and biocomposites relating to medical devices and tissue engineering products Systematically presents new information about bioceramics and biocomposites, developing diagnostics and improving treatments and their influence on the clinicians' approaches Describes how to use these biomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures Offers a range of applications in clinical practice, including bone tissue engineering, remodeling, and regeneration Delineates essential requirements for resorbable bioceramics Discusses clinical results obtained in dental and orthopedic applications Bioceramics and Biocomposites: From Research to Use in Clinical Practice is an excellent resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers, bioengineers, materials scientists, and engineers. It will also benefit mechanical engineers and biochemists who work with biomaterials scientists.

Clinical Applications of Biomaterials

Clinical Applications of Biomaterials
Author : Gurbinder Kaur
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :467
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This book examines the most novel and state-of-the-art applications of biomaterials, with chapters that exemplify approaches with targeted drug delivery, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and cranioplasty implants. Expert contributors analyze biomaterials such as calcium phosphate, sol-gel and quenched glasses, metallic and polymer implants, bioactive glass, and polymer composites while also covering important areas such as the soft tissue replacement, apatites, bone regeneration and cell encapsulation. This book is appropriate for biomedical engineers, materials scientists, and clinicians who are seeking to implement the most advanced approaches and technologies with their patients.

Biomedical, Therapeutic and Clinical Applications of Bioactive Glasses

Biomedical, Therapeutic and Clinical Applications of Bioactive Glasses
Author : Gurbinder Kaur
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-09-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :584
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Biomedical, Therapeutic and Clinical Applications of Bioactive Glasses is an essential guide to bioactive glasses, offering an overview of all aspects of the development and utilization of this cutting-edge material. The book covers vital issues, including mesoporosity, encapsulation technologies, scaffold formation and coatings for a number of applications, including drug delivery, encapsulation, scaffolds and coatings. Readers will gain a strong understanding and practical knowledge of the therapeutic aspects of bioceramics, with a focus on glasses from a clinical point-of- view. Researchers, students and scientists involved in bioceramics, bone tissue engineering, regeneration and biomedical engineering will find this to be a comprehensive resource. Presents detailed coverage of bioactive glasses, including technologies and applications Includes all the major development areas related to bioactive glasses, enabling readers to understand the latest research Considers the potential future developments of bioactive glasses as a drug carrier

An Introduction to Bioceramics

An Introduction to Bioceramics
Author : L. L. Hench
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 1993
Category : Science
Total pages :386
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Ceramic materials that are specially developed for use as medical and dental implants are termed bioceramics. They include alumina and zirconia, bioactive glasses, glass-ceramics, coatings and composites, hydroxyapatite and resorbable calcium phosphates, and radiotherapy glasses. This is the first textbook in a field which is growing rapidly in clinical applications including orthopedics, otolaryngology, maxillo-facial and plastic surgery, oral surgery, periodontology, and tumor therapy. Fourteen chapters, written by world experts, describe the processing, compositions, properties, surface chemistry, tissue response, and clinical applications. There are also chapters on characterization and quality assurance testing, and the procedures that must be followed to satisfy regulatory requirements. A forecast of the future needs of the field and Appendices that summarize the relevant standards and test methods complete this unique book. The purpose of the book is to summarize and synthesize the very large and disparate body of literature in the field. Thus, it is easy to use as a textbook for an undergraduate or first year graduate course, or short industrial course, or as a reference source.

Ceramics in Clinical Applications

Ceramics in Clinical Applications
Author : P. Vincenzini
Publisher : Elsevier Publishing Company
Release Date : 1987
Category : Biomedical engineering
Total pages :476
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Alumina Ceramics

Alumina Ceramics
Author : Andrew J. Ruys
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-10-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :580
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Alumina Ceramics: Biomedical and Clinical Applications examines the extraordinary material, Alumina, and its use in biomedicine and industry. Sections discuss the fundamentals of Alumina Ceramics, look at the various industrial applications, and examine a variety of medical applications. Readers will find this to be an invaluable and unique resource for researchers, clinical professionals, engineers, and advanced level students. Alumina ceramics are a leading biomaterial used for specialist medical applications, such as bionic implants and tissue engineering, and the only biomaterial commercially viable for use as bearings for orthopedic hip replacements. As such, this book is a timely resource on the topics discussed. Provides a unique and thorough review of Alumina ceramics Written by one of the world’s leading experts in bioceramics and advanced industrial ceramics, especially alumina Targeted to researchers in the materials, clinical and dental fields Enables the non-expert with an overview of the underlying alumina technology, major challenges, major successes and future directions

Scaffolds in Tissue EngineeringMaterials, Technologies and Clinical Applications

Scaffolds in Tissue EngineeringMaterials, Technologies and Clinical Applications
Author : Francesco Baino
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-12-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :332
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Biomaterials are often designed to act as scaffolds, i.e., 3D porous templates that support and stimulate the growth of healthy tissue and then safely dissolve once they have performed their functions. This book provides a picture of the current state of the art in the field of scaffolds for tissue engineering, highlighting the potential associated to the latest scientific and technological advancements. The former part of the book focuses on the repair of "hard" tissues (primarily bone) by means of bioceramic/glass scaffolds, and the latter deals with the applications of polymeric scaffolds for regenerating "soft" tissues and structures including the peripheral nerve, heart, gastric mucosa and pancreas. Special emphasis is given to the challenges associated to scaffold manufacturing, biomimetic properties and cell-scaffold interactions.

Advances in Ceramic Biomaterials

Advances in Ceramic Biomaterials
Author : Paola Palmero,Eamonn De Barra,Francis Cambier
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-09-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :500
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Bioceramics are an important class of biomaterials. Due to their desirable attributes such as biocompatibility and osseointegration, as well as their similarity in structure to bone and teeth, ceramic biomaterials have been successfully used in hard tissue applications. In this book, a team of materials research scientists, engineers, and clinicians bridge the gap between materials science and clinical commercialization providing integrated coverage of bioceramics, their applications and challenges. The book is divided into three parts. The first part is a review of classes of medical-grade ceramic materials, their synthesis and processing as well as methods of property assessment. The second part contains a review of ceramic medical products and devices developed, their evolution, their clinical applications and some of the lessons learned from decades of clinical use. The third part outlines the challenges to improve performance and the directions that novel approaches and advanced technologies are taking, to meet these challenges. With a focus on the dialogue between surgeons, engineers, material scientists, and biologists, this book is a valuable resource for researchers and engineers working toward long-lasting, reliable, customized biomedical ceramic and composites devices. Edited by a team of experts with expertise in industry and academia Compiles the most relevant aspects on regulatory issues, standards and engineering of bioceramic medical devices as inspired by commercial and clinical needs Introduces bioceramics, their evolution and applications in hard tissue engineering and medical devices

Degradation of Implant Materials

Degradation of Implant Materials
Author : Noam Eliaz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-08-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :516
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This book reviews the current understanding of the mechanical, chemical and biological processes that are responsible for the degradation of a variety of implant materials. All 18 chapters will be written by internationally renowned experts to address both fundamental and practical aspects of research into the field. Different failure mechanisms such as corrosion, fatigue, and wear will be reviewed, together with experimental techniques for monitoring them, either in vitro or in vivo. Procedures for implant retrieval and analysis will be presented. A variety of biomaterials (stainless steels, titanium and its alloys, nitinol, magnesium alloys, polyethylene, biodegradable polymers, silicone gel, hydrogels, calcium phosphates) and medical devices (orthopedic and dental implants, stents, heart valves, breast implants) will be analyzed in detail. The book will serve as a broad reference source for graduate students and researchers studying biomedicine, corrosion, surface science, and electrochemistry.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :3672
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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Biomedical Textiles for Orthopaedic and Surgical Applications

Biomedical Textiles for Orthopaedic and Surgical Applications
Author : Todd Blair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :212
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Recent concerns over the possible effects of metal-on-metal orthopaedic implants and the evolution of more natural structures made from fibre have made medical device manufacturers consider the potential of fibre. Textiles offer the potential to replace traditional materials with novel fibres which are more suitable for many load bearing applications. Orthopaedics, in particular, is embracing textile technology for repairing, replacing, and regenerating integral pieces of the skeletal system and its associated components. This important new book will provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field. Chapters in part one will discuss the fundamentals of textiles for orthopaedic applications. Part two will cover textiles for implantable orthopaedic applications whilst the final set of chapters will discuss the role of textiles in orthopaedic tissue engineering. Provides a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications
Author : L Yahia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :326
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Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-01-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :380
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Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility