June 17, 2021

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Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands
Author : Chandrakasan Sivaperuman,A. Velmurugan,I. Jaisankar,Awnindra Kumar Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-03
Category : Science
Total pages :797
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Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands provides comprehensive information on climate change, biodiversity, possible impacts, adaptation measures and policy challenges to help users rehabilitate and preserve the natural resources of tropical islands. While biodiversity and climate change of tropical islands has previously received less attention, it is ironically one of the most vulnerable regions in this regard. The core content of the work derives largely from the ideas and research output from various reputed scientists and experts who have recorded climate change impacts on aquatic and coastal life in tropical regions. Contributors have direct working experience with the tribes in some of the tropical islands. All of their expertise and information is compiled and presented in the work, including coverage related to climate change. This work highlights the ever-growing need to develop and apply strategies that optimize the use of natural resources, both on land and in water and judicious use of biodiversity. It functions as a critical resource on tropical island biodiversity for researchers, academicians, practitioners and policy makers in a variety of related disciplines. Covers a huge range of biodiversity documentation, conservation measures and strategies that can be applied to various sectors, from forests to agriculture Brings together expertise from researchers in the area who have direct experience in the regions described Contains a wealth of field research related to biodiversity conservation and its applications from a variety of tropical islands

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands
Author : Chandrakasan Sivaperuman,A. Velmurugan,Awnindra Kumar Singh,I. Jaisankar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-04-05
Category : Science
Total pages :805
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Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands provides comprehensive information on climate change, biodiversity, possible impacts, adaptation measures and policy challenges to help users rehabilitate and preserve the natural resources of tropical islands. While biodiversity and climate change of tropical islands has previously received less attention, it is ironically one of the most vulnerable regions in this regard. The core content of the work derives largely from the ideas and research output from various reputed scientists and experts who have recorded climate change impacts on aquatic and coastal life in tropical regions. Contributors have direct working experience with the tribes in some of the tropical islands. All of their expertise and information is compiled and presented in the work, including coverage related to climate change. This work highlights the ever-growing need to develop and apply strategies that optimize the use of natural resources, both on land and in water and judicious use of biodiversity. It functions as a critical resource on tropical island biodiversity for researchers, academicians, practitioners and policy makers in a variety of related disciplines. Covers a huge range of biodiversity documentation, conservation measures and strategies that can be applied to various sectors, from forests to agriculture Brings together expertise from researchers in the area who have direct experience in the regions described Contains a wealth of field research related to biodiversity conservation and its applications from a variety of tropical islands

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific
Author : Lalit Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-01-31
Category : Science
Total pages :538
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This edited volume addresses the impacts of climate change on Pacific islands, and presents databases and indexes for assessing and adapting to island vulnerabilities. By analyzing susceptibility variables, developing comprehensive vulnerability indexes, and applying GIS techniques, the book's authors demonstrate the particular issues presented by climate change in the islands of the Pacific region, and how these issues may be managed to preserve and improve biodiversity and human livelihoods. The book first introduces the issues specific to island communities, such as high emissions impacts, and discusses the importance of the lithological traits of Pacific islands and how these physical factors relate to climate change impacts. From here, the book aims to analyze the various vulnerabilities of different island sectors, and to formulate a susceptibility index from these variables to be used by government and planning agencies for relief prioritization. Such variables include tropical cyclones, built infrastructures, proximity to coastal areas, agriculture, fisheries and marine resources, groundwater availability, biodiversity, and economic impacts on industries such as tourism. Through the categorization and indexing of these variables, human and physical adaptation measures are proposed, and support solutions are offered to aid the inhabitants of affected island countries. This book is intended for policy makers, academics, and climate change researchers, particularly those dealing with climate change impacts on small islands.

Biodiversity of Pantepui

Biodiversity of Pantepui
Author : Valenti Rull,Teresa Vegas Vilarrúbia,Otto Huber,Josefa Celsa Señaris
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-15
Category : Nature
Total pages :366
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Biodiversity of Pantepui: The Pristine "Lost World" of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands provides the most updated and comprehensive knowledge on the biota, origin, and evolution of the Pantepui biogeographical province. It synthesizes historical information and recent discoveries, covering the main biogeographic patterns, evolutionary trends, and conservational efforts. Written by international experts on the biodiversity of this pristine land, this book explores the environmental and biogeographical factors, and what makes Pantepui a unique natural laboratory to study the origin and evolution of neotropical biodiversity using only natural drivers. It discusses the organisms living in this tepui, including vascular plants, invertebrates, birds, reptiles, and mammals. The latter portion of the book delves into the effects of global warming on Pantepui, and current conservational efforts to combat these threats. Biodiversity of Pantepui is an important resource for researchers, ecologists, and conservationists who want to understand the biodiversity and history of this pristine land, and how to help conserve and protect Pantepui from environmental and human damages. Addresses the biodiversity history and efforts of the Pantepui province Offers a climactic and ecological history of the region since the Holocene epoch Discusses plant phylogeography, evolution, elevational plant diversity patterns Led by a team of editors whose expertise includes Pantepui paleoecology, neotropics, the Venezuelan Guiana and the Guiana Shield

Pacific Island Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Climate Change Adaptation

Pacific Island Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Climate Change Adaptation
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2011
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :51
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Prioritisation for Adaptation in Tropical Forest Ecosystems

Prioritisation for Adaptation in Tropical Forest Ecosystems
Author : Johnson Nkem
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :20
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Under natural resource ecosystems shared across communities and nations, the distribution among stakeholders of risks and vulnerability to climate change is likely to be uneven on account of the nature of their stakes in the ecosystems, the degree of their dependence and the extent of degradation of the natural resources. Striving for a common adaptation strategy that safeguards the shared forest ecosystems and balances the interests of the multiple stakeholders would require a framework that encourages sharing and redistribution of ecosystem benefits and sharing of the potential climate risks and impacts on forests and stakeholders, taking into account the vulnerabilities of both ecosystems and people. This will constitute an important first step in reducing the burden of climate change on the weak and most vulnerable. Such a framework would also guide the decision making process, aid in redefining future activities especially when the risk situation changes, and help connect adaptation to sustainable national and regional development programs through prioritization of possible adaptation activities. This paper uses the experiences gained under the Tropical Forests and Climate Change Adaptation project of the Center for International Forest Research across three continents to propose a priority-setting process with active participation of multiple stakeholders in tropical ecosystems in developing countries perceived in their judgment to be crucial for adaptation to climate change. By attributing values to forest ecosystem goods and services for all stakeholders, prioritization represents a common position by multiple stakeholders linking their interests and practices for a common purpose.

Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States

Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States
Author : Martin J. Bush
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-01-29
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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A groundbreaking synthesis of climate change adaptation strategies for small island states, globally A wide ranging, comprehensive, and multi-disciplinary study, this is the first book that focuses on the challenges posed by climate change impacts on the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). While most of the current literature on the subject deals with specific regions, this book analyses the impacts of climate change across the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean, and the African and Indian Ocean regions in order to identify and tackle the real issues faced by all the small island States. As the global effects of climate change become increasingly evident and urgent, it is clear that the impact on small islands is going to be particularly severe. These island countries are especially vulnerable to rising sea levels, hurricanes and cyclones, frequent droughts, and the disruption of agriculture, fisheries and vital ecosystems. On many small islands, the migration of vulnerable communities to higher ground has already begun. Food security is an increasingly pressing issue. Hundreds of thousands of islanders are at risk. Marine ecosystems are threatened by acidification and higher seawater temperatures leading to increased pressure on fisheries—still an important source of food for many island communities. The small island developing States emit only small amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Yet many SIDS governments are allocating scarce financial and human resources in an effort to further reduce their emissions. This is a mistake. Rather than focus on mitigation (i.e., the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States concentrates on adaptation. The author assesses the immediate and future impacts of climate change on small islands, and identifies a range of proven, cost-effective adaptation strategies. The book: Focuses on the challenges of climate change faced by all of the world’s small island developing States; Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research into the most likely environment impacts; Uses numerous case studies to describe proven, practical, and cost-effective policies, including disaster management strategies—which can be developed and implemented by the SIDS; Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach, making it of particular interest to specialists in a variety of disciplines, including both earth sciences and life sciences. This book is a valuable resource for all professionals and students studying climate change and its impacts. It is also essential reading for government officials and the ministries of the 51 small island developing States, as well as the signatories to the 2015 Paris climate agreement.

Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability

Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability
Author : J. Sundaresan,S. Sreekesh,AL Ramanathan,Leonard Sonnenschein,Ram Boojh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-01-11
Category : Science
Total pages :287
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"Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability” is the outcome of a selection of peer reviewed edited papers presented at the International Workshop on Climate Change and Island Vulnerability (IWCCI) held at Kadmat Island, Lakshadweep, India in October 2010. Marine and coastal biodiversity, sea level rise vulnerability, fisheries, climate change impact on livelihood options, water and sanitation in island ecosystem and mitigation, adaptation and governance are the focal themes. The basic concept conveyed in the book is that biodiversity of islands is to be protected as a natural mechanism to mitigate climate change. Probability recurrence of mass coral bleaching and the management of coral reefs and their future protection are discussed in this book. Marine productivity and climate change for the last ten thousand years in the Arabian Sea have been examined with core records. Green technology is suggested as an important tool for mitigation and adaptation programmes in climate change. Measures taken to project biomass utilisation of islands as an energy source is delineated. Climate change may pose a potential threat on human health. Improved sanitation packages and models that are cost effective and environment-friendly for islands are uniquely presented in this book.

Climate Research

Climate Research
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1996
Category : Climatology
Total pages :129
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Interactions of climate with organisms, ecosystems, and human societies.

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity in Central America, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity in Central America, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Bioclimatology
Total pages :94
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Climate Change Implications and Adaptation Strategies for the Indo-Pacific Island Nations

Climate Change Implications and Adaptation Strategies for the Indo-Pacific Island Nations
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :70
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Under the Weather and the Rising Tide

Under the Weather and the Rising Tide
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2009
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :80
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Many countries of Asia and the Pacific are at great risk from the anticipated impacts of human induced climate change. Climate change is expected to increase the intensity and frequency of natural disasters such as tropical storms and severe droughts and floods. It will also lead to sea level rise and coastal inundation, precipitate more forest fires, increase environmental stressors on crop production and aquaculture as well as the incidence of heat-related and infectious diseases. In this context, climate impacts may undermine the attainment of long-term development goals in many countries, and it is likely that the poorest people in the poorest countries will suffer most. Describes a number of adaptation strategies and actions being pursued by ADB, its country partners, and the international community. These strategies and actions reflect several important adaptation considerations for developing member countries, such as: country ownership, partnership synergies, integrating disaster risk reduction and climate risk management, and a no-regret approach. Also highlights emerging trends in climate adaptation strategies, including the blending of mitigation and adaptation, disaster risk management and climate adaptation synergies, community adaptation tools, and applied downscaled modeling.

Adaptations of Forests and the Forest Sector to Climate Change

Adaptations of Forests and the Forest Sector to Climate Change
Author : Michael Kleine,Geoffrey Roberts
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :31
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Memoirs of the Queensland Museum

Memoirs of the Queensland Museum
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2010
Category : Ethnology
Total pages :129
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Australia's Biodiversity and Climate Change

Australia's Biodiversity and Climate Change
Author : Will Steffen (Lead Author)
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release Date : 2009-12-10
Category : Science
Total pages :248
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Australia's unique biodiversity is under threat from a rapidly changing climate. The effects of climate change are already discernible at all levels of biodiversity – genes, species, communities and ecosystems. Many of Australia's most valued and iconic natural areas – the Great Barrier Reef, south-western Australia, the Kakadu wetlands and the Australian Alps – are among the most vulnerable. But much more is at stake than saving iconic species or ecosystems. Australia's biodiversity is fundamental to the country's national identity, economy and quality of life. In the face of uncertainty about specific climate scenarios, ecological and management principles provide a sound basis for maximising opportunities for species to adapt, communities to reorganise and ecosystems to transform while maintaining basic functions critical to human society. This innovative approach to biodiversity conservation under a changing climate leads to new challenges for management, policy development and institutional design. This book explores these challenges, building on a detailed analysis of the interactions between a changing climate and Australia's rich but threatened biodiversity. Australia's Biodiversity and Climate Change is an important reference for policy makers, researchers, educators, students, journalists, environmental and conservation NGOs, NRM managers, and private landholders with an interest in biodiversity conservation in a rapidly changing world.