January 24, 2021

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Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials

Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials
Author : Chandra P. Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :424
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Biointegration is essential for the successful performance of implanted materials and devices within the human body. With an increasing number and wide range of implant procedures being performed, it is critical that materials scientists and engineers effectively design implant materials which will create a positive biological and mechanical response with the host tissue. Biointegration of medical implant materials provides a unique and comprehensive review of recent techniques and research into material and tissue interaction and integration. Part one discusses soft tissue biointegration with chapters on the biocompatibility of engineered stem cells, corneal tissue engineering and vascular grafts. Part two then reviews particular techniques in drug delivery including inorganic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and alginate based drug delivery devices. Part three covers design considerations with coverage of themes such as biocompatibility of materials and its relevance to drug delivery and tissue engineering, mechanisms of failure of medical implants during long term use and rapid prototyping in biomedical engineering. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biointegration of medical implant materials: science and design is a standard reference for medical materials scientists and engineers in industry and the academic sector. Provides a unique and comprehensive review of recent techniques and research into material and tissue interaction and integration Discusses soft tissue biointegration with chapters on the biocompatibility of engineered stem cells, corneal tissue engineering, vascular grafts and replacement materials for facial reconstruction Reviews particular techniques in drug delivery featuring inorganic nanoparticles and functionalized nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery

Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials

Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials
Author : Chandra P. Sharma
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-09-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :510
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Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials, Second Edition, provides a unique and comprehensive review of recent techniques and research into material and tissue interaction and integration. New sections discuss soft tissue integration, with chapters on the biocompatibility of engineered stem cells, corneal tissue engineering, and vascular grafts. Other sections review tissue regeneration, inorganic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery, alginate based drug delivery devices, and design considerations, with coverage of the biocompatibility of materials and their relevance to drug delivery and tissue engineering. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, this book is ideal for medical materials scientists and engineers in industry and academia. Provides a unique and comprehensive review of recent techniques and research into material and tissue interaction and integration Discusses soft tissue biointegration, with chapters on the biocompatibility of engineered stem cells, corneal tissue engineering, vascular grafts and replacement materials for facial reconstruction Includes new information on a variety of tissue regeneration techniques and applications

Bio-Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants

Bio-Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants
Author : Yu Yan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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During their service life, most biomaterials and medical implants are vulnerable to tribological damage. In addition, the environments in which they are placed are often corrosive. The combination of triobology, corrosion and the biological environment has been named ‘bio-tribocorrosion’. Understanding this complex phenomenon is critical to improving the design and service life of medical implants. This important book reviews recent key research in this area. After an introduction to the topography of bio-tribocorrosion, Part one discusses different types of tribocorrosion including fatigue-corrosion, fretting-corrosion, wear-corrosion and abrasion-corrosion. The book also discusses the prediction of wear in medical devices. Part two looks at biological effects on tribocorrosion processes, including how proteins interact with material surfaces and the evolution of surface changes due to bio-tribocorrosion resulting from biofilms and passive films. Part three reviews the issue of bio-tribocorrosion in clinical practice, including dental applications and joint replacement as well the use of coatings and test methods for bio-tribocorrosion. With its international team of contributors, Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants is a standard reference for those researching and developing medical devices as well as clinicians in such areas as dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Reviews recent research in bio-tribocorrosion and its role in improving the design and service life of medical implants Discusses types of bio-tribocorrosion including fatigue and wear corrosion Examines biological effects on bio-tribocorrosion processes including interaction of proteins with metal surfaces

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections
Author : L Barnes,Ian Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :278
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Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials

Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials
Author : Lei Yang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-07-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :234
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Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials provides the latest information on the emergence and rapid development of nanotechnology and the ways it has impacted almost every aspect of biomedical engineering. This book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the field, focusing on the fabrication and applications of these materials, presenting updated, practical, and systematic knowledge on the synthesis, processing, and modification of nanomaterials, along with the rationale and methodology of applying such materials for orthopedic purposes. Topics covered include a wide range of orthopedic material formulations, such as ceramics, metals, polymers, biomolecules, and self-assemblies. Final sections explore applications and future trends in nanotechnology-enhanced orthopedic materials. Details practical information on the fabrication and modification of new and traditional orthopedic materials Analyzes a wide range of materials, designs, and applications of nanotechnology for orthopedics Investigates future trends in the field, including sections on orthopedic materials with bacterial-inhibitory properties and novel materials for the control of immune and inflammatory responses

Oral Delivery of Insulin

Oral Delivery of Insulin
Author : T.A. Sonia,Chandra P. Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-12-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :290
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Diabetes Mellitus, a syndrome of disordered metabolism, characterised by abnormal elevation in blood glucose level, has become a life-threatening condition for many people. Current means of therapy for Diabetes Mellitus do not mimic the normal physiological pattern of insulin release. Oral delivery is the preferred route of administration due to its non-invasive nature. Oral delivery of insulin presents an overview of Diabetes Mellitus, and discusses the strategies and techniques adopted for oral delivery of insulin. This title begins with an introductory chapter on symptoms, complications and therapy for Diabetes Mellitus. Subsequent chapters cover the various routes for administering insulin; the challenges and strategies of oral delivery; experimental techniques in the development of an oral insulin carrier; lipids; inorganic nanoparticles and polymers in oral insulin delivery; and a summary and presentation of future perspectives on oral delivery of insulin. Presents an overview of Diabetes Mellitus Includes a discussion of various strategies and techniques adopted for oral delivery of insulin Presents an update of research in the field

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine
Author : Lei Yang,Sarit Bhaduri,Thomas J. Webster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-11-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :358
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Biomaterials in Translational Medicine delivers timely and detailed information on the latest advances in biomaterials and their role and impact in translational medicine. Key topics addressed include the properties and functions of these materials and how they might be applied for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Particular emphasis is placed on basic fundamentals, biomaterial formulations, design principles, fabrication techniques and transitioning bench-to-bed clinical applications. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, clinicians, materials scientists, engineers and anyone involved in the future development of innovative biomaterials that drive advancement in translational medicine. Systematically introduces the fundamental principles, rationales and methodologies of creating or improving biomaterials in the context of translational medicine Includes the translational or commercialization status of these new biomaterials Provides the reader with enough background knowledge for a fundamental grip of the difficulties and technicalities of using biomaterial translational medicine Directs the reader on how to find other up-to-date sources (i.e. peer reviewed journals) in the field of translational medicine and biomaterials

Bioscience and Bioengineering of Titanium Materials

Bioscience and Bioengineering of Titanium Materials
Author : Yoshiki Oshida
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :448
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This unique book about bioscience and the bioengineering of titanium materials is based on more than 1,000 published articles. It bridges the gap between the medical/dental fields and the engineering/technology areas, due to the author’s unique experience in both during the last 30 years. The book covers Materials Classifications, Chemical and Electrochemical Reactions, Oxidation, Biological Reactions, Implant-related Biological Reactions, Applications, Fabri-cation Technologies, Surface Modifications, and Future Perspectives. * Provides quick access to the primary literature in this field * Reviews studies of titanium materials in medical and dental applications, as reported in nearly 1,500 articles published over last several years * Draws information from several types of studies and reports * Helps readers answer questions about the most appropriate materials and when to use them

Heart Replacement

Heart Replacement
Author : Tetsuzo Akutsu,Hitoshi Koyanagi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :524
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The 6th International Symposium on Artificial Heart and Assist Devices met in Tokyo in July 1996, bringing together researchers and specialists from around the world. The symposiums proceedings in this volume comprise papers from nine sessions, each opening with contributions by leading scientists: TAH, heart transplantation, biomaterials, VAS, clinical application, pathophysiology, engineering, new approaches, and special sessions. Of special note is the inclusion, for the first time, of pathophysiology related to clinical use of assist devices. The clinical application section includes a paper by Dr. Michael DeBakey on the progress made in recent years. With descriptions of the scientific exhibition, accompanied by photographs of all artificial heart devices and systems displayed by major laboratories and manufacturers, Artificial Heart 6 presents the latest information on developments in the field of artificial heart, biomaterials, and heart transplantation.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :3672
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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Medical Device Materials II

Medical Device Materials II
Author : Mike Helmus,Michael Nevin Helmus,Dana Medlin
Publisher : Brill Academic Publishers
Release Date : 2005
Category : Biomedical engineering
Total pages :414
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Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials

Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials
Author : Liang Hao,Jonathan Lawrence
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release Date : 2005-11-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :211
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The biomaterials technology industry is already well established in the western world and is growing rapidly within Asian Pacific nations. It is often described as the ‘next electronics industry’, whilst the laser is described as a ‘solution looking for a problem’. This book describes the use of the laser to solve a troublesome and costly problem in a rapidly growing global industry. The authors have spent many years conducting research using laser materials processing and wettability characteristics and have perfected a technique to improve the bio-compatibility of various bone-implant materials using laser irradiation. They have made pioneering discoveries on the subject and established some generic theories and principals that will have a wide range of applications in the biomaterials field. Introduces inter-disciplinary research work covering laser materials processing and surface modification of biomaterials for enhanced compatibility. Includes highly scientific and novel research material. Serves both as a practitioner guide and a reference book. Covers an exciting and rapidly developing area of technology that is of keen interest to engineers and clinicians alike. Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials is rare in providing a reference source that describes specifically a mechanical engineering solution to a biotechnology problem. It serves as both a practitioner guide and a medium to high-level reference text book, and as such is a reference source for the engineer practising or looking to move into the biomaterials field, undergraduate and post graduate students and those conducting bio-related research in either academia or industry. It will prove useful to mechanical engineers, biotechnologists, biomechanical engineers, metallurgists, clinicians and even surgeons.

Current Concepts in Dental Implantology

Current Concepts in Dental Implantology
Author : Ilser Turkyilmaz
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-02-25
Category : Medical
Total pages :276
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Implant dentistry has changed and enhanced significantly since the introduction of osseointegration concept with dental implants. Because the benefits of therapy became apparent, implant treatment earned a widespread acceptance. Therefore, the need for dental implants has caused a rapid expansion of the market worldwide. Dental implantology continues to excel with the developments of new surgical and prosthodontic techniques, and armamentarium. The purpose of this book named Current Concepts in Dental Implantology is to present a novel resource for dentists who want to replace missing teeth with dental implants. It is a carefully organized book, which blends basic science, clinical experience, and current and future concepts. This book includes ten chapters and our aim is to provide a valuable source for dental students, post-graduate residents and clinicians who want to know more about dental implants.

Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology

Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology
Author : Sonal S. Chaugule,Santosh G. Honavar,Paul T. Finger
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-01-01
Category : Eye
Total pages :216
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Designed as an easy-to-use, practical guide to tumors of the eye, lids, and orbit, this Open Access book comprehensively addresses surgical treatment and management of diseases related to ophthalmic oncology. Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology: A Collaborative Open Access Reference is an ideal reference for general ophthalmologists, surgeons, fellows and trainees around the world who encounter these diseases in the care of their patients. Notably, this book includes considerations for those ophthalmologists offering subspecialty care in environments with limited access to advanced technology and instrumentation. Individual chapters address diagnostic indications, pre-operative and post-operative concerns, and provide detailed explanations of surgical techniques required to manage various eye cancer ailments with help of ample illustrations. High-quality videos included throughout the book provide readers with the opportunity to review surgical steps in real-time as a learning tool. Chapters thoroughly cover tumors of eyelid, cornea and conjunctiva, orbit as well as intraocular tumors, while later chapters discuss ophthalmic radiation therapy. The book concludes with a section on ophthalmic pathology which details essential guidelines on relevant aspects from specimen collection and transport, to interpretation of the pathology report. Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology: A Collaborative Open Access Reference is a unique and necessary valuable resource for ophthalmologists, trainees, and related medical professionals working in underserved areas in providing quality care for patients suffering from ocular cancers.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials
Author : Joon B. Park,Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2002-08-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :250
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Biomaterials: Principles and Applications offers a comprehensive review of all the major biomaterials in this rapidly growing field. In recent years, the role of biomaterials has been influenced considerably by advances in many areas of biotechnology and science, as well as advances in surgical techniques and instruments. Comprising chapters contributed by a panel of international experts, this text provides a familiarity with the uses of materials in medicine and dentistry and the rational basis for these applications. It covers such subjects as biodegradable polymeric materials and their relation to tissue engineering, biologic materials, and biomaterials applications in soft and hard tissues. Nearly one hundred figures and tables further add to the value of this book. Concise, topical, and not overly technical — no other book covers the entire field of biomaterials so succinctly in one volume.