November 27, 2020

Download Ebook Free Biojet Fuel In Aviation Applications

Sustainable jet fuel for aviation

Sustainable jet fuel for aviation
Author : Erik C. Wormslev
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release Date : 2016
Category :
Total pages :129
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Aviation and the Emerging Use of Biofuels

Aviation and the Emerging Use of Biofuels
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2009
Category : Airplanes
Total pages :101
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Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
Author : International Renewable Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017-02
Category :
Total pages :129
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The aviation sector is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world, at 2% of the human-induced total. The sector's transition to sustainable, renewable fuels, therefore, is crucial to meet the international climate targets set forth in the 2015 Paris Agreement. This brief examines how the expansion of biofuels for jet aircraft can reduce emissions substantially compared to fossil-based jet fuel.

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author : Krzysztof Biernat
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :582
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The edited volume presents the progress of first and second generation biofuel production technology in selected countries. Possibility of producing alternative fuels containing biocomponents and selected research methods of biofuels exploitation characteristics (also aviation fuels) was characterized. The book shows also some aspects of the environmental impact of the production and biofuels using, and describes perspectives of biofuel production technology development. It provides the review of biorefinery processes with a particular focus on pretreatment methods of selected primary and secondary raw materials. The discussion includes also a possibility of sustainable development of presented advanced biorefinery processes.

Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
Author : Christopher Chuck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :390
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Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch

Sustainable Utilization of Natural Resources

Sustainable Utilization of Natural Resources
Author : Prasenjit Mondal,Ajay K. Dalai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-03-16
Category : Nature
Total pages :624
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Increased research is going on to explore the new cleaner options for the utilization of natural resources. This book aims to provide the scientific knowhow and orientation in the area of the emerging technologies for utilization of natural resources for sustainable development to the readers. The book includes production of energy and lifesaving drugs using natural resources as well as reduction of wastage of resources like water and energy for sustainable development in both technological as well as modeling aspects.

Biokerosene

Biokerosene
Author : Martin Kaltschmitt,Ulf Neuling
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-08-09
Category : Science
Total pages :758
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This book provides a detailed overview of aspects related to the overall provision chain for biokerosene as part of the global civil aviation business. Starting with a review of the current market situation for aviation fuels and airplanes and their demands, it then presents in-depth descriptions of classical and especially new types of non-edible biomass feedstock suitable for biokerosene provision. Subsequent chapters discuss those fuel provision processes that are already available and those still under development based on various biomass feedstock materials, and present e.g. an overview of the current state of the art in the production of a liquid biomass-based fuel fulfilling the specifications for kerosene. Further, given the growing interest of the aviation industry and airlines in biofuels for aviation, the experiences of an air-carrier are presented. In closing, the book provides a market outlook for biokerosene. Addressing a broad range of aspects related to the pros and cons of biokerosene as a renewable fuel for aviation, the book offers a unique resource.

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications
Author : Kajornsak Faungnawakij,Woei Jye Lau,Uracha Rungsardthong Ruktanonchai,Kuakoon Piyachomkwan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :796
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Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications: Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Medicine presents a comprehensive overview on recent developments and prospects surrounding nanotechnology use in water/wastewater separation and purification, energy storage and conversion, agricultural and food process, and effective diagnoses and treatments in medical fields. The book includes detailed overviews of nanotechnology, including nanofiltration membrane for water/wastewater treatment, nanomedicine and nanosensor development for medical implementation, advanced nanomaterials of different structural dimensions (0D, 1D, 2D and 3D) for energy applications, as well as food and agricultural utilization. Other sections discuss the challenges of lab-based research transitioning towards practical industrial use. Helps scientists and researchers quickly learn and understand the key role of nanotechnology in important industrial applications Takes an interdisciplinary approach, demonstrating how nanotechnology is being used in a wide range of industry sectors Outlines the role nanotechnology plays in creating safer, cheaper and more energy-efficient projects and devices

Gasification for Practical Applications

Gasification for Practical Applications
Author : Jens Omdahl
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016-04-01
Category :
Total pages :332
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Some of the most promising, attention-getting energy alternatives aren't revolutionary ideas. We all know about windmills and waterwheels, which have been around for centuries. Today, a variety of improvements, including innovative turbine designs, are transforming these ancient machines into cutting-edge technologies that can help nations satisfy their energy needs. There's another old process -- one you probably don't know much about -- that's gaining in popularity and may join wind and hydropower in the pantheon of clean, renewable energy. The process is known as gasification. Gasification is a partial oxidation process whereby a carbon source such as coal, natural gas or biomass, is broken down into carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2), plus carbon dioxide (CO2) and possibly hydrocarbon molecules such as methane (CH4). This is achieved by reacting the material at high temperatures (>700 °C), without combustion, with a controlled amount of oxygen and/or steam. The resulting gas mixture is called syngas (from synthesis gas or synthetic gas) or producer gas and is itself a fuel. The power derived from gasification and combustion of the resultant gas is considered to be a source of renewable energy if the gasified compounds were obtained from biomass. Gasification is not a new technology; it was originally developed in the 1800s and is the processes used to make town gas for lighting and cooking. Small scale gasifiers were also used to power internal combustion engine vehicles during fuel shortages during the Second World War. If the gasification takes place at a relatively low temperature, such as 700oC to 1000oC, the product gas will have a relatively high level of hydrocarbons compared to high temperature gasification. As a result it may be used directly, to be burned for heat or electricity generation via a steam turbine or, with suitable gas clean up, to run an internal combustion engine for electricity generation. The book entitled Gasification for Practical Applications provides the practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current situation, to upgrade, and to bring in a new idea to the conventional gasification technologies.

Manual on Civil Aviation Jet Fuel Supply

Manual on Civil Aviation Jet Fuel Supply
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category : Jet planes
Total pages :129
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Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
Author : Christopher Chuck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :390
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Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch

Ready for Takeoff? Aviation Biofuels

Ready for Takeoff? Aviation Biofuels
Author : David Hitchcock
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019-01-12
Category :
Total pages :129
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Biorefining of Biomass to Biofuels

Biorefining of Biomass to Biofuels
Author : Sachin Kumar,Rajesh K. Sani
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-11-06
Category : Science
Total pages :372
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This volume focuses on the prospects of the conversion of biomass into biofuels including ethanol, butanol, biogas, biohydrogen, biodiesel, syn-gas and other useful products. Biomass-derived fuels have gained tremendous attention worldwide. However, due to high raw material and processing costs, biofuels produced from lignocelluloses have been found to be more expensive than conventional fuels. Therefore, a concept of biorefining has been introduced, where more than one product or each and every component of biomass may be derived into useful products in a manner of petroleum refinery.

Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technologies for Building and Environmental Applications

Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technologies for Building and Environmental Applications
Author : Mardiana Idayu Ahmad,Mazran Ismail,Saffa Riffat
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-04-20
Category : Science
Total pages :252
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This diverse resource on renewable energy and sustainable technologies highlights the status, state of the art, challenges, advancements and options in areas such as energy recovery systems, turbine ventilators, green composites, biofuels and bio-resources for energy production, wind energy, integrated energy-efficient systems, thermal energy storage, natural ventilation & day-lighting systems, and low carbon technologies for building and environmental applications. It is designed to serve as a reference book for students, researchers, manufacturers and professionals working in these fields. The editors have gathered articles from world-leading experts that clearly illustrate key areas in renewable energy and sustainability. The distinct role of these technologies in future endeavors is stressed by taking into account the opportunities to contribute with new approaches, methods and directions for building and environmental applications. The in-depth discussion presented in this book will give readers a clear understanding of every important aspect of each technology’s applications, optimum configuration, modifications, limitations and their possible improvements.

Biorefining of Biomass to Biofuels

Biorefining of Biomass to Biofuels
Author : Sachin Kumar,Rajesh K. Sani
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-11-06
Category : Science
Total pages :372
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This volume focuses on the prospects of the conversion of biomass into biofuels including ethanol, butanol, biogas, biohydrogen, biodiesel, syn-gas and other useful products. Biomass-derived fuels have gained tremendous attention worldwide. However, due to high raw material and processing costs, biofuels produced from lignocelluloses have been found to be more expensive than conventional fuels. Therefore, a concept of biorefining has been introduced, where more than one product or each and every component of biomass may be derived into useful products in a manner of petroleum refinery.