April 13, 2021

Download Ebook Free Biologically Inspired Textiles

Biologically Inspired Textiles

Biologically Inspired Textiles
Author : A Abbott,M Ellison
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :244
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Biomimetic materials are those inspired from nature and implemented into new fibre and fabric technologies. Biologically inspired textiles explores the current state of the art in this research arena and examines how biomimetics are increasingly applied to new textile technologies. Part one discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics. Chapters include recombinant DNA technologies and their application for protein production, spinning of fibres from protein solutions and structure/function relationships in spider silk. The second part of the book provides a review of the application of biomimetics to a range of textile applications, including the design of clothing and self cleaning textiles. Written by a distinguished team of international authors, Biologically inspired textiles is a valuable reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile manufacturers and others in academia. Discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics Reviews the application of biomimetics to a range of textile disciplines Chapters explore recombinant DNA technologies, spinning of fibres and structure/function relationships in spider silk

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing
Author : John T Williams
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :586
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Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology. The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment development, production and finishing, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Rapid innovation in this field is driving new performance demands in many areas, including the sporting and military sectors. However, another innovation driver is the regulatory framework in the USA, Europe and globally, addressing both health concerns (e.g. with PFOS / PFOA) and environmental impacts (e.g. C8 fluorocarbon finishes). Both of these aspects are fully covered, along with the replacement materials / technologies currently available and under development. In addition, oleophobic and multifunctional coatings are discussed, as are aspects of performance, testing and applications in sportswear, protective clothing, and footwear. Introduces innovative materials and technologies, exploring their current and potential use across different sectors Provides expert guidance on the health and environmental aspects of key waterproof materials and coatings and their associated regulations Demystifies testing processes and design principles

Biotextiles as Medical Implants

Biotextiles as Medical Implants
Author : M W King,B S Gupta,R Guidoin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :704
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Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems. This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines. Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion
Author : Rose Sinclair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :894
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This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres
Author : Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-09-21
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensable tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 2: Processing and applications focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres. Part one reviews processing techniques for natural fibres. Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture are discussed, as well as techniques to improve the flame retardancy of natural fibres and chemical treatments to improve natural fibre properties. Ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and electrokinetic properties are also discussed. Part two goes on to investigate applications of natural fibres, including automotive applications, geotextiles, paper and packaging, and natural fibre composites (NFCs) for the construction and automotive industries. The use of flax and hemp, textiles made from jute and coir, antimicrobial natural fibres, and biomimetic textile materials are also considered, before a final discussion of enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres Reviews processing techniques for natural fibres, including silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture Discusses ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and alectrokinetic properties, among other topics

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
Author : Akhlesh Lakhtakia,Raúl José Martín-Palma
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-05-24
Category : Science
Total pages :496
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Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more

Bio-Inspired Silicon-Based Materials

Bio-Inspired Silicon-Based Materials
Author : Paul M. Zelisko
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-11-14
Category : Science
Total pages :127
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The contributed volume addresses a wide range of topics including, but not limited to, biotechnology, synthetic chemistry, polymer chemistry and materials chemistry. The book will serve as a specialized review of the field of biologically inspired silicon-based structures. Researchers studying biologically inspired silicon materials chemistry will find this volume invaluable.

Smart Textiles for Medicine and Healthcare

Smart Textiles for Medicine and Healthcare
Author : Textile Institute (Manchester, England)
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-03-09
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :312
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This text combines medical & smart textiles by looking at how smart or intelligent textiles are being used in healthcare. It assesses trends in smart medical textiles & their diverse uses in areas such as woundcare & drug release systems. It also reviews their role in monitoring the health of particular groups such as the elderly.

Multi-Functional Materials and Structures II

Multi-Functional Materials and Structures II
Author : Yan Sheng Yin,Xin Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2009-08-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :2374
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With the rapid development of science and technology, the functionalization of structural materials, and the structurization of functional materials are attracting increasing attention in the scientific and engineering fields. The development of multi-functional materials and structures (MFMS), at the micro- and nano-scale levels, has grown rapidly due to the requirement of increasing safety margins for all infrastructure, biomedical and engineering elements. Multi-functional material systems are capable of performing multiple “primary” functions, simultaneously or sequentially in time, and are specially designed to improve system performance via a reduction in the redundancy between sub-system materials and functions.

Textile Asia

Textile Asia
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Textile fabrics
Total pages :129
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Bio-inspired Asymmetric Design and Building of Biomimetic Smart Single Nanochannels

Bio-inspired Asymmetric Design and Building of Biomimetic Smart Single Nanochannels
Author : Xu Hou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-05-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :127
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In this thesis, the author introduces various bio-inspired smart nanochannel systems. A strategy for design and preparation of novel artificial responsive symmetric/asymmetric single nanochannel systems under various symmetric/asymmetric stimuli is presented for the first time. The author’s research work utilizes ion track etching polymer nanochannels with different shapes as examples to demonstrate the feasibility of the design strategy for building novel artificial functional nanochannels using various symmetric/asymmetric physicochemical modifications. The development of these nanochannels and their potential applications is a burgeoning new area of research, and a number of exciting breakthroughs may be anticipated in the near future from the concepts and results reported in this thesis. Research into artificial functional nanochannels continues to drive new developments of various real-world applications, such as biosensors, energy conversion systems and nanofluidic devices. The work in this thesis has led to more than 15 publications in high-profile journals.

Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications

Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications
Author : Ajith Abraham
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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Bio-inspired Innovation and National Security

Bio-inspired Innovation and National Security
Author : National Defense University. Center for Technology and National Security Policy
Publisher : Defense Department
Release Date : 2010
Category : Law
Total pages :348
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From the Introduction: This volume is designed as an overview of the many applications of biology to the military and national security writ large (with the exception of bioweapons and biomedicine). Policy issues are covered, and original research is presented. The diversity of the authors' backgrounds reflects the breadth of applications and opportunities of biology to modern problems. The read should walk away enlightened as to the many possible ways in which biology is influencing and will continue to influence national security. Authors were asked to provede foresight on trends and indicators in their areas of interest (but not forecasts, which would describe a single future state) in order to better understand their implications for the next 20 years or so.

Textile Technology Digest

Textile Technology Digest
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1996
Category : Textile fabrics
Total pages :129
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Bio-Inspired Melanin-Based Structural Colors Through Self-Assembly

Bio-Inspired Melanin-Based Structural Colors Through Self-Assembly
Author : Ming Xiao
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category : Biomimicry
Total pages :139
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Structural colors enable creation of a spectrum of non-fading visible colors without using pigments, potentially reducing the use of toxic metal oxides and conjugated organic pigments. Although many top-down and bottom-up methods have been used to produce structurally colored materials, significant challenges remain to achieve the contrast needed for producing a complete gamut of colors and a scalable process for industrial applications. Nature provides some intriguing palettes of structural colors in avian feathers using three main ingredients, melanin, keratin, and air. Recently, we have demonstrated that the rainbow-like iridescent colors in a single feather of Australia pigeon (common bronzewing) are caused by a slight variation of the layer thickness of multilayered melanosome (organelles filled with melanin) nanostructures. Learning from these color production mechanisms, we have synthesized melanin nanoparticle (SMNPs) ranging from 100-200 nm in diameter. Using an evaporation-based process we have assembled these nanoparticles to produce a wide spectrum of visible colors. We have shown the high absorption of SMNPs leads to more saturated colors than those produced using polystyrene or glass nanospheres. In addition, SMNP films show rapid, large, reversible color changes responsive to variation in ambient humidity, due to swelling/shrinking of SMNPs. To produce brighter colors in a scalable process, we have designed core-shell nanoparticles with melanin core (RI ~1.74) and silica shell (RI ~ 1.45). A one-pot reverse emulsion process has been used to assemble these core-shell nanoparticles to produce a full-spectrum of colorful supraballs. Similar to mixing pigmentary colors, we can also blend these core-shell SMNPs with different shell thicknesses to control the spacing and continuously tune colors. The new bio-inspired melanin-based structurally materials pave the way for producing novel photonic inks, suitable for applications like painting, textiles, and displays.