November 24, 2020

Download Ebook Free Biomagnetic Monitoring Of Particulate Matter

Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter

Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter
Author : Prabhat Rai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :216
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Air pollution originating from rapid industrialization, urbanization, population growth and economic development has disturbed the urban ecosystems of ecologically sensitive regions like the Indo-Burma hot spot, and they are under severe air pollution stress with limited resources to collect data on what is happening. Air pollutants comprised of both particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants may cause adverse health effects in human, affect plant life and impact the global environment by changing the atmosphere of the earth. It is now well established that urban PM may also contain magnetic particles along with other air pollutants. Biomonitoring of PM through magnetic properties, known as biomagnetic monitoring, measures the magnetic parameters of dust loaded plant leaves, giving a new opportunity to monitor. Compared to existing conventional technologies, biomagnetic monitoring is an eco-friendly technique perfect in urban areas. Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter reviews the issues with PM and the potential of these methods to on tropical vegetation on a variety of flora which represent the biodiversity of the Indo-Burma Hot Spot. Bio-magnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter gives a comprehensive overview of the issue of particulate pollution and monitoring Cases of magnetic biomonitoring across different environments are included to demonstrate this emerging technique as a way to measure particulate pollution Coverage includes a comparison to other techniques as well as why it works well ecological diverse developing areas which are data scarce, like the Indo-Burma Hot Spot A review of the detrimental health impacts of Particulate Matter reinforces the importance for this type of data to be available universally

Bioactivity of Engineered Nanoparticles

Bioactivity of Engineered Nanoparticles
Author : Bing Yan,Hongyu Zhou,Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-08-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :376
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This book brings together reviews from international experts who are exploring the biological activities of nanomaterials for medical applications or to better understand nanotoxicity. Topics include but are not limited to the following: 1) mechanistic understanding of nanostructure-bioactivity relationships; 2) the regulation of nanoparticles’ bioactivity by means of chemical modification; 3) the new methodologies and standard methods used to assess nanoparticles’ bioactivity; 4) the mechanisms involved in nanoparticle-biomolecule interactions and nanoparticle-cell interactions; and 5) biomedical applications of nanotechnology. The book will be a valuable resource for a broad readership in various subfields of chemical science, engineering, biology, environment, and medicine.

Phytoremediation of Emerging Contaminants in Wetlands

Phytoremediation of Emerging Contaminants in Wetlands
Author : Prabhat Kumar Rai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-03-15
Category : Science
Total pages :248
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Phytoremediation with wetland plants is an eco-friendly, aesthetically pleasing, cost-effective, solar-driven, passive technique that is useful for cleaning up environmental pollutants with low to moderate levels of contamination.

Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring

Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring
Author : Toonika Rinken,Kairi Kivirand
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-11-20
Category : Science
Total pages :204
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Real-time and reliable detection of molecular compounds and bacteria is essential in modern environmental monitoring. For rapid analyses, biosensing devices combining high selectivity of biomolecular recognition and sensitivity of modern signal-detection technologies offer a promising platform. Biosensors allow rapid on-site detection of pollutants and provide potential for better understanding of the environmental processes, including the fate and transport of contaminants.This book, including 12 chapters from 37 authors, introduces different biosensor-based technologies applied for environmental analyses.

Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-08-20
Category : Social Science
Total pages :648
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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Environmental Magnetism

Environmental Magnetism
Author : Mark Evans,Friedrich Heller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-06-23
Category : Science
Total pages :299
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Magnetism is important in environmental studies for several reasons, the two most fundamental being that most substances exhibit some form of magnetic behavior, and that iron is one of the most common elements in the Earth's crust. Once sequestered in a suitable material, magnetic particles constitute a natural archive of conditions existing in former times. Magnetism provides a tracer of paleo-climatic and paleo-environmental conditions and processes. Environmental Magnetism details the occurrence and uses of magnetic materials in the natural environment. The first half of the volume describes the basic principles. The second half discusses the applications of magnetic measurements in various environmental settings on land, in lakes, in the ocean, and even various biological organisms. * Material is broadly applicable to environmental studies * Case histories illustrate key points * Extensive bibliography makes further research quick and easy

Bioindicators & Biomonitors

Bioindicators & Biomonitors
Author : Bernd A. Markert,B.A. Markert,H.G. Zechmeister
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-07-14
Category : Science
Total pages :997
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This book provides comprehensive single source coverage of bioindication/biomonitoring in the fields of ecology, ecotoxicology and environmental sciences; from the ecological basics to the effects of chemicals on the environment and the latest test strategies. Contributions by leading figures in ecology from around the world reflect the broad scope of current thinking and research, making this volume essential reading for informed professionals and students.

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment
Author : Dr. Arup Roy,Jayanta Bhattacharya
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release Date : 2015-01-15
Category : Science
Total pages :220
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Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment is a state of the art reference book. The book is particularly useful for wastewater technology development laboratories and organizations. All professional and academic areas connected with environmental engineering, nanotechnology based wastewater treatment and related product design are incorporated and provide an essentialresource. The book describes the application and synthesis of Ca-based and magnetic nano-materials and their potential application for removal/treatment of heavy metals from wastewater. Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment discusses the rapid wastewater treatment methods using Ca-based nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials. This is an emerging area of new science and technology in wastewater treatment. The main audiences for the book are water industry professionals, research scholars and students in the area of Environmental Engineering and Nanotechnology. Authors: Dr. Arup Roy Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur,India; and Professor Jayanta Bhattacharya, Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Biomedical Applications of Nanotechnology

Biomedical Applications of Nanotechnology
Author : Vinod Labhasetwar,Diandra L. Leslie-Pelecky
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2007-09-28
Category : Science
Total pages :272
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An overview of nanotechnology and its potential The field of nanotechnology is undergoing rapid developments on many fronts. This reference provides a comprehensive review of various nanotechnologies with a view to their biomedical applications. With chapters contributed by distinguished scientists from diverse disciplines, Biomedical Applications of Nanotechnology : Reviews recent advances in the designing of various nanotechnologies based on nucleic acids, polymers, biomaterials, and metals Discusses biomedical nanotechnology in areas such as drug and gene delivery Covers advanced aspects of imaging and diagnostics Includes a chapter on the issue of nanotoxicology Complete with figures and tables, this is a practical, hands-on reference book for researchers in pharmaceutical and biotech industries, biomedical engineers, pharmaceutical scientists, pharmacologists, and materials scientists as well as for the policymakers who need to understand the potential of nanotechnology. It is also an excellent resource book for graduate-level students in pharmaceutical sciences, biomedical engineering, and other fields in which nanotechnology is playing an increasingly important role.

Rock Magnetism

Rock Magnetism
Author : David J. Dunlop,Özden Özdemir
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2001-08-30
Category : Science
Total pages :573
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This book is a comprehensive treatment of fine particle magnetism and the magnetic properties of rocks. Starting from atomic magnetism and magneotistic principles, the authors explain why domains and micromagnetic structures form in ferrmagnetic crystals and how these lead to magnetic memory in the form of thermal, chemical and other remanent magnetizations. This book will be of value to graduate students and researchers in geophysics and geology, particularly in palemagnetism and rock magnetism, as well as physicists and electrical engineers interested in fine-particle magnetism and magnetic recording.

Next Generation Biomonitoring:

Next Generation Biomonitoring:
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-02-15
Category : Science
Total pages :314
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Ecological Biomonitoring, Volume 58, the latest release in the Advances in Ecological Research series, is the first part of a thematic on ecological biomonitoring, including specific chapters that cover Aquatic volatile metabolomics – using trace gases to examine ecological processes, Next generation approaches to rapid monitoring Bio-aerosol and the link between human health and environmental microbiology, NGB in Canadian wetlands, Monitoring the biodiversity and functioning of terrestrial systems via high resolution trace gas fluxes, and Computational approaches to gathering biomonitoring data from social media platforms: a superior solution to next generation biomonitoring challenges. Provides information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Deals with topical and important reviews on the physiology, populations and communities of plants and animals

The Urban Forest

The Urban Forest
Author : David Pearlmutter,Carlo Calfapietra,Roeland Samson,Liz O'Brien,Silvija Krajter Ostoić,Giovanni Sanesi,Rocío Alonso del Amo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-02-27
Category : Science
Total pages :351
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This book focuses on urban "green infrastructure" – the interconnected web of vegetated spaces like street trees, parks and peri-urban forests that provide essential ecosystem services in cities. The green infrastructure approach embodies the idea that these services, such as storm-water runoff control, pollutant filtration and amenities for outdoor recreation, are just as vital for a modern city as those provided by any other type of infrastructure. Ensuring that these ecosystem services are indeed delivered in an equitable and sustainable way requires knowledge of the physical attributes of trees and urban green spaces, tools for coping with the complex social and cultural dynamics, and an understanding of how these factors can be integrated in better governance practices. By conveying the findings and recommendations of COST Action FP1204 GreenInUrbs, this volume summarizes the collaborative efforts of researchers and practitioners from across Europe to address these challenges.

Microtechnology for Cell Manipulation and Sorting

Microtechnology for Cell Manipulation and Sorting
Author : Wonhee Lee,Peter Tseng,Dino Di Carlo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-10-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :281
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This book delves into the recent developments in the microscale and microfluidic technologies that allow manipulation at the single and cell aggregate level. Expert authors review the dominant mechanisms that manipulate and sort biological structures, making this a state-of-the-art overview of conventional cell sorting techniques, the principles of microfluidics, and of microfluidic devices. All chapters highlight the benefits and drawbacks of each technique they discuss, which include magnetic, electrical, optical, acoustic, gravity/sedimentation, inertial, deformability, and aqueous two-phase systems as the dominant mechanisms utilized by microfluidic devices to handle biological samples. Each chapter explains the physics of the mechanism at work, and reviews common geometries and devices to help readers decide the type of style of device required for various applications. This book is appropriate for graduate-level biomedical engineering and analytical chemistry students, as well as engineers and scientists working in the biotechnology industry.

Railway Ecology

Railway Ecology
Author : Luís Borda-de-Água,Rafael Barrientos,Pedro Beja,Henrique Miguel Pereira
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-09-18
Category : Nature
Total pages :320
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book provides a unique overview of the impacts of railways on biodiversity, integrating the existing knowledge on the ecological effects of railways on wildlife, identifying major knowledge gaps and research directions and presenting the emerging field of railway ecology. The book is divided into two major parts: Part one offers a general review of the major conceptual and theoretical principles of railway ecology. The chapters consider the impacts of railways on wildlife populations and concentrate on four major topics: mortality, barrier effects, species invasions and disturbances (ranging from noise to chemical pollution). Part two focuses on a number of case studies from Europe, Asia and North America written by an international group of experts.

Quaternary Climates, Environments and Magnetism

Quaternary Climates, Environments and Magnetism
Author : Barbara A. Maher,Roy Thompson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1999-10-14
Category : Science
Total pages :390
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The Quaternary has been a period of major climatic and environmental oscillations, and our knowledge of these past variations is important for our understanding of the possible impact of human activity on the present-day environment. First published in 1999, Quaternary Climates, Environments and Magnetism presents an account of the rich variety of uses of magnetic measurements in the environmental geosciences. Ten chapters by leading world authorities describe the highlights of environmental magnetic work during the last decade and identify directions for future research. Emphasis is placed on a multidisciplinary approach to achieve a more thorough understanding of the environmental processes involved. This volume will be of interest to research scientists from a wide range of disciplines working on Quaternary environments, including earth and environmental sciences, physical geology, geography and palaeoclimatology. It will also be valuable as a supplementary text for graduates and advanced undergraduates.