June 12, 2021

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Biomarkers and Biosensors

Biomarkers and Biosensors
Author : Ajit Sadana,Neeti Sadana
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-12-08
Category : Science
Total pages :702
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Biomarkers and Biosensors offers thorough coverage of biomarker/biosensor interaction, current research trends, and future developments in applications of drug discovery. This book is useful to researchers in this field as well as clinicians interested in new developments in early detection and diagnosis of disease or the mode of operation of biomarkers. Biomarkers and Biosensors also emphasizes kinetics, and clearly delineates how this influences the biomarker market. Offers thorough coverage of the kinetics of biomarker interaction with the biosensor surface Provides evidence-based approach to evaluate effectiveness Provides pharmaceutical chemists the possibilities and methodology in assessing the effectiveness of new drugs Provides the information needed for the selection of the best biomarker for a specific application

Biomarkers and Biosensors

Biomarkers and Biosensors
Author : Ajit Sadana,Neeti Sadana
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :760
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Biomarkers and Biosensors for Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

Biomarkers and Biosensors for Cervical Cancer Diagnosis
Author : John Bosco Balaguru Rayappan,Jung Heon Lee
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2021-07-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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This book highlights both conventional and nanomaterials-based biosensors for the detection of cervical cancers. It describes developments in the selective and sensitive electrochemical biosensors based on DNA for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer. Further, this book covers other nano-biosensing systems such as nano-thermometry-based sensing platforms, mechanical sensing platforms encompassing piezoelectric-based sensors, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy based on PEGylated arginine functionalized magnetic nanoparticles, and field-effect transistor-based platforms for the early detection of cervical cancer. Also, it presents conventional platforms such as vibrational spectroscopy and polymerase chain reaction techniques for the diagnosis of cervical cancer. Finally, it reviews currently available biomarkers for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer and presents strategies for developing novel biomarkers based on cellular and molecular approaches. As such, this book is a comprehensive resource for researchers and clinicians working in cervical cancer diagnostics.

A Fast, Scalable Acoustic Resonator-based Biosensor Array System for Simultaneous Detection of Multiple Biomarkers

A Fast, Scalable Acoustic Resonator-based Biosensor Array System for Simultaneous Detection of Multiple Biomarkers
Author : Farasat Munir
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category : Biochemical markers
Total pages :129
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This thesis is about the design of a biosensor system for detection of multiple cancer biomarkers. Accurate diagnosis and prognosis of cancer requires early detection. Equally important, though, is the measurement of biomarker-velocity and detection of multiple biomarkers. Early detection requires highly sensitive biosensors capable of detection at very low concentrations of target molecules. Biomarker-velocity can be measured by monitoring concentration of target molecule over a period of time. This requires a system which is very easy to use, fast, flexible, inexpensive and portable, thus enabling its ubiquitous presence at the point of care. For detection of multiplexed biomarkers, biosensors which easily lend to array configuration are required. Conventional techniques do not fulfill either all or some aspects of the requirements listed above. In this work, we present the design of a biosensor system, keeping in view the desired features described above, to achieve the ultimate goal of enabling ubiquitous presence of biosensor at the point of care. We focus on acoustic transducer based biosensors. The two fundamental components of design in an acoustic biosensor are the design of an acoustic transducer and the design of a novel electrical interface for the transducer. For transducer design, we introduce and present the design of a single structure, GHz range, multi-mode acoustic resonator. We present this as a suitable transducer for liquid phase biosensors, which is the preferred medium for sensing of cancer biomarkers. We explore the underlying physics and do experimental and theoretical characterization of this device. The transducer needs to be functionalized with a chemically sensitive layer which performs the molecular recognition of cancer biomarkers. We present the experimental exploration of a reversible and oriented immobilization based Histidine-Ni(2+) interaction which used NTA as the chelator for anchoring onto the device. Then we discuss the microfluidic design to enable liquid phase operation. We used SU-8 polymer barriers for liquid containment and addressed the challenges of making it compatible with ZnO based devices. An electrical interface is needed to excite and extract the sensor response. We have presented here a novel method to measure and track a resonator's response and extract its characteristic parameters. This method measures the wideband frequency response of the resonator with a much simpler setup as compared to conventional methods. We have proposed and demonstrated the use of a white noise signal as a viable signal for broadband excitation of resonator-based sensing platforms. We have also established, shown through simulation and prototype measurements, the feasibility of the proposed method. The accuracy and speed of the system can be further greatly improved by FFT-based digital implementation of the spectral analysis system. We have presented an example hardware implementation of FFT-based signal analyzer, and have discussed the hardware resources required for actual implementation in a chip form. Lastly we discuss the measurement protocol and sensor results for head and neck cancer and prostate cancer biomarkers. These results demonstrate the usability of the proposed sensor system for detection of cancer biomarkers.

The Detection of Biomarkers

The Detection of Biomarkers
Author : Sibel A. Ozkan,Nurgul K. Bakirhan,Fariba Mollarasouli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-11-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :500
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Reliable, precise and accurate detection and analysis of biomarkers remains a significant challenge for clinical researchers. Methods for the detection of biomarkers are rather complex, requiring pre-treatment steps before analysis can take place. Moreover, comparing various biomarker assays and tracing research progress in this area systematically is a challenge for researchers. The Detection of Biomarkers presents developments in biomarker detection, including methods tools and strategies, biosensor design, materials, and applications. The book presents methods, materials and procedures that are simple, precise, sensitive, selective, fast and economical, and therefore highly practical for use in clinical research scenarios. This volume situates biomarker detection in its research context and sets out future prospects for the area. Its 20 chapters offer a comprehensive coverage of biomarkers, including progress on nanotechnology, biosensor types, synthesis, immobilization, and applications in various fields. The book also demonstrates, for students, how to synthesize and immobilize biosensors for biomarker assay. It offers researchers real alternative and innovative ways to think about the field of biomarker detection, increasing the reliability, precision and accuracy of biomarker detection. Locates biomarker detection in its research context, setting out present and future prospects Allows clinical researchers to compare various biomarker assays systematically Presents new methods, materials and procedures that are simple, precise, sensitive, selective, fast and economical Gives innovative biomarker assays that are viable alternatives to current complex methods Helps clinical researchers who need reliable, precise and accurate biomarker detection methods

Advanced Biosensors for Health Care Applications

Advanced Biosensors for Health Care Applications
Author : Dr. Inamuddin,Raju Khan,Ali Mohammad,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-06-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :432
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Advanced Biosensors for Health Care Applications highlights the different types of prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers associated with cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, brain and retinal diseases, cardiovascular diseases, bacterial infections, as well as various types of electrochemical biosensor techniques used for early detection of the potential biomarkers of these diseases. Many advanced nanomaterials have attracted intense interests with their unique optical and electrical properties, high stability, and good biocompatibility. Based on these properties, advanced nanoparticles have been used as biomolecular carriers, signal producers, and signal amplifiers in biosensor design. Recent studies reported that there are several diagnostic methods available, but the major issue is the sensitivity and selectivity of these approaches. This book outlines the need of novel strategies for developing new systems to retrieve health information of patients in real time. It explores the potential of nano-multidisciplinary science in the design and development of smart sensing technology using micro-nanoelectrodes, novel sensing materials, integration with MEMS, miniaturized transduction systems, novel sensing strategy, that is, FET, CMOS, System-on-a-Chip (SoC), Diagnostic-on-a-Chip (DoC), and Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC), for diagnostics and personalized health-care monitoring. It is a useful handbook for specialists in biotechnology and biochemical engineering. Describes advanced nanomaterials for biosensor applications Relates the properties of available nanomaterials to specific biomarkers applications Includes diagnosis and electrochemical studies based on biosensors Explores the potential of nano-multidisciplinary science to design and develop smart sensing technologies Describes novel strategies for developing a new class of assay systems to retrieve the desired health information

Modern Techniques in Biosensors

Modern Techniques in Biosensors
Author : Gorachand Dutta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics

Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics
Author : Keith E. Herold,Avraham Rasooly
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2012-05-29
Category : Science
Total pages :844
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Bridging the gap between research and clinical application, Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics explores the use of biosensors as effective alternatives to the current standard methods in cancer diagnosis and detection. It describes the major aspects involved in detecting and diagnosing cancer as well as the basic elements of biosensors and their applications in detection and diagnostics. The book addresses cancer molecular diagnostics, including genomic and proteomic approaches, from the perspective of biosensors and biodetection. It explains how to measure and understand molecular markers using biosensors and discusses the medical advantages of rapid and accurate cancer diagnostics. It also describes optical, electrochemical, and optomechanical biosensor technologies, with a focus on cancer analysis and the clinical utility of these technologies for cancer detection, diagnostics, prognostics, and treatment. Making biosensor technology more accessible to molecular biologists, oncologists, pathologists, and engineers, this volume advances the integration of this technology into mainstream clinical practice. Through its in-depth coverage of a range of biosensors, the book shows how they can play instrumental roles in the early molecular diagnosis of cancer.

Smart Biosensors in Medical Care

Smart Biosensors in Medical Care
Author : Jyotismita Chaki,Nilanjan Dey,Debashis De
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-02-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :244
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Smart Biosensors in Medical Care discusses the characteristics of biosensors and their potential applications in healthcare. This book is aimed at professionals, scientists and engineers who are interested in integrating biosensors into medical care systems for patients. It also provides fundamental and foundational knowledge for undergraduate and post graduate students. The book presents a comprehensive view of up-to-date requirements in hardware and communication, offers future perspectives on next-generation medical care systems, and includes global case studies of recent system operations in healthcare. Sections cover smart biosensors, such as wearable, implantable, patch based, and enzyme based for medical care. Advances in ubiquitous sensing applications for healthcare is a series which covers new systems based on ubiquitous sensing for healthcare (USH). Volumes in this series cover a wide range of interdisciplinary areas, including wireless sensors networks, wireless body area networks, Big data, Internet-of-Things (IoT), security, monitoring, real time data collection, data management, systems design/analysis, and much more. Covers the basics of biosensor based medical care data analysis and management Discusses data transmission techniques, presenting applications with extensive studies for biosensor based medical healthcare systems Offers solutions to the challenges of designing biosensor based medical healthcare systems

Biosensors for Cancer Biomarkers

Biosensors for Cancer Biomarkers
Author : Zihni Onur Uygun,Mustafa Kemal Sezgintürk
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2011
Category :
Total pages :129
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Biosensors and Nanotechnology

Biosensors and Nanotechnology
Author : Zeynep Altintas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-12-18
Category : HEALTH & FITNESS
Total pages :400
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General introduction to biosensors and recognition receptors -- Biomarkers in health care -- The use of nanomaterials and microfluidics in medical diagnostics -- SPR-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- Piezoelectric-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- Electrochemical-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- MEMS-based cell counting methods -- Lab-on-a-chip platforms for disease detection and diagnosis -- Applications of quantum dots in biosensors and diagnostics -- Applications of molecularly imprinted nanostructures in biosensors and diagnostics -- Smart nanomaterial's : applications in biosensors and diagnostics -- Applications of magnetic nanomaterial's in biosensors and diagnostics -- Graphene applications in biosensors and diagnostics -- Optical biosensors and applications to drug discovery for cancer cases -- Biosensors for detection of anticancer drug-DNA interactions

New Perspectives in Biosensors Technology and Applications

New Perspectives in Biosensors Technology and Applications
Author : Pier Andrea Serra
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release Date : 2011-07-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :460
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A biosensor is a detecting device that combines a transducer with a biologically sensitive and selective component. Biosensors can measure compounds present in the environment, chemical processes, food and human body at low cost if compared with traditional analytical techniques. This book covers a wide range of aspects and issues related to biosensor technology, bringing together researchers from 12 different countries. The book consists of 20 chapters written by 69 authors and divided in three sections: Biosensors Technology and Materials, Biosensors for Health and Biosensors for Environment and Biosecurity.

Biosensors and Cancer

Biosensors and Cancer
Author : Victor R. Preedy,Vinood Patel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-07-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :424
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Understanding the importance and application of biosensors is complicated by the diverse range of methods and applications. Furthermore, existing texts are somewhat technical in nature, making it difficult for the novice. This book disseminates information on biosensors in a readable way, suitable to a wide audience with varying levels of experience. Topics include optical imaging, surface plasmon resonance, microcantilevers, electrochemistry, aptamers, fluorescence, electrochemistry, nanobiosensors, and nanowires.

Recent Advancements in Biomarkers and Early Detection of Gastrointestinal Cancers

Recent Advancements in Biomarkers and Early Detection of Gastrointestinal Cancers
Author : Pallaval Veera Bramhachari,Nageswara Rao Reddy Neelapu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-07-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :231
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This book describes various novel biomarkers for the early diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. It also highlights recent advances in understanding the role of molecular markers and biomarkers, such as volatile biomarkers, serum biomarkers, predictive and prognostic molecular markers for the early detection of GI cancers. Further, it discusses novel biomarkers, including circulating microRNAs, serum microRNA and plasma microRNA in GI cancer. The book presents breakthrough technologies like ultra-sensitive nano-chips, nanosensors, nanodevices, biosensors, electrochemical biosensors, optical biosensors, DNA biosensors, synthetic biology devices, and 'omics' technologies for the early diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancer. In addition it examines the potential of genome-wide association studies, big data analytics, computation biology, systems biology, and nanotechnology for early diagnostics and therapeutics for gastrointestinal cancer, with a focus on personalized cancer treatment. The book is a valuable source for researchers and clinicians engaged in detection and diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancers.

Commercial Biosensors and Their Applications

Commercial Biosensors and Their Applications
Author : Mustafa Kemal Sezgintürk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-12
Category : Science
Total pages :374
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Commercial Biosensors and Their Applications: Clinical, Food, and Beyond offers professionals an in-depth look at some of the most significant applications of commercially available biosensor-based instrumentation in the clinical, food quality control, bioprocess monitoring, and bio threat fields. Featuring contributions by an international team of scientists, this book provides readers with an unparalleled opportunity to see how their colleagues around the world are using these powerful tools. This book is an indispensable addition to the reference libraries of biosensor technologists, analytical chemists, clinical chemists, biochemists, physicians, medical doctors, engineers, and clinical biochemists. The book discusses the need for portable, rapid, and smart biosensing devices and their use as cost-effective, in situ, real-time analytical tools in a variety of fields. Devotes several chapters to applications of biosensors to clinical samples, exploring how biosensors are currently used for in-home diabetes monitoring, point-of-care diagnostics, non-invasive sensing, and biomedical research Includes a section on food applications covering how biosensors can detect genetically modified organisms, toxins, allergens, hormones, microorganisms, species-specificity, pesticides, insecticides, and related components Discusses nanobiosensor and applications, including a chapter on nanotechnological approaches and materials in commercial biosensors