January 19, 2021

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Biomaterials for Artificial Organs

Biomaterials for Artificial Organs
Author : Michael Lysaght,Thomas J Webster
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-12-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :320
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The worldwide demand for organ transplants far exceeds available donor organs. Consequently some patients die whilst waiting for a transplant. Synthetic alternatives are therefore imperative to improve the quality of, and in some cases, save people’s lives. Advances in biomaterials have generated a range of materials and devices for use either outside the body or through implantation to replace or assist functions which may have been lost through disease or injury. Biomaterials for artificial organs reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs. Part one discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and plasmafilters, titanium and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees, polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements, biomaterials for pacemakers, defibrillators and neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valves. Part two goes on to investigate advanced and next generation biomaterials including small intestinal submucosa and other decullarized matrix biomaterials for tissue repair, new ceramics and composites for joint replacement surgery, biomaterials for improving the blood and tissue compatibility of total artificial hearts (TAH) and ventricular assist devices (VAD), nanostructured biomaterials for artificial tissues and organs and matrices for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors Biomaterials for artificial organs is an invaluable resource to researchers, scientists and academics concerned with the advancement of artificial organs. Reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs Discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees and polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements Further biomaterials utilised in pacemakers, defibrillators, neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valve are also explored

Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering
Author : L Hench,J. Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-09-27
Category : Science
Total pages :304
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Maintaining quality of life in an ageing population is one of the great challenges of the 21st Century. This book summarises how this challenge is being met by multi-disciplinary developments of specialty biomaterials, devices, artificial organs and in-vitro growth of human cells as tissue engineered constructs. Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering is intended for use as a textbook in a one semester course for upper level BS, MS and Meng students. The 25 chapters are organized in five parts: Part one provides an introduction to living and man-made materials for the non-specialist; Part two is an overview of clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices; Part three summarises the bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs; Part four presents the concepts, cell techniques, scaffold materials and applications of tissue engineering; Part five provides an overview of the complex socio-economic factors involved in technology based healthcare, including regulatory controls, technology transfer processes and ethical issues. Comprehensive introduction to living and man-made materials Looks at clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices Bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs are summarised

Tissue Engineering for Artificial Organs

Tissue Engineering for Artificial Organs
Author : Anwarul Hasan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-04-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :752
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A comprehensive overview of the latest achievements, trends, and the current state of the art of this important and rapidly expanding field. Clearly and logically structured, the first part of the book explores the fundamentals of tissue engineering, providing a separate chapter on each of the basic topics, including biomaterials stem cells, biosensors and bioreactors. The second part then follows a more applied approach, discussing various applications of tissue engineering, such as the replacement or repairing of skins, cartilages, livers and blood vessels, to trachea, lungs and cardiac tissues, to musculoskeletal tissue engineering used for bones and ligaments as well as pancreas, kidney and neural tissue engineering for the brain. The book concludes with a look at future technological advances. An invaluable reading for entrants to the field in biomedical engineering as well as expert researchers and developers in industry.

Biomaterials for Organ and Tissue Regeneration

Biomaterials for Organ and Tissue Regeneration
Author : Nihal Vrana,Helena Knopf-Marques,Julien Barthes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-03-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :846
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Biomaterials for Organ and Tissue Regeneration: New Technologies and Future Prospects examines the use of biomaterials in applications related to artificial tissues and organs. With a strong focus on fundamental and traditional tissue engineering strategies, the book also examines how emerging and enabling technologies are being developed and applied. Sections provide essential information on biomaterial, cell properties and cell types used in organ generation. A section on state-of-the-art in organ regeneration for clinical purposes is followed by a discussion on enabling technologies, such as bioprinting, on chip organ systems and in silico simulations. Provides a systematic overview of the field, from fundamentals, to current challenges and opportunities Encompasses the classic paradigm of tissue engineering for creation of new functional tissue Discusses enabling technologies such as bioprinting, organ-on-chip systems and in silico simulations

Stem Cells and Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells and Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine
Author : Marek J. Los,Andrzej Hudecki,Emilia Wiechec
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-11-07
Category : Science
Total pages :249
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Stem Cells and Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine addresses the urgent need for a compact source of information on both the cellular and biomaterial aspects of regenerative medicine. By developing a mutual understanding between three separately functioning areas of science—medicine, the latest technology, and clinical economics—the volume encourages interdisciplinary relationships that will lead to solutions for the significant challenges faced by today's regenerative medicine. Users will find sections on the homeostatic balance created by apoptosis and proliferating tissue stem cells, the naturally regenerative capacities of various tissue types, the potential regenerative benefits of iPS-generation, various differentiation protocols, and more. Written in easily accessbile language, this volume is appropriate for any professional or medical staff looking to expand their knowledge with regard to stem cells and regenerative medicine. Arms readers with key information on tissue engineering, artificial organs and biomaterials, while using broadly accessible language Provides broad introduction to, and examples of, various types of stem cells, core concepts of regenerative medicine, biomaterials, nanotechnology and nanomaterials, somatic cell transdyferentiation, and more Edited and authored by researchers with expertise in regenerative medicine, (cancer) stem cells, biomaterials, genetics and nanomaterials

Biomedical Membranes And (Bio)artificial Organs

Biomedical Membranes And (Bio)artificial Organs
Author : Stamatialis Dimitrios
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2017-11-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :348
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This book focusses on the development of biomedical membranes and their applications for (bio)artificial organs. It covers the state of art and main challenges for applying synthetic membranes in these organs. It also highlights the importance of accomplishing an integration of engineering with biology and medicine to understand and manage the scientific, industrial, clinical and ethical aspects of these organs. The compendium consists of 11 chapters, written by world renowned experts in the fields of membrane technology, biomaterials science and technology, cell biology, medicine and engineering. Every chapter describes the clinical needs and the materials, membranes, and concepts required for the successful development of the (bio)artificial organs. This text is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in biomedical engineering, materials science and membrane science and technology, as well as, for professionals and researchers working in these fields. Contents: Controlled Drug Release Systems: Mechanisms and Kinetics (M Sanopoulou and K G Papadokostaki)Membranes for Artificial Kidneys (J Vienken)Advanced Blood Purification Therapies (O ter Beek, I Geremia, D Pavlenko and D Stamatialis)Membranes for Artificial Lung and Gas Exchange Applications (F Wiese)Membranes for Bioartificial Kidney Devices (N Chevtchik, P Caetano Pinto, R Masereeuw and D Stamatialis)Membrane-Based Bioartificial Liver Devices (S Khakpour, H M M Ahmed and L De Bartolo)Are Co-Culture Approaches Able to Improve Biological Functions of Bioartificial Livers? (V Pandolfi, U Pereira, M Dufresne and C Legallais)Membranes for Bioartificial Pancreas: Macroencapsulation Strategies (K Skrzypek, M G Nibbelink, M Karperien, A van Apeldoorn and D Stamatialis)Early Health Economic Evaluation of Bioartificial Organs: Involving Users in the Design of the Bioartificial Pancreas for Diabetes (M J IJzerman, T Wissing and E de Koning)Membranes for Regenerative Medicine in Clinical Applications (G F D'Urso Labate and G Catapano)Membranes for Organs-on-Chips (M P Tibbe, A D van der Meer, A van den Berg, D Stamatialis and L I Segerink) Readership: Researchers, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students in biomedical engineering, bioengineering and membrane science and technology. Keywords: Biomedical Membranes;Bioartificial;OrgansReview:0

Biomaterials in Artificial Organs

Biomaterials in Artificial Organs
Author : J.P. Paul
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-03-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :370
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Tissue Engineering Strategies for Organ Regeneration

Tissue Engineering Strategies for Organ Regeneration
Author : Naznin Sultana,Sanchita Bandyopadhyay-Ghosh,Chin Fhong Soon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-02-11
Category : Science
Total pages :178
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Tissue Engineering Strategies for Organ Regeneration addresses the existing and future trends of tissue engineering approaches for organ/tissue regeneration or repair. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the recent improvement of biomaterials used in scaffold-based tissue engineering, and the tools and different protocols needed to design tissues and organs. The chapters in this book provide the in-depth principles for many of the supporting and enabling technologies including the applications of BioMEMS devices in tissue engineering, and the combination of organoid formation and three dimensional (3D) bioprinting. The book also highlights the advances and strategies for regeneration of three-dimensional microtissues in microcapsules, tissue reconstruction techniques, and injectable composite scaffolds for bone tissue repair and augmentation. Key Features: Addresses the current obstacles to tissue engineering applications Provides the latest improvements in the field of integrated biomaterials and fabrication techniques for scaffold-based tissue engineering Shows the influence of microenvironment towards cell-biomaterials interactions Highlights significant and recent improvements of tissue engineering applications for the artificial organ and tissue generation Describes the applications of microelectronic devices in tissue engineering Describes different current bioprinting technologies

Organ Manufacturing

Organ Manufacturing
Author : Xiaohong Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015-12-01
Category :
Total pages :484
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This is the first time that human organs, such as the heart, liver, kidney, stomach, uterus, skin, lung, pancreas and breast can be manufactured automatically and precisely for clinical transplantation, drug screening and metabolism model establishment. Headed by Professor Xiaohong Wang (also the founder and director) in the Center of Organ Manufacturing, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, this group has focused on organ manufacturing for over ten years. A series of technical bottleneck problems, such as vascular and nerve system establishment in a construct, multiple cell types and material system incorporation, and stem cell sequential engagement, have been overcome one by one. Two technical approaches have been exploited extensively. One is multiple nozzle rapid prototyping (RP), additive manufacturing (AM), or three-dimension (3D) printing. The other is combined mold systems. More than 110 articles and 40 patents with a series of theories and practices have been published consequently. In the future, all the failed organs (including the brain) in the human body can be substituted easily like a small accessory part in a car. Everyone can get benefit from these techniques, which ultimately means that the lifespan of humans, therefore, can be greatly prolonged from this time point. This book examines the progress made in the field and the developments made by these researchers (and authors) in the field.

Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation

Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation
Author : Giuseppe Orlando
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-10-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1050
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Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation illustrates exactly how these two fields are coming together and can benefit one another. It discusses technologies being developed, methods being implemented, and which of these are the most promising. The text encompasses tissue engineering, biomaterial sciences, stem cell biology, and developmental biology, all from a transplant perspective. Organ systems considered include liver, renal, intestinal, pancreatic, and more. Leaders from both fields have contributed chapters, clearly illustrating that regenerative medicine and solid organ transplantation speak the same language and that both aim for similar medical outcomes. The overall theme of the book is to provide insight into the synergy between organ transplantation and regenerative medicine. Recent groundbreaking achievements in regenerative medicine have received unprecedented coverage by the media, fueling interest and enthusiasm in transplant clinicians and researchers. Regenerative medicine is changing the premise of solid organ transplantation, requiring transplantation investigators to become familiar with regenerative medicine investigations that can be extremely relevant to their work. Similarly, regenerative medicine investigators need to be aware of the needs of the transplant field to bring these two fields together for greater results. Bridges the gap between regenerative medicine and solid organ transplantation and highlights reasons for collaboration Explains the importance and future potential of regenerative medicine to the transplant community Illustrates to regenerative medicine investigators the needs of the transplant discipline to drive and guide investigations in the most promising directions

Design of Artificial Human Joints & Organs

Design of Artificial Human Joints & Organs
Author : Subrata Pal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-08-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :419
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​Design of Artificial Human Joints & Organs is intended to present the basics of the normal systems and how, due to aging, diseases or trauma, body parts may need to be replaced with manmade materials. The movement of the body generates forces in various work situations and also internally at various joints, muscles and ligaments. It is essential to figure out the forces, moments, pressure etc to design replacements that manage these stresses without breaking down. The mechanical characterization of the hard and the soft tissues are presented systematically using the principles of solid mechanics. The viscoelastic properties of the tissue will also discussed. This text covers the design science and methodology from concept to blueprint to the final component being replaced. Each chapter will be a brief overview of various joint/organ replacement systems. Engineers working on artificial joints and organs, as well as students of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering are the main intended audience, however, the pedagogy is simple enough for those who are learning the subject for the first time.

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science
Author : Buddy D. Ratner,Allan S. Hoffman,Frederick J. Schoen,Jack E. Lemons
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-08-18
Category : Science
Total pages :864
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The second edition of this bestselling title provides the most up-to-date comprehensive review of all aspects of biomaterials science by providing a balanced, insightful approach to learning biomaterials. This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials. Provides comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials Integrates concepts of biomaterials science and biological interactions with clinical science and societal issues including law, regulation, and ethics Discusses successes and failures of biomaterials applications in clinical medicine and the future directions of the field Cover the broad spectrum of biomaterial compositions including polymers, metals, ceramics, glasses, carbons, natural materials, and composites Endorsed by the Society for Biomaterials

Frontiers in Tissue Engineering

Frontiers in Tissue Engineering
Author : C.W. Patrick,A.G. Mikos,L.V. McIntire
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1998-02-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :700
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Frontiers in Tissue Engineering is a carefully edited compilation of state-of-the-art contributions from an international authorship of experts in the diverse subjects that make up tissue engineering. A broad representation of the medical, scientific, industrial and regulatory community is detailed in the book. The work is an authoritative and comprehensive reference source for scientists and clinicians working in this emerging field. The book is divided into three parts: fundamentals and methods of tissue engineering, tissue engineering applied to specialised tissues, and tissue engineering applied to organs. The text offers many novel approaches, including a detailed coverage of cell-tissue interactions at cellular and molecular levels; cell-tissue surface, biochemical, and mechanical environments; biomaterials; engineering design; tissue-organ function; new approaches to tissue-organ regeneration and replacement of function; ethical considerations of tissue engineering; and government regulation of tissue-engineered products.

Bioinspired Structures and Design

Bioinspired Structures and Design
Author : Wole Soboyejo,Leo Daniel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2020-09-17
Category : Science
Total pages :362
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Human cortical bone as a structural material : Hierarchical design and biological degradation / Robert Ritchie and Elizabeth A. Zimmermann -- Bio-inspiration from nacre / Nima Rahbar and Sina Askarinejad -- Bio-inspiration from bamboo / Ting Tan and Wole Soboyejo.

Handbook of Tissue Engineering Scaffolds: Volume Two

Handbook of Tissue Engineering Scaffolds: Volume Two
Author : Masoud Mozafari,Farshid Sefat,Anthony Atala
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-06-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :874
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Handbook of Tissue Engineering Scaffolds: Volume Two provides a comprehensive and authoritative review on recent advancements in the application and use of composite scaffolds in tissue engineering. Chapters focus on specific tissue/organ (mostly on the structure and anatomy), the materials used for treatment, natural composite scaffolds, synthetic composite scaffolds, fabrication techniques, innovative materials and approaches for scaffolds preparation, host response to the scaffolds, challenges and future perspectives, and more. Bringing all the information together in one major reference, the authors systematically review and summarize recent research findings, thus providing an in-depth understanding of scaffold use in different body systems. Dedicated to the specialist topic of composite scaffolds, featuring all human body systems Covers basic fundamentals and advanced clinical applications Includes up-to-date information on preparation methodology and characterization techniques Highlights clinical data and case studies