June 19, 2021

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Biomimetic Biomaterials

Biomimetic Biomaterials
Author : Andrew J Ruys
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Science
Total pages :344
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A significant proportion of modern medical technology has been developed through biomimetics, which is biologically inspired by studying pre-existing functioning systems in nature. Typical biomimetically inspired biomaterials include nano-biomaterials, smart biomaterials, hybrid biomaterials, nano-biocomposites, hierarchically porous biomaterials and tissue scaffolds. This important book summarises key research in this important field. The book is divided into two parts: Part one is devoted to the biomimetics of biomaterials themselves while part two provides overviews and case studies of tissue engineering applications from a biomimetics' perspective. The book has a strong focus on cutting edge biomimetically inspired biomaterials including chitin, hydrogels, calcium phosphates, biopolymers and anti-thrombotic coatings. Since many scaffolds for skin tissue engineering are biomimetically inspired, the book also has a strong focus on the biomimetics of tissue engineering in the repair of bone, skin, cartilage, soft tissue and specific organs. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Biomimetic biomaterials is a standard reference for both the biomaterials research community and clinicians involved in such areas as bone regeneration, skin tissue and wound repair. Places strong focus on cutting edge biomimetically-inspired biomaterials including chitin, hydrogels, calcium phosphates, biopolymers and anti-thrombotic coatings Provides overviews and case studies of tissue engineering applications from a biomimetics perspective Also places focus on the biomimetics of tissue engineering in the repair of bone, skin, cartilage, soft tissue and specific organs

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : D. Campbell
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This chapter discusses recent developments of injectable biomimetic hydrogel systems found in soft tissue repair applications. It begins by introducing how biomimesis and biomaterials are related, and how tissue repair systems can be considered biomimetic. We introduce hydrogels by discussing their classification, synthesis and applications, then discuss how injectable biomimetic hydrogels have been investigated for use in soft tissue repair. Different approaches to the use of biomimetic hydrogels for soft tissue repair are covered, focusing on synthetic, non-biodegrable polymers. We include so-called conventional polymers and more biomimetic polymers. The chapter concludes with the likely future trends and highlights further reading materials.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : H. Ehrlich
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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Chitin is an evolutionarily ancient and fundamental template in biomineralization, commonly found in invertebrate species and biological systems across the globe. The chapter first discusses structural peculiarities of chitin from sponges (Porifera) with regards to its role in both calcification and silicification. It then describes strategies for applications of this unique chitin towards biomedical and technical goals.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : E. Mázl Chánová,F. Rypáček
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This chapter outlines the role of surface modifications for biomaterials used in tissue engineering, and reviews approaches to creating biomimetic coatings on several types of biomaterial. In the first section, the principles used in preparing non-fouling surfaces with minimized non-specific interactions with proteins are discussed, followed by the creation of biomimetic structures which promote controlled cell-surface interactions. The following sections go on to provide examples of key methods used in relation to specific materials, including polymers, metals and ceramics. Finally, methods for the characterization of coating efficiency are reviewed.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : R. Rabiei,A.K. Dastjerdi,M. Mirkhalaf,F. Barthelat
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This chapter investigates the concept of hierarchy widely found in biological materials. First, natural hierarchical materials are explored in terms of their high order structures formed from universal building blocks. Hierarchical arrangement is claimed to give rise to remarkable mechanical properties of biological structures. Therefore at the next step, the significance of hierarchical structuring on mechanical properties is investigated through available analytical models. Finally, fabrication methods which could potentially lead to artificial hierarchical structures are briefly reviewed in the domain of biomimetics.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : J. Zhu,J. Hu,R.E. Marchant
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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Hydrogels are widely used in biomedical applications, especially tissue engineering. This chapter discusses recent progress in design and synthesis of biomimetic hydrogels as scaffolds for tissue engineering. An overview is given of the extracellular matrix (ECM) as a natural model for biomimetic modification of synthetic hydrogels, then bioactive molecules and approaches for preparing biomimetic hydrogels are described, followed by highlighting applications in bioengineering of various tissues. Finally, conclusions and perspectives are provided regarding biomimetic modification of hydrogels and challenges in developing biomimetic hydrogels as tissue-engineering scaffolds.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : T.L.B. Ha
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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Recent advances in stem cell biology and tissue engineering have paved the way for new therapies for incurable diseases and replacement of tissues and/or organs. These therapies rely on biomaterial mimicking involving niches to control the fate of stem cells and produce stem cell-based tissues. The niches or biomimetic scaffolds can be used for long-term maintenance and lineage-specific differentiation of stem cells. This chapter introduces a method for creation of biomimetic scaffolds. Acellular scaffolds were obtained by removing the cellular components of natural tissues. Then, human stem cells were isolated and cultured on these scaffolds.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : S. Sprio,M. Sandri,M. Iafisco,S. Panseri,C. Cunha,A. Ruffini,N. Zini,R. Toni,A. Tampieri
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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Scientific research on tissue regeneration is increasingly becoming the most promising response to a number of disabling pathologies with huge impact on the progressively growing and ageing world population. The biomimicry of scaffolds with the target tissue is now universally considered to be a key requirement to properly instruct cells towards the restoration of physiological functioning. In this respect, the present chapter presents an overview of recent findings on biomimetic materials and devices addressed to bone and osteochondral tissues as well as soft organ regeneration. Particular focus is given to new apatite phases, including the newly discovered superparamagnetic apatite and processes to develop ceramic, polymeric and hybrid regenerative scaffolds.

Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering

Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
Author : Trans Tech Publications, Limited
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2014-06-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :96
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This volume of the "Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering" covers topical issue of biomimetic approach to the development of modern means of a wide range of industrial applications, the new solutions in the field of biomedical engineering and of pharmacological practice and also illuminates the results of the latest solutions in the field of development of biomaterials and their application.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : E. Boughton,S.V. Mclennan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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Scaffolds are increasingly being used to repair skin lesions, in particular in acute conditions such as burns. Their use in the repair of chronic wounds is less well established, but they offer a potential solution to this debilitating condition. The biomimetic approach of mimicking the structure and function of the dermis via design of scaffolds for soft tissue repair marks a shift from the traditional approach of simple replacement of tissue and has potential to improve healing in chronic wounds. This chapter will focus on a review of the scaffolds currently used for skin repair and examine their utility for repair of chronic wounds.

Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : K.A. Hing
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This chapter reviews basic bone biology and bone graft technology to give an insight into the increasingly biomimetic approach being pursued in this field. Many current synthetic bone graft substitute materials have calcium phosphate chemistries reflecting the composition of bone mineral, and hierarchical pore structures similar to cancellous bone. Significant research effort has been devoted to understanding how slight variations in chemistry and pore structure impact a graft material’s ability to support or stimulate bone healing. It appears that the best results are obtained when a graft chemistry or structure is designed to mimic the natural tissue.

Biomimetic Medical Materials

Biomimetic Medical Materials
Author : Insup Noh
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :399
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This volume outlines the current status in the field of biomimetic medical materials and illustrates research into their applications in tissue engineering. The book is divided into six parts, focusing on nano biomaterials, stem cells, tissue engineering, 3D printing, immune responses and intellectual property. Each chapter has its own introduction and outlines current research trends in a variety of applications of biomimetic medical materials. The biomimetic medical materials that are covered include functional hydrogels, nanoparticles for drug delivery and medicine, the 3D bioprinting of biomaterials, sensor materials, stem cell interactions with biomaterials, immune responses to biomaterials, biodegradable hard scaffolds for tissue engineering, as well as other important topics, like intellectual property. Each chapter is written by a team of experts. This volume attempts to introduce the biomimetic properties of biomedical materials within the context of our current understanding of the nanotechnology of nanoparticles and fibres and the macroscopic aspects of 3D bioprinting.

Biomimetic Approaches for Biomaterials Development

Biomimetic Approaches for Biomaterials Development
Author : Joao F. Mano
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-02-08
Category : Science
Total pages :606
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Biomimetics, in general terms, aims at understanding biological principles and applying them for the development of man-made tools and technologies. This approach is particularly important for the purposeful design of passive as well as functional biomaterials that mimic physicochemical, mechanical and biological properties of natural materials, making them suitable, for example, for biomedical devices or as scaffolds for tissue regeneration. The book comprehensively covers biomimetic approaches to the development of biomaterials, including: an overview of naturally occurring or nature inspired biomaterials; an in-depth treatment of the surface aspects pivotal for the functionality; synthesis and self-assembly methods to prepare devices to be used in mineralized tissues such as bone and teeth; and preparation of biomaterials for the controlled/ sustained release of bioactive agents. The last part reviews the applications of bioinspired materials and principles of design in regenerative medicine such as in-situ grown bone or cartilage as well as the biomimetic techniques for soft tissue engineering. The comprehensive scope of this book makes it a must-have addition to the bookshelf of everyone in the fields of Materials Science/Engineering, Nanotechnologies / Nanosciences, Medical Sciences, Biochemistry, Polymer Chemistry, and Biomedical Engineering.

Biomimetic Peptide-amphiphiles for Functional Biomaterials

Biomimetic Peptide-amphiphiles for Functional Biomaterials
Author : Anastasia Mardilovich
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category :
Total pages :278
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Biomimetic biomaterials

Biomimetic biomaterials
Author : P. Boughton,G. Roger,R. Rohanizadeh,R.S. Mason,A. Ruys
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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Naturally occurring gradients have been identified in the natural spinal disk joint. Emulating these gradients within a total joint arthroplasty may allow the motion-moderating function of the disk to be more closely replicated. Biomimetic functionally gradient materials have been developed for providing rigid bone-engaging caudal and coronal bioactive surfaces that transition to a flexible fibrocartilage-like portion. Methods are detailed for forming thermoplastic elastomers, bioactive reinforcement, radially aligned anisotropic composites and functionally graded materials with axial and radial gradients. Employing these methods to the vertebral-interlocking spinal disk design provides a biomimetic approach to reduce risk of hypermobility, stress concentration and implant migration.