December 3, 2020

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Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-02-03
Category : Science
Total pages :114
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The traditional pulp and paper producers are facing new competitors in tropical and subtropical regions who use the latest and largest installed technologies, and also have wood and labor cost advantages. Due to the increasing global competition, the forest products prices will continue to decrease. To remain viable, the traditional producers need to increase revenue by producing bioenergy and biomaterials in addition to wood, pulp, and paper products. In this so-called Integrated Products Biorefinery, all product lines are highly integrated and energy efficient. Integrated Products Biorefineries present the forest products industry with a unique opportunity to increase revenues and improve environmental sustainability. Integrated Products Biorefinery technologies will allow industry to manufacture high-value chemicals, fuels, and/or electric power while continuing to produce traditional wood, pulp, and paper products. The industry already controls much of the raw material and infrastructure necessary to create Integrated Products Biorefineries, and Agenda 2020 partnerships are speeding development of the key enabling technologies. Once fully developed and commercialized, these technologies will produce enormous energy and environmental benefits for the industry and the nation. Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry presents the biorefining concept, the opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and describes and discusses emerging biorefinery process options. This book also highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery. Provides up-to-date and authoritative information, citing pertinent research, on this timely and important topic Covers in great depth the biorefining concept, opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and emerging biorefinery process options Highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery

Integrated Forest Biorefineries

Integrated Forest Biorefineries
Author : Lew Christopher
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2012-09-01
Category : Science
Total pages :307
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This book documents the recent accomplishments of integrated forest biorefineries and their future in the pulp, paper, and fiber-processing industries.

Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper

Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-05-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :668
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Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper: Raw Material and Pulp Making, Third Edition is a comprehensive reference for industry and academia covering the entire gamut of pulping technology. This book provides a thorough introduction to the entire technology of pulp manufacture; features chapters covering all aspects of pulping from wood handling at the mill site through pulping and bleaching and pulp drying. It also includes a discussion on bleaching chemicals, recovery of pulping spent liquors and regeneration of chemicals used and the manufacture of side products. The secondary fiber recovery and utilization and current advances like organosolv pulping and attempts to close the cycle in bleaching plants are also included. Hundreds of illustrations, charts, and tables help the reader grasp the concepts being presented. This book will provide professionals in the field with the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on the state-of- the-art techniques and aspects involved in pulp making. It has been updated, revised and extended. Alongside the traditional aspects of pulping and papermaking processes, this book also focuses on biotechnological methods, which is the distinguishing feature of this book. It includes wood-based products and chemicals, production of dissolving pulp, hexenuronic acid removal, alternative chemical recovery processes, forest products biorefinery. The most significant changes in the areas of raw material preparation and handling, pulping and recycled fiber have been included. A total of 11 new chapters have been added. This handbook is essential reading for all chemists and engineers in the paper and pulp industry. Provides comprehensive coverage on all aspects of pulp making Covers the latest science and technology in pulp making Includes traditional and biotechnological methods, a unique feature of this book Presents the environmental impact of pulp and papermaking industries Sets itself apart as a valuable reference that every pulp and papermaker/engineer/chemist will find extremely useful

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-08-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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Pulp and Paper Industry: Chemical Recovery examines the scientific and technical advances that have been made in chemical recovery, including the very latest developments. It looks at general aspects of the chemical recovery process and its significance, black liquor evaporation, black liquor combustion, white liquor preparation, and lime reburning. The book also describes the technologies for chemical recovery of nonwood black liquor, as well as direct alkali regeneration systems in small pulp mills. In addition, it includes a discussion of alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e. alternative causticization and gasification processes, and the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments. Furthermore, it discusses the utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor, including related environmental challenges. Offers thorough and in-depth coverage of scientific and technical advances in chemical recovery in pulp making Discusses alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e., alternative causticization and gasification processes Covers the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments Examines utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor Discusses environmental challenges (air emissions, mill closure) Presents ways in which the economics, energy efficiency, and environmental protection associated with the recovery process can be improved

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-08-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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Pulp and Paper Industry: Chemical Recovery examines the scientific and technical advances that have been made in chemical recovery, including the very latest developments. It looks at general aspects of the chemical recovery process and its significance, black liquor evaporation, black liquor combustion, white liquor preparation, and lime reburning. The book also describes the technologies for chemical recovery of nonwood black liquor, as well as direct alkali regeneration systems in small pulp mills. In addition, it includes a discussion of alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e. alternative causticization and gasification processes, and the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments. Furthermore, it discusses the utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor, including related environmental challenges. Offers thorough and in-depth coverage of scientific and technical advances in chemical recovery in pulp making Discusses alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e., alternative causticization and gasification processes Covers the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments Examines utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor Discusses environmental challenges (air emissions, mill closure) Presents ways in which the economics, energy efficiency, and environmental protection associated with the recovery process can be improved

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-02-14
Category : Science
Total pages :588
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The book provides the most up-to-date information available on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry. The first edition was published in 2011, covering a specific biotechnological process or technique, discussing the advantages, limitations, and prospects of the most important and popular processes used in the industry. Many new developments have taken place in the last five years, warranting a second edition on this topic. The new edition contains about 35% new material covering topics in Laccase application in fibreboard; biotechnology in forestry; pectinases in papermaking; stickies control with pectinase; products from hemicelluloses; value added products from biorefinery lignin; use of enzymes in mechanical pulping.

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology
Author : Ashok Pandey,Rainer Höfer,Mohammad Taherzadeh,Madhavan Nampoothiri,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :730
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Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies needed for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular, the development of low-cost technologies. During the last 3-4 years, there have been scientific and technological developments in the area; this book represents the most updated information and technological perspective on the topic. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Provides information on integration of processes for the pretreatment of biomass Designed as a textbook for both graduate students and researchers

Green Chemistry and Sustainability in Pulp and Paper Industry

Green Chemistry and Sustainability in Pulp and Paper Industry
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-06-23
Category : Science
Total pages :258
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This book features in-depth and thorough coverage of Minimum Impact Mill Technologies which can meet the environmental challenges of the pulp and paper industry and also discusses Mills and Fiberlines that encompass “State-of-the-Art” technology and management practices. The minimum impact mill does not mean "zero effluent", nor is it exclusive to one bleaching concept. It is a much bigger concept which means that significant progress must be made in the following areas: Water Management, Internal Chemical Management, Energy Management, Control and Discharge of Non-Process Elements and Removal of Hazardous Pollutants. At the moment, there is no bleached kraft pulp mill operating with zero effluent. With the rise in environmental awareness due to the lobbying by environmental organizations and with increased government regulation there is now a trend towards sustainability in the pulp and paper industry. Sustainable pulp and paper manufacturing requires a holistic view of the manufacturing process. During the last decade, there have been revolutionary technical developments in pulping, bleaching and chemical recovery technology. These developments have made it possible to further reduce loads in effluents and airborne emissions. Thus, there has been a strong progress towards minimum impact mills in the pulp and paper industry. The minimum-impact mill is a holistic manufacturing concept that encompasses environmental management systems, compliance with environmental laws and regulations and manufacturing technologies.

Black Liquor Gasification

Black Liquor Gasification
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-03-06
Category : Science
Total pages :130
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Black Liquor Gasification (BLG) is a first of its kind to guide chemical engineers, students, operators of paper plants, technocrats, and entrepreneurs on practical guidelines and a holistic techno-enviro-economic perspective applicable to their future or existing projects based on the treatment of black liquor for energy production. BLG describes the gasification process as a more efficient alternative to current processes for the conversion of black liquor biomass into energy. BLG operates largely in sync with other methods to improve pulp-making efficiency. This book explains how BLG offers a way to generate electricity and to reclaim pulping chemicals from black liquor, and why BLG would replace the Tomlinson recovery boiler for the recovery of spent chemicals and energy. Describes the utilization of black liquor as a source of energy Provides a detailed account of black liquor gasification processes for the production of energy and chemicals from black liquor Provides guidelines to chemical engineers for the treatment of black liquor

Fungal Biorefineries

Fungal Biorefineries
Author : Sachin Kumar,Pratibha Dheeran,Mohammad Taherzadeh,Samir Khanal
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-07-04
Category : Science
Total pages :246
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This book covers the applications of fungi used in biorefinery technology. As a great many different varieties of fungal species are available, the text focuses on the various applications of fungi for production of useful products including organic acids (lactic, citric, fumaric); hydrolytic enzymes (amylase, cellulases, xylanases, ligninases, lipases, pectinases, proteases); advanced biofuels (ethanol, single cell oils); polyols (xylitol); single cell protein (animal feed); secondary metabolites; and much more.

Anaerobic Technology in Pulp and Paper Industry

Anaerobic Technology in Pulp and Paper Industry
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :99
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This book presents a state-of-the-art report on the treatment of pulp and paper industry effluents using anaerobic technology. It covers a comprehensive range of topics, including the basic reasons for anaerobic treatment, comparison between anaerobic and aerobic treatment, effluent types suitable for anaerobic treatment, design considerations for anaerobic treatment, anaerobic reactor configurations applied for treatment of pulp and paper industry effluents, present status of anaerobic treatment in pulp and paper industry, economic aspects, examples of full scale installations and future trends.

Polyester

Polyester
Author : Nurhan Onar Camlibel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :98
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Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology
Author : Ashok Pandey,Rainer Höfer,Mohammad Taherzadeh,Madhavan Nampoothiri,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :730
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Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies needed for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular, the development of low-cost technologies. During the last 3-4 years, there have been scientific and technological developments in the area; this book represents the most updated information and technological perspective on the topic. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Provides information on integration of processes for the pretreatment of biomass Designed as a textbook for both graduate students and researchers

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :414
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This book provides the most up-to-date information available on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry. Each of the twenty chapters covers a specific biotechnological process or technique, discussing the advantages, limitations, and future prospects of the most important and popular processes used in the industry. Topics covered include tree improvement, pulping, bleaching, deinking, fiber modification, biosolids management, and biorefining.

Integrated Biorefineries

Integrated Biorefineries
Author : Paul R. Stuart,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-12-10
Category : Science
Total pages :873
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Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis, and Optimization examines how to create a competitive edge in biorefinery innovation through integration into existing processes and infrastructure. Leading experts from around the world working in design, synthesis, and optimization of integrated biorefineries present the various aspects of this complex