November 30, 2020

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Biotextiles as Medical Implants

Biotextiles as Medical Implants
Author : M W King,B S Gupta,R Guidoin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :704
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Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems. This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines. Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : B.S. Gupta
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Textiles are known to have unique properties that lend themselves to use in many different types of technical products, among which perhaps the best known are medical materials. Presented in this chapter are aspects of polymer, fiber and textile science that should serve as useful background knowledge of the materials used in constructing products and whose in vitro and in vivo physical and mechanical performances are discussed in this book.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : C.C. Chu
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Catgut and collagen are the two most well-known natural materials for absorbable sutures; however collagen-based absorbable sutures have largely been replaced by synthetic materials made from one of five basic building blocks. The chemical structures of a variety of commercial absorbable sutures are reviewed. The characteristics, chemistry and manufacture of some nonabsorbable equivalents are also considered. A number of newly available materials, in particular the group of amino-acid based biodegradable poly(ester amide) fibers, are considered, together with the results of trials.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : B.S. Gupta
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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The available implants can be classified as either the one- dimensional, two-dimensional or three-dimensional structures. Among these, the most researched is the arterial prosthesis, which involves a novel process and many steps to make. All aspects of the manufacture and finishing of different types of vascular grafts (straight, tapered, multilimbed) are discussed: construction of the basic tube, setting and annealing of the tube in corrugated and resilient circular configurations, and the designs to resist fraying, improve flow and enhance healing. Advantages of using tubular fabrics to construct other (nonvascular) prostheses are examined, as is the technology used to produce more complex, nontubular, three-dimensional products. Key criteria for selection of implant material and physical principles to optimize implant performance are also considered.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : C.R. Gajjar,M.G. McCord,M.W. King
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Hemorrhage is uncontrolled bleeding from a wound. Various studies indicate that hemorrhage is a major cause of ‘potentially preventable’ deaths in combat as well as civilian trauma. New methods and products for hemorrhage control are therefore a research priority to avoid potentially survivable deaths. A better understanding of the correlation between surface properties and their hemostatic potential (i.e. ability to form a blood clot) would result in an effective hemostatic wound dressing. This chapter describes the blood clotting mechanism and the effect of foreign surfaces on the coagulation cascade. Finally, a review of the various approaches to develop an ideal hemostatic material is presented.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : D. Tessier
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Surface properties are a critical aspect of textiles for medical applications. This chapter discusses some popular surface modification techniques: plasma activation, plasma polymerization, chemical grafting, and polymer encapsulation of nanoparticles.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : L.-M. Zhu,D.G. Yu
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Developing novel drug delivery systems (DDSs) from drugloaded fibers is a useful and attractive medical applications of biotextiles. This chapter reviews relevant textile technologies, types of polymers and active pharmaceutical ingredients for preparing drug-loaded fibers. Different types of DDS derived from novel drug-loaded fibers are summarized. Future trends and areas for intensive biotextiles research with reference to DDSs are discussed.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : L.A. Eadie,M.W. King
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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An atrial septal defect (ASD) is the third most common form of congenital heart disease and is often only diagnosed in adulthood. The chapter describes different forms of ASD with their symptoms and diagnoses and methods that have historically been used to repair them. Transcatheter ASD repair technology is explained and the construction and functioning of a variety of devices is described, with particular reference to the advantages and disadvantages of a variety of textile components. The chapter concludes with an overview of recent developments.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
Author : S.W. Shalaby,S.D. Nagatomi,E.F. Powell
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Biotextile sterilization presents unique challenges. The chapter describes the principles of sterilization and the way in which sterility assurance levels are defined and demonstrated. Traditional thermal, chemical and radiation sterilization methods are described, as well as newer methods such as plasma and microwave sterilization, and applications for which each is suitable. The advantages of the emerging technology of radiochemical sterilization are described, together with some of its successful applications, such as surgical sutures and tissue adhesive and the results of recent comparative studies of radiochemical and other sterilization methods for absorbable materials. Projected future trends in sterilization technology are also outlined.

Biomedical Textiles for Orthopaedic and Surgical Applications

Biomedical Textiles for Orthopaedic and Surgical Applications
Author : Todd Blair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :212
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Recent concerns over the possible effects of metal-on-metal orthopaedic implants and the evolution of more natural structures made from fibre have made medical device manufacturers consider the potential of fibre. Textiles offer the potential to replace traditional materials with novel fibres which are more suitable for many load bearing applications. Orthopaedics, in particular, is embracing textile technology for repairing, replacing, and regenerating integral pieces of the skeletal system and its associated components. This important new book will provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field. Chapters in part one will discuss the fundamentals of textiles for orthopaedic applications. Part two will cover textiles for implantable orthopaedic applications whilst the final set of chapters will discuss the role of textiles in orthopaedic tissue engineering. Provides a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field

Resorbable Fiber-Forming Polymers for Biotextile Applications

Resorbable Fiber-Forming Polymers for Biotextile Applications
Author : Chirag R. Gajjar,Martin W. King
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :78
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This book summarizes the properties and applications of conventional and commercially available fiber-forming, bioresorbable polymers, as well as those currently under study, for use as biotextiles. Factors affecting the performance of these biomaterials are presented, and precautionary measures to reduce premature, hydrolytic degradation during manufacturing and processing are discussed. Because of the structural requirements of medical devices and the technological advancements in synthetic fibers and textile technology, the new field of "Biotextiles" has evolved to exploit the potential of various woven, knitted, braided and non-woven textile structures for biomedical applications. Textile substrates provide certain unique mechanical properties to the medical device and because of an inherently high level of porosity, they can encourage cell growth and promote migration and proliferation. Bioresorbable devices that assist in the repair and regeneration of damaged tissues have in recent years replaced many of the permanent prosthetic devices. Thus, the topic of “Bioresorbable Biomaterials” generates much interest and research activity in the field of biomaterials science today. For this reason, the use of bioresorbable polymers as fibers is currently dominating the field of resorbable biomaterials for applications from sutures to tissue engineering scaffolds.

An Introduction to Healthcare and Medical Textiles

An Introduction to Healthcare and Medical Textiles
Author : Wen Zhong
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release Date : 2013
Category : Medical
Total pages :293
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This volume is a scientific introduction to the study, engineering and applications of medical textiles. It moves systematically from the fundamentals of textile materials and their fabrication through biocompatibility and biodegradability to the applications of textiles in healthcare, ranging from hygiene to wound care, grafts and implantables. The book analyzes how the internal structures of various types of textiles, wovens, knits and nonwovens, are related to specific medical/biomedical end uses. While carefully explaining the basics, the book aims to show the connection between textile properties and the design and development of medical and healthcare textile products. This text is designed for advanced students and industry-based textile researchers, engineers, and product developers.

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science
Author : Buddy D. Ratner,Allan S. Hoffman,Frederick J. Schoen,Jack E. Lemons
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-08-18
Category : Science
Total pages :864
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The second edition of this bestselling title provides the most up-to-date comprehensive review of all aspects of biomaterials science by providing a balanced, insightful approach to learning biomaterials. This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials. Provides comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials Integrates concepts of biomaterials science and biological interactions with clinical science and societal issues including law, regulation, and ethics Discusses successes and failures of biomaterials applications in clinical medicine and the future directions of the field Cover the broad spectrum of biomaterial compositions including polymers, metals, ceramics, glasses, carbons, natural materials, and composites Endorsed by the Society for Biomaterials

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science
Author : William R Wagner,Shelly E. Sakiyama-Elbert,Guigen Zhang,Michael J. Yaszemski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-05-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :1616
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The revised edition of the renowned and bestselling title is the most comprehensive single text on all aspects of biomaterials science from principles to applications. Biomaterials Science, fourth edition, provides a balanced, insightful approach to both the learning of the science and technology of biomaterials and acts as the key reference for practitioners who are involved in the applications of materials in medicine. This new edition incorporates key updates to reflect the latest relevant research in the field, particularly in the applications section, which includes the latest in topics such as nanotechnology, robotic implantation, and biomaterials utilized in cancer research detection and therapy. Other additions include regenerative engineering, 3D printing, personalized medicine and organs on a chip. Translation from the lab to commercial products is emphasized with new content dedicated to medical device development, global issues related to translation, and issues of quality assurance and reimbursement. In response to customer feedback, the new edition also features consolidation of redundant material to ensure clarity and focus. Biomaterials Science, 4th edition is an important update to the best-selling text, vital to the biomaterials’ community. The most comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials Edited and contributed by the best-known figures in the biomaterials field today; fully endorsed and supported by the Society for Biomaterials Fully revised and updated to address issues of translation, nanotechnology, additive manufacturing, organs on chip, precision medicine and much more. Online chapter exercises available for each chapter

A.T.A. Journal

A.T.A. Journal
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Clothing trade
Total pages :129
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