November 30, 2020

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Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics

Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics
Author : Vaibhav Gandhi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-09-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :258
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Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology provides a means of communication that allows individuals with severely impaired movement to communicate with assistive devices using the electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain signals. The practicality of a BCI has been possible due to advances in multi-disciplinary areas of research related to cognitive neuroscience, brain-imaging techniques and human-computer interfaces. However, two major challenges remain in making BCI for assistive robotics practical for day-to-day use: the inherent lower bandwidth of BCI, and how to best handle the unknown embedded noise within the raw EEG. Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics is a result of research focusing on these important aspects of BCI for real-time assistive robotic application. It details the fundamental issues related to non-stationary EEG signal processing (filtering) and the need of an alternative approach for the same. Additionally, the book also discusses techniques for overcoming lower bandwidth of BCIs by designing novel use-centric graphical user interfaces. A detailed investigation into both these approaches is discussed. An innovative reference on the brain-computer interface (BCI) and its utility in computational neuroscience and assistive robotics Written for mature and early stage researchers, postgraduate and doctoral students, and computational neuroscientists, this book is a novel guide to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics for BCI Full-colour text that focuses on brain-computer interfacing for real-time assistive robotic application and details the fundamental issues related with signal processing and the need for alternative approaches A detailed introduction as well as an in-depth analysis of challenges and issues in developing practical brain-computer interfaces.

Smart Wheelchairs and Brain-computer Interfaces

Smart Wheelchairs and Brain-computer Interfaces
Author : Pablo Diez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-05-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :492
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Smart Wheelchairs and Brain-Computer Interfaces: Mobile Assistive Technologies combines the fields of neuroscience, rehabilitation and robotics via contributions from experts in their field to help readers develop new mobile assistive technologies. It provides information on robotics, control algorithm design for mobile robotics systems, ultrasonic and laser sensors for measurement and trajectory planning, and is ideal for researchers in BCI. A full view of this new field is presented, giving readers the current research in the field of smart wheelchairs, potential control mechanisms and human interfaces that covers mobility, particularly powered mobility, smart wheelchairs, particularly sensors, control mechanisms, and human interfaces. Presents the first book that combines BCI and mobile robotics Focuses on fundamentals and developments in assistive robotic devices which are commanded by alternative ways, such as the brain Provides an overview of the technologies that are already available to support research and the development of new products

Introduction to Non-Invasive EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces for Assistive Technologies

Introduction to Non-Invasive EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces for Assistive Technologies
Author : Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-07-23
Category : Computers
Total pages :84
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This book aims to bring to the reader an overview of different applications of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on more than 20 years of experience working on these interfaces. The author provides a review of the human brain and EEG signals, describing the human brain, anatomically and physiologically, with the objective of showing some of the patterns of EEG (electroencephalogram) signals used to control BCIs. It then introduces BCIs and different applications, such as a BCI based on ERD/ERS Patterns in α rhythms (used to command a robotic wheelchair with an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system onboard it); a BCI based on dependent-SSVEP to command the same robotic wheelchair; a BCI based on SSVEP to command a telepresence robot and its onboard AAC system; a BCI based on SSVEP to command an autonomous car; a BCI based on independent-SSVEP (using Depth-of-Field) to command the same robotic wheelchair; the use of compressive technique in SSVEP-based BCI; a BCI based on motor imagery (using different techniques) to command a robotic monocycle and a robotic exoskeleton; and the first steps to build a neurorehabilitation system based on motor imagery of pedalling together an in immersive virtual environment. This book is intended for researchers, professionals and students working on assistive technology.

Intelligent Assistive Robots

Intelligent Assistive Robots
Author : Samer Mohammed,Juan C. Moreno,Kyoungchul Kong,Yacine Amirat
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :448
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This book deals with the growing challenges of using assistive robots in our everyday activities along with providing intelligent assistive services. The presented applications concern mainly healthcare and wellness such as helping elderly people, assisting dependent persons, habitat monitoring in smart environments, well-being, security, etc. These applications reveal also new challenges regarding control theory, mechanical design, mechatronics, portability, acceptability, scalability, security, etc.

Brain-Computer Interface Research

Brain-Computer Interface Research
Author : Christoph Guger,Gernot Müller-Putz,Brendan Allison
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-12
Category : Computers
Total pages :133
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This book describes ten of the most promising brain-computer-interface (BCI) projects to have emerged in recent years. BCI research is developing quickly, with many new ideas, research groups, and improved technologies. BCIs enable people to communicate just by thinking – without any movement at all. Several different groups have helped severely disabled users communicate with BCIs, and BCI technology is also being extended to facilitate recovery from stroke, epilepsy, and other conditions. Each year, hundreds of the top BCI scientists, engineers, doctors, and other visionaries compete for the most prestigious honor in the BCI research community: the annual BCI Award. The 2014 BCI Award competition was again competitive, with 69 research groups vying for a nomination. This book summarizes the 2014 BCI Award, including the ten projects that were nominated, the winner, and analyses and discussions of the submitted projects and how they reflect general trends in BCI development. Each of these ten groups provides a chapter summarizing their nominated project, including an introduction, description of methods, results, and newer work completed after the project was submitted. Hence, this book provides a cutting-edge overview of the newest BCI research trends, from top groups, in an easy to read format with numerous supporting pictures, graphs, and figures.

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Brain-Computer Interfaces
Author : Theodore W. Berger,John K. Chapin,Greg A. Gerhardt,Dennis J. McFarland,Jose C. Principe,Walid V. Soussou,Dawn M. Taylor,Patrick A. Tresco
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-09-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :281
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We have come to know that our ability to survive and grow as a nation to a very large degree depends upon our scientific progress. Moreover, it is not enough simply to keep 1 abreast of the rest of the world in scientific matters. We must maintain our leadership. President Harry Truman spoke those words in 1950, in the aftermath of World War II and in the midst of the Cold War. Indeed, the scientific and engineering leadership of the United States and its allies in the twentieth century played key roles in the successful outcomes of both World War II and the Cold War, sparing the world the twin horrors of fascism and totalitarian communism, and fueling the economic prosperity that followed. Today, as the United States and its allies once again find themselves at war, President Truman’s words ring as true as they did a half-century ago. The goal set out in the Truman Administration of maintaining leadership in science has remained the policy of the U. S. Government to this day: Dr. John Marburger, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President, made remarks to that effect during his 2 confirmation hearings in October 2001. The United States needs metrics for measuring its success in meeting this goal of maintaining leadership in science and technology. That is one of the reasons that the National Science Foundation (NSF) and many other agencies of the U. S.

Brain-Computer-Interfaces in their ethical, social and cultural contexts

Brain-Computer-Interfaces in their ethical, social and cultural contexts
Author : Gerd Grübler,Elisabeth Hildt
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-06-30
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :202
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This volume summarizes the ethical, social and cultural contexts of interfacing brains and computers. It is intended for the interdisciplinary community of BCI stakeholders. Insofar, engineers, neuroscientists, psychologists, physicians, care-givers and also users and their relatives are concerned. For about the last twenty years brain-computer-interfaces (BCIs) have been investigated with increasing intensity and have in principle shown their potential to be useful tools in diagnostics, rehabilitation and assistive technology. The central promise of BCI technology is enabling severely impaired people in mobility, grasping, communication, and entertainment. Successful applications are for instance communication devices enabling locked-in patients in staying in contact with their environment, or prostheses enabling paralysed people in reaching and grasping. In addition to this, it serves as an introduction to the whole field of BCI for any interested reader.

Augmentation of Brain Function: Facts, Fiction and Controversy

Augmentation of Brain Function: Facts, Fiction and Controversy
Author : Mikhail Lebedev,Ioan Opris,Manuel F. Casanova
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2018-09-14
Category :
Total pages :666
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Volume I, entitled “Augmentation of Brain Functions: Brain-Machine Interfaces”, is a collection of articles on neuroprosthetic technologies that utilize brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). BMIs strive to augment the brain by linking neural activity, recorded invasively or noninvasively, to external devices, such as arm prostheses, exoskeletons that enable bipedal walking, means of communication and technologies that augment attention. In addition to many practical applications, BMIs provide useful research tools for basic science. Several articles cover challenges and controversies in this rapidly developing field, such as ways to improve information transfer rate. BMIs can be applied to the awake state of the brain and to the sleep state, as well. BMIs can augment action planning and decision making. Importantly, BMI operations evoke brain plasticity, which can have long-lasting effects. Advanced neural decoding algorithms that utilize optimal feedback controllers are key to the BMI performance. BMI approach can be combined with the other augmentation methods; such systems are called hybrid BMIs. Overall, it appears that BMI will lead to many powerful and practical brain-augmenting technologies in the future.

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Brain-Computer Interfaces
Author : Bernhard Graimann,Brendan Z. Allison,Gert Pfurtscheller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :393
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A brain-computer interface (BCI) establishes a direct output channel between the human brain and external devices. BCIs infer user intent via direct measures of brain activity and thus enable communication and control without movement. This book, authored by experts in the field, provides an accessible introduction to the neurophysiological and signal-processing background required for BCI, presents state-of-the-art non-invasive and invasive approaches, gives an overview of current hardware and software solutions, and reviews the most interesting as well as new, emerging BCI applications. The book is intended not only for students and young researchers, but also for newcomers and other readers from diverse backgrounds keen to learn about this vital scientific endeavour.

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 10

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 10
Author : Wolfram Burgard
Publisher : IOS Press
Release Date : 2008
Category : Computers
Total pages :428
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This volume contains the proceedings of the tenth International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS-10) in Baden Baden, Germany. The IAS conference brings together leading researchers interested in all aspects of autonomy and adaptivity of artificial systems. One of the driving forces of this conference is the observation that intelligence and autonomy is best studied and demonstrated using mobile robots acting autonomously in real-world environments and under challenging conditions.The papers contained in the final program of the conference cover a wide spectrum of research in autonomous intelligent systems including agent technology, walking robots, motion planning, robot control, multi-robot systems, navigation, perception, applications, learning and adaptation, and humanoid robots, just to mention some of them. The organization of IAS-10 aims to provide the reader with new ideas and to exchange knowledge in relation to the research of autonomous systems. Previous IAS proceedings are available through IOS Press as well.

Robust Intelligent Systems

Robust Intelligent Systems
Author : Alfons Schuster
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-08-06
Category : Computers
Total pages :299
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Our time recognizes robustness as an important, all-pervading feature in the world around us. Despite its omnipresence, robustness is not entirely understood, rather dif?cult to de?ne, and, despite its obvious value in many situations, rather dif?cult to achieve. One of the goals of this edited book is to report on the topic of robustness from a variety and diverse range of ?elds and perspectives. We are interested, for instance, in fundamental strategies nature applies to make systems robust—and arguably “intelligent”—and how these strategies may hold as general design principles in modern technology. A particular focus is on computer-based systems and appli- tions. This in mind, the book has four main sections: Part I has a look at robustness in terms of underlying technologies and infrastr- tures upon which many computer-based “intelligent” systems reside and inves- gates robustness on the hardware and software level, but also in larger environments such as the Internet and self-managing systems. The contributions in Part II target robustness in research areas that are inspired by biology, including brain-computer interfaces, biological networks, and biological immune systems, for example. Part III involves the exciting ?eld of arti?cial intelligence. The chapters here discuss the value of robustness as a general design principle for arti?cial intelligence, stressing its potential in areas such as humanoid robotics and image processing.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA) 2014

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA) 2014
Author : Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Bhabendra Narayan Biswal,Siba K. Udgata,J. K. Mandal
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-10-31
Category : Computers
Total pages :805
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This volume contains 87 papers presented at FICTA 2014: Third International Conference on Frontiers in Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications. The conference was held during 14-15, November, 2014 at Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. This volume contains papers mainly focused on Network and Information Security, Grid Computing and Clod Computing, Cyber Security and Digital Forensics, Computer Vision, Signal, Image & Video Processing, Software Engineering in Multidisciplinary Domains and Ad-hoc and Wireless Sensor Networks.

Brain-Computer Interface Systems

Brain-Computer Interface Systems
Author : Reza Fazel-Rezai
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-06-05
Category : Computers
Total pages :280
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Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems allow communication based on a direct electronic interface which conveys messages and commands directly from the human brain to a computer. In the recent years, attention to this new area of research and the number of publications discussing different paradigms, methods, signal processing algorithms, and applications have been increased dramatically. The objective of this book is to discuss recent progress and future prospects of BCI systems. The topics discussed in this book are: important issues concerning end-users; approaches to interconnect a BCI system with one or more applications; several advanced signal processing methods (i.e., adaptive network fuzzy inference systems, Bayesian sequential learning, fractal features and neural networks, autoregressive models of wavelet bases, hidden Markov models, equivalent current dipole source localization, and independent component analysis); review of hybrid and wireless techniques used in BCI systems; and applications of BCI systems in epilepsy treatment and emotion detections.

Natural and Artificial Models in Computation and Biology

Natural and Artificial Models in Computation and Biology
Author : Jose Manuel Ferrandez Vicente,Jose Ramon Alvarez Sanchez,Felix de la Paz Lopez,Fco. Javier Toledo Moreo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-06-03
Category : Computers
Total pages :436
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The two volume-set, LNCS 7930 and LNCS 7931, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Work-Conference on the Interplay between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2013, held in Mallorca, Spain, in June 2013. The 92 revised full papers presented in LNCS 7930 and LNCS 7931 were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The first part, LNCS 7930, entitled "Natural and Artificial Models in Computation and Biology”, includes all the contributions mainly related to the methodological, conceptual, formal, and experimental developments in the fields of neurophysiology and cognitive science. The second part, LNCS 7931, entitled “Natural and Artificial Computation in Engineering and Medical Applications”, contains the papers related to bioinspired programming strategies and all the contributions related to the computational solutions to engineering problems in different application domains, specially Health applications, including the CYTED “Artificial and Natural Computation for Health” (CANS) research network papers. In addition, this two volume-set reflects six interesting areas: cognitive robotics; natural computing; wetware computation; quality of life technologies; biomedical and industrial perception applications; and Web intelligence and neuroscience.

Signal Processing and Machine Learning for Brain-Machine Interfaces

Signal Processing and Machine Learning for Brain-Machine Interfaces
Author : Toshihisa Tanaka,Mahnaz Arvaneh
Publisher : Institution of Engineering and Technology
Release Date : 2018-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :354
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This book introduces signal processing and machine learning techniques for Brain Machine Interfacing/Brain Computer Interfacing (BMI/BCI), and their practical and future applications in neuroscience, medicine, and rehabilitation. This is an emerging and challenging technology in engineering, computing, machine learning, neuroscience and medicine, and so the book will interest researchers, engineers, professionals and specialists from all of these areas who need to know more about cutting edge technologies in the fields.