April 13, 2021

Download Ebook Free Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Strategies for the Discovery of Carbohydrate-active Enzymes from Environmental Bacteria

Strategies for the Discovery of Carbohydrate-active Enzymes from Environmental Bacteria
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category :
Total pages :82
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Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes
Author : K.-H. Park
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :312
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Recent advances in biochemistry and biotechnology have enabled significant progress in basic research on carbohydrate-active enzymes and advances in their effective application. The mechanism of catalytic reaction of carbohydrate-active enzymes is not fully understood, though, as they often show unusual substrate specificity and modes of action. This comprehensive collection summarises some of the most important research in the field of carbohydrate-active enzymes, focusing on the enzymatic reaction mechanism, structure-function relationship and role in the living organism The book is based on papers presented in the 2008 Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium Carbohydrate-active enzymes: structure, function and applications held on September 26th-27th 2008 in Seoul National University, Korea. This symposium was organized by the Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, Seoul National University, Korea, which has organized symposia on agricultural biotechnology annually since 1990. Many important results on new types of carbohydrate-active enzymes and their applications have been reported at these meetings. Papers in Part one of this collection focus on structure-function relationships of carbohydrate-active enzymes. Papers in Part two discuss functions and applications of carbohydrate-active enzymes, such as enzymes for grain processing and glycosidases and their mutants as useful tools for glycoside synthesis. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Carbohydrate-active enzymes: structure, function and applications is an essential reference for research scientists, post-graduate students and those in the food industry with an interest in enzymes. Summarises some of the most important research in the field of carbohydrate-active enzymes Covers topics ranging from enzyme classification and structural elucidation to applications of enzymes in food processing and other industries

Discovery and Characterization of Novel Carbohydrate-active Enzymes from Marine Bacteria

Discovery and Characterization of Novel Carbohydrate-active Enzymes from Marine Bacteria
Author : Lukas Reisky
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category :
Total pages :129
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Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes
Author : Stefano Benini
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-06-18
Category : Science
Total pages :408
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Carbohydrate-active enzymes are responsible for both biosynthesis and the breakdown of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. They are involved in many metabolic pathways; in the biosynthesis and degradation of various biomolecules, such as bacterial exopolysaccharides, starch, cellulose and lignin; and in the glycosylation of proteins and lipids. Carbohydrate-active enzymes are classified into glycoside hydrolases, glycosyltransferases, polysaccharide lyases, carbohydrate esterases, and enzymes with auxiliary activities (CAZy database, www.cazy.org). Glycosyltransferases synthesize a huge variety of complex carbohydrates with different degrees of polymerization, moieties and branching. On the other hand, complex carbohydrate breakdown is carried out by glycoside hydrolases, polysaccharide lyases and carbohydrate esterases. Their interesting reactions have attracted the attention of researchers across scientific fields, ranging from basic research to biotechnology. Interest in carbohydrate-active enzymes is due not only to their ability to build and degrade biopolymers—which is highly relevant in biotechnology—but also because they are involved in bacterial biofilm formation, and in glycosylation of proteins and lipids, with important health implications. This book gathers new research results and reviews to broaden our understanding of carbohydrate-active enzymes, their mutants and their reaction products at the molecular level.

Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Carbohydrate Bioengineering
Author : S.B. Petersen,B. Svensson,S. Pedersen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1995-12-08
Category : Science
Total pages :368
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The Carbohydrate Bioengineering Meeting held in Elsinore, Denmark, April 23-26, 1995, gathered 230 scientists, mostly from Europe, with interest in carbohydrate analysis and structure; carbohydrates in medicine and glycopathology; structure, function, application, and protein engineering of carbohydrate active enzymes; oligo- and polysaccharides of industrial interest; and production of carbohydrate containing new materials. The first chapters address glycoconjugates as modulatory and recognition molecules, structure determination using NMR and mass spectrometry, and microdialysis-chip enzyme-based sensors. Active site mutations coupled with crystal structures and synthetic substrate analogue interactions as well as new three-dimensional structures and binding domains for biotechnological applications are included in the chapters. Carbohydrate active enzymes turned out to be a predominant topic. The rapid development in glycobiology and glycotechnology has resulted in an enormous increase in our knowledge on the structure conversion, and application of carbohydrates in industry and medicine.

Organellar Genomes and Carbohydrate Active Enzymes from Draft Nuclear Genome of a Prasinophyte Alga, Pyramimonas Parkeae

Organellar Genomes and Carbohydrate Active Enzymes from Draft Nuclear Genome of a Prasinophyte Alga, Pyramimonas Parkeae
Author : Anchittha Satjarak
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :181
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Prasinophytes form a paraphyletic assemblage of early diverging green algae, which have the potential to reveal the traits of the last common ancestor of the main two green lineages in Viridiplantae: 1) the clade consisting of chlorophyte algae and 2) the clade consisting of streptophyte algae and embryophytes. In this study, we sequenced the whole genome of an alga from prasinophyte clade I-Pyramimonas parkeae strain NIES254-and constructed its chloroplast, mitochondrial, and draft nuclear genomes. We investigated intra-specific variability of both chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, inter-specific variability of mitochondrial genomes, and utilized the information from both organellar genomes to explore the relationships among prasinophytes. The results showed that both mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes of P. parkeae exhibited variability at the intra-specific level. Similarly, variability at the inter-specific level was observed among prasinophyte mitochondrial genomes. Our phylogenetic analyses suggested that the information from prasinophyte chloroplast and/or mitochondrial genomes was sufficient to resolve monophyly of the known prasinophyte clades. However, these data were not sufficient to resolve deeper level relationships among prasinophyte clades. The draft nuclear genome of P. parkeae, along with existing transcriptomic sequence, was used to investigate carbohydrate active enzymes and make comparisons with those of other Viridiplantae whose genomes have been fully sequenced. We found that the P. parkeae nuclear genome encoded carbohydrate active protein families similar to those previously observed for other prasinophytes, green algae, and early-diverging embryophytes for which full nuclear genomic sequence is publically available. Sequences homologous to genes related to biosynthesis of starch and cell wall carbohydrates were identified in the P. parkeae genome, indicating molecular traits common to Viridiplantae. Sequences clustering with bacterial genes that encode cellulose synthases (Bcs) were found in the P. parkeae genome and transcriptome, and these sequences included regions coding for domains common to bacterial and plant cellulose synthases. These new sequences were incorporated into phylogenies aimed at illuminating the evolutionary history of cellulose production by Viridiplantae. Genomic sequences related to biosynthesis of xyloglucans, pectin, and starch likewise shed light on the origin of key Viridiplantae traits.

Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Carbohydrate Bioengineering
Author : Tuula T. Teeri,B. Svensson,H. J. Gilbert,T. Feizi
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2002
Category : Medical
Total pages :195
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This timely publication will be welcomed by all those needing access to the latest research in the field.

Recent Advances in Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Recent Advances in Carbohydrate Bioengineering
Author : H. J. Gilbert,G. J. Davies,Bernard Henrissat,B. Svensson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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Presents 32 papers originating from the lectures given at the April 1999 meeting. The papers examine the use of the catalytic, structural, and biological roles of carbohydrate modifying enzymes in the pharmaceutical, food, and agricultural industries. Important topics discussed include a glycosidase-catalyzed approach to oligosaccharide synthesis, the biochemistry of the enzymes, the solving of the three dimensional structures of glycoside hydrolases and transferases, the field of non-catalytic polysaccharide binding modules, and the use of enzymes in the generation of industrially useful saccharides.

Advances in Insect Physiology

Advances in Insect Physiology
Author : Russell Jurenka
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-12
Category :
Total pages :310
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Advances in Insect Physiology, Volume 57, provides readers with the latest interdisciplinary reviews on the topic. It is an essential reference source for invertebrate physiologists, neurobiologists, entomologists, zoologists and insect chemists, with this new release focusing on the Ecology and evolution of social insect cognition, Fly foregut and transmission of microbes, and Hormonal regulation of insect feeding behaviors, among other topics. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Insect Physiology series Contains important, comprehensive and in-depth reviews on insect physiology

Enzyme Functionality

Enzyme Functionality
Author : Allan Svendsen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-10-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :712
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Enzyme Functionality serves as a conduit for trailblazing research in enzyme engineering-relating current understanding of sequence families, the new notion of enzyme structure classes, and modern methods in protein engineering, design, and directed evolution to accelerate the development of novel enzyme functionalities. This reference gathers the diverse perspectives of nearly 80 scientists from around the globe and surveys all leading rational and random approaches to the artificial evolution of enzymes. Citing more than 1500 notable works, it outlines assays for enzyme activity, stability, and specificity and a wide variety of site-directed, redesign, and evolutionary engineering methods.

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Chemistry
Author : Amelia Pilar Rauter,Markus Sperandio
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2013-06-18
Category : Reference
Total pages :246
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In this volume, glycochemistry and glycobiology have been combined to demonstrate the contribution of organic chemistry, modern analytics, biological and biochemical expertise to the increasingly important field of glycomics. A polysaccharide immunomodulator with therapeutic implications, carbohydrate vaccines, new findings emphasizing the influence of carbohydrate decoration on the regulation of inflammatory response and new therapeutic approaches in the treatment of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, recent progress on glycoengineering based on a glycosylation strategy to optimize protein drugs, congenital disorders of glycosylation, and key aspects of the glycosylation changes associated with bladder cancer are amongst the subjects presented in this volume. The contribution of glycochemistry to innovation in glycosciences is shown with chapters covering highly functionalized exo-glycals for the generation of molecular diversity in a chemoselective manner, imino sugar glycosidase inhibitors, carbasugars, multivalent glycoconjugates, including glycodendrimers, glyconanotubes, and glyconanoparticles, and their uses in medicinal chemistry, as well as artificial saccharide-based and saccharide-functionalized gene delivery systems. Siderophores based on monosaccharides (which have proven effective for Gram-negative bacteria and mycobacteria), and the so-called smart materials, (which can modulate and control cell behaviour), complete the volume. Volume 39 of Carbohydrate Chemistry - Chemical and Biological Approaches contains contributions ranging from glycochemistry to glycobiology. This collection demonstrates in a meaningful way how the interdisciplinary approach of an international glyconetwork can advance the field of carbohydrate research in Europe and worldwide.

Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Carbohydrate Bioengineering
Author : Tuula T. Teeri,B. Svensson,H. J. Gilbert,T. Feizi
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2002
Category : Medical
Total pages :195
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This timely publication will be welcomed by all those needing access to the latest research in the field.

Handbook of Industrial Biocatalysis

Handbook of Industrial Biocatalysis
Author : Ching T. Hou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-06-09
Category : Science
Total pages :616
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Until now, no comprehensive handbook on industrial biocatalysis has been available. Soliciting chapters on virtually every aspect of biocatalysis from international experts most actively researching the field, the Handbook of Industrial Biocatalysis fills this need. The handbook is divided into three sections based on types of substrates. T

The Enzymes

The Enzymes
Author : Paul D. Boyer,Edwin G. Krebs,D. S. Sigman,Fuyuhiko Tamanoi,Ross E. Dalbey,Steven G. Clarke,Carla M. Koehler,Anant Kumar Menon,Michael N. Hall,Christine A. Hrycyna,Martin O. Bergo
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1970
Category : Enzymes
Total pages :459
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Conteúdo: Structure and control.