January 18, 2021

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Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels

Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels
Author : Aulice Scibioh,Viswanathan B
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-01-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :510
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Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels provides a snapshot of the present status of this rapidly growing field, examining ongoing breakthroughs in research and development, motivations, innovations and their respective impacts and perspectives. It also covers in detail the existing technical barriers to achieving key goals in this area. This book details the various methods, both currently available and potential, for conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals. With explanation of concepts and their applications, Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels offers an interdisciplinary approach that draws on and clarifies the most recent research trends. Explains the fundamental aspects of CO2 utilization Provides recent developments in CO2 utilization for the production of chemicals Answers the questions surrounding why some processes have not commercialized Discusses and analyses in detail many available catalytic conversion methods

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage
Author : Yongseung Yun
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-03-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :266
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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been considered as a practical way in sequestering the huge anthropogenic CO2 amount with a reasonable cost until a more pragmatic solution appears. The CCS can work as a bridge before fulfilling the no-CO2 era of the future by applying to large-scale CO2 emitting facilities. But CCS appears to lose some passion by the lack of progress in technical developments and in commercial success stories other than EOR. This is the time to go back to basics, starting from finding a solution in small steps. The CCS technology desperately needs far newer ideas and breakthroughs that can overcome earlier attempts through improving, modifying, and switching the known principles. This book tries to give some insight into developing an urgently needed technical breakthrough through the recent advances in CCS research, in addition to the available small steps like soil carbon sequestration. This book provides the fundamental and practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current technical status and to bring in new ideas to the conventional CCS technologies.

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery
Author : Iyad Karamé,Janah Shaya,Hassan Srour
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-08-16
Category : Science
Total pages :266
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Fossil fuels still need to meet the growing demand of global economic development, yet they are often considered as one of the main sources of the CO2 release in the atmosphere. CO2, which is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG), is periodically exchanged among the land surface, ocean, and atmosphere where various creatures absorb and produce it daily. However, the balanced processes of producing and consuming the CO2 by nature are unfortunately faced by the anthropogenic release of CO2. Decreasing the emissions of these greenhouse gases is becoming more urgent. Therefore, carbon sequestration and storage (CSS) of CO2, its utilization in oil recovery, as well as its conversion into fuels and chemicals emerge as active options and potential strategies to mitigate CO2 emissions and climate change, energy crises, and challenges in the storage of energy.

CO2 Separation, Purification and Conversion to Chemicals and Fuels

CO2 Separation, Purification and Conversion to Chemicals and Fuels
Author : Franz Winter,Rashmi Avinash Agarwal,Jan Hrdlicka,Sunita Varjani
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-10-30
Category : Science
Total pages :184
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This book presents the recent research on the separation, purification and downstream utilization of CO2 and other flue gases. Chapters include a detailed discussion on the purification and further conversion of CO2 to commodity chemicals and fuels. With contributions from renowned researchers in the field, the book focuses on the current challenges of catalytic high-pressure chemical conversion and biochemical conversion into high-value products. This book is of interest to researchers, professionals, and students working on carbon capture and sequestration, and is a valuable resource for policy makers and government agents working on guidelines and frameworks for carbon capture and reuse.

Renewable Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals from Carbon Dioxide

Renewable Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals from Carbon Dioxide
Author : David S.A. Simakov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-07-24
Category : Science
Total pages :69
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This book outlines the most recent progress in the development of technologies for carbon dioxide utilization into renewable synthetic fuels and platform chemicals via chemical and biological routes. Various processes are discussed, including thermocatalytic, electrocatalytic, photocatalytic, and biological conversion. This SpringerBrief consists of four chapters, each chapter outlining fundamentals and catalytic mechanisms, and discussing main design considerations and major technological challenges, providing also a brief outline of the most recent progress. The book is useful for a broad community of academic and industrial researchers in the fields of chemical reaction engineering, electro- and photo-chemistry, and biochemical engineering, with specific emphasizes on heterogeneous catalysis, reactor design and process development.

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2019-02-22
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Carbon Dioxide Electrochemistry

Carbon Dioxide Electrochemistry
Author : Marc Robert,Kim Daasbjerg,Cyrille Constentin
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2020-10-20
Category : Science
Total pages :450
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Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation
Author : Peter Styring,Elsje Alessandra Quadrelli,Katy Armstrong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-09-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :336
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Carbon Dioxide Utilisation: Closing the Carbon Cycle explores areas of application such as conversion to fuels, mineralization, conversion to polymers, and artificial photosynthesis as well as assesses the potential industrial suitability of the various processes. After an introduction to the thermodynamics, basic reactions, and physical chemistry of carbon dioxide, the book proceeds to examine current commercial and industrial processes, and the potential for carbon dioxide as a green and sustainable resource. While carbon dioxide is generally portrayed as a "bad" gas, a waste product, and a major contributor to global warming, a new branch of science is developing to convert this "bad" gas into useful products. This book explores the science behind converting CO2 into fuels for our cars and planes, and for use in plastics and foams for our homes and cars, pharmaceuticals, building materials, and many more useful products. Carbon dioxide utilization is a rapidly expanding area of research that holds a potential key to sustainable, petrochemical-free chemical production and energy integration. Accessible and balanced between chemistry, engineering, and industrial applications Informed by blue-sky thinking and realistic possibilities for future technology and applications Encompasses supply chain sustainability and economics, processes, and energy integration

Plasma Catalysis

Plasma Catalysis
Author : Annemie Bogaerts
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-04-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :246
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Plasma catalysis is gaining increasing interest for various gas conversion applications, such as CO2 conversion into value-added chemicals and fuels, N2 fixation for the synthesis of NH3 or NOx, methane conversion into higher hydrocarbons or oxygenates. It is also widely used for air pollution control (e.g., VOC remediation). Plasma catalysis allows thermodynamically difficult reactions to proceed at ambient pressure and temperature, due to activation of the gas molecules by energetic electrons created in the plasma. However, plasma is very reactive but not selective, and thus a catalyst is needed to improve the selectivity. In spite of the growing interest in plasma catalysis, the underlying mechanisms of the (possible) synergy between plasma and catalyst are not yet fully understood. Indeed, plasma catalysis is quite complicated, as the plasma will affect the catalyst and vice versa. Moreover, due to the reactive plasma environment, the most suitable catalysts will probably be different from thermal catalysts. More research is needed to better understand the plasma–catalyst interactions, in order to further improve the applications.

Chemo-Biological Systems for CO2 Utilization

Chemo-Biological Systems for CO2 Utilization
Author : Ashok Kumar,Swati Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-09-21
Category : Nature
Total pages :302
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Chemo-Biological Systems for CO2 Utilization describes the most recent advanced tools and techniques for carbon dioxide capture and its utilization. It discusses and compares the advantages of different systems and aids researchers and industrialists in understanding energy generation in the form of biofuels, bioelectricity, or biogas using chemicals; nanomaterials; and microbial, enzymatic, and chemo-enzymatic-integrated systems. It describes the importance and utilization of CO2 in living systems, and provides an overview of the various fundamental methods, policies, and techniques involved in CO2 conversion. Emphasis is placed on the production of value-added products using CO2, including biomethanol, industrial carbonates, and liquid or gaseous fuels. Features: Explains the correlations between microbial, biological, and chemical products and their roles in the conversion of CO2 into usable energy and related products. Being suitable for a broad audience, it addresses fundamental treatment methods for reusing environmental waste materials. Aids in decision-making and policy planning for environmental professionals. The information provided throughout this book will help researchers and professionals working in various industries to better understand the conversion of CO2 into energy-based products. Chemo-Biological Systems for CO2 Utilization also serves as a useful guide to seek alternative methods for clean energy and mitigating global climate change.

CO2 Sequestration and Valorization

CO2 Sequestration and Valorization
Author : Claudia R. V. Morgado,Victor Esteves
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-03-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :472
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The reconciliation of economic development, social justice and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is one of the biggest political challenges of the moment. Strategies for mitigating CO2 emissions on a large scale using sequestration, storage and carbon technologies are priorities on the agendas of research centres and governments. Research on carbon sequestration is the path to solving major sustainability problems of this century a complex issue that requires a scientific approach and multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary technology, plus a collaborative policy among nations. Thus, this challenge makes this book an important source of information for researchers, policymakers and anyone with an inquiring mind on this subject.

Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture

Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture
Author : Paul Fennell,Ben Anthony
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-05-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :466
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Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture reviews the fundamental principles, systems, oxygen carriers, and carbon dioxide carriers relevant to chemical looping and combustion. Chapters review the market development, economics, and deployment of these systems, also providing detailed information on the variety of materials and processes that will help to shape the future of CO2 capture ready power plants. Reviews the fundamental principles, systems, oxygen carriers, and carbon dioxide carriers relevant to calcium and chemical looping Provides a lucid explanation of advanced concepts and developments in calcium and chemical looping, high pressure systems, and alternative CO2 carriers Presents information on the market development, economics, and deployment of these systems

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Author : B. Viswanathan,M. Aulice Scibioh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :494
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"The book is a comprehensive reference book, explaining concepts and their applications. The interdisciplinary approach that draws on and clarifies the most recent research trends, makes this book interesting to everyone who is concerned with energy demands and fuel cells."--Jacket.

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels
Author : Harold Schobert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2013-01-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :480
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Discusses the formation, composition, properties and processing of the principal fossil and biofuels, ideal for graduate students and professionals.

Green Carbon Dioxide

Green Carbon Dioxide
Author : Gabriele Centi,Siglinda Perathoner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-01-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :326
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PROMISING NEW APPROACHES TO RECYCLE CARBON DIOXIDE AND REDUCEEMISSIONS With this book as their guide, readers will learn a variety ofnew approaches and methods to recycle and reuse carbon dioxide(CO2) in order to produce green fuels and chemicals and,at the same time, minimize CO2 emissions. The authorsdemonstrate how to convert CO2 into a broad range ofessential products by using alternative green energy sources, suchas solar, wind, and hydro-power as well as sustainable energysources. Readers will discover that CO2 can be a drivingforce for the sustainable future of both the chemical industry andthe energy and fuels industry. Green Carbon Dioxide features a team of expert authors,offering perspectives on the latest breakthroughs in CO2recycling from Asia, Europe, and North America. The book beginswith an introduction to the production of CO2-basedfuels and chemicals. Next, it covers such topics as: Transformation of CO2 to useable products throughfree-radical-induced reactions Hydrogenation of CO2 to liquid fuels Direct synthesis of organic carbonates from CO2 andalcohols using heterogeneous oxide catalysts Electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 in methanolmedium Fuel production from photocatalytic reduction of CO2with water using TiO2-based nanocomposites Use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery and carboncapture and sequestration More than 1,000 references enable readers to explore individualtopics in greater depth. Green Carbon Dioxide offers engineers, chemists, andmanagers in the chemical and energy and fuel industries aremarkable new perspective, demonstrating how CO2 canplay a significant role in the development of a sustainableEarth.