January 23, 2021

Download Ebook Free Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents For Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :420
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The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation
Author : Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-08-05
Category : Science
Total pages :430
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Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification
Author : Sabu Thomas,Daniel Pasquini,Shao-Yuan Leu,Deepu A Gopakumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-14
Category : Science
Total pages :890
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Novel nanoscale materials are now an essential part of meeting the current and future needs for clean water, and are at the heart of the development of novel technologies to desalinate water. The unique properties of nanomaterials and their convergence with current treatment technologies present great opportunities to revolutionize water and wastewater treatment. Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharidebased nanoparticles, nanocatalysts, and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability

Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability
Author : Karthiyayini Sridharan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-01-04
Category : Science
Total pages :130
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This book discusses nanotechnology, its benefits and risks affecting the environment we live in today, and is divided into three parts: Part-I dealing with Sustainability, Part-II describing Toxicological Impacts, and Part-III discussing Nanomaterial-based Adsorbents. The crucial challenge of sustainability in various environmental elements is a global problem. This draws upon various issues of nanotechnology which impact sustainability of food, clean environment, green house gases, raw materials extraction, manufacturing and automobile industry. Growth in the production of nanomaterials to suit any of these applications is commendable. However, this does not negate the growth in their toxic effects. The nanotoxicity research in areas like medicine and agriculture industry is reviewed in detail in this book. Part-II discusses the toxic nature of widely used nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are enormously used in environmental remediation due to some of their distinct properties. These properties are described and discussed. Part-III of the book highlights the highly reactive and adsorbent properties of nanomaterials that enable them to be a competent agent in water and pollutant remediation. This book is mainly intended for researchers and students to acquire fairly comprehensive understanding and appreciation of nanotechnology dominance in sustainability challenges, with the aim to give the anticipatory governance of nanomaterials in our society and environment.

Engineered Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibrous Material

Engineered Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibrous Material
Author : A. K. Haghi,Praveen K.M.,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :264
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Carbon nanotubes, with their extraordinary engineering properties, have garnered much attention in the past 10 years. Because of the broad range of potential applications, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications. Presenting up-to-date literature that presents the current state of the science, this book, Engineered Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibrous Material: Integrating Theory and Technique, fully explores the development phase of carbon nanotube-based applications. It looks at carbon nanotubes and their applications in diverse areas of science and engineering and considers environmental engineering applications as well. This volume is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, researchers, and professionals in a wide range of disciplines whose focus remains on the power and promise of carbon nanotubes.

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra,Hossain Md Anawar,Nadjib Drouiche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-11-01
Category : Science
Total pages :378
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Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Technologies describes the state-of-the-art of remediation technologies, such as those involving nanotechnology, filtration devices (e.g. membranes), strategies involving adsorption and precipitation processes, development of new sorbents, nanosorbents, biosorbents, green technology, bio-electrokinetics, degradation of pollutants, advanced oxidative process, oxidative electrochemical and photocatalytic processes, catalytic degradation, and emerging hybrid technologies, such as photocatalyst membrane photoreactors using TiO2. Scientists and researchers in academia and industry will benefit from this comprehensive resource on the fundamental science behind the mechanisms at which wastewater sources can be purified from emerging contaminants. Provides a fundamental understanding of emerging contaminants to help readers select appropriate remediation technologies Discusses, in detail, new and advanced green technologies that remove emerging contaminants from wastewater Shows how to ensure water quality and save public health by protecting water resources from contaminants

Composite Nanoadsorbents

Composite Nanoadsorbents
Author : George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitrpoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :385
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Composite Nanoadsorbents discusses the most recent advances in the field, including promising techniques for waste water decontamination and the advantages and drawbacks of nanoadsorbents in these applications. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and future developments for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed. New approaches for nanomaterials are analyzed, focusing on the effect of nanotechnology in adsorption applications. The effectiveness of nanosized materials is evaluated, along with cost factors and new synthesis routes of composite nanomaterials. Combining the areas of nanotechnology, adsorption, and composite surface chemistry, the synthesis, modifications and applications of nanotechnology in the adsorption process are demonstrated. Edited by a prolific expert in the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, adsorption and materials synthesis. Bridges the gap between theory and application of composite nanoadsorbents Provides an understanding of the benefits of nanoadsorbents and their cost, efficiency and novelty Includes material on inorganic nanoadsorbents and carbon nanotubes

Nanotechnology in Water and Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology in Water and Wastewater Treatment
Author : Amimul Ahsan,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-15
Category : Science
Total pages :408
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Nanotechnology in Water and Waste Water Treatment: Theory and Applications explores the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and highlights the advantages they provide for engineering applications. Applications covered include the generation of fresh water from surface water and seawater, the prevention of the contamination of the environment, and the creation of effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. Each chapter covers a different nanotechnology-based approach and examines the basic principles, practical applications, recent breakthroughs and associated limitations. This book is ideal for researchers and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, water treatment and desalination. In addition, it is also ideal for postgraduate students, industry and government professionals, managers and policymakers. Gathers together the latest research and developments in the field from journal articles and conference proceedings Discusses and evaluates the most economical and low cost treatment technologies Presents information from related fields on the applicability, strengths and weaknesses of particular nanomaterials in key applications, thus allowing for the continuation and expansion of research in a range of fields

Smart Materials for Waste Water Applications

Smart Materials for Waste Water Applications
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-01-29
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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Smart materials are used to develop more cost-effective and high-performance water treatment systems as well as instant and continuous ways to monitor water quality. Smart materials in water research have been extensively utilized for the treatment, remediation, and pollution prevention. Smart materials can maintain the long term water quality, availability and viability of water resource. Thus, water via smart materials can be reused, recycled, desalinized and also it can detect the biological and chemical contamination whether the source is from municipal, industrial or man-made waste. The 15 state-of-the-art review chapters contained in this book cover the recent advancements in the area of waste water, as well as the prospects about the future research and development of smart materials for the waste water applications in the municipal, industrial and manmade waste areas. Treatment techniques (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, adsorption and nano-reactive membranes) are also covered in-depth. The chapters are divided into three groups: The first section includes the various carbon nanomaterials (such as carbon nanotubes, mixed oxides) with a focus on use of carbon at nanoscale applied for waste water research. The second section focuses on synthetic nanomaterials for pollutants removal. The third section highlights the bio-polymeric nanomaterials where the authors have used the natural polymers matrices in a composite and nanocomposite material for waste treatment. The large number of researchers working in the area will benefit from the fundamental concepts, advanced approaches and application of the various smart materials towards waste water treatment that are described in the book. It will also provide a platform for the researchers and graduate students to carry out advanced research and understand the building blocks.

Emerging Carbon-Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications

Emerging Carbon-Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Shivani Bhardwaj Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-10-28
Category : Science
Total pages :304
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The 12 chapters comprehensively cover the development and advances on emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for wastewater applications and discuss the following topics: The emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for remediation of heavy metals and organic pollutants from wastewater; Functional green carbon nanocomposites for heavy-metal treatment in water; Green nanocomposites and their applications in environmentally-friendly carbon nanomaterials; Carbon-based nanocomposites as heterogeneous catalysts for organic reactions in environment-friendly solvents; Carbonaceous nanomaterials for arsenic and chromium removal from waste water; Biochar-based adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous systems; Describes carbon nanomaterials based green nanocomposites; The removal of trihalomethanes from water using nanofiltration membranes and The transformation of wide bandgap semiconductors for visible-light photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes; Nanocomposite materials as electrode materials in microbial fuel cells for the removal of water pollutants; Plasmonic smart nanosensors for the determination of environmental pollutants.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-Food and Environmental Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-Food and Environmental Applications
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Micro & Nano Technologies
Release Date : 2019-11
Category :
Total pages :652
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Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications
Author : Carlos P. Bergmann,Fernando Machado Machado
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-06-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :122
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This book presents a summary of the current use of carbon nanomaterials for water treatment, drug delivery, systems and nanosensors. The first chapter elucidates the adsorption process phenomenon. Also, the properties of different carbon nanomaterials for adsorption applications are covered. The third chapter presents the kinetic and equilibrium models of adsorption, processing of experimental data and adsorption process peculiarities. Environmental and biological applications of carbon nanomaterials are listed in the last chapter. This book is written from an application-oriented perspective and is useful for all those interested in nanoadsorbents.

A New Generation Material Graphene: Applications in Water Technology

A New Generation Material Graphene: Applications in Water Technology
Author : Mu. Naushad
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :471
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This book presents a unique collection of up-to-date applications of graphene for water science. Because water is an invaluable resource and the intelligent use and maintenance of water supplies is one of the most important and crucial challenges that stand before mankind, new technologies are constantly being sought to lower the cost and footprint of processes that make use of water resources as potable water as well as water for agriculture and industry, which are always in desperate demand. Much research is focused on graphene for different water treatment uses. Graphene, whose discovery won the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics, has been a shining star in the material science in the past few years. Owing to its interesting electrical, optical, mechanical and chemical properties, graphene has found potential applications in a wide range of areas, including water purification technology. A new type of graphene-based filter could be the key to managing the global water crisis. According to the World Economic Forum's Global Risks Report, lack of access to safe, clean water is the biggest risk to society over the coming decade. Yet some of these risks could be mitigated by the development of this filter, which is so strong and stable that it can be used for extended periods in the harshest corrosive environments, and with less maintenance than other filters on the market. The graphene-based filter could be used to filter chemicals, viruses, or bacteria from a range of liquids. It could be used to purify water, dairy products or wine, or in the production of pharmaceuticals. This book provides practical information to all those who are involved in this field.

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-12-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :626
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Aquananotechnology: Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Purification focuses on the impacts of, and opportunities for, the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality and the societal concerns surrounding the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. Sections cover the use of nano-sensors for the detection of water pollutants, the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics, bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. In addition, the book covers the use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials and nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have on a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale

Carbon Nanomaterials Based on Graphene Nanosheets

Carbon Nanomaterials Based on Graphene Nanosheets
Author : Ling Bing Kong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-03-27
Category : Science
Total pages :610
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Since the discovery of graphene, it has become one of the most widely and extensively studied materials. This book aims to summarize the progress in synthesis, processing, characterization and applications of a special group of nanocarbon materials derived from graphene or graphene related derivatives by using various strategies in different forms. More specifically, three forms of macrosized materials are presented, i.e., one-dimension or 1D (fibers, wires, yarns, streads, etc.), two-dimension or 2D (films, membranes, papers, sheets, etc.) and three-dimension or 3D (bulk, hydrogels, aerogels, foams, sponges, etc.). Seven chapters are included with the first chapter serving to introduce the concept, definition, and nomenclature of graphene, graphene oxide and their derivatives. The main topics are covered in Chapters 2‒7. Although they have coherent connections, each chapter of them is designed such that they can be studied independently. The target readers of this book include undergraduate students, postgraduate students, researchers, designers, engineers, professors, and program/project managers from the fields of materials science and engineering, applied physics, chemical engineering, biomaterials, materials manufacturing and design, institutes, and research founding agencies.