December 1, 2020

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Carbon Nanotubes: Quantum Cylinders of Graphene

Carbon Nanotubes: Quantum Cylinders of Graphene
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :232
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This volume is devoted to mostly to nanotubes, unique synthetic nanoscale quantum systems whose physical properties are often singular (i.e. record-setting). Nanotubes can be formed from a myriad of atomic or molecular species, the only requirement apparently being that the host material or “wall fabric be configurable as a layered or sheet-like structure. Nanotubes with sp2-bonded atoms such as carbon, or boron together with nitrogen, are the champions of extreme mechanical strength, electrical response (either highly conducting or highly insulating), and thermal conductance. Carbon nanotubes can be easily produced by a variety of synthesis techniques, and for this reason they are the most studied nanotubes, both experimentally and theoretically. Boron nitride nanotubes are much more difficult to produce and only limited experimental characterization data exist. Indeed, for boron nitride nanotubes, theory is well ahead of experiment. For these reasons this volume deals largely with carbon nanotubes. Conceptually, the "building block" for a carbon nanotube is a single sheet of graphite, called graphene. Recently, it has become possible to experimentally isolate such single sheets (either on a substrate or suspended). This capability has in turn fueled many new theoretical and experimental studies of graphene itself. It is therefore fitting that this volume contains also a chapter devoted to graphene. - Comprehension - Overview - Highlights in the field

Handbook of Nanophysics

Handbook of Nanophysics
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-09-17
Category : Science
Total pages :827
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Covering the key theories, tools, and techniques of this dynamic field, Handbook of Nanophysics: Principles and Methods elucidates the general theoretical principles and measurements of nanoscale systems. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume explores the theories involved in nanoscience. It also discusses the properties of nanomaterials and nanosystems, including superconductivity, thermodynamics, nanomechanics, and nanomagnetism. In addition, leading experts describe basic processes and methods, such as atomic force microscopy, STM-based techniques, photopolymerization, photoisomerization, soft x-ray holography, and molecular imaging. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers

Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers
Author : Roham Rafiee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-10-06
Category : Science
Total pages :586
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Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers: From Nanoscale to Macroscale addresses the advances in nanotechnology that have led to the development of a new class of composite materials known as CNT-reinforced polymers. The low density and high aspect ratio, together with their exceptional mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, render carbon nanotubes as a good reinforcing agent for composites. In addition, these simulation and modeling techniques play a significant role in characterizing their properties and understanding their mechanical behavior, and are thus discussed and demonstrated in this comprehensive book that presents the state-of-the-art research in the field of modeling, characterization and processing. The book separates the theoretical studies on the mechanical properties of CNTs and their composites into atomistic modeling and continuum mechanics-based approaches, including both analytical and numerical ones, along with multi-scale modeling techniques. Different efforts have been done in this field to address the mechanical behavior of isolated CNTs and their composites by numerous researchers, signaling that this area of study is ongoing. Explains modeling approaches to carbon nanotubes, together with their application, strengths and limitations Outlines the properties of different carbon nanotube-based composites, exploring how they are used in the mechanical and structural components Analyzes the behavior of carbon nanotube-based composites in different conditions

Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

Aligned Carbon Nanotubes
Author : Zhifeng Ren,Yucheng Lan,Yang Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-09-05
Category : Science
Total pages :300
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This book gives a survey of the physics and fabrication of carbon nanotubes and their applications in optics, electronics, chemistry and biotechnology. It focuses on the structural characterization of various carbon nanotubes, fabrication of vertically or parallel aligned carbon nanotubes on substrates or in composites, physical properties for their alignment, and applications of aligned carbon nanotubes in field emission, optical antennas, light transmission, solar cells, chemical devices, bio-devices, and many others. Major fabrication methods are illustrated in detail, particularly the most widely used PECVD growth technique on which various device integration schemes are based, followed by applications such as electrical interconnects, nanodiodes, optical antennas, and nanocoax solar cells, whereas current limitations and challenges are also be discussed to lay the foundation for future developments.

Optical Properties of Solids

Optical Properties of Solids
Author : Mark Fox
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2010-03-26
Category : Science
Total pages :415
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The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solid state materials. The basic principles of absorption, reflection, luminescence, and light scattering are covered for a wide range of materials, including insulators, semiconductors and metals. The text starts with a review of classical optics, and then moves on to the treatment of optical transition rates by quantum theory. In addition to the traditional discussion of crystalline materials, glasses and molecular solids are also covered. The first edition included a number of subjects that are not normally covered in standard texts, notably semiconductor quantum wells, molecular materials, vibronic solid state lasers, and nonlinear optics. The basic structure of the second edition is unchanged, but all of the chapters have been updated and improved. Futhermore, a number of important new topics have been added, including: · Optical control of spin · Quantum dots · Plasmonics · Negative refraction · Carbon nanostructures (graphene, nanotubes and fullerenes) · NV centres in diamond The text is aimed at final year undergraduates, masters students and researchers. It is mainly written for physicists, but might also be useful for electrical engineers, materials scientists and physical chemists. The topics are written in a clear tutorial style with worked examples, chapter summaries and exercises. A solutions manual is available on request for instructors.

Introduction to Graphene-Based Nanomaterials

Introduction to Graphene-Based Nanomaterials
Author : Luis E. F. Foa Torres,Stephan Roche,Jean-Christophe Charlier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-01-23
Category : Science
Total pages :421
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A detailed primer describing the most effective theoretical and computational methods and tools for simulating graphene-based systems.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes
Author : M. Endo,S. Iijima,M.S. Dresselhaus
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :198
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Carbon nanotubes have been studied extensively in relation to fullerenes, and together with fullerenes have opened a new science and technology field on nano scale materials. A whole range of issues from the preparation, structure, properties and observation of quantum effects in carbon nanotubes in comparison with 0-D fullerenes are discussed. In addition, complementary reviews on carbon nanoparticles such as carbon nano-capsules, onion-like graphite particles and metal-coated fullerenes are covered. This book aims to cover recent research and development in this area, and so provide a convenient reference tool for all researchers in this field. It is also hoped that this book can serve to stimulate future work on carbon nanotubes.

Scanning Probe Microscopy

Scanning Probe Microscopy
Author : Sergei V. Kalinin,Alexei Gruverman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-04-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :980
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This volume will be devoted to the technical aspects of electrical and electromechanical SPM probes and SPM imaging on the limits of resolution, thus providing technical introduction into the field. This volume will also address the fundamental physical phenomena underpinning the imaging mechanism of SPMs.

Multifunctional Conducting Molecular Materials

Multifunctional Conducting Molecular Materials
Author : Mitsuhiko Maesato
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :305
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The use of conducting molecular materials is a rapidly developing, multidisciplinary field of research, offering a wide variety of possibilities for the future. It is of particular relevance to nano fabrication and technology because it offers high density, small size integrated and multifunctional properties that can be fabricated under mild conditions. Multifunctional Conducting Molecular Materials covers a wide range of topics including: molecular conductors and superconductors; design and synthesis of functional molecular materials; organic/inorganic hybrids and photoinduced phenomena; fullerenes, nanotubes and other related nano materials. The book concludes with a look at integration and functionalities of molecular materials such as organic field effect transistors (OFET). This high level book is ideal for researchers in both industry and academia who are interested in this new and exciting field.

Materials, Transportation and Environmental Engineering II

Materials, Transportation and Environmental Engineering II
Author : Jimmy Chih Ming Kao,Wen Pei Sung,Ran Chen
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2014-09-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :2914
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Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 the 2nd International Conference on Materials, Transportation and Environmental Engineering (CMTEE 2014), July 30-31, 2014, Kunming, China. The 587 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials and Chemical Engineering and Technologies, Chapter 2: Environmental Materials, Biomaterials and Technologies, Chapter 3: Energy and Thermal Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Chapter 4: Civil and Building Engineering, Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Applied Mechanics, Chapter 5: Research and Design of Industrial Facilities and Technologies, Chapter 6: Recent Technologies in Mechatronics, Control and Automation, Chapter 7: Communication and Information Technologies, Algorithms and Numerical Methods of Data Processing, Chapter 8: Traffic, Road and Transportation Engineering, Chapter 9: Biomedical Engineering, Chapter 10: Urban Planning, Sustainable City and Green Building Applications, Chapter 11: Management Engineering, Business and Economics Engineering, Chapter 12: New Technologies in Education and Sports

Macromolecular Science and Engineering

Macromolecular Science and Engineering
Author : Yoshikazu Tanabe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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This book gives an overview of recent advances in the science and technology of polymeric and organic materials. Speciality polymers and novel polymeric catalysts have been objects of intense research during the last decade; they have had great influence in the chemical industry and have spawned a variety of new application areas. At the same time, novel investigative methods such as atomic force microscopy and computer simulation have provided new insight into some of the fundamental principles of polymer science. In a systematic and comprehensive manner, each chapter of this book gives a self-contained review of a particular aspect of recent progress. This book is the first attempt to provide a background perspective to the research field of polymeric and organic materials and it will be of great value to both professional researchers and postgraduate students. TOC:Introduction.- Chemical Reaction.- Speciality Polymers.- Polymer Processing.- New Measurements.- Structure and Properties.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies
Author : T.D. Burchell
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release Date : 1999-08-05
Category : Science
Total pages :540
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This study begins with a review of carbon materials, emphasizing structure and chemical bonding in various forms of carbon. It then goes on to discuss advanced technologies for the manufacture and modification of carbon-based materials and their practical applications.

International Journal of Nanotechnology

International Journal of Nanotechnology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Nanotechnology
Total pages :129
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Microscale Diagnostic Techniques

Microscale Diagnostic Techniques
Author : Kenny Breuer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2005-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :259
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Microscale Diagnostic Techniques highlights the most innovative and powerful developments in microscale diagnostics. It provides a resource for scientists and researchers interested in learning about the techniques themselves, including their capabilities and limitations. The fields of Micro- and Nanotechnology have emerged over the past decade as a major focus of modern scientific and engineering research and technology. Driven by advances in microfabrication, the investigation, manipulation and engineering of systems characterized by micrometer and, more recently, nanometer scales have become commonplace throughout all technical disciplines. With these developments, an entirely new collection of experimental techniques has been developed to explore and characterize such systems.

Recent Advances in Experimental Mechanics

Recent Advances in Experimental Mechanics
Author : E.E. Gdoutos,Isaac M. Daniel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002-06-30
Category : Science
Total pages :798
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This state-of-the-art volume covers a wide range of subjects in experimental mechanics including optical methods of stress analysis (photoelasticity, moirè, etc.), composite materials, sandwich construction, fracture mechanics, fatigue and damage, nondestructive evaluation, dynamic problems, foam, materials, fiber optic sensors, speckle metrology, digital image processing, nanotechnology, neutron diffraction and synchrotron radiation methods. Written by leading scientists in the field, the book contains 71 papers presented at the Symposium on "Recent Advances in Experimental Mechanics", which was organized in honor of Professor I.M. Daniel at Virginia Tech, on June 23-28, 2002. The book presents a thorough review of the latest problems of experimental mechanics. It is a vital supplement and reference source for researchers, practicing engineers and students.