November 28, 2020

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Ceramic Nanocomposites

Ceramic Nanocomposites
Author : Rajat Banerjee,Indranil Manna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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Ceramic nanocomposites have been found to have improved hardness, strength, toughness and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. Ceramic nanocomposites reviews the structure and properties of these nanocomposites as well as manufacturing and applications. Part one looks at the properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, including thermal shock resistance, flame retardancy, magnetic and optical properties as well as failure mechanisms. Part two deals with the different types of ceramic nanocomposites, including the use of ceramic particles in metal matrix composites, carbon nanotube-reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites, high temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites and ceramic particle nanofluids. Part three details the processing of nanocomposites, including the mechanochemical synthesis of metallic–ceramic composite powders, sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles and the surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology. Part four explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in such areas as energy production and the biomedical field. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Ceramic nanocomposites is a technical guide for professionals requiring knowledge of ceramic nanocomposites, and will also offer a deeper understanding of the subject for researchers and engineers within any field dealing with these materials. Reviews the structure and properties of ceramic nanocomposites as well as their manufacturing and applications Examines properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, as well as failure mechanisms Details the processing of nanocomposites and explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in areas such as energy production and the biomedical field

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
Author : A.O. Tonoyan,S.P. Davtyan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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This chapter reviews the preparation and study of high-temperature superconducting (SC) nanocomposites based on SC ceramics and various polymeric binders. Regardless of the size of the ceramic grains, any increase in their quantity results in an increase of resistance to rupture and modulus and a decrease in limiting deformation, whilst a similar increase in the average ceramic grain size worsens resistance properties. Investigation of the SC, thermo-chemical, mechanical and dynamic-mechanical properties of the samples are discussed. Superconducting properties of the polymer–ceramic nanocomposites are explained by intercalation of macromolecule fragments into the interstitial layer of the ceramic grains, a phenomenon that leads to a change in the morphological structure of SC nanocomposites.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
Author : G. Paul,I. Manna
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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This chapter reports the detailed study on the synthesis of nanofluids comprising very low concentrations of nanometric metallic or ceramic particles, rods, tubes, etc. The most common ways of preparing nanofluids are the one-step and two-step methods. While the one-step approach usually yields more stable nanofluids, the two-step method is more versatile as it provides the opportunity to disperse a wide variety of nanoparticles in different types of base fluids. However, the main focus of this chapter is on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids, which is the most researched aspect of nanofluids worldwide. An insight into the different parameters that influence the thermal conductivity of nanofluids is presented. In addition to experimental work, the theories used to try to analyze the cause of the anomalous increase in thermal conductivity are also presented.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
Author : K. Wieczorek-Ciurowa
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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The chapter discusses several variants of mechanosyntheses for composite powder formation of metal alloy matrices with ceramic particles. The necessity of following progress in mechanochemical processes using different analytical methods is shown. Based on the results of experimental studies on Cu–Al/Al2O3 and Ni-Al/Al2O3 nanocomposite powder formation through mechanochemical synthesis, the method of transforming combustive processes to progressive ones by applying hydroxosalts instead of metal oxides as precursors of composites is described.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
Author : N. Garmendia,B. Olalde,I. Obieta
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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Bioceramics and bioceramic composites have been widely used for biomedical applications for the last 50 years. This chapter discusses the advantages of using ceramic nanocomposites. The application of both inert and bioactive ceramics for orthopaedic and dental implants, as well as in the novel field of tissue engineering, is discussed and future trends are presented.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
Author : N.R. Bose
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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This chapter discusses the performance behaviour of ceramic nanocomposites under conditions of thermal shock, i.e. when they are subjected to sudden changes in temperature during either heating or cooling or may be in flame propagating zones. For example, during emergency shut-downs of gas turbines, cool air is drawn from the still spinning compressor and driven through the hot sections: the temperature at the turbine outlet decreases by more than 800°C within one second and ceramic nanocomposite materials are an appropriate choice for such application. Furthermore, such a situation may arise about 100 times during the lifetime of a modern gas turbine engine. Similarly, in the nuclear industries, apart from the moderate shocks inflicted during start-up and shut-down of the system, the plasma-facing material can suffer rapid heating due to plasma discharge. Thus, when a body is subjected to a rapid temperature change such that non-linear temperature gradients appear, stresses arise due to the differential expansion of each volume element at a different temperature. The design principles for the fabrication of high-performance thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites with improved mechanical properties are highlighted in this chapter. Moreover, the pertinent factors such as interface characteristics, densification methods, superplasticity and the role of nano-size particulate dispersion, which are responsible for the development of thermal shock resistant and flame retardant nanoceramic materials, are addressed and reviewed. Various test methods for the characterisation and evaluation of ceramic nanocomposites are described. Finally, the new concept of materials design for future structural ceramic nanocomposites is discussed for safe applications in high-temperature thermal shock zones.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
Author : B. Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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This chapter covers the electrical conductivity of polymer– ceramic and ceramic–ceramic nanocomposites with a major emphasis on the ionic conductivity. These nanocomposites are potentially important materials as electrolytes for power generation and energy storage devices. The nanocomposites offer major enhancements in ionic conductivity because of an underlying basic physical mechanism emanating from their structure. The basic physical mechanism for conductivity enhancement is the space charge effect. The chapter explains applicability and quantification of the effect for lithium ion conducting nanocomposites. The applicability of the effect can be extended to other lithium ion and oxygen ion conductors. Uses of nanocomposites in energy storage and power generation devices are also covered.

Processing and properties of ceramic nanocomposites designed for improved fracture toughness

Processing and properties of ceramic nanocomposites designed for improved fracture toughness
Author : Joshua D. Kuntz
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :186
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Development of Alumina-based Ceramic Nanocomposites for Armour Applications

Development of Alumina-based Ceramic Nanocomposites for Armour Applications
Author : Ying Zhu
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials

Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials
Author : Brian Cantor
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2004-10-30
Category : Science
Total pages :325
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Nanocrystalline materials exhibit remarkable structural, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties, which can be exploited in a wide variety of structural and nonstructural applications. Potential uses have been identified in the automotive, electronic, aerospace, clothing, chemical, fuel, and lubrication industries, with applications ranging from flat panel displays to medical implants. Bringing together contributions from leading researchers in academia and industry throughout Europe and Japan, Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials presents a valuable overview of this fast moving field. Divided into three sections, the book first describes the fabrication and structural characterization of nanocrystalline and amorphous alloys, such as aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, and zirconium. The second part examines novel nanocrystalline materials that include nano-optoelectronics, steels manufactured by heavy plastic deformation, and metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic nanocomposites. The final section reviews the current understanding of magnetic nanomaterials, including nanograined materials, Ni and Fe nanocrystals, soft magnetic Fe-M-B nanocrystalline alloys, and soft and hard ferromagnetic nanocrystalline alloys. It also explores the industrial applications of these nanomaterials, focusing on their use in the energy and telecommunications fields. Combining key coverage of topical developments with well-informed indications of potential trends, this book lays the groundwork for future advances in nanocrystalline alloys and magnetic nanomaterials.

Colloidal Processing of Polymer Derived (metal) Ceramic Nanocomposites

Colloidal Processing of Polymer Derived (metal) Ceramic Nanocomposites
Author : Vadym Bakumov
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2009
Category :
Total pages :232
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Processing and mechanical properties of silicon nitride/silicon carbide ceramic nanocomposites derived from polymer precursors

Processing and mechanical properties of silicon nitride/silicon carbide ceramic nanocomposites derived from polymer precursors
Author : Matthew J. Gasch
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category :
Total pages :272
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Glass Nanocomposites

Glass Nanocomposites
Author : Basudeb Karmakar,Klaus Rademann,Andrey Stepanov
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2016-01-19
Category : Science
Total pages :408
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Glass Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides the latest information on a rapidly growing field of specialized materials, bringing light to new research findings that include a growing number of technologies and applications. With this growth, a new need for deep understanding of the synthesis methods, composite structure, processing and application of glass nanocomposites has emerged. In the book, world renowned experts in the field, Professors Karmakar, Rademann, and Stepanov, fill the knowledge gap, building a bridge between the areas of nanoscience, photonics, and glass technology. The book covers the fundamentals, synthesis, processing, material properties, structure property correlation, interpretation thereof, characterization, and a wide range of applications of glass nanocomposites in many different devices and branches of technology. Recent developments and future directions of all types of glass nanocomposites, such as metal-glasses (e.g., metal nanowire composites, nanoglass-mesoporous silica composites), semiconductor-glass and ceramic-glass nanocomposites, as well as oxide and non-oxide glasses, are also covered in great depth. Each chapter is logically structured in order to increase coherence, with each including question sets as exercises for a deeper understanding of the text. Provides comprehensive and up-to-date knowledge and literature review for both the oxide and non-oxide glass nanocomposites (i.e., practically all types of glass nanocomposites) Reviews a wide range of synthesis types, properties, characterization, and applications of diverse types of glass nanocomposites Presents future directions of glass nanocomposites for researchers and engineers, as well as question sets for use in university courses

Handbook of Nanophase and Nanostructured Materials: Materials, systems and applications II

Handbook of Nanophase and Nanostructured Materials: Materials, systems and applications II
Author : 王中林,Yi Liu,Ze Zhang
Publisher : 清华大学出版社有限公司
Release Date : 2003
Category : Nanostructure materials
Total pages :351
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纳米相和纳米结构材料是纳米科学和纳米技术的基础,本书集中介绍和阐述了纳米材料在各个领域中的应用以及最新进展。

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology III

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology III
Author : Sanjay Mathur,Mrityunjay Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-12-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :176
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This useful resource will help you understand the most valuable aspects of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology. Containing 16 peer-reviewed papers, this issue covers various aspects and the latest developments related to processing, modeling and manufacturing technologies of nanoscaled materials including CNT and clay-based composites, nanowire-based sensors, new generation photovoltaic cells, plasma processing of functional thin films, ceramic membranes and self-assembled functional nanostructures.