November 26, 2020

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Cerebral Palsy in Infancy

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy
Author : Roberta B. Shepherd
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2014-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :339
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Cerebral Palsy in Infancy is a thought-provoking book which introduces a new way of thinking on the development and use of interventions. Relevant to current practice, it advocates early, targeted activity that is focused on increasing muscle activation, training basic actions and minimizing (or preventing) mal-adaptive changes to muscle morphology and function. The authors present recent scientific findings in brain science, movement sciences (developmental biomechanics, motor control mechanisms, motor learning, exercise science) and muscle biology. This knowledge provides the rationale for active intervention, underpinning the need for an early referral to appropriate services. The book features methods for promoting relatively intensive physical activity in young infants without placing a burden on parents which include assistive technologies such as robotics, electronic bilateral limb trainers and baby treadmills. Cerebral Palsy in Infancy begins by specifying the guidelines for training and exercise, outlining the rationale for such intervention. It goes on to cover the fundamentals of neuromotor plasticity and the development and negative effects of limited motor activity on brain organization and corticospinal tract development. Neuromuscular adaptations to impairments and inactivity are discussed along with the General Movement assessment that can provide early diagnosis and prognosis, facilitating very early referral from paediatric specialists to training programs. The book ends with a section featuring various methods of training with the emphasis on preventing/minimizing muscle contracture, stimulating biomechanically critical muscle activity and joint movement. An ideal clinical reference for those working to improve the lives of infants suffering from cerebral palsy. CONTRIBUTORS: Adel Abdullah Alhusaini (Saudi Arabia); David I. Anderson (USA); Nicolas Bayle (France); Roslyn Boyd (Australia); Giovanni Cioni (Italy); Diane L. Damiano (USA); Janet Eyre (UK); Linda Fetters (USA); Mary Galea (Australia); Andrew M Gordon (USA); Martin Gough (UK); Richard L Lieber (USA); Jens Bo Nielsen (Denmark); Micah Perez (Australia); Caroline Teulier (France). "This book provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges of motor development and the consequent impact of poor motor function in later childhood for infants with cerebral palsy (CP)." Reviewed by: Oxford Brookes University on behalf of the British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Dec 2014 conceived and edited by Roberta Shepherd with contributions from internationally renowned expert clinicians and researchers discusses new research and new evidence-based treatment interventions shows how to organize very early and intensive physical activity in young infants to stimulate motor development and growth therapies include the specificity of training and exercise, with emphasis on promoting muscle activity and preventing contracture by active instead of passive stretching methods include new interactive technologies in enhancing home-based training sessions carried out by the infant's family extensive referencing in each chapter for further study chapters feature "Annotations" which illustrate scientific findings

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy E-Book

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy E-Book
Author : Roberta B. Shepherd
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2013-08-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :368
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Cerebral Palsy in Infancy is a thought-provoking book which introduces a new way of thinking on the development and use of interventions. Relevant to current practice, it advocates early, targeted activity that is focused on increasing muscle activation, training basic actions and minimizing (or preventing) mal-adaptive changes to muscle morphology and function. The authors present recent scientific findings in brain science, movement sciences (developmental biomechanics, motor control mechanisms, motor learning, exercise science) and muscle biology. This knowledge provides the rationale for active intervention, underpinning the need for an early referral to appropriate services. The book features methods for promoting relatively intensive physical activity in young infants without placing a burden on parents which include assistive technologies such as robotics, electronic bilateral limb trainers and baby treadmills. Cerebral Palsy in Infancy begins by specifying the guidelines for training and exercise, outlining the rationale for such intervention. It goes on to cover the fundamentals of neuromotor plasticity and the development and negative effects of limited motor activity on brain organization and corticospinal tract development. Neuromuscular adaptations to impairments and inactivity are discussed along with the General Movement assessment that can provide early diagnosis and prognosis, facilitating very early referral from paediatric specialists to training programs. The book ends with a section featuring various methods of training with the emphasis on preventing/minimizing muscle contracture, stimulating biomechanically critical muscle activity and joint movement. An ideal clinical reference for those working to improve the lives of infants suffering from cerebral palsy. CONTRIBUTORS: Adel Abdullah Alhusaini (Saudi Arabia); David I. Anderson (USA); Nicolas Bayle (France); Roslyn Boyd (Australia); Giovanni Cioni (Italy); Diane L. Damiano (USA); Janet Eyre (UK); Linda Fetters (USA); Mary Galea (Australia); Andrew M Gordon (USA); Martin Gough (UK); Richard L Lieber (USA); Jens Bo Nielsen (Denmark); Micah Perez (Australia); Caroline Teulier (France). conceived and edited by Roberta Shepherd with contributions from internationally renowned expert clinicians and researchers discusses new research and new evidence-based treatment interventions shows how to organize very early and intensive physical activity in young infants to stimulate motor development and growth therapies include the specificity of training and exercise, with emphasis on promoting muscle activity and preventing contracture by active instead of passive stretching methods include new interactive technologies in enhancing home-based training sessions carried out by the infant’s family extensive referencing in each chapter for further study chapters feature "Annotations" which illustrate scientific findings

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
Author : Emira Švraka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-03-19
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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Writing a comprehensive scientific book about the cerebral palsy is a great challenge. Many different interventions are available for persons with CP. Increasingly, it is recognized that intervention needs to be evidence-based and family-centered. Related therapies can offer improvement in some cases but do not offer a cure. Lifelong re/habilitation (habilitation and rehabilitation) in person with cerebral palsy is the first part of this book which has four chapters about management in children and adults with cerebral palsy through the life span, providing support and services. Three chapters of the second part are exploring the new therapy options which could improve the family quality of life. Third part has two chapters about complementary therapies with new possibilities for the future.

The HELP Guide to Cerebral Palsy

The HELP Guide to Cerebral Palsy
Author : Nadire Berker,Selim Yalçin
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :144
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Teaching Motor Skills to Children with Cerebral Palsy and Similar Movement Disorders

Teaching Motor Skills to Children with Cerebral Palsy and Similar Movement Disorders
Author : Sieglinde Martin
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Education
Total pages :237
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While most families of young children with cerebral palsy and similar conditions work in conjunction with a physical therapist a few times a week, it takes daily intervention to help a child reach his motor potential and become more independent. Teaching Motor Skills is the resource that parents, therapists, and other caregivers can consult to help children with gross motor delays learn and practice motor skills outside of therapy sessions. Written by an experienced physical therapist who is also the mother of a child with cerebral palsy, this comprehensive guide examines the physical characteristics of cerebral palsy and similar conditions, muscle tightness and weakness, increased or decreased flexibility, abnormal reflexes, imparied sensory perception, that affect a child's ability to sit, crawl, stand, and walk. Teaching Motor Skills offers dozens of easy-to-follow exercises with accompanying photos that parents may incorporate into many daily routines at home with the guidance and support of their child's physcial therapist. Exercises address: head control; protective reactions; proper positioning; independent sitting with and without arm support; transitional movements; daily stretching; improving muscle strength and coordination; balance training; gait training. Full of anecdotes and frequently-asked-questions, with a chapter on medical intereventions and bracing, and an appendix of equipment and supplies, this user-friendly guide helps parents and professionals coordinate their efforts to achieve the best possible outcome for the child.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
Author : Mintaze Kerem Gunel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-09-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :200
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Nowadays, cerebral palsy (CP) rehabilitation, along with medical and surgical interventions in children with CP, leads to better motor and postural control and can ensure ambulation and functional independence. In achieving these improvements, many modern practices may be used, such as comprehensive multidisciplinary assessment, clinical decision making, multilevel surgery, botulinum toxin applications, robotic ambulation applications, treadmill, and other walking aids to increase the quality and endurance of walking. Trainings are based on neurodevelopmental therapy, muscle training and strength applications, adaptive equipment and orthotics, communication, technological solves, and many others beyond the scope of this book. In the years of clinical and academic experiences, children with cerebral palsy have shown us that the world needs a book to give clinical knowledge to health professionals regarding these important issue. This book is an attempt to fulfill and to give ''current steps'' about CP. The book is intended for use by physicians, therapists, and allied health professionals who treat/rehabilitate children with CP. We focus on the recent concepts in the treatment of body and structure problems and describe the associated disability, providing suggestions for further reading. All authors presented the most frequently used and accepted treatment methods with scientifically proven efficacy and included references at the end of each chapter.

Understanding Children with Cerebral Palsy

Understanding Children with Cerebral Palsy
Author : Fabrizio Stasolla
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release Date : 2020
Category : Medical
Total pages :148
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"Cerebral Palsy (CP) represents one of the most frequent neurological disorder in the infancy and in the childhood. It includes brain injuries or developmental defects. According to the World Health Organization, it is a main problem of public health. It may include communication, intellectual, and motor disabilities with negative consequences on children inclusion in daily life and caregivers burden. Rehabilitative interventions are primarily focused on promoting self-determination and independence of individuals with CP. Postural control, gait, and motor skills are usually embedded. Additionally, one may envisage request and choice programs aimed at enhancing the child's awareness of his/her own behavior. The volume summarizes some illustrative evidence-based contributions to emphasize the effectiveness and the suitability of the adopted programs. Beside stability of upper limbs and motor performance of children with CP (chapter one), the therapeutic effects of a horse riding simulator which was compared to a traditional physiotherapy on the sitting position of children with spastic CP (chapter two), the evaluation of stability in children with different form of CP was assessed through a rehabilitative platform was implemented (chapter three). The aforementioned experimental examinations presented between-groups investigations. Furthermore, four case-report studies were included. Assistive technology-based setups were used to promote an active role, constructive engagement, and positive participation of the enrolled children with CP and intellectual disabilities. The beneficial outcomes on their quality of life were considered. Chapter four describes a microswitch-based program to enhance ambulation responses of a child with CP. Chapter five provides a detailed illustration of such program to support locomotion fluency. Chapter six illustrates a cluster-technology aimed at pursuing the dual goal of fostering an adaptive response and reducing a challenging behavior. Chapter seven refers to a computerized system focused on enabling a child with CP and intellectual delays with academic performance and communication opportunities. Whenever available, the effects on indices of happiness and/or positive participation were analyzed. Social validation procedures involving external raters were conducted. Practical features of the retained treatments were privileged. Clinical, educational, psychological, and rehabilitative implications of the findings were systematically and critically discussed. Caregivers, educators, families of children with CP, practitioners, psychologists, speech and occupational therapists, medicine or psychology students, and teachers may find some useful insights for both research and practice in daily life settings"--

Improving outcomes in cerebral palsy with early intervention: new translational approaches

Improving outcomes in cerebral palsy with early intervention: new translational approaches
Author : Anna Purna Basu,Gavin John Clowry
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release Date : 2015-03-30
Category :
Total pages :129
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The aim of this Research Topic was to collate articles describing prediction of outcomes of pre- and perinatal lesions leading to cerebral palsy, basic research in animal models and human subjects, and ideas for, and trials of, interventions in the first two years of life. CP arises from insults to the sensorimotor cortex, subcortical axon tracts and subplate. The aetiology is complex and often multifactorial. The outcome is not simply a loss of voluntary control due to disruption of descending pathways, but also involves abnormal development of reflex and corticospinal circuitry. CP may be viewed as aberrant plasticity in response to a lesion, indeed, abnormalities in movement are subtle at first but develop subsequently. It is misleading to suppose that developmental mechanisms are self-reparative. The challenge is to understand activitydependent fine tuning of neural circuitry during normal development and to find how to promote desirable plasticity whilst limiting undesirable effects following developmental lesions. However, before proposing interventions, we have to develop our ability to predict the severity of neonatal insults. We solicited a variety of articles, including long and short reviews, original research and opinion pieces, from both basic scientists and clinicians. Likewise we, as editors, have complementary knowledge and experience in this area. Anna Basu is an academic pediatric neurologist and Gavin Clowry is a developmental neuroscientist.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
Author : Christos P. Panteliadis
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-03-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :358
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This third edition systematically reviews recent developments in the diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of cerebral palsy, a consequence of foetal and early infant brain damage resulting in lifelong disabilities with a range of clinical characteristics. The first part discusses the definition, aetiology, classification, imaging and neuropathology, while the second focuses on the management of the individual challenges that children with cerebral palsy face, such as spasticity, dyskinesia, feeding problems and scoliosis. Based on the diverse characteristics of cerebral palsy, children require care from various specialists, including neuro-paediatricians, orthopaedists, psychologists, epidemiologists, physiotherapists and occupational therapists. This work was written by an international team of such specialists, providing a comprehensive mix of perspectives and expertise.

Infant Motor Development

Infant Motor Development
Author : Jan P. Piek
Publisher : Human Kinetics
Release Date : 2006
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :323
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Jan Piek provides guidance to help students understand infant motor development from a variety of disciplines and perspectives. She outlines current theory and research on the topic.

Fetal and Neonatal Brain Injury

Fetal and Neonatal Brain Injury
Author : David K. Stevenson,William E. Benitz,Philip Sunshine,Susan R. Hintz,Maurice L. Druzin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2017-12-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :858
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Authoritative, practical clinical text giving clear management advice on diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of all fetal and neonatal brain injuries.

The Implications of Cerebral Palsy for Infant Development

The Implications of Cerebral Palsy for Infant Development
Author : Gail Powaser Rudginsky
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category : Cerebral palsy
Total pages :102
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A Neurophysiological Basis for the Treatment of Cerebral Palsy

A Neurophysiological Basis for the Treatment of Cerebral Palsy
Author : Karel Bobath
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1991-01-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :109
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This new and extensively revised edition of one of the most popular of the Clinics series, brings the original work up to date and clarifies Karel Bobath's account of the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the motor disorders of cerebral palsy. It also highlights the advantages of very early treatment of infants before the disordered postures and movements are established. All those involved with physically handicapped children, and especially therapists, will find the book invaluable reading.

Handling the Young Child with Cerebral Palsy at Home

Handling the Young Child with Cerebral Palsy at Home
Author : Nancie R. Finnie
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann Medical
Release Date : 1997
Category : Medical
Total pages :300
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Fundamental is the co-operation of the parents in home handling; includes new information for therapists, nurses, parents and carers.

Children With Cerebral Palsy

Children With Cerebral Palsy
Author : Archie Hinchcliffe
Publisher : SAGE
Release Date : 2007-02-21
Category : Psychology
Total pages :257
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A large number of children in developing countries are born with or develop cerebral palsy. The problem is made worse by inadequate knowledge and treatment facilities. As a result, thousands of children with cerebral palsy live in burdensome dependence upon their families. This tragic situation can be avoided to a great extent by giving treatment early in the child's life and also by guiding families on how to manage the children in ways that help them become independent. This book is a practical guide designed to help therapists and community workers understand and effectively treat children with cerebral palsy. It focuses on: - adequately assessing children with cerebral palsy - designing treatment programmes that can be carried out in partnership with parents and community workers - assessing and managing eating and drinking difficulties - making simple and cost-effective equipment - designing appropriate play activities during therapy - evaluating and dealing with sensory integration problems in children with cerebral palsy - closer integration of theory and practical skills.