November 28, 2020

Download Ebook Free Chemical Modulators Of Protein Misfolding And Neurodegenerative Disease

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease
Author : Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-01-14
Category : Science
Total pages :260
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This book is a neurochemistry-based companion for Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Molecular Targets, an Elsevier title by the same author publishing in December 2014. While the first book focuses on biology and molecular targets, this companion book describes how these targets are regulated by small molecules and disease-modifying compounds. The book begins with a brief introduction to how key proteins become dysfunctional, and each subsequent chapter describes major disease mechanisms in Alzheimer’s and other tauopathies. Properties and development status of these molecular targets and disease mechanisms are thoroughly described, as are small molecule effectors of autophagy and dis-aggregating agents. Written to provide comprehensive coverage of neurodegenerative disease-modifying compounds Provides discipline-specific chapters that cover medicinal chemistry and clinical applications Provides an overview of more than 200 chemical classes and lead compounds, acting on selected molecular targets that are of relevance to any neurodegenerative disorder Coverage of misfolding diseases, chaperone proteins, ubiquitination and autophagy/oncology makes this book suitable for structural neurochemists, chemists, biologists, non-CNS scientists, and scientists interested in drug discovery

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease
Author : Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-10-07
Category : Science
Total pages :314
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Aimed at "drug discoverers" – i.e. any scientist who is interested in neurodegenerative diseases in general, and in finding disease-modifying treatments in particular – the first edition of Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease will contain both a detailed, discipline-specific coverage (paragraphs on medicinal chemistry, on clinical and preclinical characterization of compounds in development, on target identification and validation, on genetic factors influencing a pathology, etc.) and a drug discovery-oriented, overall evaluation of each target (validation, druggability, existing leads, etc.). Together these will satisfy the needs of various audiences, including in vitro biologists, pharmacologists, medicinal chemists, etc. Written to provide a comprehensive coverage of disease-modifying mechanisms and compounds against neurodegenerative diseases Provides a “drug discovery application oriented perspective, evaluating targets and candidates for their overall therapeutic potential Provides discipline-specific chapters (medicinal chemistry, target validation, preclinical and clinical development Provides an overview on a number of molecular mechanisms (e.g. phosphorylation, chaperon refolding, ubiquitination, autophagy, microtubule transportation, protease cleavage, etc.) with relevance for any disease area Contains a more thorough description of the therapeutic relevance of ~10 specific molecular targets

Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders
Author : Uddin, Md. Sahab,Ashraf, Ghulam Md.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2020-02-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :515
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Protein misfolding and aggregation are hallmarks of several neurodegenerative proteinopathies. Though multiple factors like aging, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, proteotoxic insults, genetic inconsistency, etc. are responsible for the dysfunction of the neuronal protein quality control system, targeting protein quality control has become an auspicious approach to halt the propagation of neurodegeneration. Quality Control of Cellular Protein in Neurodegenerative Disorders provides diverse aspects exploring the role of the protein quality control in neurodegenerative disorders and potential therapeutic strategies to combat the development and propagation of neurodegeneration. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as molecular chaperones, protein misfolding, and stress signaling, this book is ideally designed for neurobiologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, medical professionals, neuropathologists, researchers, academicians, students, and practitioners engaged in studies of the protein quality control system in neuronal cells.

Chemical Sciences in Early Drug Discovery

Chemical Sciences in Early Drug Discovery
Author : Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-06-05
Category : Science
Total pages :194
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Chemical Sciences in Early Drug Discovery: Medicinal Chemistry 2.0 describes how new technologies and approaches can be used to improve the probability of success in fulfilling the perennial goal of finding and developing new drugs. Drawing on the author's extensive experience consulting and teaching in medicinal chemistry, the book outlines ways in which medicinal chemistry is widening its reach to meet modern demands, and how modern technologies and approaches are facilitating this growth into new fields. Supported by examples throughout, the book is a practical resource for organic-medicinal chemists, biological chemists and pharmacologists involved in drug discovery. Reviews the key application of chemistry in drug discovery for both medicinal and non-medicinal chemists, clarifying and explaining the role of medicinal chemistry in supporting the modern drug discovery pipeline Shows how a wider medicinal chemistry view is essential for anyone in an integrated drug discovery project looking to reduce costs and save time Provides the critical success factors needed to successfully identify hits from both biological and chemical perspectives

Chemical Biology of Neurodegeneration

Chemical Biology of Neurodegeneration
Author : Pedro Merino
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-11-18
Category : Science
Total pages :384
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Bridges the gap between the chemistry of small molecule neuromodulators and the complex pattern of neurodegenerative disorders Written by an experienced neurochemist, this book focuses on the main actors involved in neurodegenerative disorders at a molecular level, and places special emphasis on structural aspects and modes of action. Drawing on recent data on enzyme structure, mode of action, and inhibitor design, it describes?from a biochemical point of view?the six most important neurotransmitter systems and their constituent enzymes and receptors. Misfolding and aggregation of proteins within the brain is also covered. In addition, the book surveys a wide range of proven and prospective therapeutic agents that modulate key processes in the brain, from their chemical synthesis to their mode of action in model systems as well as in the patient. Chemical Biology of Neurodegeneration: A Molecular Approach is presented in two parts. The first introduces the neurotransmitter systems and provides a general explanation of the synapse and a description of the main structures involved in neurotransmission that can be considered therapeutic targets for disorders of the central nervous system. The second part presents molecular and chemical aspects directly involved or affected in neurodegeneration, including the metabolism of neurotransmitters, enzymes processing neurotransmitters, protein misfolding, and therapeutic agents. -Uses an interdisciplinary approach to bridge the gap between the basic biochemical events in a nerve cell and their neurological effects on the brain -Places emphasis on the chemistry of small molecule modulators that are potential lead molecules for new drugs -Covers six key neurotransmitter systems and their enzymes and receptors?dopaminergic, noradrenergic, serotonergic, cholinergic, GABAergic, and glutamatergic Chemical Biology of Neurodegeneration: A Molecular Approach is a key resource for medicinal chemists, neurobiologists, neurochemists, biochemists, molecular biologists, and neurophysiologists.

Protein Misfolding in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Protein Misfolding in Neurodegenerative Diseases
Author : Robert D. E. Sewell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-12-03
Category : Science
Total pages :592
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Research focused on protein folding, misfolding, and aggregation is leading to major advances across biochemistry and medicine. The elucidation of a folding code is proving to be of extreme importance in the postgenomic era, where a number of orphan genes have been identified for which no clear function has yet been established. This research is starting to shed light on the molecular and biochemical basis of a number of neurodegenerative diseases of dramatic impact. Protein Misfolding in Neurodegenerative Diseases: Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies addresses key issues concerning protein misfolding and aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases. Building on recent developments, including the recognition of protein misfolding as both a marker and a causal agent, the text presents the work of those who are actively pursuing more effective treatments, as well as preventative measures, and a possible cure. These include the use of molecular chaperones to control misfolding and novel pharmaceuticals, as well as the potential role of various inhibitors and NSAIDS. A Comprehensive Multifaceted Examination of the Complex Causal Agents Implicated in Protein Misfolding Divided into five sections, this groundbreaking text provides up-to-date accounts for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalitis. It also explores the highly likelihood that multiple factors, including oxidative stress, play a role in these complex diseases.

Using Old Solutions to New Problems

Using Old Solutions to New Problems
Author : Marianna Kulka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-06-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :426
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The medicinal use of plants, animals and microorganisms has been a part of human evolution and likely began before recorded history. Is it possible that this knowledge can be used to create powerful new drugs and solve some of the human health problems facing us today? This book is a collection of an expert team of agronomists, chemists, biologists and policy makers who discuss some of the processes involved in developing a naturally-sourced bioactive compound into a drug therapy. These experts define a natural compound and elucidate the processes required to find, extract and define a naturally-derived bioactive molecule. Finally, they describe the necessity for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of disease before applying bioactive molecules in bioassay-guided drug discovery platforms.

Cellular Osmolytes

Cellular Osmolytes
Author : Laishram Rajendrakumar Singh,Tanveer Ali Dar
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-05-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :249
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This book provides essential information on improving protein folding/stability, which is a result of the balance between the intra-molecular interactions of protein functional groups and their interactions with the solvent environment. The protein folding solvent environment mainly consists of salts, small molecule compounds, metabolites, molecular chaperones and other chemical species. Therefore, subtle change in the composition of the environment will alter the protein folding process. The importance of the solvent environment in protein folding is precisely due to the fact that various disease-causing proteopathies can be reversed by manipulating the solvent environment of the malfolded proteins. Hostile environmental stresses represent one of the basic causes of such challenges in protein folding or misfolding. Since cells commonly encounter extreme environmental fluctuations, it is crucial that they equip themselves with strategies to circumvent the hostile environmental conditions. Nature has developed many strategies to ensure that the complex and challenging protein folding reaction occurs with adequate efficiency and fidelity for the success of the organism. Among the strategies employed in a wide range of species and cell types is the elaboration of small organic molecules called osmolytes. Additionally, recent advances have also revealed that certain specific osmolytes might be key biomarkers of cancer, infectious diseases and vaccine flocculation. In fact, a large pool of data has been generated regarding their potential for the therapeutic intervention of neurodegenerative diseases and other metabolic disorders caused by protein aggregation or proteostasis failure. Reflecting the multiple applications of these small molecules in the health and other industries, this book combines contributions by respected leaders in the field and will help to inspire college students, basic researchers, and clinicians to translate these biological roles of osmolytes into clinical practice. It will also shed light on some important future prospects of osmolytes like their role as drug excipients and provide a deeper understanding of their mechanism of action in the prevention of neuro-degenerative diseases.

Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology

Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-11-17
Category : Science
Total pages :424
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The Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology series is an essential resource for protein chemists. Each volume brings forth new information about protocols and analysis of proteins, with each thematically organized volume guest edited by leading experts in a broad range of protein-related topics. Provides cutting-edge developments in protein chemistry and structural biology Chapters are written by authorities in their field Targeted to a wide audience of researchers, specialists, and students

Methods in Modern Biophysics

Methods in Modern Biophysics
Author : Bengt Nölting
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-09
Category : Science
Total pages :254
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Incorporating dramatic recent advances, "Methods in Modern Biophysics" presents a fresh and timely introduction to modern biophysical methods. This innovative text surveys and explains the ten key biophysical methods, including those related to biophysical nanotechnology, scanning probe microscopy, X-ray crystallography, ion mobility spectrometry, mass spectrometry, and proteomics. Containing much information previously unavailable in tutorial form, "Methods in Modern Biophysics" employs worked examples and more than 260 illustrations to fully detail the techniques and their underlying mechanisms. The book was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, postdocs, researchers, lecturers and professors in biophysics, biochemistry, general biology and related fields.

Molecular Aspects of the Stress Response: Chaperones, Membranes and Networks

Molecular Aspects of the Stress Response: Chaperones, Membranes and Networks
Author : Peter Csermely,László Vígh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-08-09
Category : Science
Total pages :201
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This book makes a novel synthesis of the molecular aspects of the stress response and long term adaptation processes with the system biology approach of biological networks. Authored by an exciting mixture of top experts and young rising stars, it provides a comprehensive summary of the field and identifies future trends.

Neurons

Neurons
Author : Gonzalo Emiliano Aranda Abreu,María Elena Hernández Aguilar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-02-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :128
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The brain is the most complex structure that exists in the universe, consisting of neurons whose function is to receive information through dendrites and transmit information through the axon. In neurosciences one of the main problems that exists are neurodegenerative diseases for which until now there has been no cure. This book is mainly focused on updating the information on the signaling process carried out in the development of axons. Topics such as axon guidance and its interaction with the extracellular matrix are discussed. Other important topics are semaphorins and their relationship with neurodegenerative diseases, and the neurobiology of the gap junction in the dorsal root ganglion. Finally, the topic of bioelectrical interfaces destined to regenerate damaged nerves is covered. The information in this book will be very important both for researchers who work with these issues and doctoral students who are involved in neuroscience.

Nitric Oxide

Nitric Oxide
Author : Louis J. Ignarro
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2000-09-13
Category : Science
Total pages :1017
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Nitric oxide (NO) is a gas that transmits signals in an organism. Signal transmission by a gas that is produced by one cell and which penetrates through membranes and regulates the function of another cell represents an entirely new principle for signaling in biological systems. NO is a signal molecule of key importance for the cardiovascular system acting as a regulator of blood pressure and as a gatekeeper of blood flow to different organs. NO also exerts a series of other functions, such as acting a signal molecule in the nervous system and as a weapon against infections. NO is present in most living creatures and made by many different types of cells. NO research has led to new treatments for treating heart as well as lung diseases, shock, and impotence. Scientists are currently testing whether NO can be used to stop the growth of cancerous tumors, since the gas can induce programmed cell death, apoptosis. This book is the first comprehensive text on nitric oxide to cover all aspects--basic biology, chemistry, pathobiology, effects on various disease states, and therapeutic implications. Edited by Nobel Laureate Louis J. Ignarro, editor of the Academic Press journal, Nitric Oxide Authored by world experts on nitric oxide Includes an overview of basic principles of biology and chemical biology Covers principles of pathobiology, including the nervous system, cardiovascular function, pulmonary function, and immune defense

The Benefits of Natural Products for Neurodegenerative Diseases

The Benefits of Natural Products for Neurodegenerative Diseases
Author : M. Mohamed Essa,Mohammed Akbar,Gilles Guillemin
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-09-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :496
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Focuses on the effects of natural products and their active components on brain function and neurodegenerative disease prevention. Phytochemicals such as alkaloids, terpenes, flavanoids, isoflavones, saponins etc are known to possess protective activity against many neurological diseases. The molecular mechanisms behind the curative effects rely mainly on the action of phytonutrients on distinct signaling pathways associated with protein folding and neuro-inflammation. The diverse array of bioactive nutrients present in these natural products plays a pivotal role in prevention and cure of various neurodegenerative diseases, disorders, or insults, such as Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease, traumatic brain injury, and other neuronal dysfunctions. However, the use of these antioxidants in the management of neurodegenerative conditions has so far been not well understood. This is a comprehensive collection addressing the effects on the brain of natural products and edible items such as reservatrol, curcumin, gingerol, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and marine products.

Protein Misfolding Diseases

Protein Misfolding Diseases
Author : Cláudio M. Gomes
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2018-11-10
Category : Science
Total pages :338
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This detailed book gathers a broad collection of experimental approaches to assist researchers in setting up different methods to investigate protein conformational disorders. Beginning with a section on assays focusing on biophysical approaches to study protein (mis)folding, the volume continues with sections on cellular and proteostasis assays as well as assays for protein folding correction and recovery, combining methods such as thermal shift assays, in silico improvement of protein solubility, and compound screening, an important area of research as it may open avenues for therapeutic strategies. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips for troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Protein Misfolding Diseases: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for researchers seeking to advance our knowledge of protein conformational disorders.