November 24, 2020

Download Ebook Free Chromatin Regulation And Dynamics

Chromatin Regulation and Dynamics

Chromatin Regulation and Dynamics
Author : Anita Göndör
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-10-25
Category : Science
Total pages :496
GET BOOK

Chromatin Regulation and Dynamics integrates knowledge on the dynamic regulation of primary chromatin fiber with the 3D nuclear architecture, then connects related processes to circadian regulation of cellular metabolic states, representing a paradigm of adaptation to environmental changes. The final chapters discuss the many ways chromatin dynamics can synergize to fundamentally contribute to the development of complex diseases. Chromatin dynamics, which is strategically positioned at the gene-environment interface, is at the core of disease development. As such, Chromatin Regulation and Dynamics, part of the Translational Epigenetics series, facilitates the flow of information between research areas such as chromatin regulation, developmental biology, and epidemiology by focusing on recent findings of the fast-moving field of chromatin regulation. Presents and discusses novel principles of chromatin regulation and dynamics with a cross-disciplinary perspective Promotes crosstalk between basic sciences and their applications in medicine Provides a framework for future studies on complex diseases by integrating various aspects of chromatin biology with cellular metabolic states, with an emphasis on the dynamic nature of chromatin and stochastic principles Integrates knowledge on the dynamic regulation of primary chromatin fiber with 3D nuclear architecture, then connects related processes to circadian regulation of cellular metabolic states, representing a paradigm of adaptation to environmental changes

Chromatin

Chromatin
Author : Ralf Blossey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-08-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :172
GET BOOK

An invaluable resource for computational biologists and researchers from other fields seeking an introduction to the topic, Chromatin: Structure, Dynamics, Regulation offers comprehensive coverage of this dynamic interdisciplinary field, from the basics to the latest research. Computational methods from statistical physics and bioinformatics are detailed whenever possible without lengthy recourse to specialized techniques.

Plant Chromatin Dynamics

Plant Chromatin Dynamics
Author : Célia Baroux,Marian Bemer
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category : Botany
Total pages :659
GET BOOK

Using Chromatin Dynamics to Understand Transcriptional Regulation and Genetic Variance

Using Chromatin Dynamics to Understand Transcriptional Regulation and Genetic Variance
Author : Samantha Nicole Piekos
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
GET BOOK

The genome is the same in every cell of an organism, but complex organisms have multiple cell types. This is due to the epigenome specifying a cell's transcriptional state resulting in distinct cell identities. Despite 98.5% of the human genome is non-coding and the site of epigenomic activity, which specifies instructions for regulating transcription of the coding region, relatively little is known about its function. A major hurdle with studying non-coding regulatory elements is identifying their distal gene and regulatory targets. Here, I solve this issue by using the three-dimensional chromatin conformation to identify targets that are in close physical proximity of the regulatory element. By integrating data on the three-dimensional chromatin state with other epigenomic measures including the open chromatin regions, transcription factor binding sites, and histone modifications I provide genome-wide insight into how the epigenome establishes the transcriptional state of the cell. In addition, I have developed a new method for prioritizing non-coding genetic variants in complex phenotypes. I validated this method in the context of Type 1 Diabetes and craniofacial disorders. In this dissertation, I demonstrate how data integration of multiple measurements of the epigenome and transcriptome provides insight into methods of transcriptional regulation and how this regulation is influenced by genetic variance.

Stem Cell Proliferation and Differentiation

Stem Cell Proliferation and Differentiation
Author : Thomas Fazzio
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-04
Category :
Total pages :362
GET BOOK

Stem Cell Proliferation and Differentiation, Volume 138, the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors.

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation
Author : Suming Huang,Michael D Litt,C. Ann Blakey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-10-19
Category : Science
Total pages :482
GET BOOK

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Gene Regulation, Epigenetics and Hormone Signaling

Gene Regulation, Epigenetics and Hormone Signaling
Author : Subhrangsu S. Mandal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-10-23
Category : Science
Total pages :668
GET BOOK

The first of its kind, this reference gives a comprehensive but concise introduction to epigenetics before covering the many interactions between hormone regulation and epigenetics at all levels. The contents are very well structured with no overlaps between chapters, and each one features supplementary material for use in presentations. Throughout, major emphasis is placed on pathological conditions, aiming at the many physiologists and developmental biologists who are familiar with the importance and mechanisms of hormone regulation but have a limited background in epigenetics.

Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics

Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics
Author : Christophe Lavelle,Jean-Marc Victor
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-10-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :618
GET BOOK

Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics provides a definitive resource for (bio)physicists and molecular and cellular biologists whose research involves an understanding of the organization of the genome and the mechanisms of its proper reading, maintenance, and replication by the cell. This book brings together the biochemical and physical characteristics of genome organization, providing a relevant framework in which to interpret the control of gene expression and cell differentiation. It includes work from a group of international experts, including biologists, physicists, mathematicians, and bioinformaticians who have come together for a comprehensive presentation of the current developments in the nuclear dynamics and architecture field. The book provides the uninitiated with an entry point to a highly dynamic, but complex issue, and the expert with an opportunity to have a fresh look at the viewpoints advocated by researchers from different disciplines. Highlights the link between the (bio)chemistry and the (bio)physics of chromatin Deciphers the complex interplay between numerous biochemical factors at task in the nucleus and the physical state of chromatin Provides a collective view of the field by a large, diverse group of authors with both physics and biology backgrounds

Nuclear Dynamics

Nuclear Dynamics
Author : K. Nagata,K. Takeyasu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-12-03
Category : Science
Total pages :279
GET BOOK

The dynamics of nuclear structures described in this book furnish the basis for a comprehensive understanding of how the higher-order organization and function of the nucleus is established and how it correlates with the expression of a variety of vital activities such as cell proliferation and differentiation. The resulting volume creates an invaluable source of reference for researchers in the field.

Chromatin and Disease

Chromatin and Disease
Author : Tapas K. Kundu,Dipak Dasgupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-05-04
Category : Science
Total pages :458
GET BOOK

This book includes a collection of articles with the broad theme of disease connection to chromatin structure and function. It elaborates on the molecular pharmacology of the drugs targeting chromatin structure and its components. The book contains up-to-date information about the chromatin structure and chromatin related diseases and drug functions. This work is the first endeavor to present different aspects encompassing the above theme.

Chromatin Signaling and Diseases

Chromatin Signaling and Diseases
Author : Olivier Binda,Martin Ernesto Fernandez-Zapico
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-08-06
Category : Science
Total pages :466
GET BOOK

Chromatin Signaling and Diseases covers the molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, which govern everything from embryonic development, growth, and human pathologies associated with aging, such as cancer. This book helps researchers learn about or keep up with the quickly expanding field of chromatin signaling. After reading this book, clinicians will be more capable of explaining the mechanisms of gene expression regulation to their patients to reassure them about new drug developments that target chromatin signaling mechanisms. For example, several epigenetic drugs that act on chromatin signaling factors are in clinical trials or even approved for usage in cancer treatments, Alzheimer's, and Huntington's diseases. Other epigenetic drugs are in development to regulate various class of chromatin signaling factors. To keep up with this changing landscape, clinicians and doctors will need to stay familiar with genetic advances that translate to clinical practice, such as chromatin signaling. Although sequencing of the human genome was completed over a decade ago and its structure investigated for nearly half a century, molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression remain largely misunderstood. An emerging concept called chromatin signaling proposes that small protein domains recognize chemical modifications on the genome scaffolding histone proteins, facilitating the nucleation of enzymatic complexes at specific loci that then open up or shut down the access to genetic information, thereby regulating gene expression. The addition and removal of chemical modifications on histones, as well as the proteins that specifically recognize these, is reviewed in Chromatin Signaling and Diseases. Finally, the impact of gene expression defects associated with malfunctioning chromatin signaling is also explored. Explains molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, which governs everything from embryonic development, growth, and human pathologies associated with aging Educates clinicians and researchers about chromatin signaling, a molecular mechanism that is changing our understanding of human pathology Explores the addition and removal of chemical modifications on histones, the proteins that specifically recognize these, and the impact of gene expression defects associated with malfunctioning chromatin signaling Helps researchers learn about the quickly expanding field of chromatin signaling

Fundamentals of Chromatin

Fundamentals of Chromatin
Author : Jerry L. Workman,Susan M. Abmayr
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-12-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :587
GET BOOK

​​​​​​​​​​​​​While there has been an increasing number of books on various aspects of epigenetics, there has been a gap over the years in books that provide a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals of chromatin. ​Chromatin is the combination of DNA and proteins that make up the genetic material of chromosomes. Its primary function is to package DNA to fit into the cell, to strengthen the DNA to prevent damage, to allow mitosis and meiosis, and to control the expression of genes and DNA replication. The audience for this book is mainly newly established scientists ​and graduate students. Rather than going into the more specific areas of recent research on chromatin the chapters in this book give a strong, updated groundwork about the topic. Some the fundamentals that this book will cover include the structure of chromatin and biochemistry and the enzyme complexes that manage it.

Understanding Immunobiology Through The Specificity of NF-κB

Understanding Immunobiology Through The Specificity of NF-κB
Author : Myong-Hee Sung,Sergi Regot
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-02-20
Category :
Total pages :129
GET BOOK

Chromatin Structure and Dynamics

Chromatin Structure and Dynamics
Author : J. Zlatanova,S. H. Leuba
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :507
GET BOOK

Biological processes that replicate, preserve and use the genetic information encoded in DNA must operate in the context of chromatin, a highly organized complex of DNA and proteins. These proteins do not merely package the DNA in the tiny volume of the nucleus, but impart the structure the ability to change according to the requirements of the specific process the DNA is involved in. Moreover, chromatin structure is used by the cell to control the activity of DNA. In this volume the basics of chromatin structure and dynamics are presented by established experts in the field.

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology
Author : Jordanka Zlatanova,Kensal van Holde
Publisher : Garland Science
Release Date : 2015-11-23
Category : Science
Total pages :648
GET BOOK

Recipient of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title (OAT) Award.Molecular Biology: Structure and Dynamics of Genomes and Proteomes illustrates the essential principles behind the transmission and expression of genetic information at the level of DNA, RNA, and proteins.This textbook emphasizes the experimental basis of discovery and the most recent a