November 27, 2020

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Climate Change and Crop Stress

Climate Change and Crop Stress
Author : Arun K.Shanker,Chitra Shanker,Maheswari M.,Anjali Anand
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-02
Category :
Total pages :129
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Climate Change and Crop Stress: Molecules to Ecosystems is the first book to expound the transitional period now underway, where science has progressed to a 'post-genomics' and the gene editing era, putting field performance of crops to the forefront and challenging production of practical applicability versus theoretical possibility. Environmental stresses change the conditions for crop and plant growth and in turn food supply, increasing the pressure on soil and water availability. Farming methods with a reliance on fertilizers or other chemical products are particularly affected. Researchers have concentrated efforts on the effects of these environmental stress conditions such as drought, heat, salinity, cold, or pathogen infection which can have a devastating impact on plant growth and yield under field conditions. However, these stresses seldom happen in isolation. Designed to deliver information for developing strategies to combat stress both in isolation and through simultaneous crop stresses, this edited compilation provides a comprehensive view, using a systems approach, to detail the challenges and impacts of simultaneous stresses.

Crop Stress Management and Global Climate Change

Crop Stress Management and Global Climate Change
Author : José Luis Araus,Gustavo A. Slafer
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2011
Category : Nature
Total pages :210
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Agriculture has shaped our planet into the world we know, but its continued success is threatened by changing weather patterns. Climate change is a diverse, multifactorial phenomenon and the agronomic strategies we employ to combat its effects need to be case-specific, with significant regional differences. With two major sections, the first explaining the challenges posed by climate change and the second reviewing the current research avenues employed, this book combines detailed discussion of physiological plant responses with practical experience on crop stress management and breeding. Using a number of illustrative case studies, it discusses how the stresses resulting from climate change could be overcome by assessing, measuring and predicting environmental changes and stresses, and identifying opportunities for adapting to multifactorial change. A global effort to combine climate change science with policy is desperately needed. Climate change will continue to pose many challenges to agriculture in the future but by taking an integrative approach to predicting and adapting to change, this book will inspire researchers to turn those challenges into opportunities.

Crop Stress Management and Global Climate Change

Crop Stress Management and Global Climate Change
Author : Vijay Mittal
Publisher : SBS Publishers
Release Date : 2012-02-01
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :351
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Climate change will pose many challenges to agriculture in the future, but by taking an integrative approach to predicting and adapting to change, this book will inspire researchers to turn those challenges into opportunities. Both biotic and abiotic stresses occur at various stages of plant development and frequently more than one stress concurrently affects the crop. Stresses result in both universal and definite effects on plant growth and development. This book provides an integrated view of the challenges and opportunities that will face agriculture in the future as a result of climate change. It discusses how the stresses resulting from climate change can be overcome by assessing, measuring and predicting environmental changes and stresses, identifying opportunities and adapting to change and responding to multifactorial change. Climate change will pose many challenges to agriculture in the future, but by taking an integrative approach to predicting and adapting to change.

Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change

Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change
Author : Rajib Roychowdhury,Shuvasish Choudhury,Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Sangeeta Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-07-06
Category : Science
Total pages :690
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Under ongoing climate changes, natural and cultivated habitats of major crops are being continuously disturbed. Such conditions impose and exacerbate abiotic and biotic stressors. Drought, salinity, flood, cold, heat, heavy metals, metalloids, oxidants, irradiation, etc. are important abiotic stressors, while diseases and infections caused by plant pathogens, such as fungal agents, bacteria and viruses, are major biotic stresses. In many instances, stresses have become the major limiting factor for agricultural productivity and exert detrimental role on growth and yield of the crops. To help feed an ever increasing world population and to ensure global food security, concerted efforts from scientists and researchers have identified strategies to manage and mitigate the impacts of climate-induced stresses. This book, summarizing their findings, is aimed at crop improvement beyond such kind of barriers, by agronomic practices (genetics, breeding, phenotyping, etc.) and biotechnological applications, including molecular markers, QTL mapping, genetic engineering, transgenesis, tissue culture, various 'omics' technologies and gene editing. It will cover a wide range of topics under environmental challenges, agronomy and agriculture processes, and biotechnological approaches. Additionally, fundamental mechanisms and applied information on stress responses and tolerance will be discussed. This book highlights problems and offers proper solutions for crop stress management with recent information and up-to-date citations. We believe this book is suitable for scientists, researchers and students working in the fields of agriculture, plant science, environmental biology and biotechnology.

Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance
Author : Narendra Tuteja,Sarvajeet S. Gill
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-10-30
Category : Science
Total pages :1208
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In this ready reference, a global team of experts comprehensively cover molecular and cell biology-based approaches to the impact of increasing global temperatures on crop productivity. The work is divided into four parts. Following an introduction to the general challenges for agriculture around the globe due to climate change, part two discusses how the resulting increase of abiotic stress factors can be dealt with. The third part then outlines the different strategies and approaches to address the challenge of climate change, and the whole is rounded off by a number of specific examples of improvements to crop productivity. With its forward-looking focus on solutions, this book is an indispensable help for the agro-industry, policy makers and academia.

Climate Change Effect on Crop Productivity

Climate Change Effect on Crop Productivity
Author : Rakesh S. Sengar,Kalpana Sengar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-11-13
Category : Nature
Total pages :538
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Explore the Relationship between Crop and Climate Agricultural sustainability has been gaining prominence in recent years and is now becoming the focal point of modern agriculture. Recognizing that crop production is very sensitive to climate change, Climate Change Effect on Crop Productivity explores this timely topic in-depth. Incorporating contributions by expert scientists, professors, and researchers from around the world, it emphasizes concerns about the current state of agriculture and of our environment. This text analyzes the global consequences to crop yields, production, and risk of hunger linking climate and socioeconomic scenarios. Addresses Biotechnology, Climate Change, and Plant Productivity The book contains 19 chapters covering issues such as CO2, ozone on plants, productivity fertilization effect, UV (ultraviolet) radiation, temperature, and stress on crop growth. The text discusses the impact of changing climate on agriculture, environment stress physiology, adaptation mechanism, climate change data of recent years, impact of global warming, and climate change on different crops. It explores the overall global picture in terms of the effect of crops to climate change during abiotic stress and considers strategies for offsetting and adapting to ongoing climate change. Details how and why climate change occurs and how it effects crop productivity and agriculture Considers what measures should be taken to mitigate the effect of climate change on agriculture Highlights the effect of climate change on crop productivity, the invention of new technology, and strategies for agriculture practice to adapt to climate change Provides an analysis of the global warming effect on crop productivity due to climate change and long-term agriculture technique development Confirms the asymmetry between potentially severe agricultural damages such as the effect on crop yield due to variation in temperature Reports on the results of experiments to assess the effects of global climate change on crop productivity An asset to agriculturists, environmentalists, climate change specialists, policy makers, and research scholars, Climate Change Effect on Crop Productivity provides relevant information and opportunities for productive engagement and discussion among government negotiators, experts, stakeholders, and others concerned about climate change and agriculture.

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change
Author : Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Hermann Lotze-Campen,Anthony J. W. Hall
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-08-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
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A major task of our time is to ensure adequate food supplies for the world's current population (now nearing 7 billion) in a sustainable way while protecting the vital functions and biological diversity of the global environment. The task of providing for a growing population is likely to be even more difficult in view of actual and potential changes in climatic conditions due to global warming, and as the population continues to grow. Current projections suggest that the world's temperatures will rise 1.8-4.0 by 2100 and population may reach 8 billion by the year 2025 and some 9 billion by mid-century, after which it may stabilize. This book addresses these critical issues by presenting the science needed not only to understand climate change effects on crops but also to adapt current agricultural systems, particularly in regard to genetics, to the changing conditions. Crop Adaptation to Climate Change covers a spectrum of issues related to both crops and climatic conditions. The first two sections provide a foundation on the factors involved in climate stress, assessing current climate change by region and covering crop physiological responses to these changes. The third and final section contains chapters focused on specific crops and the current research to improve their genetic adaptation to climate change. Written by an international team of authors, Crop Adaptation to Climate Change is a timely look at the potentially serious consequences of climate change for our global food supply, and is an essential resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of crop science, agronomy, plant physiology and molecular biology; crop consultants and breeders; as well as climate and food scientists.

Plant, Abiotic Stress and Responses to Climate Change

Plant, Abiotic Stress and Responses to Climate Change
Author : Violeta Andjelkovic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :186
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Climate change is a serious problem influencing agricultural production worldwide and challenging researchers to investigate plant responses and to breed crops for the changed growing conditions. Abiotic stresses are the most important for crop production, affecting about 96.5% of arable land worldwide. These stress factors include high and low temperature, water deficit (drought) and flooding, salinity, heavy metals, UV radiation, light, chemical pollutants, and so on. Since some of the stresses occurred simultaneously, such as heat and water deficit, causing the interactions of physiological processes, novel multidisciplinary solutions are needed. This book provides an overview of the present state in the research of abiotic stresses and molecular, biochemical, and whole plant responses, helping to prevent the negative impact of global climate change.

Plant Ecophysiology and Adaptation under Climate Change: Mechanisms and Perspectives II

Plant Ecophysiology and Adaptation under Climate Change: Mechanisms and Perspectives II
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-06-01
Category : Science
Total pages :861
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This book presents the state-of-the-art in plant ecophysiology. With a particular focus on adaptation to a changing environment, it discusses ecophysiology and adaptive mechanisms of plants under climate change. Over the centuries, the incidence of various abiotic stresses such as salinity, drought, extreme temperatures, atmospheric pollution, metal toxicity due to climate change have regularly affected plants and, and some estimates suggest that environmental stresses may reduce the crop yield by up to 70%. This in turn adversely affects the food security. As sessile organisms, plants are frequently exposed to various environmental adversities. As such, both plant physiology and plant ecophysiology begin with the study of responses to the environment. Provides essential insights, this book can be used for courses such as Plant Physiology, Environmental Science, Crop Production and Agricultural Botany. Volume 2 provides up-to-date information on the impact of climate change on plants, the general consequences and plant responses to various environmental stresses.

Climate Change and Crop Production

Climate Change and Crop Production
Author : Matthew P. Reynolds
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2010
Category : Science
Total pages :292
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Trends in population growth suggest that global food production is unlikely to satisfy future demand under predicted climate change scenarios unless rates of crop improvement are accelerated. This book provides an overview of the essential disciplines required for sustainable crop production in unpredictable environments.

Climate Change and Crop Production

Climate Change and Crop Production
Author : Noureddine Benkeblia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-12-07
Category : Nature
Total pages :192
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Key features: Describes the effects and responses of the macro and micro levels of crops under the different components of climate change Reports on the adaptation and resilience of food production systems within the changing climate Covers how plants cope with the changing climate including physiological, biochemical, phenotype, and ecosystem responses Provides an in-depth discussion on the importance of agricultural education connected to climate change Presenting an overview of agroecology within the framework of climate change, this book looks at the impact of our changing climate on crop production and agroecosystems, reporting on how plants will cope with these changes, and how we can mitigate these negative impacts to ensure food production for the growing population. It explores the ways that farmers can confront the challenges of climate change, with contributed chapters from around the world demonstrating the different challenges associated with differing climates. Examples are provided of the approaches being taken right now to expand the ecological, physiological, morphological, and productive potential of a range of crop types. Giving readers a greater understanding of the mechanisms of plant resilience to climate change, this book provides new insights into improving the productivity of an individual crop species as well as bringing resistance and resiliency to the entire agroecosystem. It offers a strong foundation for changing research and education programs so that they build the resistance and resilience that will be needed for the uncertain climate future ahead.

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Saiema Rasool
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :592
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Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance: Volume 1 - Biological Techniques presents the latest technologies used by scientists for improvement the crop production and explores the various roles of these technologies for the enhancement of crop productivity and inhibition of pathogenic bacteria that can cause disease. This resource provides a comprehensive review of how proteomics, genomics, transcriptomics, ionomics, and micromics are a pathway to improve plant stress tolerance to increase productivity and meet the agricultural needs of the growing human population. This valuable resource will help any scientist have a better understanding of environmental stresses to improve resource management within a world of limited resources. Includes the most recent advances methods and applications of biotechnology to crop science Discusses different techniques of genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and nanotechnology Promotes the prevention of potential diseases to inhibit bacteria postharvest quality of fruits and vegetable crops by advancing application and research Presents a thorough account of research results and critical reviews

Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance: Developing robust crop plants for sustaining growth and yield under adverse climatic changes

Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance: Developing robust crop plants for sustaining growth and yield under adverse climatic changes
Author : Narendra Tuteja,Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014
Category : Crops
Total pages :129
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In this ready reference, a global team of experts comprehensively cover molecular and cell biology-based approaches to the impact of increasing global temperatures on crop productivity. The work is divided into four parts. Following an introduction to the general challenges for agriculture around the globe due to climate change, part two discusses how the resulting increase of abiotic stress factors can be dealt with. The third part then outlines the different strategies and approaches to address the challenge of climate change, and the whole is rounded off by a number of specific examples of improvements to crop productivity. With its forward-looking focus on solutions, this book is an indispensable help for the agro-industry, policy makers and academia.

Plant Life under Changing Environment

Plant Life under Changing Environment
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Vijay Pratap Singh,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Shivesh Sharma,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Nawal Kishore Dubey,Naleeni Ramawat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-04-10
Category : Science
Total pages :1012
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Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management presents the latest insights, reflecting the significant progress that has been made in understanding plant responses to various changing environmental impacts, as well as strategies for alleviating their adverse effects, including abiotic stresses. Growing from a focus on plants and their ability to respond, adapt, and survive, Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management addresses options for mitigating those responses to ensure maximum health and growth. Researchers and advanced students in environmental sciences, plant ecophysiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, nano-pollution climate change, and soil pollution will find this an important foundational resource. Covers both responses and adaptation of plants to altered environmental states Illustrates the current impact of climate change on plant productivity, along with mitigation strategies Includes transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic and ionomic approaches

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-12
Category : Science
Total pages :397
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Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.