April 13, 2021

Download Ebook Free Climate, Environment And Society In The Pacific During The Last Millennium

Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium

Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium
Author : Patrick D. Nunn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-10
Category : Science
Total pages :316
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The nature of global change in the Pacific Basin is poorly known compared to other parts of the world. Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium describes the climate changes that occurred in the Pacific during the last millennium and discusses how these changes controlled the broad evolution of human societies, typically filtered by the effects of changing sea level and storminess on food availability and interaction. Covering the entire period since AD 750 in the Pacific, this book describes the influences of climate change on environments and societies during the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age, focusing on the 100-year transition between these – a period of rapid change known as the AD 1300 Event. * Discusses the societal effects of climate and sea-level change, as well as the evidence for externally-driven societal change * Synthsizes how climate change has driven environmental change and societal change in the Pacific Basin * Contains a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the evidence for climate, environmental, and societal change, supported by a full list of references

Global Environmental Issues

Global Environmental Issues
Author : Frances Harris
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-01-30
Category : Science
Total pages :345
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This new edition of a popular book looks at global environmental problems as complex issues with a network of causes. In addition to discussing the main biophysical causes, the book highlights the environmental and social impact of scientific developments, and examines how socio-economic and political factors affect the use of land and resources.

The Pacific Islands

The Pacific Islands
Author : Douglas L. Oliver
Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
Release Date : 2013-05-31
Category : Social Science
Total pages :452
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The Pacific is the last major world region to be discovered by humans. Although small in total land area, its numerous islands and archipelagoes with their startlingly diverse habitats and biotas, extend across a third of the globe. This revised edition of a popular text explores the diverse landforms, climates, and ecosystems of the Pacific island region. Multiple chapters, written by leading specialists, cover the environment, history, culture, population, and economy. The work includes new or completely revised chapters on gender, music, logging, development, education, urbanization, health, ocean resources, and tourism. Throughout two key issues are addressed: the exceptional environmental challenges and the demographic/economic/political challenges facing the region. Although modern technology and media and waves of continental tourists are fast eroding island cultures, the continuing resilience of Pacific island populations is apparent. This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania (with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas. Contributors: David Abbott, Dennis A. Ahlburg, Glenn Banks, John Barker, Geoffrey Bertram, David A. Chappell, William C. Clarke, John Connell, Ron Crocombe, Julie Cupples, Derrick Depledge, Colin Filer, Gerard J. Fryer, Patricia Fryer, Brenden S. Holland, E. Alison Kay, David M. Kennedy, Lamont Lindstrom, Rick Lumpkin, Harley I. Manner, Selina Tusitala Marsh, Nancy McDowell, Hamish A. McGowan, Frank McShane, Simon Milne, R. John Morrison, Dieter Mueller-Dombois, Stephen G. Nelson, Patrick D. Nunn, Michael R. Ogden, Andrew Pawley, Jean-Louis Rallu, Vina Ram-Bidesi, Moshe Rapaport, Annette Sachs Robertson, Richard Scaglion, Donovan Storey, Andrew P. Sturman, Lynne D. Talley, James P. Terry, Randolph R. Thaman, Frank R. Thomas, Caroline Vercoe, Terence Wesley-Smith, Paul Wolffram.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
Author : Arthur James Wells
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Bibliography, National
Total pages :129
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Adaptation Lessons Based on Changing Trends and Extremes in Climate and Biodiversity

Adaptation Lessons Based on Changing Trends and Extremes in Climate and Biodiversity
Author : D. C. MacIver,Canada. Atmospheric Environment Service
Publisher : Downsview, Ont. : Atmospheric Environment Service, Environment Canada
Release Date : 1999
Category : Adaptation (Biology)
Total pages :110
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Proceedings of a conference on paleoclimatology and the adaptation to changing climatic trends. Topics of selected papers include the use of carbon isotope measurements to assess past rainfall regimes, climate thresholds required to initiate environmental responses, the use of charcoal to decode environmental states and trends, pollen and spore analyses, tree-ring studies of climate variability, documenting winter severity from environmental factors and Aboriginal knowledge, Red River Basin floods, and the role of snow in sub-Arctic forest changes.

The Years Without Summer

The Years Without Summer
Author : Joel Gunn
Publisher : British Archaeological Reports Limited
Release Date : 2000
Category : Social Science
Total pages :170
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Tree-rings worldwide and other evidence record an almost catastrophic change in the environment during the middle years of the 6th century AD. This supports the writings of Cassiodorus in Roman Italy and other writers across the world who all documented darkness, drought and cold at this time; in AD 541 hunger, disease and warfare killed much of Europe's population. This collection of 16 essays shows how a worldwide event leaves evidence in the archaeological record and examines what actually happened and the dramatic political, economic, climactic and environmental repurcussions across Europe, America and Africa.

Environmental Change in the Pacific Basin

Environmental Change in the Pacific Basin
Author : Patrick D. Nunn
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release Date : 1999-06-09
Category : Science
Total pages :357
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Talk of the human-enhanced greenhouse effect and the ways in which it may affect our lives has made many people more aware of environmental change. We have come to realize that the environment is and has always bean in a state of continuous change, and that we and other organisms have had to adjust our lifestyles accordingly. This book focuses on the Pacific Basin, a vast region which can be considered a microcosm of the entire surface of the Earth and which has suffered from being marginalized in most accounts of Earth-surface processes and phenomena. In this book, the Pacific Basin includes the Pacific Ocean and Islands and also the Pacific Rim which is divided into the subregions of Antarctica, South America, Central America, North America, Beringia, East Asia and Australasia. Professor Nunn begins by outlining the distant origins of the modern Pacific Basin more than 1000 million years ago, then traces its development through the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic into the Cenozoic Era. For this time the last 66 million years - the history of environmental change becomes progressively better known. For the last 1.8 million years (the Quaternary period), the Earth s climate has oscillated between warm and cool, producing synchronous environmental changes throughout most of the Pacific Basin. The importance of volcanism and tectonics (land-level movements) for which the Pacific Basin is well known as causes of environmental change is explained in detail. The effects of human activities on most Pacific Basin environments began to be registered only during the Holocene the last 12 000 years culminating in the environmental crisis which currently afflicts many parts of this region. While the role of humans in altering Pacific Basin environments is discussed in detail, considerable attention is also given to the ways in which environmental change caused changes to human lifestyles which had far-reaching consequences.

The Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands
Author : James P. Terry,Frank R. Thomas
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Marshall Islands
Total pages :290
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"...the book covers a wide range of topics on the Marshall Islands, including chapters on the geography and physical environment, the ecosystems and flora, early human settlement and post-colonial history, traditional Marshallese medicine, and topics on modern applied science related to the exploitation of sand, gravel and rock aggregate, waste management, and the use of geographical information systems (GIS) for socioeconomic analysis. Authors of chapters include Dr. Terry and Dr. Terry, Professor Randy Thaman, Dr. Irene Taafaki, Director of the USP Marshall Islands Centre, ex-geography lecturer, John Morrell, and staff of SOPAC." --Publisher.

Climate Variability of the Sierra Nevada Over the Last Millennium

Climate Variability of the Sierra Nevada Over the Last Millennium
Author : Daniel R. Cayan
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2010
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :48
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Ecology Abstracts

Ecology Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1993
Category : Ecology
Total pages :129
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Foundations of Social Inequality

Foundations of Social Inequality
Author : Weinstein Professor of European Archaeology (Emeritus) T Douglas Price,T. Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1995-07-31
Category : History
Total pages :290
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There are few more significant questions in the prehistory of our species than the emergence of social inequality. However, despite its apparent consequence, this issue is often overlooked. In their "Foundations of Social Inequality", T. Douglas Price and Gary M. Feinman bring together the authoritative edition on this issue that is fundamental to our knowledge of the human condition. The volume includes various case studies of the transition to social inequality and a variety of theoretical approaches to provide a current, diverse view on the critical changes that have taken place in the structure of human society. Ten papers by leading scholars in the areas of social differentiation and inequality contain a plethora of theoretical perspectives and specific case studies from the Old and New World, from foraging societies to agricultural groups and complex states. "Foundations of Social Inequality" is one of the very few volumes on the prehistory and emergence of social inequality to heighten our understanding of the critical processes involved. -- From publisher's description.

Interhemispheric Climate Linkages

Interhemispheric Climate Linkages
Author : Vera Markgraf
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-01-25
Category : Science
Total pages :454
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This book presents a novel approach in the field of global change by presenting a comprehensive analysis of interhemispheric linkages of climate, present and past, and their effects on human societies. The ultimate goal of this interhemispheric integration is to improve our understanding of causes and mechanisms of climate change to enhance our capability in predicting future changes. Given the societal interest in global change issues this book offers a new approach for the integration of global information. It will provide a reference for professional scientists, researchers and graduate students in the fields of climatology, and the earth and environmental sciences. Chapters analyse instrumental atmospheric and oceanic data to address such phenomena as El Nino/Southern Oscillation variability and other climate anomalies such as the Pacific and North Atlantic Oscillation and polar air outbreaks A new systematic methodology is presented that allows objective and verifiable reconstruction of climate fields from sparse data Especially valuable in the context of climate proxy data

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Attribution
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2016-07-28
Category : Science
Total pages :186
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As climate has warmed over recent years, a new pattern of more frequent and more intense weather events has unfolded across the globe. Climate models simulate such changes in extreme events, and some of the reasons for the changes are well understood. Warming increases the likelihood of extremely hot days and nights, favors increased atmospheric moisture that may result in more frequent heavy rainfall and snowfall, and leads to evaporation that can exacerbate droughts. Even with evidence of these broad trends, scientists cautioned in the past that individual weather events couldn't be attributed to climate change. Now, with advances in understanding the climate science behind extreme events and the science of extreme event attribution, such blanket statements may not be accurate. The relatively young science of extreme event attribution seeks to tease out the influence of human-cause climate change from other factors, such as natural sources of variability like El Niño, as contributors to individual extreme events. Event attribution can answer questions about how much climate change influenced the probability or intensity of a specific type of weather event. As event attribution capabilities improve, they could help inform choices about assessing and managing risk, and in guiding climate adaptation strategies. This report examines the current state of science of extreme weather attribution, and identifies ways to move the science forward to improve attribution capabilities.

Long-term Monitoring

Long-term Monitoring
Author : Sherkin Island Marine Station. Conference
Publisher : Sherkin Island Marine Station Publications
Release Date : 2005
Category : Environmental monitoring
Total pages :226
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Antarctica at the Close of a Millennium

Antarctica at the Close of a Millennium
Author : John Alan Gamble,David N. B. Skinner,Stuart Henrys,Royal Society of New Zealand
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Antarctica
Total pages :652
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Accompanied by map in back inside cover pocket entitled: Geology of the Northern Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica, 1st ed., 2001.