November 25, 2020

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Combustion

Combustion
Author : Irvin Glassman,Richard A. Yetter,Nick G. Glumac
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :774
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Throughout its previous four editions, Combustion has made a very complex subject both enjoyable and understandable to its student readers and a pleasure for instructors to teach. With its clearly articulated physical and chemical processes of flame combustion and smooth, logical transitions to engineering applications, this new edition continues that tradition. Greatly expanded end-of-chapter problem sets and new areas of combustion engineering applications make it even easier for students to grasp the significance of combustion to a wide range of engineering practice, from transportation to energy generation to environmental impacts. Combustion engineering is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications—including power generation in internal combustion automobile engines and gas turbine engines. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions, make this a crucial area of engineering. New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion—all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales) New information on sensitivity analysis of reaction mechanisms and generation and application of reduced mechanisms Expanded coverage of turbulent reactive flows to better illustrate real-world applications Important new sections on stabilization of diffusion flames—for the first time, the concept of triple flames will be introduced and discussed in the context of diffusion flame stabilization

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing
Author : Sjaak Van Loo,Jaap Koppejan
Publisher : Earthscan
Release Date : 2012-05-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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This unique handbook presents both the theory and application of biomass combustion and co-firing, from basic principles to industrial combustion and environmental impact, in a clear and comprehensive manner. It offers a solid grounding on biomass combustion, and advice on improving combustion systems.Written by leading international academics and industrial experts, and prepared under the auspices of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, the handbook is an essential resource for anyone interested in biomass combustion and co-firing technologies varying from domestic woodstoves to utility-scale power generation. The book covers subjects including biomass fuel pre-treatment and logistics, modelling the combustion process and ash-related issues, as well as featuring an overview of the current R&D needs regarding biomass combustion.

The Internal-combustion Engine in Theory and Practice: Combustion, fuels, materials, design

The Internal-combustion Engine in Theory and Practice: Combustion, fuels, materials, design
Author : Charles Fayette Taylor
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 1985
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :783
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The seductive new novel in Vina Jackson's red-hot Eighty Days series, featuring new protagonist Lily in a tantalizing tale of love, longing, and self-discovery Lily always knew there was something missing from her life--a path yet to be taken and deep desires waiting to be explored. Though she finds release in her love of music, Lily longs to rebel against the staid direction of her life and discover what it is she truly wants. Following her days as a student in Brighton, Lily moves to London with her best friend, the seductive, audacious Liana, who introduces her to an exciting new world of passion and adventure. Soon, Lily meets Leonard, a man with whom she feels an instant connection; Dagur, the gorgeous drummer of a world-renowned rock b∧ celebrated photographer Grayson; and Grayson's enigmatic partner, She. All of these characters contribute to Lily's sexual self-discovery as a domme. Despite living life to the fullest and embracing each new experience, Lily knows she has yet to find what she's been missing. Will Lily finally be able to accept the woman she really is? And has the thing she's been searching for been right in front of her all along?

GAS Turbine Combustion, Second Edition

GAS Turbine Combustion, Second Edition
Author : Arthur H. Lefebvre
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1998-09-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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This revised edition provides understanding of the basic physical, chemical, and aerodynamic processes associated with gas turbine combustion and their relevance and application to combustor performance and design. It also introduces the many new concepts for ultra-low emissions combustors, and new advances in fuel preparation and liner wall-cooling techniques for their success. It details advanced and practical approaches to combustor design for the clean burning of alternative liquid fuels derived from oil shades, tar sands, and coal. Additional topics include diffusers, combustion performance fuel injection, combustion noise, heat transfer, and emissions.

Combustion and Flames

Combustion and Flames
Author : Roland Borghi,Michel Destriau,Gérard De Soete
Publisher : Editions OPHRYS
Release Date : 2020
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Professionals working in the field of combustion may well find many points of interest, highlighted by the book's logical and global approach to phenomena, which considers mechanical, thermal and chemical aspects simultaneously. The book prioritises an understanding of the physical and chemical aspects of the phenomena, and lays particular emphasis on experimental analyses and modern numerical simulations, and on the way in which these phenomena are translated into equations.Contents: Introduction: Discovering combustion and flames. 1. Combustion thermodynamics. 2. Chemical kinetics applied to combustion. 3. Mass and energy transport by convection and diffusion. 4. Self-ignitions in closed systems. 5. Laminar flames and deflagrations. 6. Turbulent flames and deflagrations. 7. Detonation and supersonic combustion. 8. Flame ignition. 9. Combustion of liquids and sprays. 10. Pollutant emissions in combustion reactions. Index.

Combustion

Combustion
Author : J. Warnatz,Ulrich Maas,Robert W. Dibble
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-08-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :378
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This book provides a rigorous treatment of the coupling of chemical reactions and fluid flow. Combustion-specific topics of chemistry and fluid mechanics are considered and tools described for the simulation of combustion processes. This edition is completely restructured. Mathematical Formulae and derivations as well as the space-consuming reaction mechanisms have been replaced from the text to appendix. A new chapter discusses the impact of combustion processes on the atmosphere, the chapter on auto-ignition is extended to combustion in Otto- and Diesel-engines, and the chapters on heterogeneous combustion and on soot formation are heavily revised.

Combustion Phenomena

Combustion Phenomena
Author : Jozef Jarosinski,Bernard Veyssiere
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-02-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :234
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Extensively using experimental and numerical illustrations, Combustion Phenomena: Selected Mechanisms of Flame Formation, Propagation, and Extinction provides a comprehensive survey of the fundamental processes of flame formation, propagation, and extinction. Taking you through the stages of combustion, leading experts visually display, mathematically explain, and clearly theorize on important physical topics of combustion. After a historical introduction to the field, they discuss combustion chemistry, flammability limits, and spark ignition. They also study counterflow twin-flame configuration, flame in a vortex core, the propagation characteristics of edge flames, instabilities, and tulip flames. In addition, the book describes flame extinction in narrow channels, global quenching of premixed flames by turbulence, counterflow premixed flame extinction limits, the interaction of flames with fluids in rotating vessels, and turbulent flames. The final chapter explores diffusion flames as well as combustion in spark- and compression-ignition engines. It also examines the transition from deflagration to detonation, along with the detonation wave structure. With a CD-ROM of images that beautifully illustrate a range of combustion phenomena, this book facilitates a practical understanding of the processes occurring in the conception, spread, and extinguishment of a flame. It will help you on your way to finding solutions to real issues encountered in transportation, power generation, industrial processes, chemical engineering, and fire and explosion hazards.

Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Combustion

Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Combustion
Author : Michael A. Liberman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :349
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Most of the material covered in this book deals with the fundamentals of chemistry and physics of key processes and fundamental mechanisms for various combustion and combustion related phenomena in gaseous combustible mixture. It provides the reader with basic knowledge of burning processes and mechanisms of reaction wave propagation. The combustion of a gas mixture (flame, explosion, detonation) is necessarily accompanied by motion of the gas. The process of combustion is therefore not only a chemical phenomenon but also one of gas dynamics. The material selection focuses on the gas phase and with premixed gas combustion. Premixed gas combustion is of practical importance in engines, modern gas turbine and explosions, where the fuel and air are essentially premixed, and combustion occurs by the propagation of a front separating unburned mixture from fully burned mixture. Since premixed combustion is the most fundamental and potential for practical applications, the emphasis in the present work is be placed on regimes of premixed combustion. This text is intended for graduate students of different specialties, including physics, chemistry, mechanical engineering, computer science, mathematics and astrophysics.

Fundamentals of the Physical-Chemistry of Pulverized Coal Combustion

Fundamentals of the Physical-Chemistry of Pulverized Coal Combustion
Author : L. Lahaye,G. Prado
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1987-08-31
Category : Science
Total pages :520
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The study of coal for the production of energy is certainly not a new area of research. Many research works were carried out to improve the efficiency of industrial and domestic facilities. In the sixties, however, because of the availability and low cost of petroleum, coal consumption decreased and the research effort in this area was minimum. Meanwhile, the situation has totally changed. Considering the reserves of oil and the instability ofregions where they are located, it is becoming absolutely necessary to develop other sources of energy.The major alternative to oil appears to be coal, at least for the near future. Indeed, the reserves known today represent several centuries of energy consumption.!t is therefore becoming urgent to develop efficient and non polluting technologies to produce energy from coal. The main possibilities are : · liquefaction · gasification · directed combustion. Research and development efforts on liquefaction have been considerably reduced because of high cost of technologies involved and poor prospects for the next two decades. Research works on gasification are progressing; it is a promising approach. However, direct combustion either in pulverized coal furnaces or in fluidized beds is the more promising way of expanding rapidly the utilization of coal. These techniques are already used in some facilities but many environmental problems remain, slowing down their development.

Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines
Author : Ganesan
Publisher : Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Release Date : 2004
Category : Internal combustion engines
Total pages :777
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Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion

Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion
Author : Charles E. Baukal, Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-12-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :384
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Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion - new technology producing oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include numerous environmental benefits as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. The text compiles information about using oxygen to enhance high temperature industrial heating and melting processes - serving as a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems; combustion equipment and industrial gas suppliers; researchers; funding agencies for advanced combustion technologies; and agencies developing regulations for safe, efficient, and environmentally friendly combustion systems. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion: Examines the fundamentals of using oxygen in combustion, pollutant emissions, oxygen production, and heat transfer Describes ferrous and nonferrous metals, glass, and incineration Discusses equipment, safety, design, and fuels Assesses recent trends including stricter environmental regulations, lower-cost methods of producing oxygen, improved burner designs, and increasing fuel costs Emphasizing applications and basic principles, this book will act as the primary resource for mechanical, chemical, aerospace, and environmental engineers and scientists; physical chemists; fuel technologists; fluid dynamists; and combustion design engineers. Topics include: General benefits Economics Potential problems Pollutant emissions Oxygen production Adsorption Air separation Heat transfer Ferrous metals Melting and refining processes Nonferrous metals Minerals Glass furnaces Incineration Safety Handling and storage Equipment design Flow controls Fuels

Combustion Noise

Combustion Noise
Author : Anna Schwarz,Johannes Janicka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-06-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :291
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November, 2008 Anna Schwarz, Johannes Janicka In the last thirty years noise emission has developed into a topic of increasing importance to society and economy. In ?elds such as air, road and rail traf?c, the control of noise emissions and development of associated noise-reduction techno- gies is a central requirement for social acceptance and economical competitiveness. The noise emission of combustion systems is a major part of the task of noise - duction. The following aspects motivate research: • Modern combustion chambers in technical combustion systems with low pol- tion exhausts are 5 - 8 dB louder compared to their predecessors. In the ope- tional state the noise pressure levels achieved can even be 10-15 dB louder. • High capacity torches in the chemical industry are usually placed at ground level because of the reasons of noise emissions instead of being placed at a height suitable for safety and security. • For airplanes the combustion emissions become a more and more important topic. The combustion instability and noise issues are one major obstacle for the introduction of green technologies as lean fuel combustion and premixed burners in aero-engines. The direct and indirect contribution of combustion noise to the overall core noise is still under discussion. However, it is clear that the core noise besides the fan tone will become an important noise source in future aero-engine designs. To further reduce the jet noise, geared ultra high bypass ratio fans are driven by only a few highly loaded turbine stages.

Gas-Phase Combustion Chemistry

Gas-Phase Combustion Chemistry
Author : W.C., Jr. Gardiner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1999-12-10
Category : Science
Total pages :543
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Superseding Gardiner's "Combustion Chemistry", this is an updated, comprehensive coverage of those aspects of combustion chemistry relevant to gas-phase combustion of hydrocarbons. The book includes an extended discussion of air pollutant chemistry and aspects of combustion, and reviews elementary reactions of nitrogen, sulfur and chlorine compounds that are relevant to combustion. Methods of combustion modeling and rate coefficient estimation are presented, as well as access to databases for combustion thermochemistry and modeling.

Applied Combustion

Applied Combustion
Author : Eugene L. Keating
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1993-02-24
Category : Science
Total pages :600
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This text provides an introduction to the engineering principles of chemical energy conversion, examining combustion science and technology, thermochemical engineering data and design formulation of basic performance relationships. The book supplies SI and English engineers' dimensions and units, helping readers save time and avoid conversion errors. The text contains over 250 end-of-chapter problems, more than 50 examples and a useful solutions manual.

Fluidized Bed Combustion

Fluidized Bed Combustion
Author : M. Radovanović
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1986
Category : Science
Total pages :307
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