November 27, 2020

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Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains
Author : Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-02-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :374
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Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains
Author : Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2010-10-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :374
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Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Commingled Human Remains

Commingled Human Remains
Author : Bradley Adams,John Byrd
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-06-04
Category : Social Science
Total pages :544
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Commingled human remains are encountered in situations ranging from prehistoric ossuaries to recent mass fatality incidents. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling (transportation disaster, terrorist attack, natural disaster, genocide, etc.) it is critical that the proper experts are involved and that the proper techniques are employed to achieve the greatest success in making identifications. Resolution of commingling nearly always requires consideration of multiple lines of evidence that cross the disciplinary lines of modern forensic science. The use of archaeology, DNA, and forensic anthropology are several areas that are critical in this process and these are core topics presented in this book. Even a relatively “simple mass fatality event can become very complicated once body fragmentation and commingling occur. Expectations associated with all phases of the process from recovery of remains to their final identification and release to next of kin must be managed appropriately. A powerful resource for those working in the forensic sciences who need to plan for and/or address the complex challenges associated with commingled and fragmentary human remains. Written by an international group of the foremost forensic scientists presenting their research and candid experiences of dealing with commingled human remains, offering recommendations and providing "lessons learned" which can be invaluable to others who find themselves facing similar challenges Contains chapters on remains recovery, laboratory analysis, case studies, and broader topics such as mass fatality management and ethical considerations.

Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains

Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains
Author : Anna J. Osterholtz,Kathryn M. Baustian,Debra L. Martin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-08-15
Category : Social Science
Total pages :285
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​Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains:Working Toward Improved Theory, Method, and Data brings together research that provides innovative methodologies for the analysis of commingled human remains. It has temporal and spatial breadth, with case studies coming from pre-state to historic periods, as well as from both the New and Old World. Highlights of this volume include: standardizes methods and presents best practices in the field using a case study approach demonstrates how data gathered from commingled human remains can be incorporated into the overall interpretation of a site explores best way to formulate population size, using commingled remains Field archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, academic anthropologists, forensic anthropologists, zoo archaeologists, and students of anthropology and archaeology will find this to be an invaluable resource.

Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains

Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains
Author : Anna J. Osterholtz
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-11-05
Category : Social Science
Total pages :255
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This volume centers on the application of social theory to commingled remains with special focus on the cultural processes that create the assemblages as a way to better understand issues of meaning, social structure and interaction, and lived experience in the past. The importance of the application of theoretical frameworks to bioarchaeology in general has been recognized, but commingled and fragmentary assemblages require an increased theoretical focus. Too often these assemblages are still relegated to appendices; they are analytical puzzles that need the interpretive power offered by social theory. Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains provides case studies that illustrate how an appropriate theoretical model can be used with commingled and fragmentary remains to add to overall site and population level interpretations of past and present peoples. Specifically, the contributions show a blending and melding of different social theories, highlighting the broad interpretive power of social theory. Contributors are drawn from both the Old and New World. Temporally, time periods from the Neolithic to historic periods are present, further widening the audience for the volume.

Pair-matching of Commingled Human Remains

Pair-matching of Commingled Human Remains
Author : Aja M. Lans
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2011
Category : Forensic anthropology
Total pages :70
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The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Author : Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-10-10
Category : Social Science
Total pages :296
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This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

Metric Pair-matching of Calcanei in Commingled Human Remains Cases

Metric Pair-matching of Calcanei in Commingled Human Remains Cases
Author : Kayla Larissa Orr
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Forensic osteology
Total pages :416
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Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
Author : Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2016-07-28
Category : Social Science
Total pages :696
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With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Osteoarchaeology

Osteoarchaeology
Author : Efthymia Nikita
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-12-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :462
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Osteoarchaeology: A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains covers the identification of bones and teeth, taphonomy, sex, ancestry assessment, age estimation, the analysis of biodistances, growth patterns and activity markers, and paleopathology. The book aims to familiarize the reader with the main applications of osteoarchaeology and provide the necessary knowledge required for the implementation of a broad range of osteological methods. It is ideal as a complement to existing textbooks used in upper level undergraduate and graduate courses on osteoarchaeology, human osteology, and, to some extent, forensic anthropology. Pedagogical features include ample illustrations, case study material, revision exercises, and a glossary. Additional features comprise macros that facilitate data processing and analysis, as well as an extensive chapter on applied statistics. Contains coverage of nearly every aspect of human osteological macroscopic analysis Presents detailed descriptions of the application of different methods Includes a variety of online resources, including macros designed by the author for the calculation of the number of individuals in commingled assemblages, processing cranial landmarks and nonmetric traits, and more

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-12-30
Category : Law
Total pages :464
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Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Evaluation of the Methodology for Addressing Commingled Human Remains from the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary (1Sc42) in St. Clair, Alabama

Evaluation of the Methodology for Addressing Commingled Human Remains from the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary (1Sc42) in St. Clair, Alabama
Author : Maria Naiyana Panakhyo
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category : Electronic dissertations
Total pages :110
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The commingling of human remains continues to be a problem encountered by bioarchaeologists and forensic anthropologists. Commingling is not a recent phenomenon. In fact, taphonomic processes and human activity have created scenarios of merged burials and interments throughout human history. Recent investigations into incidences of mass killings, accidents with multiple fatalities, and disturbed burial grounds within the past half century have encouraged researchers in the field of physical anthropology to develop new and better ways to gain information about the commingled human remains. With emerging developments in the methods used for addressing these unfortunate situations involving intermixed skeletal material, this research project sought to explore the available methods and evaluate their appropriateness when applied to a curated collection of commingled human remains. To evaluate certain established methods, this project describes the application of four separate approaches to the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary Collection (1Sc42). This collection of prehistoric Native American remains was found in northeastern Alabama, and the archaeological site from which the remains were recovered is believed to be one of the few sites demonstrating the Copena Mortuary Complex. The four methods applied to the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary Collection include a basic Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI) calculation, comparison by osteometrics, a sorting of descriptive variables, and a correlation between a mapped excavation unit and the corresponding curated skeletal remains. Results from this evaluation indicate that while each method has strengths and weaknesses when applied alone, it is only with an amalgamation of the different methods that a researcher studying commingled human remains is able to sort and separate intermixed skeletal material. The findings from this research project aid in the study of curated collections of commingled human remains and expand available information pertaining to the prehistoric Native Americans interred within the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary. Furthermore, evaluation of these methodological approaches serves to assist in future investigations into incidences of genocide, man-made disasters, and other situations involving commingled human remains.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
Author : Joshua Blau
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2016-06-03
Category : Social Science
Total pages :534
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Over the last 10 years interest in the disciplines of forensic anthropology and archaeology has exploded. In order to provide archaeologists and their students with a reliable understanding of these disciplines, this authoritative volume draws contributions from fifty experienced practitioners from around the world to offer a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. Over 40 chapters weave together historical development, current field methods in analyzing crime, natural disasters and human atrocities, an array of laboratory techniques, key case studies, legal, professional, and ethical issues, and promising future directions, all from a global perspective. This volume will be the benchmark for the understanding of anthropological and archaeological forensics for years to come.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
Author : Bradley J. Adams
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release Date : 2009-01-01
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :103
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Forensic anthropologists may be consulted when human remains are found at an archaeological excavation or at a crime scene. Here's a look at how anthropologists analyze skeletal remains to learn about the deceased - their age and gender, how they may have lived, and their overall state of health prior to death. Bradley J. Adams, Ph.D., provides specific information on procedures, tools of the trade, and the science behind this fascinating field, as well as the challenges faced by today's practitioners.

Forensic Taphonomy

Forensic Taphonomy
Author : Marcella H. Sorg,William D. Haglund
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1996-12-13
Category : Law
Total pages :668
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Links have recently been established between the study of death assemblages by archaeologists and paleontologists (taphonomy) and the application of physical anthropology concepts to the medicolegal investigation of death (forensic anthropology). Forensic Taphonomy explains these links in a broad-based, multidisciplinary volume. It applies taphonomic models in modern forensic contexts and uses forensic cases to extend taphonomic theories. Review articles, case reports, and chapters on methodology round out this book's unique approach to forensic science.