April 13, 2021

Download Ebook Free Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author : Ewa Rudnik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :224
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Compostable Polymer Materials deals with an environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book provides up–to-date results and information about compostable polymer materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner. It covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation, and environmental issues. The emphasis is on recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials-–important issues from the ecological point of view. Moreover, the thermal behavior of compostable polymers is described. Their price evolution over the past decade, an estimation of the market and future perspectives are presented. Focus on the composting process, compostability standards, compost quality and composting studies Coherent and uniformly presented information about methods of preparation; properties, processing and applications Up-to-date information on ecotoxicity testing and studies of polymers Overview of thermal stability and thermal degradation process of compostable polymer materials Presents future perspectives of compostable polymers, including evolution of price during last decade Information about waste management evolution in Europe, USA and Asia (China) with emphasis on composting during the last decade

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics
Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :462
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This new Handbook provides engineers and scientists with the information and practical guidance needed to successfully design and manufacture products using biopolymers and biodegradable plastics. Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are a hot issue across the plastics industry, and for many of the industry sectors that use plastic: from packaging to medical devices and from the construction industry to the automotive sector. This book brings together in one place a number of key biopolymer and biodegradable plastics topics-in chapters previously published as well as updated and new chapters-for a broad audience of engineers of and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. Topics covered include preparation, fabrication, applications and recycling (including biodegradability and compostability). Applications in key areas such as films, coatings, controlled release, and tissue engineering are discussed.

Biodegradable Polymers

Biodegradable Polymers
Author : Manjari Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2021-04-15
Category : Science
Total pages :222
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This book is about development of biodegradable polymers alternatives, which are required to save our reserves of fossil fuels and to save our mother earth from further environmental degradation. This book deals with the family of biodegradable polymers which have to be prepared with a novel idea of studying polymers with a “Cradle to Grave” approach. It touches upon basic materials, which can be potential materials to prepare biodegradable polymers with their basic structures, properties, behaviour and limitations known till date. This book will help students in understanding various characterization techniques which can be used for the study of identification of functional group, structural properties, thermal behaviour, crystallographic nature, mechanical properties and morphological properties through FTIR–ATR for physico chemical properties, DSC & TGA for thermal studies, XRD for crystallographic studies & SEM for morphological studies. It also provides an overview of various testing methods to analyse biodegradability including standard guideline for evaluation of biodegradation and compostability of polymer material through ASTM/ISO/EN standard methods. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics
Author : Emo Chiellini,Roberto Solaro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :395
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Synthetic and semi-synthetic polymeric materials were originally developed for their durability and resistance to all forms of degradation including biodegradation. Such materials are currently widely accepted because of their ease of processability and amenability to provide a large variety of cost effective items that help to enhance the comfort and quality of life in the modern industrial society. However, this widespread utilization of plastics has contributed to a serious plastic waste burden, and the expectation for the 21st century is for an increased demand for polymeric material. This volume focuses on a more rational utilization of resources in the fabrication, consumption and disposal of plastic items, specifically: -Environmentally Degradable Polymeric Materials (EDPs); -Water-soluble/Swellable Biodegradable Polymers; -EDPs from Renewable Resources; -Biopolymers; -Bioresorbable Materials for Biomedical Applications; -Biorelated Polymers; -Standards and Regulations on EDPs.

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers (Recent Developments, Properties, Analysis, Materials & Processes)

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers (Recent Developments, Properties, Analysis, Materials & Processes)
Author : NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release Date : 2006-10-01
Category : Plastics
Total pages :672
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Biodegradable plastics made with plant based materials have been available for many years. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment. They may be composed of either bio plastics, which are plastics whose components are derived from renewable raw materials, or petroleum based plastics which contain additives. Biodegradability of plastics is dependent on the chemical structure of the material and on constitution of the final product, not just on the raw materials used for its production. Polyesters play a predominant role as biodegradable plastics due to their potentially hydrolysable ester bonds. Bio based polymers are divided into three categories based on their origin and production; polymer directly extracted from biomass, polymers produced by classical chemical synthesis using renewable biomass monomer and polymers produces by microorganisms or genetically modified bacteria. In response to public concern about the effects of plastics on the environment and in particular the damaging effects of sea litter on animals and birds, legislation is being enacted or is pending in many countries to ban non degradable packing, finishing nets etc. This book basically deals with biodegradable plastics developments and environmental impacts, hydro biodegradable and photo biodegradable, starch synthetic aliphatic polyester blends, difference between standards for biodegradation, polybutylene succinate (pbs) and polybutylene, recent developments in the biopolymer industry, recent advances in synthesis of biopolymers by traditional methodologies, polymers, environmentally degradable synthetic biodegradable polymers as medical devices, polymers produced from classical chemical synthesis from bio based monomers, potential bio based packaging materials, conventional packaging materials, environmental impact of bio based materials: biodegradability and compostability, etc. Environmentally acceptable degradable polymers have been defined as polymers that degrade in the environment by several mechanisms and culminate in complete biodegradation so that no residue remains in the environment. The present book gives thorough information to biodegradable plastic and polymers. This is an excellent book for scientists engineers, students and industrial researchers in the field of bio based materials.

Plastic Films in Food Packaging

Plastic Films in Food Packaging
Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :384
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The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Part 2

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Part 2
Author : Herman F. Mark
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release Date : 2003
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :3112
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This is the third Edition is a completely new version in a new century of the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. The new edition will bring the state-of-the-art up to the 21st century, with coverage of nanotechnology, new imaging and analytical techniques, new methods of controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more. New topics covered include nanotechnology, AFM, MALDI, biomimetics, and genetic methods, of increasing importance since 1990 and will also bring up-to-date coverage of traditional topics of continuing interest. This edition will publish in 3 Parts of 4 volumes each. Each Part will be an A-Z selection of the newest articles available in the online edition of this encyclopedia. A list of the titles to appear in Part I can be viewed by clicking "What's New" at www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/epst. Titles for Parts II and III will appear there as well when available.

Degradable Polymers

Degradable Polymers
Author : G. Scott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002
Category : Science
Total pages :493
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The emphasis in degradable polymers has changed since the first edition of this book. Biomedical and agricultural applications remain important topics of scientific and commercial interest in the second edition. However, an increased emphasis on composting as a means of recovering value from wastes has led to a new impetus to understand how plastics degrade in the environment and the implication of this for international standards. Polymers based on renewable resources are also a major topic in this edition but the debate continues about their long-term sustainability and ecological advantages over degradable man-made polymers. Degradable Polymers will be of interest not only to academic and industrial scientists working on packaging, agricultural and medical applications of plastics but also to students of environmental science and legislators concerned with the effects of man-made materials in the environment.

Agricultural Materials as Renewable Resources

Agricultural Materials as Renewable Resources
Author : American Chemical Society
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release Date : 1996
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :268
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Surveys the conversion of agricultural materials for industrial use in materials, polymers, biotechnology, fuel technology, and other applications. Discusses the conversion of biomass to energy, biodegradable and edible films, coatings, drugs, and bioreactive compounds. Also discusses the conversion of vegetable oils, proteins, cellulose, starch, and sugars into usable products. Examines how conversion of agricultural materials will lead to new markets by creating low-cost agricultural commodities for consumers and increased profits for farmers.

Biodegradable Polymers

Biodegradable Polymers
Author : David K. Platt,Rapra Technology Limited
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release Date : 2006
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :158
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Biodegradable polymers have experienced strong growth over the last three years and are set to make further inroads into markets traditionally dominated by conventional thermoplastics in future. Four main classes of biodegradable polymers are analysed in this report, polylactic acid (PLA), starch-based polymers, synthetic biodegradable polymers, such as aromatic aliphatic co-polyesters, and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA). The report analyses their key performance properties, applications development, market drivers and future prospects. Each product section also contains an estimate of market size by world region and end use market, plus forecasts to 2010. There is also an analysis of key suppliers and their products.

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II
Author : Zbigniew Florjanczyk
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2002-01-28
Category : Science
Total pages :440
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The World Polymer Congresses are highlights in the calendars of polymer scientists. In July 2000, the 38th International Symposium on Macromolecules (sponsored by IUPAC) was held in Warsaw, attended by 1 500 participants from 54 countries. The program covered all areas of macromolecular chemistry---from various kinds of polymer synthesis to theory and modeling of polymer systems; from polymer properties and characterization to industrial processing. All types of polymers (e.g., crystalline, branched, blends, composites and biorelated) were discussed, and industrial and educational perspectives were explored. Volumes 174 and 175 of Macromolecular Symposia present almost all the Invited and Plenary Lectures from the Congress and represent an excellent overview of the current state of macromolecular science.

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II

Polymerization Processes and Polymer Materials II
Author : I. Meisel,C. S. Kniep,S. Spiegel,K. Grieve
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2002-01-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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The World Polymer Congresses are highlights in the calendars of polymer scientists. In July 2000, the 38th International Symposium on Macromolecules (sponsored by IUPAC) was held in Warsaw, attended by 1 500 participants from 54 countries. The program covered all areas of macromolecular chemistry---from various kinds of polymer synthesis to theory and modeling of polymer systems; from polymer properties and characterization to industrial processing. All types of polymers (e.g., crystalline, branched, blends, composites and biorelated) were discussed, and industrial and educational perspectives were explored. Volumes 174 and 175 of Macromolecular Symposia present almost all the Invited and Plenary Lectures from the Congress and represent an excellent overview of the current state of macromolecular science.

Polymers from Agricultural Coproducts

Polymers from Agricultural Coproducts
Author : American Chemical Society. Meeting,Marshall L. Fishman,Robert B. Friedman,American Chemical Society,Samuel J. Huang
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release Date : 1994
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :247
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Discusses the production of polymers from sustainable and renewable agricultural resources. Includes overviews discussing the rationale and economic prospects for producing various polymers from agricultural materials and the status of the technology used to produce degradable polymers. Reviews the characterization, synthesis, modification, and isolation of specific groups of polymers and polymeric materials, including starches, starch blends, composites, other polysaccharides, oligosaccharides, monosaccharides, polyamides, proteins, polyesters, and rubbers.

Development and Characterization of Functional Poly(lactic Acid) Composites for Packaging Applications

Development and Characterization of Functional Poly(lactic Acid) Composites for Packaging Applications
Author : Isinay Ebru Yuzay
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2010
Category : Biopolymers
Total pages :452
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International Polymer Science and Technology

International Polymer Science and Technology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Plastics
Total pages :129
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