November 27, 2020

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Conceptual Foundations of Materials

Conceptual Foundations of Materials
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-09-20
Category : Science
Total pages :244
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The goal of this Volume "Conceptual Foundations of Materials: A standard model for ground- and excited-state properties" is to present the fundamentals of electronic structure theory that are central to the understanding and prediction of materials phenomena and properties. The emphasis is on foundations and concepts. The Sections are designed to offer a broad and comprehensive perspective of the field. They cover the basic aspects of modern electronic structure approaches and highlight their applications to the structural (ground state, vibrational, dynamic and thermodynamic, etc.) and electronic (spectroscopic, dielectric, magnetic, transport, etc.) properties of real materials including solids, clusters, liquids, and nanostructure materials. This framework also forms a basis for studies of emergent properties arising from low-energy electron correlations and interactions such as the quantum Hall effects, superconductivity, and other cooperative phenomena. Although some of the basics and models for solids were developed in the early part of the last century by figures such as Bloch, Pauli, Fermi, and Slater, the field of electronic structure theory went through a phenomenal growth during the past two decades, leading to new concepts, understandings, and predictive capabilities for determining the ground- and excited-state properties of real, complex materials from first principles. For example, theory can now be used to predict the existence and properties of materials not previously realized in nature or in the laboratory. Computer experiments can be performed to examine the behavior of individual atoms in a particular process, to analyze the importance of different mechanisms, or just to see what happen if one varies the interactions and parameters in the simulation. Also, with ab initio calculations, one can determine from first principles important interaction parameters which are needed in model studies of complex processes or highly correlated systems. Each time a new material or a novel form of a material is discovered, electronic structure theory inevitably plays a fundamental role in unraveling its properties. Provides the foundations of the field of condensed matter physics An excellent supplementary text for classes on condensed matter physics/solid state physics Volume covers current work at the forefront Presentations are accessible to nonspecialists, with focus on underlying fundamentals

Conceptual Foundations of Teaching Reading

Conceptual Foundations of Teaching Reading
Author : Mark Sadoski
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release Date : 2004-04-22
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :156
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This lucidly written book provides a concise conceptual map to guide preservice and inservice teachers through the often-confusing terrain of reading instruction. Distinguished researcher and former classroom teacher Mark Sadoski describes the essential concepts and methods of the field and summarizes key research findings and historical developments. The main competency areas in reading are explained, and widely used approaches to building these competencies are reviewed. Aided by quick-reference tables and other illustrations, readers gain a systematic framework to help them demystify the jargon of the field; organize their knowledge about curriculum and instruction; and implement well-thought-through practices in the K-6 classroom and beyond.

Conceptual Foundations for Multidisciplinary Thinking

Conceptual Foundations for Multidisciplinary Thinking
Author : Stephen Jay Kline
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release Date : 1995-01-01
Category : Reference
Total pages :356
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Our current intellectual system provides us with a far more complete and accurate understanding of nature and ourselves than was available in any previous society. This gain in understanding has arisen from two sources: the use of the 'scientific method', and the breaking up of our intellectual enterprise into increasingly narrower disciplines and research programs. However, we have failed to keep these narrow specialities connected to the intellectual enterprise as a whole. The author demonstrates that this causes a number of difficulties. We have no viewpoint from which we can understand the relationships between the disciplines and lack a forum for adjudicating situations where different disciplines give conflicting answers to the same problem. We seriously underestimate the differences in methodology and in the nature of principles in the various branches of science. This provocative and wide-ranging book provides a detailed analysis and possible solutions for dealing with this problem.

Studies on the Conceptual Foundations

Studies on the Conceptual Foundations
Author : Ervin Laszlo,Judah Bierman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : History
Total pages :350
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Goals in a Global Community: The Original Background Papers for Goals for Mankind: A Report to the Club of Rome expounds on the idea of a global community by analyzing the human predicament in terms of the diverse images of possibility that drive our differing national and social behaviors. More specifically, it asks whether humanity can create a global community with apparently conflicting, and yet so fundamentally similar, goals. This volume is comprised of 12 chapters and opens with a discussion on long-term trends and the evolution of complexity, suggesting that socioeconomic systems may be more effectively understood in light of dissipative systems. The following chapters explore the historical evolution of mankind's inner and outer dimensions; how to make sustainable economic growth a global possibility; the possibilities of changing motivation as well as finding motivation to change; and why social motives are the strongest driving forces behind change of goals for the global community. The book also proposes solar energy as a permanent clean source of abundant energy in a fully ordered and economically feasible global transition. The final section argues that the Club of Rome must continue to risk advocacy and recognize that human values are a fact of human existence. This monograph will be a useful resource for sociologists, social scientists, and psychologists.

Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy Practice

Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy Practice
Author : Gary Kielhofner
Publisher : F.A. Davis
Release Date : 2009-06-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :315
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PREPARE YOUR OT STUDENTS TO BECOME OT THINKERS. Thoroughly revised and updated, the 4th Edition of this groundbreaking text traces the historical development of the foundations of modern occupational therapy theory; examines its status today; and looks to its future. Dr. Kielhofner compares and contrasts eight well-known models, using diagrams to illustrate their practical applications and to highlight their similarities and differences. Well organized chapters are supported by extensive references.

The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
Author : Leonard Eisenbud
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release Date : 1971
Category : Science
Total pages :148
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This book provides a clear and logical path to understanding what quantum mechanics is about. It will be accessible to undergraduates with minimal mathematical preparation: all that is required is an open mind, a little algebra, and a first course in undergraduate physics. Quantum mechanics is arguably the most successful physical theory. It makes predictions of incredible accuracy. It provides the structure underlying all of our electronic technology, and much of our mastery over materials. But compared with Newtonian mechanics, or even relativity, its teachings seem obscure--they have no counterpart in everyday experience, and they sometimes contradict our simplest notions of how the world works. A full understanding of the theory requires prior mastery of very advanced mathematics. This book aims at a different goal: to teach the reader, step by step, how the theory came to be and what, fundamentally, it is about. Most students learn physics by learning techniques and formulas. This is especially true in a field like quantum mechanics, whose content often contradicts our common sense, and where it's tempting to retreat into mathematical formalism. This book goes behind the formalism to explain in direct language the conceptual content and foundations of quantum mechanics: the experiments that forced physicists to construct such a strange theory, and the essential elements of its strangeness.

The Conceptual Foundations of Investing

The Conceptual Foundations of Investing
Author : Bradford Cornell,Shaun Cornell,Andrew Cornell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-09-19
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :256
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The need-to-know essentials of investing This book explains the conceptual foundations of investing to improve investor performance. There are a host of investment mistakes that can be avoided by such an understanding. One example involves the trade-off between risk and return. The trade-off seems to imply that if you bear more risk you will have higher long-run average returns. That conclusion is false. It is possible to bear a great deal of risk and get no benefit in terms of higher average return. Understanding the conceptual foundations of finance makes it clear why this is so and, thereby, helps an investor avoid bearing uncompensated risks. Another choice every investor has to make is between active versus passive investing. Making that choice wisely requires understanding the conceptual foundations of investing. • Instructs investors willing to take the time to learn all of the concepts in layman’s terms • Teaches concepts without overwhelming readers with math • Helps you strengthen your portfolio • Shows you the fundamental concepts of active investing The Conceptual Foundations of Investing is ultimately for investors looking to understand the science behind successful investing.

Conceptual Foundations

Conceptual Foundations
Author : Joan L. Creasia,Barbara J. Parker
Publisher : Mosby Incorporated
Release Date : 2006-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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Issues and Trends Online is an interactive and evaluative learning system designed to support Creasia/Parker: Conceptual Foundations: A Bridge to Professional Nursing Practice, 4th Edition. This comprehensive course package consists of 15 modules that tie directly to many of the chapters in the main textbook. All of the modules are consistently organized throughout the course to keep the learner focused on pertinent information. The general module structure provides student objectives, required reading, notes from the instructor, learning activities/exercises, summary, additional resources on the Internet and critical thinking questions. Each module is organized in a consistent format and features an introduction, student objectives, reading assignment, learning activities/exercises, summary, test your knowledge, additional resources on the Internet, and critical thinking questions to keep readers focused on pertinent information. Features student objectives that provide clear, visual explanations of concepts. Offers reading assignments to link online content to the text. Features learning activities/exercises using a variety of engaging exercises designed to test content knowledge and critical thinking skills. Offers a summary to provide a wrap-up of the content in each module to keep the reader focused on pertinent information. Includes a test your knowledge quiz to wrap up the content at the end of every module. Includes additional resources on the Internet requiring students to do further research to incorporate into online assignments. Provides critical thinking questions to help the student to adequately apply knowledge of key concepts. Includes a user's guide with complete instructions on how to get started with the online course, a full description of each feature available, and how to work through each section of the course. Also available packaged with Creasia/Parker: Conceptual Foundations: The Bridge to Professional Nursing Practice, 4th Edition.

Goals in a Global Community: Studies on the conceptual foundations

Goals in a Global Community: Studies on the conceptual foundations
Author : Ervin Laszlo,Judah Bierman
Publisher : Pergamon
Release Date : 1977
Category : History
Total pages :335
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Conceptual Foundations of Genetics

Conceptual Foundations of Genetics
Author : Harry O. Corwin,John B. Jenkins
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1976
Category : Genetics
Total pages :471
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The identification of the genetic material and its implications; Transmissin of genetic material in eucaryote organisms; Transmission and recombination of the genetic material in prokaryote organisms; Function of the genetic material.

The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
Author : Jeffrey A. Barrett
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2020-01-02
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :272
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"The book starts with a description of classical mechanics then discusses the quantum phenomena that require us to give up our commonsense classical intuitions. We consider the physical and conceptual arguments that led to the standard von Neumann-Dirac formulation of quantum mechanics and how the standard theory explains quantum phenomena. This includes a discussion of how the theory's two dynamical laws work with the standard interpretation of states to explain determinate measurement records, quantum statistics, interference effects, entanglement, decoherence, and quantum nonlocality. A careful understanding of how the standard theory works ultimately leads to the quantum measurement problem. We consider how the measurement problem threatens the logical consistency of the standard theory then turn to a discussion of the main proposals for resolving it. This includes collapse formulations of quantum mechanics like Wigner's extension of the standard theory and the GRW approach and no-collapse formulations like pure wave mechanics, the various many-worlds theories, and Bohmian mechanics. In discussing alternative formulations of quantum mechanics we pay particular attention to the explanatory role played by each theory's empirical ontology and associated metaphysical commitments and the conceptual trade-offs between theoretical options"--

Conceptual Foundations of Psychology

Conceptual Foundations of Psychology
Author : William J. Arnold
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1976
Category : Psychology
Total pages :586
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Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics

Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics
Author : Robert E Marshak
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release Date : 1993-03-31
Category : Science
Total pages :704
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For scientific, technological and organizational reasons, the end of World War II (in 1945) saw a rapid acceleration in the tempo of discovery and understanding in nuclear physics, cosmic rays and quantum field theory, which together triggered the birth of modern particle physics. The first fifteen years (1945–60) following the war's end — the “Startup Period” in modern particle physics -witnessed a series of major experimental and theoretical developments that began to define the conceptual contours (non-Abelian internal symmetries, Yang-Mills fields, renormalization group, chirality invariance, baryon-lepton symmetry in weak interactions, spontaneous symmetry breaking) of the quantum field theory of three of the basic interactions in nature (electromagnetic, strong and weak). But it took another fifteen years (1960-75) — the “Heroic Period” in modern particle physics — to unravel the physical content and complete the mathematical formulation of the standard gauge theory of the strong and electroweak interactions among the three generations of quarks and leptons. The impressive accomplishments during the “Heroic Period” were followed by what is called the “period of consolidation and speculation (1975–1990)”, which includes the experimental consolidation of the standard model (SM) through precision tests, theoretical consolidation of SM through the search for more rigorous mathematical solutions to the Yang-Mills-Higgs equations, and speculative theoretical excursions “beyond SM”. Within this historical-conceptual framework, the author — himself a practicing particle theorist for the past fifty years — attempts to trace the highlights in the conceptual evolution of modern particle physics from its early beginnings until the present time. Apart from the first chapter — which sketches a broad overview of the entire field — the remaining nine chapters of the book offer detailed discussions of the major concepts and principles that prevailed and were given wide currency during each of the fifteen-year periods that comprise the history of modern particle physics. Those concepts and principles that contributed only peripherally to the standard model are given less coverage but an attempt is made to inform the reader about such contributions (which may turn out to be significant at a future time) and to suggest references that supply more information. Chapters 2 and 3 of the book cover a range of topics that received dedicated attention during the “Startup Period” although some of the results were not incorporated into the structure of the standard model. Chapters 4-6 constitute the core of the book and try to recapture much of the conceptual excitement of the “Heroic Period”, when quantum flavordynamics (QFD) and quantum chromodynamics (QCD) received their definitive formulation. [It should be emphasized that, throughout the book, logical coherence takes precedence over historical chronology (e.g. some of the precision tests of QFD are discussed in Chapter 6)]. Chapter 7 provides a fairly complete discussion of the chiral gauge anomalies in four dimensions with special application to the standard model (although the larger unification models are also considered). The remaining three chapters of the book (Chapters 7-10) cover concepts and principles that originated primarily during the “Period of Consolidation and Speculation” but, again, this is not a literal statement. Chapters 8 and 9 report on two of the main directions that were pursued to overcome acknowledged deficiencies of the standard model: unification models in Chapter 8 and attempts to account for the existence of precisely three generations of quarks and leptons, primarily by means of preon models, in Chapter 9. The most innovative of the final three chapters of the book is Chapter 10 on topological conservation laws. This last chapter tries to explain the significance of topologically non-trivial solutions in four-dimensional (space-time) particle physics (e.g. 't Hooft-Polyakov monopoles, instantons, sphalerons, global SU(2) anomaly, Wess-Zumino term, etc.) and to reflect on some of the problems that have ensued (e.g. the “strong CP problem” in QCD) from this effort. It turns out that the more felicitous topological applications of field theory are found — as of now — in condensed matter physics; these successful physical applications (to polyacetylene, quantized magnetic flux in type-II low temperature superconductivity, etc.) are discussed in Chapter 10, as a good illustration of the conceptual unity of modern physics. Request Inspection Copy

Modern Biology; Its Conceptual Foundations

Modern Biology; Its Conceptual Foundations
Author : Elof Axel Carlson
Publisher : George Braziller
Release Date : 1967
Category : Science
Total pages :327
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Conceptual Foundations of Business

Conceptual Foundations of Business
Author : Richard Eells,Clarence Cyril Walton
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1969
Category : Business
Total pages :648
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