December 4, 2020

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Conformal Prediction for Reliable Machine Learning

Conformal Prediction for Reliable Machine Learning
Author : Vineeth Balasubramanian,Shen-Shyang Ho,Vladimir Vovk
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-04-23
Category : Computers
Total pages :334
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The conformal predictions framework is a recent development in machine learning that can associate a reliable measure of confidence with a prediction in any real-world pattern recognition application, including risk-sensitive applications such as medical diagnosis, face recognition, and financial risk prediction. Conformal Predictions for Reliable Machine Learning: Theory, Adaptations and Applications captures the basic theory of the framework, demonstrates how to apply it to real-world problems, and presents several adaptations, including active learning, change detection, and anomaly detection. As practitioners and researchers around the world apply and adapt the framework, this edited volume brings together these bodies of work, providing a springboard for further research as well as a handbook for application in real-world problems. Understand the theoretical foundations of this important framework that can provide a reliable measure of confidence with predictions in machine learning Be able to apply this framework to real-world problems in different machine learning settings, including classification, regression, and clustering Learn effective ways of adapting the framework to newer problem settings, such as active learning, model selection, or change detection

Conformal Prediction for Reliable Machine Learning

Conformal Prediction for Reliable Machine Learning
Author : Vineeth Balasubramanian,Shen-Shyang Ho,Vladimir Vovk
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release Date : 2014
Category : Computers
Total pages :298
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"Traditional, low-dimensional, small scale data have been successfully dealt with using conventional software engineering and classical statistical methods, such as discriminant analysis, neural networks, genetic algorithms and others. But the change of scale in data collection and the dimensionality of modern data sets has profound implications on the type of analysis that can be done. Recently several kernel-based machine learning algorithms have been developed for dealing with high-dimensional problems, where a large number of features could cause a combinatorial explosion. These methods are quickly gaining popularity, and it is widely believed that they will help to meet the challenge of analysing very large data sets. Learning machines often perform well in a wide range of applications and have nice theoretical properties without requiring any parametric statistical assumption about the source of data (unlike traditional statistical techniques). However, a typical drawback of many machine learning algorithms is that they usually do not provide any useful measure of con dence in the predicted labels of new, unclassi ed examples. Con dence estimation is a well-studied area of both parametric and non-parametric statistics; however, usually only low-dimensional problems are considered"--

Algorithmic Learning in a Random World

Algorithmic Learning in a Random World
Author : Vladimir Vovk,Alexander Gammerman,Glenn Shafer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2005-03-22
Category : Computers
Total pages :324
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Algorithmic Learning in a Random World describes recent theoretical and experimental developments in building computable approximations to Kolmogorov's algorithmic notion of randomness. Based on these approximations, a new set of machine learning algorithms have been developed that can be used to make predictions and to estimate their confidence and credibility in high-dimensional spaces under the usual assumption that the data are independent and identically distributed (assumption of randomness). Another aim of this unique monograph is to outline some limits of predictions: The approach based on algorithmic theory of randomness allows for the proof of impossibility of prediction in certain situations. The book describes how several important machine learning problems, such as density estimation in high-dimensional spaces, cannot be solved if the only assumption is randomness.

Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications

Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications
Author : Alexander Gammerman,Zhiyuan Luo,Jesús Vega,Vladimir Vovk
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-04-16
Category : Computers
Total pages :229
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications, COPA 2016, held in Madrid, Spain, in April 2016. The 14 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions and cover topics on theory of conformal prediction; applications of conformal prediction; and machine learning.

Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems

Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems
Author : Marie-Jeanne Lesot,Susana Vieira,Marek Z. Reformat,João Paulo Carvalho,Anna Wilbik,Bernadette Bouchon-Meunier,Ronald R. Yager
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-06-05
Category : Computers
Total pages :833
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This three volume set (CCIS 1237-1239) constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU 2020, in June 2020. The conference was scheduled to take place in Lisbon, Portugal, at University of Lisbon, but due to COVID-19 pandemic it was held virtually. The 173 papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 213 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections: homage to Enrique Ruspini; invited talks; foundations and mathematics; decision making, preferences and votes; optimization and uncertainty; games; real world applications; knowledge processing and creation; machine learning I; machine learning II; XAI; image processing; temporal data processing; text analysis and processing; fuzzy interval analysis; theoretical and applied aspects of imprecise probabilities; similarities in artificial intelligence; belief function theory and its applications; aggregation: theory and practice; aggregation: pre-aggregation functions and other generalizations of monotonicity; aggregation: aggregation of different data structures; fuzzy methods in data mining and knowledge discovery; computational intelligence for logistics and transportation problems; fuzzy implication functions; soft methods in statistics and data analysis; image understanding and explainable AI; fuzzy and generalized quantifier theory; mathematical methods towards dealing with uncertainty in applied sciences; statistical image processing and analysis, with applications in neuroimaging; interval uncertainty; discrete models and computational intelligence; current techniques to model, process and describe time series; mathematical fuzzy logic and graded reasoning models; formal concept analysis, rough sets, general operators and related topics; computational intelligence methods in information modelling, representation and processing.

Statistical Learning and Data Sciences

Statistical Learning and Data Sciences
Author : Alexander Gammerman,Vladimir Vovk,Harris Papadopoulos
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-04-02
Category : Computers
Total pages :444
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Statistical Learning and Data Sciences, SLDS 2015, held in Egham, Surrey, UK, April 2015. The 36 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 59 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on statistical learning and its applications, conformal prediction and its applications, new frontiers in data analysis for nuclear fusion, and geometric data analysis.

Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications

Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications
Author : Alexander Gammerman,Zhiyuan Luo,Jesús Vega,Vladimir Vovk
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-04-16
Category : Computers
Total pages :229
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications, COPA 2016, held in Madrid, Spain, in April 2016. The 14 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions and cover topics on theory of conformal prediction; applications of conformal prediction; and machine learning.

Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations

Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations
Author : Lazaros Iliadis,Ilias Maglogiannis,Harris Papadopoulos,Spyros Sioutas,Christos Makris
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-09-15
Category : Computers
Total pages :352
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of four AIAI 2014 workshops, co-located with the 10th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, AIAI 2014, held in Rhodes, Greece, in September 2014: the Third Workshop on Intelligent Innovative Ways for Video-to-Video Communications in Modern Smart Cities, IIVC 2014; the Third Workshop on Mining Humanistic Data, MHDW 2014; the Third Workshop on Conformal Prediction and Its Applications, CoPA 2014; and the First Workshop on New Methods and Tools for Big Data, MT4BD 2014. The 36 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. They cover a large range of topics in basic AI research approaches and applications in real world scenarios.

Advances and Trends in Artificial Intelligence. From Theory to Practice

Advances and Trends in Artificial Intelligence. From Theory to Practice
Author : Franz Wotawa,Gerhard Friedrich,Ingo Pill,Roxane Koitz-Hristov,Moonis Ali
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-28
Category : Computers
Total pages :865
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2019, held in Graz, Austria, in July 2019. The 41 full papers and 32 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 151 submissions. The IEA/AIE 2019 conference will continue the tradition of emphasizing on applications of applied intelligent systems to solve real-life problems in all areas. These areas include engineering, science, industry, automation and robotics, business and finance, medicine and biomedicine, bioinformatics, cyberspace, and human-machine interactions. IEA/AIE 2019 will have a special focus on automated driving and autonomous systems and also contributions dealing with such systems or their verification and validation as well.

Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments

Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments
Author : Masashi Sugiyama,Motoaki Kawanabe
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2012-03-30
Category : Computers
Total pages :280
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Theory, algorithms, and applications of machine learning techniques to overcome “covariate shift” non-stationarity. As the power of computing has grown over the past few decades, the field of machine learning has advanced rapidly in both theory and practice. Machine learning methods are usually based on the assumption that the data generation mechanism does not change over time. Yet real-world applications of machine learning, including image recognition, natural language processing, speech recognition, robot control, and bioinformatics, often violate this common assumption. Dealing with non-stationarity is one of modern machine learning's greatest challenges. This book focuses on a specific non-stationary environment known as covariate shift, in which the distributions of inputs (queries) change but the conditional distribution of outputs (answers) is unchanged, and presents machine learning theory, algorithms, and applications to overcome this variety of non-stationarity. After reviewing the state-of-the-art research in the field, the authors discuss topics that include learning under covariate shift, model selection, importance estimation, and active learning. They describe such real world applications of covariate shift adaption as brain-computer interface, speaker identification, and age prediction from facial images. With this book, they aim to encourage future research in machine learning, statistics, and engineering that strives to create truly autonomous learning machines able to learn under non-stationarity.

Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing

Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing
Author : Kenneth E. Barner,Gonzalo R. Arce
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-11-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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Nonlinear signal and image processing methods are fast emerging as an alternative to established linear methods for meeting the challenges of increasingly sophisticated applications. Advances in computing performance and nonlinear theory are making nonlinear techniques not only viable, but practical. This book details recent advances in nonl

Measures of Complexity

Measures of Complexity
Author : Vladimir Vovk,Harris Papadopoulos,Alexander Gammerman
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-09-03
Category : Computers
Total pages :399
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This book brings together historical notes, reviews of research developments, fresh ideas on how to make VC (Vapnik–Chervonenkis) guarantees tighter, and new technical contributions in the areas of machine learning, statistical inference, classification, algorithmic statistics, and pattern recognition. The contributors are leading scientists in domains such as statistics, mathematics, and theoretical computer science, and the book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in these domains.

Probability and Finance

Probability and Finance
Author : Glenn Shafer,Vladimir Vovk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2005-03-11
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :440
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Provides a foundation for probability based on game theory ratherthan measure theory. A strong philosophical approach with practicalapplications. Presents in-depth coverage of classical probability theory aswell as new theory.

Source Separation and Machine Learning

Source Separation and Machine Learning
Author : Jen-Tzung Chien
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-11-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :384
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Source Separation and Machine Learning presents the fundamentals in adaptive learning algorithms for Blind Source Separation (BSS) and emphasizes the importance of machine learning perspectives. It illustrates how BSS problems are tackled through adaptive learning algorithms and model-based approaches using the latest information on mixture signals to build a BSS model that is seen as a statistical model for a whole system. Looking at different models, including independent component analysis (ICA), nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF), nonnegative tensor factorization (NTF), and deep neural network (DNN), the book addresses how they have evolved to deal with multichannel and single-channel source separation. Emphasizes the modern model-based Blind Source Separation (BSS) which closely connects the latest research topics of BSS and Machine Learning Includes coverage of Bayesian learning, sparse learning, online learning, discriminative learning and deep learning Presents a number of case studies of model-based BSS (categorizing them into four modern models - ICA, NMF, NTF and DNN), using a variety of learning algorithms that provide solutions for the construction of BSS systems

Python: Advanced Guide to Artificial Intelligence

Python: Advanced Guide to Artificial Intelligence
Author : Giuseppe Bonaccorso,Armando Fandango,Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani
Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
Release Date : 2018-12-21
Category : Computers
Total pages :764
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Demystify the complexity of machine learning techniques and create evolving, clever solutions to solve your problems Key Features Master supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised ML algorithms and their implementation Build deep learning models for object detection, image classification, similarity learning, and more Build, deploy, and scale end-to-end deep neural network models in a production environment Book Description This Learning Path is your complete guide to quickly getting to grips with popular machine learning algorithms. You'll be introduced to the most widely used algorithms in supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised machine learning, and learn how to use them in the best possible manner. Ranging from Bayesian models to the MCMC algorithm to Hidden Markov models, this Learning Path will teach you how to extract features from your dataset and perform dimensionality reduction by making use of Python-based libraries. You'll bring the use of TensorFlow and Keras to build deep learning models, using concepts such as transfer learning, generative adversarial networks, and deep reinforcement learning. Next, you'll learn the advanced features of TensorFlow1.x, such as distributed TensorFlow with TF clusters, deploy production models with TensorFlow Serving. You'll implement different techniques related to object classification, object detection, image segmentation, and more. By the end of this Learning Path, you'll have obtained in-depth knowledge of TensorFlow, making you the go-to person for solving artificial intelligence problems This Learning Path includes content from the following Packt products: Mastering Machine Learning Algorithms by Giuseppe Bonaccorso Mastering TensorFlow 1.x by Armando Fandango Deep Learning for Computer Vision by Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani What you will learn Explore how an ML model can be trained, optimized, and evaluated Work with Autoencoders and Generative Adversarial Networks Explore the most important Reinforcement Learning techniques Build end-to-end deep learning (CNN, RNN, and Autoencoders) models Who this book is for This Learning Path is for data scientists, machine learning engineers, artificial intelligence engineers who want to delve into complex machine learning algorithms, calibrate models, and improve the predictions of the trained model. You will encounter the advanced intricacies and complex use cases of deep learning and AI. A basic knowledge of programming in Python and some understanding of machine learning concepts are required to get the best out of this Learning Path.