December 1, 2020

Download Ebook Free Corrosion By Carbon And Nitrogen

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen
Author : H Grabke,M Schütze
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-01-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :332
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Metal dusting is a form of corrosion involving the disintegration of metals and alloys into a dust of graphite and metal particles when exposed to a carburizing atmosphere. This important book reviews the factors affecting metal dusting and how it can be prevented in sectors such as the chemical and petrochemical industries and in the direct reduction of iron ores. It also considers the related corrosion phenomena of carburization and nitridation. After an introductory chapter setting out the key processes involved in metal dusting, the book reviews how this corrosion process affects a range of metals such as iron and steel, as well as nickel-based and chromium-based high-temperature alloys. There are chapters on the effects of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process and on the use of coatings to prevent metal dusting. Processes involved in carburization and nitridation are also described and discussed. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors, Corrosion by carbon and nitrogen is a valuable reference for all those concerned with understanding and preventing these corrosion processes in various industries. Reviews this corrosion process and how it affects the petrochemical and other industries Discusses the effect of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process

Nitrogen Tetroxide Corrosion Studies

Nitrogen Tetroxide Corrosion Studies
Author : Allied Chemical Corporation. Nitrogen Division
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1960
Category : Corrosion and anti-corrosives
Total pages :40
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The purpose of this investigation was to determine quantitatively the corrosive effects of nitrogen tetroxide on mild steel, aluminum, stainless steels, and titanium. This was done under static conditions at six water concentrations up to 3.2 wt percent and four temperatures up to 74 degrees C. The corrosion rates under dynamic flow conditions were also investigated. The corrosion of carbon steel (ASTM A-285 Grade C) and aluminum (5086) was less than 0.5 mil per year in nitrogen tetroxide containing up to 0.21 wt percent water at 74 degrees C, increasing to 50 mils per year at 3.2 wt percent water and 74 degrees C. Negligible corrosion was observed under severe conditions with stainless steel (304-L) and titanium 75A and 6A1-4V) whereas high strength corrosion cracking was observed in tests of carbon steel, high strength steel or aluminum in nitrogen tetroxide containing 0.1 and 1.6 wt percent water at 49 degrees C. Significiant corrosion of stainless steel (304-L) occurred in the presence of Teflon. Dynamic tests showed no significant corrosion of 304-L and PH15-7 Mo stainless steels and average rates of 0.05 mils per year for aluminum and 0.33 mils per year for carbon steel after 205 hours exposure to commercial nitrogen tetroxide flowing at velocity of 10 ft per second at 30 degrees C.

Intergranular Corrosion of Stainless Alloys

Intergranular Corrosion of Stainless Alloys
Author : R. F. Steigerwald
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 1978
Category : Stainless steel
Total pages :257
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Corrosion Protection Against Carbon Dioxide

Corrosion Protection Against Carbon Dioxide
Author : Michael Schütze,Bernd Isecke,Roman Bender
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-07-18
Category : Science
Total pages :218
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This handy reference compiles the latest data on the corrosion behavior of materials coming into contact with CO2 -- with 95% of the contents previously unpublished. It is clearly structured according to material, and covers metals, non-metallic inorganic materials and plastics as well as including information about corrosion protection. The result is a must-have for all engineers and scientists dealing with corrosion problems in CO2-containing environments.

Carbon-Nitrogen-Sulfur

Carbon-Nitrogen-Sulfur
Author : V. Smil
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :460
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ica, I considered myself an old hand: when I started to study the environment of the North Bohemian region in 1963, the ecosystemic changes and health effects result ing from extremely high concentrations and deposition of sulfurous and nitrogenous air pollutants and particulate matter could not be ignored. When I returned to the area in 1966 to work there for nearly three years as a consultant in energy and environmental affairs, I came to realize the difficulties of efficiently controlling the problem. Hiking on the crest of the Ore Mountains overlooking the valley, I saw much destruction and degradation of coniferous plantings-but I was also repeatedly surprised by the contrast of the withering tops and stunted dried-out growth of spruces and firs with the magnificent beech trees and the healthy understory of shrubs and wild flowers. I recall this impressive lesson of ecosystemic vulnerability and resistance every time I read sweeping generalizations about the environmental effects of acid deposition. At the same time, in the second half of the 1960s, I was introduced by a friend, an engineer working in analytical chemistry and biochemistry, to some of the mysteries of enzymes; this led me to nitrogenase, one of the most incredible sub stances on this planet, and to an interest in various aspects of the nitrogen cycle, which was further strengthened by my later work on the energy cost of crop production, involving inevitable comparisons between natural nitrogen fixation and Haber-Bosch ammonia synthesis.

High Nitrogen Steels

High Nitrogen Steels
Author : Valentin G. Gavriljuk,Hans Berns
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :378
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Basic research and new manufacturing methods have led to high nitrogen steels (HNS), a promising new group of materials for use in advanced applications in mechanical and chemical engineering. The book deals with the atomic structure, constitution, properties, manufacturing and application of martensitic, austenitic, duplex and dualphase steels of superior strength and corrosion resistance. Combining metallurgy and engineering aspects. It gives a detailed overview and presents new results on HNS. The book is intended for scientists as well as technologists, who will find stimulating information.

High Nitrogen Steels

High Nitrogen Steels
Author : Hannu Hänninen,S. Hertzman,J. Romu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 1999-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :868
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). High-nitrogen steels (HNS) are finding increased application in energy production, transportation, pulp and paper, oil and gas and chemical process industries, due to their outstanding mechanical properties as well as their corrosion/oxidation and wear resistance. The aim of this conference was to bring together experts from end-users (engineering and manufacturing companies), and participants from steel producers and research organizations, in order to exchange experience, scientific data and technical information regarding high-nitrogen steels.

Corrosion and Materials Selection

Corrosion and Materials Selection
Author : Alireza Bahadori
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-08-11
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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The petroleum and chemical industries contain a wide variety of corrosive environments, many of which are unique to these industries. Oil and gas production operations consume a tremendous amount of iron and steel pipe, tubing, pumps, valves, and sucker rods. Metallic corrosion is costly. However, the cost of corrosion is not just financial. Beyond the huge direct outlay of funds to repair or replace corroded structures are the indirect costs – natural resources, potential hazards, and lost opportunity. Wasting natural resources is a direct contradiction to the growing need for sustainable development. By selecting the correct material and applying proper corrosion protection methods, these costs can be reduced, or even eliminated. This book provides a minimum design requirement for consideration when designing systems in order to prevent or control corrosion damage safely and economically, and addresses: • Corrosion problems in petroleum and chemical industries • Requirements for corrosion control • Chemical control of corrosive environments • Corrosion inhibitors in refineries and petrochemical plants • Materials selection and service life of materials • Surface preparation, protection and maintainability • Corrosion monitoring - plant inspection techniques and laboratory corrosion testing techniques Intended for engineers and industry personnel working in the petroleum and chemical industries, this book is also a valuable resource for research and development teams, safety engineers, corrosion specialists and researchers in chemical engineering, engineering and materials science.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1962
Category : Nuclear energy
Total pages :129
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Corrosion Science and Technology

Corrosion Science and Technology
Author : David E.J. Talbot,James D.R. Talbot
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-07-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :432
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Although they often appear to be permanent, metals are unstable in their service environments and are susceptible to degradation by corrosion. Corrosion occurs when protective mechanisms have been overlooked, break down, or have been exhausted, leaving the metal vulnerable to attack by hostile environments. Control of corrosion is essential in a wide variety of industries. It is of concern to materials scientists and engineers, yet both students and professionals often cannot assimilate the information they need in typical corrosion-related literature because they do not have the specialized background these sources assume. Corrosion Science and Technology clarifies this important background material and guides readers in its practical application. This text integrates the chemical, electrochemical, and metallurgical aspects of corrosion control for application in typical contemporary technologies with economical use of resources. The structures of water, oxides, and metals are examined to identify the interactions by which metals can corrode in natural and relevant artificial environments. The book describes the characteristics of metals and alloys often specified for corrosion-resistant service, and discusses the relative merits of various protective measures and the strategies available to control corrosion. Corrosion Science and Technology profiles aviation, automobile manufacture, food processing, and building construction to show how these sample industries currently address corrosion issues. Written from long experience of both teaching and practice in the field, this book includes explanations of scientific principles and real world applications and case histories. Extensive information on additional corrosion-related literature is provided to guide readers to sources of more specific information. Corrosion Science and Technology gives readers a solid foundation on which to understand and apply corrosion control measures and to comprehend and use information from other sources.

High-Temperature Corrosion and Materials Applications

High-Temperature Corrosion and Materials Applications
Author : George Y. Lai
Publisher : ASM International
Release Date : 2007
Category : SCIENCE
Total pages :461
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George Lai's 1990 book, High-Temperature Corrosion of Engineering Alloys, is recognized as authoritative and is frequently consulted and often cited by those in the industry. His new book, almost double in size with seven more chapters, addresses the new concerns, new technologies, and new materials available for those engaged in high-temperature applications. As we strive for energy efficiency, the realm of high-temperature environments is expanding and the need for information on high temperature materials applications was never greater. In addition to extensive expansion on most of the content of the original book, new topics include erosion and erosion-corrosion, low NOx combustion in coal-fired boilers, fluidized bed combustion, and the special demands of waste-to-energy boilers, waste incinerators, and black liquor recovery boilers in the pulp and paper industry. The corrosion induced by liquid metals is discussed and protection options are presented.

Corrosion

Corrosion
Author : ASM Handbook Committee
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Science
Total pages :1415
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The Nickel Bulletin

The Nickel Bulletin
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1962
Category : Nickel
Total pages :129
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Includes sections "Abstracts and references" and "Patents".

Corrosion Science and Technology, Second Edition

Corrosion Science and Technology, Second Edition
Author : David E.J. Talbot,James D.R. Talbot
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-06-07
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :552
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Despite their efforts, industries continue to lose millions of dollars every year to the destructive effects of corrosion on both structures and equipment. A large part of the problem is that diagnosing its causes and developing strategies to avoid corrosion depend on the application of principles drawn from a broad spectrum of physical sciences not typically encountered in engineering and other technical disciplines associated with industrial production. While continuing to fully explain the basic principles needed to understand corrosion science, this new edition of Corrosion Science and Technology has been updated and expanded to present the very latest technologies and strategies for limiting costly metal degradation caused by corrosion. Written by respected experts who possess an understanding of the sciences involved as well as experience with the development of corrosion control methods, this volume describes the chemistry, electrochemistry, physics, and metallurgy of various types of metals, and evaluates numerous protection measures and surface treatments. New to the Second Edition • New chapters that examine the corrosion resistance of copper, nickel, titanium, and their respective alloys • An entire chapter devoted to the expanded discussion of cathodic protection by impressed current and sacrificial anodes • Extended coverage of the equipment used in the medicine, power generation, and marine environments • Additional case histories and recently employed real-world applications Exploring corrosion control methods used in an expanded variety of commercial enterprises including aviation, automobile manufacturing, food processing, and building construction, this practical guide presents proven and cost-effective methods that industrial engineers can call upon to better protect material assets.

Properties of Austenitic Stainless Steels and Their Weld Metals (Influence of Slight Chemistry Variations)

Properties of Austenitic Stainless Steels and Their Weld Metals (Influence of Slight Chemistry Variations)
Author : C. R. Brinkman
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 1979
Category :
Total pages :129
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