November 30, 2020

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Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys
Author : Guang-Ling Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-02-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :582
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Magnesium (Mg) alloys are receiving increasing attention due to their abundance, light weight, castability, formability, mechanical properties and corrosion performance. By selecting the appropriate combination of materials, coatings and surface modifications, their corrosion resistance can be greatly enhanced. Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a comprehensive guide to the effective prevention of corrosion in these important light metals. Part one discusses alloying, inhibition and prevention strategies for magnesium alloys as well as corrosion and prevention principles. Part two reviews surface treatment and conversion. Beginning with an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning, the book goes on to discuss the use of surface processing and alloying, laser treatments, chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys. Coatings are then the focus of part three, including varied plating techniques, cold spray coatings, gel and electroless electrophoresis coatings. Finally, the book concludes in part four with a selection of case studies investigating the application of preventative techniques for both automotive and medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a key reference tool for all those working with magnesium and its alloys, including scientists, engineers, metallurgists, aerospace and automotive professionals, and academics interested in this field. Chapters provide an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning Examines processes to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys, including laser treatments and chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization Discusses cold spray, sol-gel and electrophoretic coatings

Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys

Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys
Author : Z.-C. Wang,L. Yu,Z.-B. Qi,G.-L. Song
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :582
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This chapter briefly reviews current electroless plating techniques for Mg alloys. Among them, a recently developed Ni-B plating is particularly selected for further discussion. Following that, the Ni-B plating methodology is presented and its electroless plating mechanism is proposed. The deposited Ni-B layer on AZ91D is then systematically characterized for its microstructure, porosity, thickness, adhesion and corrosion resistance. Based on the plating performance and characteristics, some possible applications and future developments of this new plating are predicted.

Corrosion Protection of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion Protection of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys
Author : E. L. White,Frederick W. Fink
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1965
Category : Magnesium alloys
Total pages :36
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This memorandum deals with the corrosion protection of magnesium and magnesium alloys. The corrosion resistance of these alloys in many natural environments, while not as good as that of copper, nickel, stainless steel, and aluminum, is in the same range as that of the iron and plain carbon steels. Some type of additional corrosion protection is often necessary and, as with steel, the protective measures usually involve some type of coating system and/or surface treatments. Also, magnesium can suffer accelerated attack when coupled, in the presence of a conductive electrolyte, to most metals below it in the galvanic series. This galvanic effect complicates the problem of corrosion protection. A number of coating systems have been proposed and used satisfactorily. Depending upon the application, these coating systems include the use of conversion coatings, organic coatings, metallic coatings, and others. In addition, special designs can be employed to improve the over-all corrosion resistance of the systems. This memorandum describes many of the coating systems and design methods which are used to reduce corrosive attack on both galvanically coupled and uncoupled magnesium assembliesd (Author).

Corrosion Resistance of Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion Resistance of Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys
Author : Edward Ghali
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-05-05
Category : Science
Total pages :640
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Valuable information on corrosion fundamentals and applications of aluminum and magnesium Aluminum and magnesium alloys are receiving increased attention due to their light weight, abundance, and resistance to corrosion. In particular, when used in automobile manufacturing, these alloys promise reduced car weights, lower fuel consumption, and resulting environmental benefits. Meeting the need for a single source on this subject, Corrosion Resistance of Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys gives scientists, engineers, and students a one-stop reference for understanding both the corrosion fundamentals and applications relevant to these important light metals. Written by a world leader in the field, the text considers corrosion phenomena for the two metals in a systematic and parallel fashion. The coverage includes: The essentials of corrosion for aqueous, high temperature corrosion, and active-passive behavior of aluminum and magnesium alloys The performance and corrosion forms of aluminum alloys The performance and corrosion forms of magnesium alloys Corrosion prevention methods such as coatings for aluminum and magnesium Electrochemical methods of corrosion investigation and their application to aluminum and magnesium alloys Offering case studies and detailed references, Corrosion Resistance of Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys provides an essential, up-to-date resource for graduate-level study, as well as a working reference for professionals using aluminum, magnesium, and their alloys.

Magnesium Alloys

Magnesium Alloys
Author : Frank Czerwinski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-11-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :180
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Magnesium alloys with their unique physical and chemical properties are important candidates for many modern engineering applications. Their density, being the lowest of all structural metals, makes them the primary choice in global attempts aimed at reducing the weight of transportation vehicles. However, magnesium also creates challenges at certain stages of raw alloy melting, fabrication of net-shape components and their service. The first one is caused by very high affinity of magnesium to oxygen, which requires protective atmospheres increasing manufacturing cost and heavily contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. The second challenge relates to very high corrosivity of liquid magnesium towards materials it contacts. This imposes restrictions on the selection of materials used to contain, transfer or process molten magnesium during manufacturing operations. A mixture of unique benefits and serious challenges of magnesium alloys in solid and liquid states described here makes the book very useful for a broad audience of scientists and engineers from academia and industry.

Corrosion of Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion of Magnesium Alloys
Author : G L Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-03-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :656
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The use of magnesium alloys is increasing in a range of applications, and their popularity is growing wherever lightweight materials are needed. This book provides a comprehensive account of the corrosion of magnesium alloys. It covers not only the corrosion performances and mechanisms of Mg alloys in conventional environments, such as sodium chloride solutions, but also looks at their corrosion behaviours in special media, like engine coolants and simulated body fluids. Part one covers fundamentals such as the corrosion electrochemistry, activity and passivity of magnesium and its alloys. Part two then considers the metallurgical effect in relation to the corrosion of magnesium alloys, including the role of micro-structure and earth-rare elements, the corrosion behaviour of magnesium-based bulk metallic glasses, and the corrosion of innovative magnesium alloys. Part three goes on to describe environmental influences on the corrosion of magnesium alloys, such as atmospheric corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, creep and fatigue behaviour, and galvanic corrosion. Finally, part four is concerned with various means of protecting magnesium alloys against corrosion through the use of aluminium electrodeposition, conversion and electrophoretic coatings, and anodisation. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, this book is an invaluable resource for metallurgists, engineers and designers working with magnesium and its alloys, as well as professionals in the aerospace and automotive industries. Provides a comprehensive account of the corrosion of magnesium alloys covering fundamentals such as the corrosion electrochemistry, activity and passivity Reviews the metallurgical effect in relation to the corrosion of magnesium alloys, including the role of micro-structure and earth-rare elements Assesses environmental influences such as atmospheric corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, creep and fatigue behaviour, and galvanic corrosion

Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloys: From Chromium VI Process to Alternative Coatings Technologies

Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloys: From Chromium VI Process to Alternative Coatings Technologies
Author : Jérôme Frayret
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category : Technology
Total pages :129
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Magnesium and its alloys present several advantages such as a high strength/weight ratio and a low density. These properties allow them to be used for many aeronautical applications but they are very sensitive to corrosion. In order to solve this problem, chromium VI conversion coatings (CCC) are deposited on the surface before a protective top coat application. This process is now limited by several environmental laws due to the high toxicity of hexavalent chromium. However the chemical mechanisms of CCC deposition will be detailed in this chapter in order to understand the chemical properties of this coating. Pre-treatment steps allow cleaning and preparing the surface for improving the coating deposition. A final layer of chromium (III) oxide and magnesium hydroxide composes the coating allowing the protective properties. Orthorhombic potassium chromate clusters trapped on the coating surface give self-healing property to the coating. Alternative conversion coatings are based onto solutions containing chromium (III), permanganate, phosphates, Rare Earth Elements (REEs) or vanadium. The second part of this chapter will detail the deposition and the protection mechanisms of these promising processes of CrVI substitution. Among them, permanganate/phosphate-based coating presents a better corrosion resistance than CCC and REEs have very efficient self-healing properties.

Magnesium Alloys

Magnesium Alloys
Author : Frank Czerwinski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2011-01-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :358
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A resistance of magnesium alloys to surface degradation is paramount for their applications in automotive, aerospace, consumer electronics and general-purpose markets. An emphasis of this book is on oxidation, corrosion and surface modifications, designed to enhance the alloy surface stability. It covers a nature of oxides grown at elevated temperatures and oxidation characteristics of selected alloys along with elements of general and electrochemical corrosion. Medical applications are considered that explore bio-compatibility of magnesium alloys. Also techniques of surface modifications, designed to improve not only corrosion resistance but also corrosion fatigue, wear and other behaviors, are described. The book represents a valuable resource for scientists and engineers from academia and industry.

The Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B

The Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B
Author : M. D. Danford
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category : Electrochemistry
Total pages :24
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Magnesium

Magnesium
Author : Karl U. Kainer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-03-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1088
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The need for light-weight materials, especially in the automobile industry, created renewed interest in innovative applications of magnesium materials. This demand has resulted in increased research and development activity in companies and research institutes in order to achieve an improved property profile and better choice of alloy systems. Here, development trends and application potential in different fields like the automotive industry and communication technology are discussed in an interdisciplinary framework.

Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloys in Industrial Solutions

Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloys in Industrial Solutions
Author : Amany Fekry
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014
Category : Technology
Total pages :129
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Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Alloys in Industrial Solutions.

Essential Readings in Magnesium Technology

Essential Readings in Magnesium Technology
Author : Suveen Mathaudhu,Alan Luo,Neale Neelameggham,Eric Nyberg,Wim Sillekens
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :634
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This is a compilation of the best papers in the history of Magnesium Technology, a definitive annual reference in the field of magnesium production and related light metals technologies. The volume contains a strong topical mix of application and fundamental research articles on magnesium technology. Section titles: 1.Magnesium Technology History and Overview 2.Electrolytic and Thermal Primary Production 3.Melting, Refining, Recycling, and Life-Cycle Analysis 4.Casting and Solidification 5.Alloy and Microstructural Design 6.Wrought Processing 7.Modeling and Simulation 8.Joining 9.Corrosion, Surface Treatment, and Coating

Magnesium Alloys and Technologies

Magnesium Alloys and Technologies
Author : Karl U. Kainer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-03-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :293
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The need for light-weight materials, especially in the automobile industry, created renewed interest in innovative applications of magnesium materials. This demand has resulted in increased research and development activity in companies and research institutes in order to achieve an improved property profile and better choice of alloy systems. Here, development trends and application potential in different fields like the automotive industry and communication technology are discussed in an interdisciplinary framework.

Magnesium Alloys

Magnesium Alloys
Author : Tomasz Tański,Wojciech Borek,Mariusz Król
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-12-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :138
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Classical magnesium alloys are a combination of aluminium, magnesium, manganese and zinc. Magnesium combined with lithium forms ultralight alloys that have many uses. Since it is a reasonable material, it offers great possibilities and is constantly tested at various angles of applications and properties. Magnesium, previously used for military purposes, seems to fit perfectly to the requirements of the currently prevailing technology. Low density with appropriate mechanical properties (strength, high operating temperature), good foundry properties (high castability and low shrinkage), vibration damping ability and cost-effectiveness of recycling seem to be an ideal response to market needs. All things considered, magnesium alloys are the perfect material used in various industries starting from the automotive industry, through sport, electronics up to the space industry and defence. This book is written by experts in various areas of magnesium science and technology. It gives a general idea of modern advancements in theory and practical purposes of magnesium alloys. The book reports fundamental aspects of corrosion types and details about magnesium alloys designed to work in elevated temperatures and superplastic behaviour. Fundamentals, broad experience, theory as well as complex technological aspects make this work helpful for engineers and scientists from all over the world.

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys
Author : Hanshan Dong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-05-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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The growing use of light alloys in industries such as aerospace, sports equipment and biomedical devices is driving research into surface engineering technologies to enhance their properties for the desired end use. Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys provides a comprehensive review of the latest technologies for modifying the surfaces of light alloys to improve their corrosion, wear and tribological properties. Part one discusses surface degradation of light alloys with chapters on corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys and protection techniques, wear properties of aluminium-based alloys and tribological behaviour of titanium alloys. Part two reviews surface engineering technologies for light alloys including anodising, plasma electrolytic oxidation, thermal spraying, cold spraying, physical vapour deposition, plasma assisted surface treatment, PIII/PSII treatments, laser surface modification, ceramic conversion and duplex treatments. Part three covers applications for surface engineered light alloys including sports equipment, biomedical devices and plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodised aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys is a standard reference for engineers, metallurgists and materials scientists looking for a comprehensive source of information on surface engineering of aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys. Discusses surface degradation of light alloys considering corrosion behaviour and wear and tribological properties Examines surface engineering technologies and modification featuring plasma electrolytic oxidation treatments and both thermal and cold spraying Reviews applications for engineered light alloys in sports equipment, biomedical devices and spacecraft