June 15, 2021

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Criminal Justice Reform

Criminal Justice Reform
Author : Patrick B. McGuigan,Randall R. Rader
Publisher : Gateway Books
Release Date : 1983
Category : Criminal justice, Administration of
Total pages :273
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Recommends a variety of legal reforms designed to improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice system of the United States

Victims’ Rights in Flux: Criminal Justice Reform in Colombia

Victims’ Rights in Flux: Criminal Justice Reform in Colombia
Author : Astrid Liliana Sánchez-Mejía
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-07-13
Category : Law
Total pages :265
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Contributing to the literature on comparative criminal procedure and Latin American law, this book examines the effects of adversarial criminal justice reforms on victim’s rights by specifically analyzing the Colombian criminal justice reform of the early 2000s. This research focuses on the production, interpretation, and implementation of rules and institutions by exploring how different actors have employed the concept of victims and victims’ rights to promote their agendas in the context of criminal justice reforms. It also analyzes how the goals of these agendas have interplayed in practice. By the early 2000s, it seemed that the Colombian criminal justice system was headed towards a process characterized by broader victim participation, primarily because of the doctrine of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. But in 2002, the Colombian Attorney General promoted a more adversarial criminal justice reform. This book argues that this reform represented a sudden and unpredicted reversal of the Constitutional Court’s doctrine on victim participation, even though one of the central justifications for the reform was the need to satisfy human rights standards and adhere to the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. In the criminal justice reform of the early 2000s and its subsequent modifications, the promotion of a dichotomous interpretation of the adversarial model—which conceived the criminal process as a competition between prosecution and defense—served to limit victim participation. This study examines how conceptions of victims’ rights emerged out of the struggles between different and at times competing agendas. In the Colombian process of reform, victims’ rights have been invoked both as a justification for criminal sanctions and as an explanation for crime prevention and restorative justice. After assessing quantitative and qualitative data, this book concludes that punitive approaches to victims’ rights have prevailed over restorative justice perspectives. Furthermore, it argues that punitiveness in the criminal justice system has not resulted in more protection for victims. Ultimately, this research reveals that the adversarial criminal justice reform of the early 2000s has not substantially improved the protection of victims’ rights in Colombia.

Explaining Criminal Justice

Explaining Criminal Justice
Author : David Duffee
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category : Criminal justice, Administration of
Total pages :263
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Carceral Con

Carceral Con
Author : Kay Whitlock,Nancy A. Heitzeg
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date : 2021
Category : Criminal justice, Administration of
Total pages :265
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"From the beginning, evasions, hedging, deceptive rhetoric, trap doors, backroom reversals, hidden agendas, and slippery 'success' indicators have been built into the misleading and false promises of sweeping criminal justice reform. In the wake of the 2020 protests of racist structural violence, many people seek to better understand why contemporary reforms haven't produced more justice, especially justice for Black people. This book tells the story of the smoke-and-mirrors nature of those reform agendas and their ongoing failures to dismantle the entwined harms of structural racism and poverty so foundational to the criminal legal system. Carceral Con argues that it is not possible to fully grasp the implications of various reforms without inquiring more deeply into multiple forms of structural inequality and violence that are foundational to the United States and its systems of policing and carceral control. That is to say, racial, gendered, economic, and ableist hierarchies and discrimination are structured into the everyday workings of political, legal, and economic systems. Utilizing an abolitionist lens, this book asks readers to think differently about public safety, community well-being, and the purpose of justice. Chapters are organized to provide readers with basic information foundational to the subject, and then to follow the reform trail through the carceral funnel as most people are swept into the criminal justice system. Carceral Con encourages readers to make necessary paradigm shifts beyond the structures of racial capitalism and neoliberalism and to reject, or at least question, the notion that jails, prisons, and the policing that fill them are indispensable to the good society. Carceral Con also invites readers to reject reformism as an adequate response to the inequalities and brutality of the criminal legal system. Sometimes, as readers will see, it is better to withhold support, better to regroup and redefine the fight, than to embrace proposals that will make things worse"--

Carceral Con

Carceral Con
Author : Kay Whitlock,Nancy A. Heitzeg
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date : 2021
Category : Criminal justice, Administration of
Total pages :265
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"From the beginning, evasions, hedging, deceptive rhetoric, trap doors, backroom reversals, hidden agendas, and slippery 'success' indicators have been built into the misleading and false promises of sweeping criminal justice reform. In the wake of the 2020 protests of racist structural violence, many people seek to better understand why contemporary reforms haven't produced more justice, especially justice for Black people. This book tells the story of the smoke-and-mirrors nature of those reform agendas and their ongoing failures to dismantle the entwined harms of structural racism and poverty so foundational to the criminal legal system. Carceral Con argues that it is not possible to fully grasp the implications of various reforms without inquiring more deeply into multiple forms of structural inequality and violence that are foundational to the United States and its systems of policing and carceral control. That is to say, racial, gendered, economic, and ableist hierarchies and discrimination are structured into the everyday workings of political, legal, and economic systems. Utilizing an abolitionist lens, this book asks readers to think differently about public safety, community well-being, and the purpose of justice. Chapters are organized to provide readers with basic information foundational to the subject, and then to follow the reform trail through the carceral funnel as most people are swept into the criminal justice system. Carceral Con encourages readers to make necessary paradigm shifts beyond the structures of racial capitalism and neoliberalism and to reject, or at least question, the notion that jails, prisons, and the policing that fill them are indispensable to the good society. Carceral Con also invites readers to reject reformism as an adequate response to the inequalities and brutality of the criminal legal system. Sometimes, as readers will see, it is better to withhold support, better to regroup and redefine the fight, than to embrace proposals that will make things worse"--

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform
Author : Greg Berman,Aubrey Fox
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date : 2016-03-21
Category : Law
Total pages :164
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In this revised edition of their concise, readable, yet wide-ranging book, Greg Berman and Aubrey Fox tackle a question students and scholars of law, criminology, and political science constantly face: what mistakes have led to the problems that pervade the criminal justice system in the United States? The reluctance of criminal justice policymakers to talk openly about failure, the authors argue, has stunted the public conversation about crime in this country and stifled new ideas. It has also contributed to our inability to address such problems as chronic offending in low-income neighborhoods, an overreliance on incarceration, the misuse of pretrial detention, and the high rates of recidivism among parolees. Berman and Fox offer students and policymakers an escape from this fate by writing about failure in the criminal justice system. Their goal is to encourage a more forthright dialogue about criminal justice, one that acknowledges that many new initiatives fail and that no one knows for certain how to reduce crime. For the authors, this is not a source of pessimism, but a call to action. This revised edition is updated with a new foreword by Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., and afterword by Greg Berman.

Making the Transition

Making the Transition
Author : Andy Aitchison
Publisher : Intersentia Uitgevers N V
Release Date : 2011
Category : Law
Total pages :247
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Making the Transition provides an analysis of processes of reform, reconstruction, and restructuring in the criminal justice field in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the years since it completed a violent secession from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Across the three sectors of policing, courts, and prisons, this work details the challenges facing Bosnia and Herzegovina and explores a range of internationally-sponsored reform initiatives. These three sectors are often examined independently of each other, but by analyzing their development side by side, Making the Transition is able to determine common challenges while establishing different logics and methods of international intervention. The book reflects the author's education in a number of disciplines (politics, history, criminology) and will be a useful addition for those with an interest in the mechanics of state-building and in the reconstruction of post-conflict states.

Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration

Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration
Author : Greg Berman
Publisher : Quid Pro Books
Release Date : 2014-01-02
Category : Social Science
Total pages :178
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A new collection of compelling and challenging essays from one of the nation's leading voices on criminal justice reform, Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration makes the argument that sometimes small changes on the ground can add up to big improvements in the criminal justice system. How do you launch a new criminal justice reform? How do you measure impact? Is it possible to spread new practices to resistant audiences? And what’s the point of small-bore experimentation anyway? Greg Berman answers these questions by telling the story of successful experiments like the Red Hook Community Justice Center in Brooklyn and by detailing the challenges of implementing new ideas within the criminal justice system. As Laurie Robinson, a professor at George Mason University, writes in her introduction: “Berman offers vivid testimony that—even in the face of opposition—it is, in fact, possible to push our criminal justice system closer to realizing its highest ideals. And that, indeed, is good news.” Other experts share their opinions: “The central insight of Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration is that small tweaks in practice within the criminal justice system can sometimes lead to big change on the streets. By telling the story of the Red Hook Community Justice Center and similar innovations, Greg Berman offers a hopeful message: criminal justice reform at the local level can make a difference.” — James B. Jacobs Warren E. Burger Professor of Law, New York University School of Law “Innovation is hard work.... Berman offers a look at how change happens at the local level—and how, sometimes, it doesn't. These well-written essays offer a compelling vision of both the challenges and opportunities of criminal justice reform.” — Nicholas Turner President, Vera Institute of Justice “The topic of criminal justice reform has challenged and bedeviled social thinkers for centuries. In this book, Berman offers a clear-eyed and inventive approach to the problem. Recognizing that change is best achieved at the local level with small, incremental steps using demonstration projects, Berman provides concrete examples of both successes and failures stemming from the work of the Center for Court Innovation over the last two decades. For anyone interested in the future of criminal justice, this book should be on the top of the 'must read' list.” — John H. Laub Distinguished University Professor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, College Park “Here you will find Berman's compelling case for community justice, along with classic readings on problem-solving courts. Berman writes like all the rest of us wish we did....” — Candace McCoy The Graduate Center and John Jay College< City University of New York Presented in print and digital formats in the Contemporary Society Series by Quid Pro Books, the ebook edition uses proper formatting, linked notes, active URLS in notes, and active Contents.

Civilising Criminal Justice

Civilising Criminal Justice
Author : David J. Cornwell,John Blad,Martin Wright
Publisher : Waterside Press
Release Date : 2013
Category : Law
Total pages :565
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Probably the best collection there is, Civilizing Criminal Justice is an inescapable resource for anyone interested in restorative justice: truly international and packed with experience while combining history, theory, developments and practical advice.This volume of specially commissioned contributions by widely respected commentators on crime and punishment from various countries is a 'break-through' in bringing together some of the best arguments for long-overdue penal reform. An increasingly urgent need to change outmoded criminal processes, even in advanced democracies, demands an end to those penal excesses driven by political expediency and damaging notions of retribution, deterrence and punishment for its own sake. 'Civilising' criminal justice will make it fairer, more consistent, understandable and considerate towards victims of crime, currently largely excluded from participation. Principles of reparative and restorative justice have become increasingly influential in the quest to provide justice which tackles harm, compensates victims, repairs relationships, resolves debilitating conflicts and calls offenders to account. And in any case, what real justification is there for subjecting more and more people to the expensive but hollow experience of prison, especially at a time of economic stringency. Civil justice - in its various forms - can be swifter, cheaper and more effective, in court or through mediated processes focusing on the harmful consequences of offences rather than inflicting punishment that may satisfy a baying media but come home to haunt the community. This brave and generous book (600 pages) illustrates the many different ways in which criminal justice can be 'civilised' and how lessons can be learned from practical experience across the world and shared expertise. It is a volume that every politician should read, every criminal justice professional should possess, and that every student of criminology and penology will find invaluable. David Cornwell, John Blad and Martin Wright are three of the leading international experts on this topic with many publications to their names individually. Contributors: Serge Gutwirth and Paul De Hert (Belgium), Federico Reggio (Italy), Bas van Stokkom (The Netherlands), Lode Walgrave (Belgium), Susan Easton and Christine Piper (UK), Louis Blom-Cooper QC (UK), Tapio Lappi-Seppala (Finland), Thomas Trenczek (Germany), Jean-Pierre Bonafe-Schmitt (France), Per Andersen (Norway), Claire Spivakovsky (Australia), Ann Skelton (Republic of South Africa), Borbala Fellegi (Hungary), Judge Fred McElrea (New Zealand); and the editors. John Braithwaite is a Distinguished Professor at the Australian National University, author of ground-breaking works on restorative justice and recipient of various awards.

Justice Reinvestment

Justice Reinvestment
Author : Chris Fox,Kevin Albertson,Kevin Wong
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-06-03
Category : Social Science
Total pages :246
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Rising prison numbers on both sides of the Atlantic are cause for concern. Justice Reinvestment is a major movement in criminal justice reform in the US that is also attracting lots of interest in the UK. Justice Reinvestment is an approach to addressing the penal crisis that uses the best available evidence to re-direct resources to more effective rehabilitation of offenders and better ‘prehabilitation’. It takes a more holistic view of criminal justice and is particularly concerned to address the community dimensions of offending and re-offending. The authors highlight competing models of Justice Reinvestment and argue for a more radical version in which criminal justice reform is seen as part of a wider social justice reform programme. This is the first substantial publication on Justice Reinvestment and shows that ‘Justice Reinvestment’ has huge potential to re-shape the criminal justice system. It will be essential reading for undergraduate and post-graduate students with an interest in criminal justice reform. Practitioners and policy-makers working in the criminal justice system in the US and the UK will also value the fresh perspective it brings to criminal justice reform and its breadth of coverage including insights into the penal crisis, different models of Justice Reinvestment, the use of criminal justice data and research evidence in re-designing criminal justice services and new approaches to commissioning.

Confronting Underground Justice

Confronting Underground Justice
Author : William R. Kelly
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date : 2018-10-29
Category : Law
Total pages :260
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Confronting Underground Justice identifies major problems with plea negotiation and the pretrial system and provides transformative recommendations to reduce crime and recidivism.

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States
Author : Elizabeth Jeglic,Cynthia Calkins
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2021-08-19
Category :
Total pages :129
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This handbook provides a holistic and comprehensive examination of issues related to criminal justice reform in the United States from a multidisciplinary perspective. Divided into five key domains of reform in the criminal justice system, it analyzes: - Policing - Policy and sentencing - Reentry - Treatment - Alternatives to incarceration Each section provides a history and overview of the domain within the criminal justice system, followed by chapters discussing issues integral to reform. The volume emphasizes decreasing incarceration and minimizing racial, ethnic and economic inequalities. Each section ends with tangible recommendations, based on evidence-based approaches for reform. Of interest to researchers, scholars, activists and policy makers, this unique volume offers a pathway for the future of criminal justice reform in the United States.

Justice and Penal Reform

Justice and Penal Reform
Author : Stephen Farrall,Barry Goldson,Ian Loader,Anita Dockley
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2016-02-05
Category : Social Science
Total pages :220
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In the aftermath of the financial crisis of 2008, Western societies entered a climate of austerity which has limited the penal expansion experienced in the US, UK and elsewhere over recent decades. These altered conditions have led to introspection and new thinking on punishment even among those on the political right who were previously champions of the punitive turn. This volume brings together a group of international leading scholars with a shared interest in using this opportunity to encourage new avenues of reform in the penal sphere. Justice is a famously contested concept and this book takes a deliberately capacious approach to the question of how justice can be mobilised to inform new reform agendas. Some of the contributors revisit an antique question in penal theory and reconsider the question of what fair or just punishment should look like today. Others seek to make gender central to understanding of crime and punishment, or actively reflect on the part that related concepts such as human rights, legitimacy and trust can and should play in thinking about the creation of more just crime control arrangements. Faced with the expansive penal developments of recent decades, much research and commentary about crime control has been gloom-laden and dystopian. By contrast, this volume seeks to contribute to a more constructive sensibility in the social analysis of penality: one that is worldly, hopeful and actively engaged in thinking about how to create more just penal arrangements. Justice and Penal Reform is a key resource for academics and as a supplementary text for students undertaking courses on punishment, penology, prisons, criminal justice and public policy. This book approaches penal reform from an international perspective and offers a fresh and diverse approach within an established field.

The Chinese Experience

The Chinese Experience
Author : Guo Zhiyuan
Publisher : Atf Press
Release Date : 2013-03-31
Category : History
Total pages :365
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Experiments are one of the most important empirical research methods. Empirical research based on the experimental method is becoming a principal approach toâ__as well as prominent characteristic of â__Chinese legal reform. This book describes the application of the experimental method to criminal justice reform. It analyses pilot projects conducted by Chinese criminal procedure researches over the past decade to illustrate the steps and methods of using pilot projects to advance criminal justice reforms, the successes and the limitations of this approach to promoting reform, and many other lessons that can be learned from these projects. This book, which is written in both Chinese and English, can serve not only as a resource for conducting empirical legal research, but also as a window for understanding criminal justice reform in China.

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform
Author : Marvin Zalman,Julia Carrano
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-10-30
Category : Social Science
Total pages :334
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Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.