January 22, 2021

Download Ebook Free Cyber Influence And Cognitive Threats

Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats

Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats
Author : Vladlena Benson,John Mcalaney
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-27
Category : Education
Total pages :238
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In the wake of fresh allegations that personal data of Facebook users have been illegally used to influence the outcome of the US general election and the Brexit vote, the debate over manipulation of social Big Data continues to gain more momentum. Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats addresses various emerging challenges in response to cybersecurity, examining cognitive applications in decision-making, behaviour and basic human interaction. The book examines the role of psychology in cybersecurity by addressing each factor involved in the process: hackers, targets, cybersecurity practitioners, and the wider social context in which these groups operate. Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats covers a variety of topics including information systems, psychology, sociology, human resources, leadership, strategy, innovation, law, finance and others. Explains psychological factors inherent in machine learning and artificial intelligence Explores attitudes towards data and privacy through the phenomena of digital hoarding and protection motivation theory Discusses the role of social and communal factors in cybersecurity behaviour and attitudes Investigates the factors that determine the spread and impact of information and disinformation

Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities

Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities
Author : Vladlena Benson,John Mcalaney
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-20
Category : Computers
Total pages :252
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Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities identifies the critical role human behavior plays in cybersecurity and provides insights into how human decision-making can help address rising volumes of cyberthreats. The book examines the role of psychology in cybersecurity by addressing each actor involved in the process: hackers, targets, cybersecurity practitioners and the wider social context in which these groups operate. It applies psychological factors such as motivations, group processes and decision-making heuristics that may lead individuals to underestimate risk. The goal of this understanding is to more quickly identify threat and create early education and prevention strategies. This book covers a variety of topics and addresses different challenges in response to changes in the ways in to study various areas of decision-making, behavior, artificial intelligence, and human interaction in relation to cybersecurity. Explains psychological factors inherent in machine learning and artificial intelligence Discusses the social psychology of online radicalism and terrorist recruitment Examines the motivation and decision-making of hackers and "hacktivists" Investigates the use of personality psychology to extract secure information from individuals

Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities

Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities
Author : Vladlena Benson,John Mcalaney
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-20
Category : Computers
Total pages :252
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Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities identifies the critical role human behavior plays in cybersecurity and provides insights into how human decision-making can help address rising volumes of cyberthreats. The book examines the role of psychology in cybersecurity by addressing each actor involved in the process: hackers, targets, cybersecurity practitioners and the wider social context in which these groups operate. It applies psychological factors such as motivations, group processes and decision-making heuristics that may lead individuals to underestimate risk. The goal of this understanding is to more quickly identify threat and create early education and prevention strategies. This book covers a variety of topics and addresses different challenges in response to changes in the ways in to study various areas of decision-making, behavior, artificial intelligence, and human interaction in relation to cybersecurity. Explains psychological factors inherent in machine learning and artificial intelligence Discusses the social psychology of online radicalism and terrorist recruitment Examines the motivation and decision-making of hackers and "hacktivists" Investigates the use of personality psychology to extract secure information from individuals

Proceedings of the 5th Brazilian Technology Symposium

Proceedings of the 5th Brazilian Technology Symposium
Author : Yuzo Iano
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020
Category : Electronic books
Total pages :640
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Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business

Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business
Author : Stefanos Gritzalis,Edgar R. Weippl,Gabriele Kotsis,A Min Tjoa,Ismail Khalil
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-09-13
Category : Computers
Total pages :235
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business, TrustBus 2020, held in Bratislava, Slovakia, in September 2020. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 11 full and 4 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 28 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: blockchain, cloud security/hardware; economics/privacy; human aspects; privacy; privacy and machine learning; trust.

Current Trends in Web Engineering

Current Trends in Web Engineering
Author : In-Young Ko,Juan Manuel Murillo,Petri Vuorimaa
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-12-21
Category : Computers
Total pages :87
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Web Engineering, ICWE 2020, held in Helsinki, Finland, in June 2020.* The 4 revised full 4 revised short papers were selected from 10 submissions. The workshops complement the main conference and explore new trends on core topics of Web engineering and provide an open discussion space combining solid theory work with practical on-the-field experience. The workshop committee accepted three workshops for publication in this volume: 1st International Workshop on the Web of Things for Humans (WoT4H 2020), 2nd Semantics and the Web for Transport workshop (Sem4Tra 2020), and 6th International Workshop on Knowledge Discovery on the Web (KDWEB 2020). *The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Psychological and Behavioral Examinations in Cyber Security

Psychological and Behavioral Examinations in Cyber Security
Author : McAlaney, John,Frumkin, Lara A.,Benson, Vladlena
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2018-03-09
Category : Computers
Total pages :334
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Cyber security has become a topic of concern over the past decade. As many individual and organizational activities continue to evolve digitally, it is important to examine the psychological and behavioral aspects of cyber security. Psychological and Behavioral Examinations in Cyber Security is a critical scholarly resource that examines the relationship between human behavior and interaction and cyber security. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as behavioral analysis, cyberpsychology, and online privacy, this book is geared towards IT specialists, administrators, business managers, researchers, and students interested in online decision making in cybersecurity.

Cyber Security and Global Information Assurance: Threat Analysis and Response Solutions

Cyber Security and Global Information Assurance: Threat Analysis and Response Solutions
Author : Knapp, Kenneth J.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2009-04-30
Category : Computers
Total pages :458
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"This book provides a valuable resource by addressing the most pressing issues facing cyber-security from both a national and global perspective"--Provided by publisher.

Cyber-Security and Threat Politics

Cyber-Security and Threat Politics
Author : Myriam Dunn Cavelty
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2007-11-28
Category : Political Science
Total pages :192
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This book explores the political process behind the construction of cyber-threats as one of the quintessential security threats of modern times in the US. Myriam Dunn Cavelty posits that cyber-threats are definable by their unsubstantiated nature. Despite this, they have been propelled to the forefront of the political agenda. Using an innovative theoretical approach, this book examines how, under what conditions, by whom, for what reasons, and with what impact cyber-threats have been moved on to the political agenda. In particular, it analyses how governments have used threat frames, specific interpretive schemata about what counts as a threat or risk and how to respond to this threat. By approaching this subject from a security studies angle, this book closes a gap between practical and theoretical academic approaches. It also contributes to the more general debate about changing practices of national security and their implications for the international community.

Quantifying the Effect of Cognitive Biases on Security Decision-making

Quantifying the Effect of Cognitive Biases on Security Decision-making
Author : Tahani Albalawi
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category : Computer security
Total pages :188
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Recently, characteristics of human behavior have created a new important source for attackers. The attackers' attention shifted from the direct machine attacks that require breaking the underlying cryptography to target human vulnerability to get access to the information. Despite problems that human vulnerability has created, the human role has received too little attention in security domain. The role of humans is often neglected in favor of technical solutions in the cyber security equation. This may be due to a lack of understanding of human vulnerability. The technical side is clearly an essential part of cyber security, but people are also strongly involved in the information security. The technical side is more identifiable but human behavior is still very important. Fortunately, Social Engineering Security is changing the way we look at computer security. The main pillar of this field is how human psychological factors can influence humans to make bad or irrational decisions. People's irrational judgments (human error) are often caused by cognitive biases (CB) which are tendencies to think irrationally in certain types of situations. The awareness of CB goes back to the early 1970s when the psychologists Kahneman and Tversky showed there might be a gap between how humans should make a decision and how they actually make a decision. CB is often connected with two aspects first, some limitation in processing knowledge that caused by the Cognitive load (CL), which is related to human neutrality and the second aspect, is the usability of the system. Usability of a system is one of the causes of people's biases in decisions. On the other hand people's security decisions in the domain of cyber security are also closely tied to usability. The mismatch between security and usability goals contributes to making inappropriate security-related decisions. Clearly, we can see that the security decision-making is a result of three overlapping factors: security, usability and CB. Studies have been focused on evaluating the security polices and techniques. The focus of these evaluations is on the intentional threats that result from a malicious intent of access. The unintentional threat that results from human error has not received the necessary attention. Thus, this study focuses on the security threats that relate to human error with the non-malicious and legal intent. This dissertation has several contributions to current research in the security field: First, it pays attention to the security threats that relate to human error and result from non-malicious legal intent. It addresses the human error that leads to the unintentional threat by exploring human cognitive processes in the context of cyber security. Since the human error is resulting from three overlapping factors, security, usability and CB, this research also studies the relation between these factors. It explores the links between security decision-making and usability, as well as illustrating the cognitive processing and reasoning behind the end-user decision by depicting the concept set that leads the end-user to make a specific decision. For this part, a mental model has been proposed for peoples' decision-making toward security and usability. To construct the model, a crowd-sourcing technique and a cognitive map approach are used, and an experiment is performed to evaluate the findings using Amazon Mturk. Second, this dissertation quantifies the individual's security decision-making under the influence of cognitive biases, with full consideration of usability factors. For these purposes, another experiment is conducted involving 54 participants who performed multiple security tasks. An eye-tracking machine is used to record cognitive measurements that are used for decision analysis. The proposed model for security decision is derived from the Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) approach. In the decision-making context, the MCDA is a technique, which provides formal methods to analyze decisions that involve different or contradicting factors.

Cyberpower and National Security

Cyberpower and National Security
Author : Franklin D. Kramer,Stuart H. Starr,Larry K. Wentz
Publisher : Potomac Books, Inc.
Release Date : 2009
Category : Cyberspace
Total pages :642
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This book creates a framework for understanding and using cyberpower in support of national security. Cyberspace and cyberpower are now critical elements of international security. United States needs a national policy which employs cyberpower to support its national security interests.

Cyber Strategy

Cyber Strategy
Author : Brandon Valeriano,Benjamin Jensen,Ryan C. Maness
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2018-04-17
Category : Political Science
Total pages :288
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Some pundits claim cyber weaponry is the most important military innovation in decades, a transformative new technology that promises a paralyzing first-strike advantage difficult for opponents to deter. Yet, what is cyber strategy? How do actors use cyber capabilities to achieve a position of advantage against rival states? This book examines the emerging art of cyber strategy and its integration as part of a larger approach to coercion by states in the international system between 2000 and 2014. To this end, the book establishes a theoretical framework in the coercion literature for evaluating the efficacy of cyber operations. Cyber coercion represents the use of manipulation, denial, and punishment strategies in the digital frontier to achieve some strategic end. As a contemporary form of covert action and political warfare, cyber operations rarely produce concessions and tend to achieve only limited, signaling objectives. When cyber operations do produce concessions between rival states, they tend to be part of a larger integrated coercive strategy that combines network intrusions with other traditional forms of statecraft such as military threats, economic sanctions, and diplomacy. The books finds that cyber operations rarely produce concessions in isolation. They are additive instruments that complement traditional statecraft and coercive diplomacy. The book combines an analysis of cyber exchanges between rival states and broader event data on political, military, and economic interactions with case studies on the leading cyber powers: Russia, China, and the United States. The authors investigate cyber strategies in their integrated and isolated contexts, demonstrating that they are useful for maximizing informational asymmetries and disruptions, and thus are important, but limited coercive tools. This empirical foundation allows the authors to explore how leading actors employ cyber strategy and the implications for international relations in the 21st century. While most military plans involving cyber attributes remain highly classified, the authors piece together strategies based on observations of attacks over time and through the policy discussion in unclassified space. The result will be the first broad evaluation of the efficacy of various strategic options in a digital world.

ICCWS 2020 15th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

ICCWS 2020 15th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security
Author : Prof. Brian K. Payne ,Prof. Hongyi Wu
Publisher : Academic Conferences and publishing limited
Release Date : 2020-03-12
Category : History
Total pages :129
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Cyberspace and National Security

Cyberspace and National Security
Author : Derek S. Reveron
Publisher : Georgetown University Press
Release Date : 2012-09-11
Category : Political Science
Total pages :256
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In a very short time, individuals and companies have harnessed cyberspace to create new industries, a vibrant social space, and a new economic sphere that are intertwined with our everyday lives. At the same time, individuals, subnational groups, and governments are using cyberspace to advance interests through malicious activity. Terrorists recruit, train, and target through the Internet, hackers steal data, and intelligence services conduct espionage. Still, the vast majority of cyberspace is civilian space used by individuals, businesses, and governments for legitimate purposes. Cyberspace and National Security brings together scholars, policy analysts, and information technology executives to examine current and future threats to cyberspace. They discuss various approaches to advance and defend national interests, contrast the US approach with European, Russian, and Chinese approaches, and offer new ways and means to defend interests in cyberspace and develop offensive capabilities to compete there. Policymakers and strategists will find this book to be an invaluable resource in their efforts to ensure national security and answer concerns about future cyberwarfare.

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on a Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral Sciences for Applications to National Security
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2019-07-26
Category : Social Science
Total pages :400
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The primary function of the intelligence analyst is to make sense of information about the world, but the way analysts do that work will look profoundly different a decade from now. Technological changes will bring both new advances in conducting analysis and new risks related to technologically based activities and communications around the world. Because these changes are virtually inevitable, the Intelligence Community will need to make sustained collaboration with researchers in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS) a key priority if it is to adapt to these changes in the most productive ways. A Decadal Survey Of The Social and Behavioral Sciences provides guidance for a 10-year research agenda. This report identifies key opportunities in SBS research for strengthening intelligence analysis and offers ideas for integrating the knowledge and perspectives of researchers from these fields into the planning and design of efforts to support intelligence analysis.