January 16, 2021

Download Ebook Free Cytokine Effector Functions In Tissues

Cytokine Effector Functions in Tissues

Cytokine Effector Functions in Tissues
Author : Maria Foti,Massimo Locati
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-07-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :304
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Cytokine Effector Functions in Tissues discusses the cytokines networks in the context of the specific-tissue environment. It is an up-to-date collection of articles that addresses the specific issue of how the cytokines are able to condition tissue specific homeostasis. The book helps the reader understand how cytokines network inside the tissues and highlights whether tissue-protection or exacerbation will be finally controlled. It describes the cytokines detected and regulated in different tissues, such as the brain, lungs, spleen, liver, pancreas and intestine, also addressing the issue of timing in specific cell types. Categorizes the cytokines based primarily on tissue and target cells Emphasizes different roles and outcomes observed during innate and adaptive response Represents a rapid guide to cytokines in health and disease in tissue and organ context Presents a different view on how known mediators may work if analyzed in a different perspective, determining the final outcome on tissue-specific target cells

Differentiation, Tissue Adaptation and Function of Memory T Cells

Differentiation, Tissue Adaptation and Function of Memory T Cells
Author : Weiguo Cui,Carmen Gerlach,Klaas Van Gisbergen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-06-16
Category :
Total pages :129
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Upon antigen encounter, naïve T cells differentiate into (i) effectors that combat infected or malignant cells, and at later time points, into (ii) memory cells that provide long-lasting immunity. This differentiation process allows some T cells to leave the confines of secondary lymphoid organs and to enter peripheral tissues in search of pathogens or tumor cells. These different environments pose specific challenges for effector and memory T cells to maintain homeostasis. T cells directed into the lungs are likely to encounter higher levels of oxygen, but lower amounts of nutrients than those directed into the intestinal epithelium. In addition to oxygen tension and nutrient concentrations, other key factors, such as the commensal flora and stromal components, create unique conditions that require tissue-specific adaptations of T cells. These steady state conditions can dramatically change during infection when inflammatory mediators and T cell growth factors are released, requiring the immediate response of T cells. The gradual changes imposed by growing tumors can also be challenging for T cells due to competition with rapidly cycling tumor cells that deplete essential resources of oxygen and glucose. The strategies that T cells employ to respond to the diverse cues from their surroundings are the focus of current research. It appears that next to circulating memory T cells that are confined to the circulation and those that survey all of the peripheral tissues, dedicated populations of resident memory T cells exist that can optimally adapt to the local circumstances within each tissue. Restrictions on the metabolic requirements of T cells residing in tumor tissue have been found to directly impact on effector functions such as cytokine production. The fundamental principles of how the machinery of T cells can translate local cues into tissue-specific differentiation processes are fascinating and warrant further investigation.

Cellular and Molecular Immunology E-Book

Cellular and Molecular Immunology E-Book
Author : Abul K. Abbas,Andrew H. Lichtman,Shiv Pillai
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2011-04-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :560
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Cellular and Molecular Immunology takes a comprehensive yet straightforward approach to the latest developments in this active and fast-changing field. Drs. Abul K. Abbas, Andrew H. Lichtman, and Shiv Pillai present sweeping updates in this new edition to cover antigen receptors and signal transduction in immune cells, mucosal and skin immunity, cytokines, leukocyte-endothelial interaction, and more. This reference is the up-to-date and readable textbook you need to master the complex subject of immunology. Recognize the clinical relevance of the immunology through discussions of the implications of immunologic science for the management of human disease. Grasp the details of experimental observations that form the basis for the science of immunology at the molecular, cellular, and whole-organism levels and draw the appropriate conclusions. Stay abreast of the latest advances in immunology and molecular biology through extensive updates that cover cytokines, innate immunity, leukocyte-endothelial interactions, signaling, costimulation, and more. Visualize immunologic processes more effectively through a completely revised art program with redrawn figures, a brighter color palette, and more 3-dimensional art. Find information more quickly and easily through a reorganized chapter structure and a more logical flow of material.

Primer to the Immune Response

Primer to the Immune Response
Author : Tak W. Mak,Mary E. Saunders,Bradley D. Jett
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-12-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :702
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Written in the same engaging conversational style as the acclaimed first edition, Primer to The Immune Response, 2nd Edition is a fully updated and invaluable resource for college and university students in life sciences, medicine and other health professions who need a concise but comprehensive introduction to immunology. The authors bring clarity and readability to their audience, offering a complete survey of the most fundamental concepts in basic and clinical immunology while conveying the subject’s fascinating appeal. The content of this new edition has been completely updated to include current information on all aspects of basic and clinical immunology. The superbly drawn figures are now in full color, complemented by full color plates throughout the book. The text is further enhanced by the inclusion of numerous tables, special topic boxes and brief notes that provide interesting insights. At the end of each chapter, a self-test quiz allows students to monitor their mastery of major concepts, while a set of conceptual questions prompts them to extrapolate further and extend their critical thinking. Moreover, as part of the Academic Cell line of textbooks, Primer to The Immune Response, 2nd Edition contains research passages that shine a spotlight on current experimental work reported in Cell Press articles. These articles also form the basis of case studies that are found in the associated online study guide and are designed to reinforce clinical connections. Complete yet concise coverage of the basic and clinical principles of immunology Engaging conversational writing style that is to the point and very readable Over 200 clear, elegant color illustrations Comprehensive glossary and list of abbreviations

Clinical Neuroimmunology

Clinical Neuroimmunology
Author : Jack P. Antel
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2005
Category : Medical
Total pages :452
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Provides broad and comprehensive coverage of the interaction between the nervous and immune systems in both normal and diseased states. Understanding this interaction is fundamental to developing therapeutic approaches to disease and injury of the nervous system that are currently only marginally amenable to therapy. Neuroimmunology is a well-recognised and growing specialty world wide, both at the basic science and clinical level. Chapters are dedicated to the role of the immune system in disorders affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems, including important neurodegenerative diseases (such as multiple sclerosis and HIV-related neural degeneration) which cause life-long disability. Extensive coverage is given to a whole array of immune-directed therapies.

Principles of Immunopharmacology

Principles of Immunopharmacology
Author : Frans P. Nijkamp,Michael Parnham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-04-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :662
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The rapid developments in immunology in recent immunomodulatory drugs can be distinguished years have dramatically expanded our knowledge of from their beneficial therapeutic effects. mammalian host defence mechanisms. The molecu- Currently,it is only possible to obtain an overview lar mechanisms of cellular interactions during of these various aspects of immunopharmacology immune responses have been unravelled,the intra- by reading a range of immunological,pharmacol- cellular responses involved in signal transduction ical,diagnostic and toxicological literature. Good delineated and an ever-increasing number of soluble immunological textbooks are available, while mediators of immune and inflammatory reponses immunopharmacology is covered mainly in terms of have been discovered. the inflammatory response. Principles of Immuno- The initial result of this explosion of knowledge pharmacology is intended to provide for the first time has been to provide the researcher and the clinician in a single volume a basic understanding of with an arsenal of diagnostic tools with which the immunological mechanisms,a review of important immunological bases of disease processes can be immunodiagnostic tools and a description of the investigated. This has made disease diagnosis much main pharmacological agents which modify the more precise,enabling the physician to tailor therapy immune response,together with an introduction to much more closely to the individual patient’s needs. immunotoxicology. As such we hope that it will be However,better understanding of disease processes useful as a reference text for physicians,researchers only provides a gradual improvement in therapy. This and students with a rudimentary knowledge of is because the new molecular targets that have been immunology.

Goldman-Cecil Medicine E-Book

Goldman-Cecil Medicine E-Book
Author : Lee Goldman,Andrew I. Schafer
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2019-08-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :2972
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To be the best doctor you can be, you need the best information. For more than 90 years, what is now called Goldman-Cecil Medicine has been the authoritative source for internal medicine and the care of adult patients. Every chapter is written by acclaimed experts who, with the oversight of our editors, provide definitive, unbiased advice on the diagnosis and treatment of thousands of common and uncommon conditions, always guided by an understanding of the epidemiology and pathobiology, as well as the latest medical literature. But Goldman-Cecil Medicine is not just a textbook. Throughout the lifetime of each edition, periodic updates continually include the newest information from a wide range of journals. Furthermore, Goldman-Cecil Medicine is available for all users of ClinicalKey, Elsevier’s full library of subspecialty textbooks that can be accessed by readers who may want even more in-depth information. More than 400 chapters authored by a veritable "Who’s Who" of modern medicine A practical, templated organization with an emphasis on evidence-based references Thousands of algorithms, figures, and tables that make its information readily accessible Supplemented by over 1500 board-style questions and answers to help you prepare for certification and recertification examinations

Immunobiology

Immunobiology
Author : Charles Janeway,Paul Travers
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 1994
Category : Medical
Total pages :590
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Immunobiology tells the story of the immune system. The book covers all of the material that comprises a typical immunology course. The Fifth Edition is an extensive revision which includes new material and major insights, improved logical progression of topics, and an emphasis on unifying principles. With clear, concise text and a full-color art program, this book continues to set the standard for a current and authoritative immunology textbook. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Rheumatoid Arthritis E-Book

Rheumatoid Arthritis E-Book
Author : Marc C. Hochberg,Alan J. Silman,Josef S. Smolen,Michael E. Weinblatt,Michael H. Weisman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2008-11-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :464
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First Prize, Orthopaedics and Rheumatology, BMA Awards 2009 This state-of-the-art reference provides current insights into the etiology, diagnosis and management of rheumatoid arthritis. Leading international authorities in RA examine all of the latest scientific and clinical developments in understanding and managing this challenging disease, including new concepts in pathogenesis, epidemiology, risk factors, imaging, clinical outcomes and treatment. It’s the guidance you need to offer optimal care to your patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Presents the work of leading international experts in rheumatoid arthritis for guidance you can trust. Provides the very latest understanding of the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, including molecular pathways/mechanisms, and genetic and environmental factors that instigate and drive the disease. Includes comprehensive coverage of clinical features of rheumatoid arthritis including articular, peri-articular and extra-articular manifestations, comorbidities, and outcome measures—disease activity, joint assessment, imaging, and more—for expert diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression. Examines evidence-based treatment options—including traditional and biologic DMARDs and combination therapies—as well as promising therapies on the horizon, placing up-to-date guidance on disease modifying or disease controlling agents at your fingertips.

Role of CD1- and MR1-restricted T cells in Immunity and Disease

Role of CD1- and MR1-restricted T cells in Immunity and Disease
Author : Kazuya Iwabuchi,Luc Van Kaer
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-10-18
Category :
Total pages :129
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CD1 and MR1 are major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related proteins that bind and present non-peptide antigens to subsets of T cells with specialized functions. CD1 proteins typically present lipid antigens to CD1-restricted T cells, whereas MR1 presents vitamin B-based ligands and a variety of drugs and drug-like molecules to MR1-restricted T cells. The CD1 family of antigen presenting molecules has been divided into two groups: Group 1 contains CD1a, CD1b and CD1c, and Group 2 contains CD1d. Additionally, CD1e is expressed intracellularly and is involved in the loading of lipid antigens onto Group 1 CD1 proteins. Humans express both Groups 1 and 2 CD1 proteins, whereas mice only express CD1d. Group 1 CD1 proteins present lipid antigens to T cells that generally express diverse T cell receptors (TCRs) and exhibit adaptive-like functions, whereas CD1d presents lipid antigens to subsets of T cells that express either diverse or highly restricted TCRs and exhibit innate-like functions. CD1d-restricted T cells are called natural killer T (NKT) cells, which includes Type I or invariant NKT (iNKT) cells expressing semi-invariant TCRs, and Type II NKT cells expressing more diverse TCRs. CD1-restricted T cells have been implicated in a wide variety of diseases, including cancer, infections, and autoimmune, inflammatory and metabolic diseases. Additionally, NKT cells have been targeted for immunotherapy of disease with ligands such as α-galactosylceramide for iNKT cells, or sulfatide for Type II NKT cells. Like iNKT cells, MR1-restricted T cells express semi-invariant TCRs and display innate-like functions. MR1-restricted T cells, also called mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, have been implicated in immune responses against a variety of pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis C virus and influenza virus. Moreover, these cells contribute to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, lupus, and diabetes.

The HLA Complex in Biology and Medicine

The HLA Complex in Biology and Medicine
Author : Narinder K Mehra
Publisher : Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Release Date : 2010-11-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :608
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A comprehensive guide to the HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen) system for immunologists and clinicians, this book contains up-to-date information on the MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex) and its role in the immune response and in various diseases. The book explores the biological significance and role of the HLA system in organ and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation management. This volume is an invaluable guide to the full spectrum of HLA-related science while also serving as a conceptual and technical resource for those involved in HLA-related research and in clinical or surgical practice. In addition, it will be a primary point of contact for individuals working in other areas who suddenly find that their research is drawing them into the complexities of HLA genetics.

Carranza's Clinical Periodontology - E-Book

Carranza's Clinical Periodontology - E-Book
Author : Michael G. Newman,Henry Takei,Perry R. Klokkevold,Fermin A. Carranza
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2014-09-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :904
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The most widely used periodontics text, Carranza's Clinical Periodontology provides both print and online access to basic procedures as well as the latest in advanced procedures and techniques in reconstructive, esthetic, and implant therapy. Not only does this book show how to do periodontal procedures, it describes how to best manage the outcomes and explains the evidence supporting each treatment. Written by leading experts Michael Newman, Henry Takei, Perry Klokkevold, and Fermin Carranza, along with a pool of international contributors, this edition also discusses the close connection between oral health and systemic disease. A new Expert Consult website includes the entire, fully searchable contents of the book, and takes learning to a whole new level with content updates, videos, a drug database, and much more. Comprehensive coverage describes all aspects of periodontics in a single volume, including periodontal pathology, the etiology of periodontal diseases, the relationship between periodontal disease and systemic health, treatment of periodontal diseases, oral implantology, supportive treatment, and ethics, legal, and practical matters. Problem-solving, scenario-based learning opportunities use well-documented case reports to help you learn both basic and advanced procedures and techniques. 'Speed to competence' is enhanced with access to print, online, and mobile platforms. A unique approach combines evidence-based decision-making, science transfer, and classification/nomenclature throughout every chapter. A one-of-a-kind Genetic Factors and Periodontal Disease chapter examines the role of genetic factors in gum disease. In-depth information serves as an excellent foundation in preparing for the National Board Dental Exam. Coverage of the latest advances includes the emerging link between periodontal disease and systemic health. Full-color illustrations depict the newest developments in surgical technology. A new Multidisciplinary Approach to Dental and Periodontal Problems chapter discusses the importance of collaborative care in the practice of periodontics. Etiology of Periodontal Diseases (Part 4) provides a more comprehensive background in periodontal anatomy, physiology, and pathogenesis.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis
Author : Wolfram Sterry,Robert Sabat,Sandra Philipp
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-09-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :288
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Practical and user-friendly, this is the ideal guide to the diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis, helping you navigate a logical management pathway through a complex maze of possibilities. Psoriasis is a cruel disease that can seriously affect the sufferer’s quality and length of life. It is also highly idiosyncratic, with features that vary greatly from patient to patient; this being mirrored in the highly variable response to treatment. It is increasingly recognized that psoriasis is not a discrete disease and that many patients suffer two or three comorbid conditions that can complicate the efforts of doctors treating patients. Psoriasis: Diagnosis and Management will provide dermatologists of all levels with a practical, well-illustrated approach to fully understanding the disease, including clear, clinical guidance to enable best-practice and effective management of patients. In full color throughout and excellently illustrated, key highlights include: easily understandable description of the psoriasis pathogenesis; a strong emphasis on the clinical features of psoriasis; careful consideration of comorbid conditions as part of the psoriatic spectrum to be managed; coverage of both traditional and contemporary management approaches; plenty of diagnostic algorithms and management protocols to aid the daily practical care of patients. Brought to you by several of the world’s leading authorities on the subject, Psoriasis: Diagnosis and Management is an essential purchase for the dermatologist.

Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn E-Book

Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn E-Book
Author : Jack S. Remington,Christopher B. Wilson,Victor Nizet,Jerome O. Klein,Yvonne Maldonado
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2010-08-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :1280
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Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant, written and edited by Drs. Remington, Klein, Wilson, Nizet, and Maldonado, remains the definitive source of information in this field. The 7th edition of this authoritative reference provides the most up-to-date and complete guidance on infections found in utero, during delivery, and in the neonatal period in both premature and term infants. Special attention is given to the prevention and treatment of these diseases found in developing countries as well as the latest findings about new antimicrobial agents, gram-negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization of the fetus/mother. Nationally and internationally recognized in immunology and infectious diseases, new associate editors Nizet and Maldonado bring new insight and fresh perspective to the book. Get the latest information on maternal infections when they are pertinent to the infant or developing fetus, including disease transmission through breastfeeding Diagnose, prevent, and treat neonatal infectious diseases with expert guidance from the world's leading authorities and evidence-based recommendations. Incorporate the latest findings about infections found in utero, during delivery, and in the neonatal period. Find the critical answers you need quickly and easily thanks to a consistent, highly user-friendly format Get fresh perspectives from two new associate editors—Drs. Yvonne Maldonado, head of the Pediatric Infectious Disease program at Stanford, and Victor Nizet, Professor of Pediatrics & Pharmacy at University of California, San Diego and UCSD School of Medicine. Keep up with the most relevant topics in fetal/neonatal infectious disease including new antimicrobial agents, gram- negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization of the fetus/mother. Overcome the clinical challenges in developing countries where access to proper medical care is limited. Apply the latest recommendations for H1N1 virus and vaccines. Identify and treat infections with the latest evidence-based information on fighting life-threatening diseases in the fetus and newborn infants.

Chronic Kidney Disease, Dialysis, and Transplantation E-Book

Chronic Kidney Disease, Dialysis, and Transplantation E-Book
Author : Jonathan Himmelfarb,Mohamed H. Sayegh
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2010-10-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :760
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Chronic Kidney Disease, Dialysis, and Transplantation—a companion to Brenner and Rector’s The Kidney—covers all clinical management issues relevant to chronic kidney disease. Drs. Jonathan Himmelfarb and Mohamed Sayegh lead a team of expert contributors to present you with the latest advances in hypertensive kidney disease, vitamin D deficiency, diabetes management, transplantation, and more. Apply the expertise of distinguished researchers and clinicians in the fields of hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, critical care nephrology, and transplantation. Manage the full range of issues in chronic kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation through comprehensive coverage of basic science and clinical tools. Gain clear visual understanding from illustrations, including diagnostic and treatment algorithms, line drawings, and photographs. Better manage your patients with up-to-date coverage on the latest advances in 13 new chapters including Hypertensive Kidney Disease, Vitamin D Deficiency, Diabetes Management, and more. Gain fresh perspectives from a revised editorial team led by Jonathan Himmelfarb—a young leader in the field of acute renal failure—and Mohamed Sayegh—a worldwide expert on kidney transplantation.