June 19, 2021

Download Ebook Free Data-Driven Solutions To Transportation Problems

Transportation Science

Transportation Science
Author : Ziqiang Zeng,Yinhai Wang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-15
Category : Transportation
Total pages :272
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Understanding data-driven transportation science is essential for addressing the newest challenges in the quickly developing intelligent transportation systems. Data-Driven Transportation Science explores the fundamental principle of analysing different types of transportation-related data using methodologies such as data fusion model, big data mining approach, computer vision-enabled traffic sensing data analysis, and machine learning. The book examines the state-of-the-art in data-enabled methodologies, technologies, and applications in transportation. The book helps readers solve such transportation systems problems as energy efficiency under connected vehicle environment, urban travel behavior, trajectory data based travel pattern identification, public transportation analysis, traffic signal control efficiency, optimizing traffic networks network, and much more Synthesizes the newest developments in data-driven transportation science Includes case studies and examples in each chapter that illustrate the application of methodologies and technologies employed Useful for both theoretical and technical oriented researchers

Data-Driven Solutions to Transportation Problems

Data-Driven Solutions to Transportation Problems
Author : Yinhai Wang,Ziqiang Zeng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-12-04
Category : Transportation
Total pages :299
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Data-Driven Solutions to Transportation Problems explores the fundamental principle of analyzing different types of transportation-related data using methodologies such as the data fusion model, the big data mining approach, computer vision-enabled traffic sensing data analysis, and machine learning. The book examines the state-of-the-art in data-enabled methodologies, technologies and applications in transportation. Readers will learn how to solve problems relating to energy efficiency under connected vehicle environments, urban travel behavior, trajectory data-based travel pattern identification, public transportation analysis, traffic signal control efficiency, optimizing traffic networks network, and much more. Synthesizes the newest developments in data-driven transportation science Includes case studies and examples in each chapter that illustrate the application of methodologies and technologies employed Useful for both theoretical and technically-oriented researchers

Data Analytics for Intelligent Transportation Systems

Data Analytics for Intelligent Transportation Systems
Author : Mashrur Chowdhury,Amy Apon,Kakan Dey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-04-05
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :344
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Data Analytics for Intelligent Transportation Systems provides in-depth coverage of data-enabled methods for analyzing intelligent transportation systems that includes detailed coverage of the tools needed to implement these methods using big data analytics and other computing techniques. The book examines the major characteristics of connected transportation systems, along with the fundamental concepts of how to analyze the data they produce. It explores collecting, archiving, processing, and distributing the data, designing data infrastructures, data management and delivery systems, and the required hardware and software technologies. Users will learn how to design effective data visualizations, tactics on the planning process, and how to evaluate alternative data analytics for different connected transportation applications, along with key safety and environmental applications for both commercial and passenger vehicles, data privacy and security issues, and the role of social media data in traffic planning. Includes case studies in each chapter that illustrate the application of concepts covered Presents extensive coverage of existing and forthcoming intelligent transportation systems and data analytics technologies Contains contributors from both leading academic and commercial researchers Explains how to design effective data visualizations, tactics on the planning process, and how to evaluate alternative data analytics for different connected transportation applications

Evaluation of Intelligent Transportation System Alternatives for Reducing the Risks of Truck Rollover Crashes Due to High Winds

Evaluation of Intelligent Transportation System Alternatives for Reducing the Risks of Truck Rollover Crashes Due to High Winds
Author : Joe McCarthy
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Intelligent Transportation Systems
Total pages :157
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Transportation & Distribution

Transportation & Distribution
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001-07
Category : Business logistics
Total pages :129
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Mathematical Chronicle

Mathematical Chronicle
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1977
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :129
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Social-enabled Urban Data Analytics

Social-enabled Urban Data Analytics
Author : Danqing Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :99
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Increasing traffic congestion, vehicle emissions and commuters delay have been major challenges for urban transportation systems for years. The economic cost of traffic congestion in the US is Increasing from 200 billion in 2013 to 293 billion in 2030. There is an increasing need for a better solution to long-term transportation demand forecasting for urban infrastructure planning, and solution to short-term traffic prediction for managing existing urban infrastructure. Accordingly, understanding how urban systems operate and evolve through modeling individuals' daily urban activities has been a major focus of transportation planners, urban planners, and geographers. Traffic data (loop sensors, surveillance cameras, and GPS in taxis, buses), survey data (ACS, CHTS), mobile phone signals (CDR and GPS) and Location Based Social Network (LBSN) data (Facebook, Twitter, Yelp, and Foursquare) have enabled data-driven research on transportation behavior research. The data-driven research, urban data analytics, is an interdisciplinary field where machine learning/ deep learning methods from computer science and optimization/ simulation methods from operation research are applied in conventional city-related fields using spatial-temporal data. In this dissertation, we aim to add the third dimension, social, to urban data analytics research using social-spatial-temporal data, whose key topic is understanding how friendship influences human behavior over time and space. In this era of transformative mobility, this can help better design policies and investment strategies for managing existing urban infrastructure and forecasting future urban infrastructure planning. In this dissertation, we explored two research directions on social-enabled urban data analytics. First, we developed new machine learning models for social discrete choice model, bridging the gap between discrete choice modeling research and computer science research. Second, we developed a methodology framework for synthetic population synthesis using both small data and big data. The first part of the dissertation focus on modeling social influence on human behavior from a graph modeling perspective, while conforming to the discrete choice modeling framework. The proposed models can be used to model how friends influence individual's travel mode choice and other transportation related choices, which is important to transportation demand forecasting. We propose two novel models with scalable training algorithms: local logistics graph regularization (LLGR) and latent class graph regularization (LCGR) models. We add social regularization to represent similarity between friends, and we introduce latent classes to account for possible preference discrepancies between different social groups. Training of the LLGR model is performed using alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM), and training of the LCGR model is performed using a specialized Monte Carlo expectation maximization (MCEM) algorithm. Scalability to large graphs is achieved by parallelizing computation in both the expectation and the maximization steps. The LCGR model is the first latent class classification model that incorporates social relationships among individuals represented by a given graph. To evaluate our two models, we consider three classes of data: small synthetic data to illustrate the knobs of the method, small real data to illustrate one social science use case, and large real data to illustrate a typical large-scale use case in the internet and social media applications. We experiment on synthetic datasets to empirically explain when the proposed model is better than vanilla classification models that do not exploit graph structure. We illustrate how the graph structure and labels, assigned to each node of the graph, need to satisfy certain reasonable properties. We also experiment on real-world data, including both small scale and large scale real-world datasets, to demonstrate on which types of datasets our model can be expected to outperform state-of-the-art models. This dissertation also develops an algorithmic procedure to incorporate social information into population synthesizer, which is an essential step to incorporate social information into the transportation simulation framework. Agent-based modeling in transportation problems requires detailed information on each of the agents that represent the population in the region of a study. To extend the agent-based transportation modeling with social influence, a connected synthetic population with both synthetic features and its social networks need to be simulated. However, either the traditional manually-collected household survey data (ACS) or the recent large-scale passively-collected Call Detail Records (CDR) alone lacks features. This work proposes an algorithmic procedure that makes use of both traditional survey data as well as digital records of networking and human behaviors to generate connected synthetic populations. This proposed framework for connected population synthesis is applicable to cities or metropolitan regions where data availability allows for the estimation of the component models. The generated populations coupled with recent advances in graph (social networks) algorithms can be used for testing transportation simulation scenarios with different social factors.

Data Science for Transport

Data Science for Transport
Author : Charles Fox
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-03-25
Category : Political Science
Total pages :185
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The quantity, diversity and availability of transport data is increasing rapidly, requiring new skills in the management and interrogation of data and databases. Recent years have seen a new wave of "big data", "Data Science", and "smart cities" changing the world, with the Harvard Business Review describing Data Science as the "sexiest job of the 21st century". Transportation professionals and researchers need to be able to use data and databases in order to establish quantitative, empirical facts, and to validate and challenge their mathematical models, whose axioms have traditionally often been assumed rather than rigorously tested against data. This book takes a highly practical approach to learning about Data Science tools and their application to investigating transport issues. The focus is principally on practical, professional work with real data and tools, including business and ethical issues. "Transport modeling practice was developed in a data poor world, and many of our current techniques and skills are building on that sparsity. In a new data rich world, the required tools are different and the ethical questions around data and privacy are definitely different. I am not sure whether current professionals have these skills; and I am certainly not convinced that our current transport modeling tools will survive in a data rich environment. This is an exciting time to be a data scientist in the transport field. We are trying to get to grips with the opportunities that big data sources offer; but at the same time such data skills need to be fused with an understanding of transport, and of transport modeling. Those with these combined skills can be instrumental at providing better, faster, cheaper data for transport decision- making; and ultimately contribute to innovative, efficient, data driven modeling techniques of the future. It is not surprising that this course, this book, has been authored by the Institute for Transport Studies. To do this well, you need a blend of academic rigor and practical pragmatism. There are few educational or research establishments better equipped to do that than ITS Leeds". - Tom van Vuren, Divisional Director, Mott MacDonald "WSP is proud to be a thought leader in the world of transport modelling, planning and economics, and has a wide range of opportunities for people with skills in these areas. The evidence base and forecasts we deliver to effectively implement strategies and schemes are ever more data and technology focused a trend we have helped shape since the 1970's, but with particular disruption and opportunity in recent years. As a result of these trends, and to suitably skill the next generation of transport modellers, we asked the world-leading Institute for Transport Studies, to boost skills in these areas, and they have responded with a new MSc programme which you too can now study via this book." - Leighton Cardwell, Technical Director, WSP. "From processing and analysing large datasets, to automation of modelling tasks sometimes requiring different software packages to "talk" to each other, to data visualization, SYSTRA employs a range of techniques and tools to provide our clients with deeper insights and effective solutions. This book does an excellent job in giving you the skills to manage, interrogate and analyse databases, and develop powerful presentations. Another important publication from ITS Leeds." - Fitsum Teklu, Associate Director (Modelling & Appraisal) SYSTRA Ltd "Urban planning has relied for decades on statistical and computational practices that have little to do with mainstream data science. Information is still often used as evidence on the impact of new infrastructure even when it hardly contains any valid evidence. This book is an extremely welcome effort to provide young professionals with the skills needed to analyse how cities and transport networks actually work. The book is also highly relevant toanyone who will later want to build digital solutions to optimise urban travelbased on emerging data sources". - Yaron Hollander, author of "Transport Modelling for a Complete Beginner"

Practical Enterprise Data Lake Insights

Practical Enterprise Data Lake Insights
Author : Saurabh Gupta,Venkata Giri
Publisher : Apress
Release Date : 2018-06-27
Category : Computers
Total pages :327
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Use this practical guide to successfully handle the challenges encountered when designing an enterprise data lake and learn industry best practices to resolve issues. When designing an enterprise data lake you often hit a roadblock when you must leave the comfort of the relational world and learn the nuances of handling non-relational data. Starting from sourcing data into the Hadoop ecosystem, you will go through stages that can bring up tough questions such as data processing, data querying, and security. Concepts such as change data capture and data streaming are covered. The book takes an end-to-end solution approach in a data lake environment that includes data security, high availability, data processing, data streaming, and more. Each chapter includes application of a concept, code snippets, and use case demonstrations to provide you with a practical approach. You will learn the concept, scope, application, and starting point. What You'll Learn Get to know data lake architecture and design principles Implement data capture and streaming strategies Implement data processing strategies in Hadoop Understand the data lake security framework and availability model Who This Book Is For Big data architects and solution architects

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Application of Expert Systems to Transportation

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Application of Expert Systems to Transportation
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1985
Category : Expert systems (Computer science)
Total pages :129
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Advances in Data-driven Models for Transportation

Advances in Data-driven Models for Transportation
Author : Yee Sian Ng
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category :
Total pages :176
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With the rising popularity of ride-sharing and alternative modes of transportation, there has been a renewed interest in transit planning to improve service quality and stem declining ridership. However, it often takes months of manual planning for operators to redesign and reschedule services in response to changing needs. To this end, we provide four models of transportation planning that are based on data and driven by optimization. A key aspect is the ability to provide certificates of optimality, while being practical in generating high-quality solutions in a short amount of time. We provide approaches to combinatorial problems in transit planning that scales up to city-sized networks. In transit network design, current tractable approaches only consider edges that exist, resulting in proposals that are closely tethered to the original network. We allow new transit links to be proposed and account for commuters transferring between different services. In integrated transit scheduling, we provide a way for transit providers to synchronize the timing of services in multimodal networks while ensuring regularity in the timetables of the individual services. This is made possible by taking the characteristics of transit demand patterns into account when designing tractable formulations. We also advance the state of the art in demand models for transportation optimization. In emergency medical services, we provide data-driven formulations that outperforms their probabilistic counterparts in ensuring coverage. This is achieved by replacing independence assumptions in probabilistic models and capturing the interactions of services in overlapping regions. In transit planning, we provide a unified framework that allows us to optimize frequencies and prices jointly in transit networks for minimizing total waiting time.

Implementing Transportation Knowledge Networks

Implementing Transportation Knowledge Networks
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2009
Category : Business networks
Total pages :74
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Transportation Research Record

Transportation Research Record
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1996
Category : Roads
Total pages :129
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Performance Measures and Targets for Transportation Asset Management

Performance Measures and Targets for Transportation Asset Management
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Bridges
Total pages :129
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Departments of Transportation, and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2009

Departments of Transportation, and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2009
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Administrative agencies
Total pages :129
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